• Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
66
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. School of Building Science & Technology, CEPT University
  • 2. INTRODUCTION:    The St andar d O l Bui l di ng w i as const r uct ed as t he new headquar t er s of t he St andar d O l C pany of i om I ndi ana, w ch had pr evi ousl y been hi housed at Sout h M chi gan Avenue and i East 9t h St r eet . W hen i t w com et ed i n 1974 i t w as pl as t he t al l est bui l di ng i n C cago and hi t he f our t h-t al l est i n t he w l d, ear ni ng i t t he ni cknam "Bi g or e St an". I t i s t he w l d’s t al l est gr ani t e or cl ad bui l di ng so f ar .
  • 3. But t her e i s a st or y w t h t hi s i gr ani t es, i n f act t he cost l i est one..!!  The m bl e w ar as cut t o a w dt h of onl y i 1.25 i nches. I t di dn’t t ake l ong t o di scover t hat t he m bl e w cut t oo ar as t hi n f or C cago’s ext r em t em at ur e hi e per changes. H eat causes per m anent expansi on i n m bl e. W l e t he ext er i or ar hi si de of t he m bl e w expandi ng, t he ar as si de of t he m bl e f aci ng t he bui l di ng ar w not , and i t began t o bow As i t as . w d event ual l y becom a saf et y oul e hazar d, t he m bl e w r em ar as oved and r epl aced w t h gr ani t e 2 i nches t hi ck. i The or i gi nal cost of t he bui l di ng w as $120 m l l i on. R aci ng t he st one cost i epl som her e bet w ew een $60 and $80 m l l i on i – m e t han hal f t he bui l di ng’s or 
  • 4. Where It Locate: Addr ess 200 East R andol ph St r eet ZI P 60601 Zone N East si de ew N ghbour hood ei Loop Cty i C cago hi St at e I l l i noi s C ount r y U . .S.A
  • 5. Personnel Involved: O ner w Jones Lang Lasal l e Ar chi t ect Edw d D el l St one ar ar D evel oper St andar d O l of I ndi ana i M n C r act or ai ont Tur ner C onst r uct i on
  • 6. Structure in General: Bui l di ng Type Bui l di ng st at us Skyscr aper exi st i ng [com et ed] pl St r uct ur al syst em f r am t ube ed St r uct ur al m er i al at St eel Facade m er i al at gr ani t e Facade syst em cur t ai n w l al Facade col our w te hi Ar chi t ect ur al st yl e M oder ni sm / I nt er nat i onal
  • 7. Technical Data: H ght (ar chi t ect ur al ) ei 346.26 m H ght (r oof ) ei 346.26 m H ght (m n r oof ) ei ai 342.29 m Lengt h 59.13 m W dt h i 59.13 m Fl oor ar ea 2 3,34,451m Fl oor s (above gr ound) 83 Fl oor s (bel ow gr ound) 5 C onst r uct i on st ar t A i l 1970 pr C onst r uct i on end 1973 Fl oor -t o-f l oor -hei ght 3.86 m Par ki ng pl aces 679
  • 8. Architectural Plan:
  • 9. Modern Architecture : M oder n ar chi t ect ur e i s gener al l y char act er i zed by si m i f i cat i on of f or m and pl cr eat i on of or nam ent f r om t he st r uct ur e and t hem of e t he bui l di ng.  G ni ng popul ar i t y af t er t he ai Second W l d W . or ar Ar chi t ect ur al m oder ni sm w as adopt ed by m any i nf l uent i al ar chi t ect s and ar chi t ect ur al educat or s, and cont i nues as a dom nant ar chi t ect ur al st yl e i f or i nst i t ut i onal and cor por at e bui l di ngs i nt o t he 
  • 10. I n si m e w d m pl or oder n ar chi t ect ur e is : si m i ci t y and cl ar i t y of f or m and pl s el i m nat i on of "unnecessar y det ai l “. i  vi sual expr essi on of st r uct ur e (as opposed t o t he hi di ng of st r uct ur al el em s). ent  t he r el at ed concept of “Tr ut h To M er i al s", m at eani ng t hat t he t r ue nat ur e or nat ur al appear ance of a m er i al ought t o be seen r at her t han at conceal ed or al t er ed t o r epr esent som hi ng el se. et  use of i ndust r i al l y-pr oduced m er i al s; adopt i on of t he m at achi ne aest het i c. 
  • 11. Frame Tube System    The f r am t ube i s one of t he m ed ost si gni f i cant m oder n devel opm s i n ent hi gh-r i se st r uct ur al f or m . The f r am consi st of cl osel y spaced es col um 2 - 4 m bet w ns, een cent r es, j oi ned by deep gi r der s. The i dea i s t o cr eat e a t ube t hat w l l act l i ke a i cont i nuous per f or at ed chi m ney or st ack. The l at er al r esi st ance of f r am t ube st r uct ur es i s pr ovi ded by ed ver y st i f f m ent r esi st i ng f r am om es t hat f or m a t ube ar ound t he per i m er et of t he bui l di ng. The gr avi t y l oadi ng i s shar ed bet w een t he t ube and i nt er i or col um ns. Thi s st r uct ur al f or m of f er s an
  • 12. W hen l at er al l oads act , t he per i m er et f r am al i gned i n t he di r ect i on of l oads es act as t he w ebs of t he m assi ve t ube cant i l ever and t hose nor m t o t he al di r ect i on of t he l oadi ng act as t he f l anges.  Even t hough f r am t ube i s a ed st r uct ur al l y ef f i ci ent f or m f l ange , f r am t end t o suf f er f r om shear l ag. es  Thi s r esul t s i n t he m d f ace f l ange i col um bei ng l ess st r essed t han t he ns cor ner col um and t her ef or e not ns cont r i but i ng t o t hei r f ul l pot ent i al l at er al st r engt h.  Aest het i cal l y, t he t ube l ooks l i ke t he 
  • 13. Structural Details:  The bui l di ng em oys a t ubul ar pl st eel -f r am st r uct ur al syst em w t h ed i V-shaped per i m er col um t o r esi st et ns ear t hquake, m ni m ze col um bendi ng, i i n and m m ze col um r ee space. Thi s axi i n-f const r uct i on m hod w al so used et as f or t he W l d Tr ade C r e t ow s i n or ent er N Yor k C t y. ew i  The Bui l di ng i s a 83 st or y bui l di ng t hat consi st s of r ei nf or ced concr et e f oundat i ons w t h pour ed concr et e i cai ssons, and r ei nf or ced bel ow ade -gr col um sl abs and per i m er w l s, ns, et al
  • 14.  The deck show her e has w der 'f l at s' n i on t op t han on bot t om For a si m e . pl span, t hi s m akes sense because t he t op i s i n com essi on w l e t he pr hi bot t om i s i n t ensi on.  I f you l oad t he deck upw d, t he ar r ever se i s t r ue. The bot t om i s st r essed i n com essi on. The pr nar r ow ef f ect i ve w dt h m er i akes l ocal buckl i ng l ess l i kel y t o occur . I f l ocal buckl i ng does occur , i t w l l i be i n t he bot t om pl at e, not t he t op.
  • 15. Curtain Walls: A curtain wall system is an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural, but merely keep out the weather. As the curtain wall is non-structural it can be made of a lightweight material reducing construction costs.  When glass is used as the curtain wall, a great advantage is that natural light can penetrate deeper within the building. The curtain wall facade does not carry any dead load weight from the building other than its own dead load weight.  The wall transfers horizontal wind loads that are incident upon it to the main building structure through connections at floors or columns of the building. A curtain wall is designed to resist air and water infiltration, sway induced by wind and its own dead load weight forces. 
  • 16.          curtain Wall Systems are typically designed with extruded aluminium members, although the first curtain walls were made of steel. The aluminium frame is typically in filled with glass, which provides an architecturally pleasing building. Factors Affecting Curtain Walls: Dead load Wind load Snow load Air infiltration Water penetration Thermal load Deflection
  • 17. Elevator System:
  • 18.   A doubl e-deck el evat or or doubl e-deck l i f t i s an el evat or w t h t w car s at t ached t oget her , one on t op of i o t he ot her . Thi s al l ow passenger s on t w consecut i ve s o f l oor s t o be abl e t o use t he el evat or si m t aneousl y, ul si gni f i cant l y i ncr easi ng t he passenger capaci t y of an el evat or shaf t . Such a schem can pr ove ef f i ci ent i n e bui l di ngs w e t he vol um of t r af f i c w d nor m l y her e oul al have a si ngl e el evat or st oppi ng at ever y f l oor . An exam e, a passenger m boar d one el evat or (w ch pl ay hi ser ves onl y odd-num ed f l oor s) on t he t hi r d f l oor ber w l e anot her passenger m boar d anot her el evat or hi ay (w ch ser ves even-num ed f l oor s) on t he f our t h f l oor . hi ber The el evat or ser vi ng even f l oor s i s act ual l y on t op of t he el evat or ser vi ng odd f l oor s i n t he sam l i f t shaf t . e W hen a passenger di sem ks f r om t he even-f l oor bar ser vi ng el evat or at l evel 30, f or i nst ance, t he passenger s i n t he odd-f l oor -ser vi ng el evat or beneat h i t ar e kept w t i ng unt i l t he el evat or door s above ai cl ose. Ar chi t ect ur al l y, t hi s i s i m t ant , as doubl e-deck por el evat or s occupy l ess bui l di ng cor e space t han t r adi t i onal si ngl e-deck el evat or s do f or t he sam e
  • 19. Thank Youuuuu……………