Nursery diseases of some selected fruit speciesin BangladeshProfessor Dr. Ismail HossainDepartment of Plant PathologyBangl...
2Nursery diseases of some selected fruit speciesin BangladeshProfessor Dr. Ismail HossainDepartment of Plant PathologyBang...
3Nursery diseases of some selected fruit speciesin BangladeshYear of publication: February, 2011Citation: Hossain, I. (201...
4AcknowledgementThe financial help of Project Implementation Unit (PIU) – BARC, National AgriculturalTechnology Project (N...
5PrefaceThe national consumption of fruits is low in Bangladesh. The country produces less than 30% offruits needed to mee...
6ContentsSl No. Diseases of fruit species Page1. MangoMalformation 8Powdery mildew 9Die-back 9Leaf blight 9-10Anthracnose ...
7Sl No. Diseases of fruit species Page6. BananaLeaf spot 19Panama 19Sigatoka 20Bunchy top 207. JujubeChlorosis 21Leaf blig...
81. Malformation in Mango3. Malformation in Mango2. Malformation in Mango4. Malformation in Mango
95. Powdery mildew in Mango 6. Die-back in Mango7. Leaf blight in Mango 8. Leaf blight in Mango
109. Leaf blight in Mango 10. Leaf blight in Mango11. Anthracnose in Mango 12. Anthracnose in Mango
1114. Leaf spot in Mango13. Leaf spot in Mango15. Rust in Mango 16. Rust in Mango
1217. Leaf blight in Litchi19. Die-back in Litchi18. Leaf blight in Litchi20. Leaf spot in Litchi
1323. Leaf spot in jackfruit21. Jack fruit seedlings 22. Jack fruit seedlings: spotted leaf (left) andHealthy leaf (right)...
1428. Scab in citrus25. Citrus Nursery27. Leaf spot in citrus26. Leaf spot in citrus
1529. Scab in citrus 30. Scab in citrus31. Canker in citrus 32. Canker in citrus
1633. Die-back in citrus36. Gummosis in citrus34. Die-back in citrus35. Gummosis in citrus
1737. Chlorosis in citrus leaf 38. Chlorosis in citrus leaf
1839. Leaf blight in Guava40. Powdery mildew in Guava 41. Powdery mildew in Guava
1943. Leaf spot in banana42. Leaf spot in banana44. Panama in banana 45. Panama in banana
2048. Bunchy top in banana46. Sigatoka in banana 47. Leaf spot in banana
2149. Jujube seedlings in Nursery 50. Jujube seedlings in Nursery51. Chlorosis in Jujube 52. Leaf blight in Jujube
2253. Powdery mildew in Jujube 54. Cleistothecia of Erysiphe in Jujube
2357. Leaf spot/blight in Coconut55. Seedlings of Coconut 56. Coconut Seedling: Bud rot (right) andhealthy (left)58. Leaf ...
2459. Papaya seedlings in Nursery61. Leaf curl in papaya60. Foot rot in papaya62. Leaf spot in papaya
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Nursery diseases of some selected fruit species in Bangladesh Professor Dr. Ismail Hossain Department of Plant Pathology Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh-2202 BangladeshSpgr booklet final 2011

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The national consumption of fruits is low in Bangladesh. The country produces less than 30% of
fruits needed to meet the minimum daily requirement for its population. As a consequence,
widespread national deficiencies in vitamin A and C, iron and other nutrients that causes
debilitating illness among the population. Fruits worth millions of taka are imported at the cost
of valuable foreign currency to meet the deficit demand of fruit consumption for reduction of
vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the country. Around 10,000 nurseries are engaged in
seedling production all over the country. Though fruit seedlings worth millions of Taka are
traded every year in the country, but the status of seedlings in the nurseries is not well attended
for certification of health and quality. As a result poor quality seedlings are traded among the
farmers. This is one of the major causes for low production of fruits in the country. The majority
of poor farmers can not afford to buy fruits. Thus homestead gardening appears to be an
appropriate means to increase the availability and consumption of fruits in rural households. The
country abounds with a large variety of tropical and sub-tropical fruits, where seedlings are
frequently affected by different diseases. These points encourages of taking program for
improving status and health of planting materials of fruit species in Bangladesh. This booklet is
an output of the research project entitled “Surveillance of seedling diseases of some important
fruit species in Bangladesh with molecular characterization of pathogens and eco-friendly model
development for their management” financed by PIU-BARC (NATP phase-1), Bangladesh
Agricultural Research Council, BARC, Farmgate, Dhaka-1215. Most of the nurseryman and
women are not aware of diseases of their seedlings. As a result they also suffer financially for
production of quality seedlings. This booklet will obviously be helpful for taking care of their
seedlings to avoid the diseases. This can be used as a guide book. Further, this booklet will be
useful to teachers, students and researchers in this discipline.
The

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Nursery diseases of some selected fruit species in Bangladesh Professor Dr. Ismail Hossain Department of Plant Pathology Bangladesh Agricultural University Mymensingh-2202 BangladeshSpgr booklet final 2011

  1. 1. Nursery diseases of some selected fruit speciesin BangladeshProfessor Dr. Ismail HossainDepartment of Plant PathologyBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensingh-2202Bangladesh
  2. 2. 2Nursery diseases of some selected fruit speciesin BangladeshProfessor Dr. Ismail HossainDepartment of Plant PathologyBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensingh-2202E-mail: dhossain69@gmail.comTel. 01711423009February, 2011
  3. 3. 3Nursery diseases of some selected fruit speciesin BangladeshYear of publication: February, 2011Citation: Hossain, I. (2011). Nursery diseases of some selected fruit species inBangladesh. Eco-friendly Plant Disease Management Laboratory,Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University,Mymensingh, Bangladesh. pp.24.Published by: Professor Dr. Ismail HossainDepartment of Plant PathologyBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensingh-2202Bangladesh
  4. 4. 4AcknowledgementThe financial help of Project Implementation Unit (PIU) – BARC, National AgriculturalTechnology Project (NATP): Phase-1, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farmgate,Dhaka-1215 under SPGR Sub-project entitled “Surveillance of seedling diseases of someimportant fruit species in Bangladesh with molecular characterization of pathogens and eco-friendly model development for their management” is gratefully Acknowledged.
  5. 5. 5PrefaceThe national consumption of fruits is low in Bangladesh. The country produces less than 30% offruits needed to meet the minimum daily requirement for its population. As a consequence,widespread national deficiencies in vitamin A and C, iron and other nutrients that causesdebilitating illness among the population. Fruits worth millions of taka are imported at the costof valuable foreign currency to meet the deficit demand of fruit consumption for reduction ofvitamin and mineral deficiencies in the country. Around 10,000 nurseries are engaged inseedling production all over the country. Though fruit seedlings worth millions of Taka aretraded every year in the country, but the status of seedlings in the nurseries is not well attendedfor certification of health and quality. As a result poor quality seedlings are traded among thefarmers. This is one of the major causes for low production of fruits in the country. The majorityof poor farmers can not afford to buy fruits. Thus homestead gardening appears to be anappropriate means to increase the availability and consumption of fruits in rural households. Thecountry abounds with a large variety of tropical and sub-tropical fruits, where seedlings arefrequently affected by different diseases. These points encourages of taking program forimproving status and health of planting materials of fruit species in Bangladesh. This booklet isan output of the research project entitled “Surveillance of seedling diseases of some importantfruit species in Bangladesh with molecular characterization of pathogens and eco-friendly modeldevelopment for their management” financed by PIU-BARC (NATP phase-1), BangladeshAgricultural Research Council, BARC, Farmgate, Dhaka-1215. Most of the nurseryman andwomen are not aware of diseases of their seedlings. As a result they also suffer financially forproduction of quality seedlings. This booklet will obviously be helpful for taking care of theirseedlings to avoid the diseases. This can be used as a guide book. Further, this booklet will beuseful to teachers, students and researchers in this discipline.The author
  6. 6. 6ContentsSl No. Diseases of fruit species Page1. MangoMalformation 8Powdery mildew 9Die-back 9Leaf blight 9-10Anthracnose 10Leaf spot 11Rust 112. LitchiLeaf blight 12Die-back 12Leaf spot 123. JackfruitLeaf spot 134. LemonLeaf spot 14Scab 14-15Canker 15Die-back 16Gummosis 16Chlorosis 175. GuavaLeaf blight 18Powdery mildew 18
  7. 7. 7Sl No. Diseases of fruit species Page6. BananaLeaf spot 19Panama 19Sigatoka 20Bunchy top 207. JujubeChlorosis 21Leaf blight 21Powdery mildew 228. CoconutBud rot 23Leaf blight/leaf spot 239. PapayaFoot rot 24Leaf curl 24Leaf spot 24
  8. 8. 81. Malformation in Mango3. Malformation in Mango2. Malformation in Mango4. Malformation in Mango
  9. 9. 95. Powdery mildew in Mango 6. Die-back in Mango7. Leaf blight in Mango 8. Leaf blight in Mango
  10. 10. 109. Leaf blight in Mango 10. Leaf blight in Mango11. Anthracnose in Mango 12. Anthracnose in Mango
  11. 11. 1114. Leaf spot in Mango13. Leaf spot in Mango15. Rust in Mango 16. Rust in Mango
  12. 12. 1217. Leaf blight in Litchi19. Die-back in Litchi18. Leaf blight in Litchi20. Leaf spot in Litchi
  13. 13. 1323. Leaf spot in jackfruit21. Jack fruit seedlings 22. Jack fruit seedlings: spotted leaf (left) andHealthy leaf (right)24. Leaf spot in jackfruit
  14. 14. 1428. Scab in citrus25. Citrus Nursery27. Leaf spot in citrus26. Leaf spot in citrus
  15. 15. 1529. Scab in citrus 30. Scab in citrus31. Canker in citrus 32. Canker in citrus
  16. 16. 1633. Die-back in citrus36. Gummosis in citrus34. Die-back in citrus35. Gummosis in citrus
  17. 17. 1737. Chlorosis in citrus leaf 38. Chlorosis in citrus leaf
  18. 18. 1839. Leaf blight in Guava40. Powdery mildew in Guava 41. Powdery mildew in Guava
  19. 19. 1943. Leaf spot in banana42. Leaf spot in banana44. Panama in banana 45. Panama in banana
  20. 20. 2048. Bunchy top in banana46. Sigatoka in banana 47. Leaf spot in banana
  21. 21. 2149. Jujube seedlings in Nursery 50. Jujube seedlings in Nursery51. Chlorosis in Jujube 52. Leaf blight in Jujube
  22. 22. 2253. Powdery mildew in Jujube 54. Cleistothecia of Erysiphe in Jujube
  23. 23. 2357. Leaf spot/blight in Coconut55. Seedlings of Coconut 56. Coconut Seedling: Bud rot (right) andhealthy (left)58. Leaf spot/blight in Coconut
  24. 24. 2459. Papaya seedlings in Nursery61. Leaf curl in papaya60. Foot rot in papaya62. Leaf spot in papaya

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