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Section 2 notes

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  • 1. Today’s PlanToday’s Plan 1)1) JumpstartJumpstart 2)2) Reading MinuteReading Minute 3)3) Notes: AppeasementNotes: Appeasement 4)4) Post WW1 MapPost WW1 Map 5)5) Timeline – Leading to WW2Timeline – Leading to WW2
  • 2. Jumpstart AssignmentJumpstart Assignment What does this cartoon suggest about Hitler and hisWhat does this cartoon suggest about Hitler and his enemies (the “leaders of democracy”)?enemies (the “leaders of democracy”)?
  • 3. Timeline – Leading to WW2Timeline – Leading to WW2  Hitler becomes Chancellor of GermanyHitler becomes Chancellor of Germany  Mussolini becomes “Mussolini becomes “il duceil duce” of Italy” of Italy  Japan attacks Manchuria, ChinaJapan attacks Manchuria, China  Rape of NanjingRape of Nanjing  Germany invades the Saar and Rhineland regions of FranceGermany invades the Saar and Rhineland regions of France  Mussolini invades EthiopiaMussolini invades Ethiopia  Hitler invades AustriaHitler invades Austria  Hitler takes over Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia)Hitler takes over Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia)  Britain, France and Germany agree to the Munich PactBritain, France and Germany agree to the Munich Pact  Hitler and Stalin agree to the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression PactHitler and Stalin agree to the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact  Hitler invades PolandHitler invades Poland  Hitler takes over Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and LuxembourgHitler takes over Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg  Hitler invades FranceHitler invades France  British troops evacuate DunkirkBritish troops evacuate Dunkirk  Hitler begins air assault on Great BritainHitler begins air assault on Great Britain  German U-boats attack American shipsGerman U-boats attack American ships  Germany invades Soviet UnionGermany invades Soviet Union
  • 4. January 1933: Hitler becameJanuary 1933: Hitler became Chancellor of GermanyChancellor of Germany
  • 5. Hitler soon ordered a programme ofHitler soon ordered a programme of rearming Germanyrearming Germany Hitler visits a factory and is enthusiastically greeted. Many Germans were grateful for jobs after the misery of he depression years.
  • 6. March 1936: German troops marchedMarch 1936: German troops marched into the Rhinelandinto the Rhineland The Rhineland was a region of Germany that was ‘demilitarised’ after the Treaty of Versailles. Germany was not allowed to have troops in the region. Hitler’s actions showed how he was willing to directly challenge the treaty (Versailles).
  • 7. March 1938: Nazi GermanyMarch 1938: Nazi Germany annexed Austriaannexed Austria Again, this went against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles which banned Germany from uniting with Austria. However, the arrival of German troops was met with great enthusiasm by many Austrian people.
  • 8. March 1939: Germany invadedMarch 1939: Germany invaded CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Hitler had ordered theHitler had ordered the occupation of a part ofoccupation of a part of Czechoslovakia known asCzechoslovakia known as thethe SudetenlandSudetenland (in October(in October 1938). Many hoped that that1938). Many hoped that that this would be the lastthis would be the last conquest of the Nazis.conquest of the Nazis.
  • 9. Hitler and Stalin (the Russian leader) signed a ‘non-aggression pact’. They promised that neither country would attack the other in the event of war. As part of the deal, Hitler promised Stalin part of Poland, which he planned to invade soon. August 1939: Germany and Russia signed a non-aggression pact This photo shows the Russian foreign minister signing the pact, whilst Stalin stands smiling in the background
  • 10. The non-aggression pact was surprising. Hitler and Stalin were seen as natural enemies.The non-aggression pact was surprising. Hitler and Stalin were seen as natural enemies. When Hitler talked of taking over new land for Germany, many thought that he meantWhen Hitler talked of taking over new land for Germany, many thought that he meant Russia.Russia. Hitler also hated Communism, the form of government in RussiaHitler also hated Communism, the form of government in Russia Hitler Stalin
  • 11. But, the pact allowed Germany to march into Poland withoutBut, the pact allowed Germany to march into Poland without fear of an attack from Russia.fear of an attack from Russia. On September 1On September 1stst , 1939, Germany invaded Poland and started a, 1939, Germany invaded Poland and started a War with Britain and France.War with Britain and France. A GermanA German blitzkriegblitzkrieg (sudden attack) quickly defeated Polish(sudden attack) quickly defeated Polish armies.armies. September 1939: Germany invaded Poland German troops marching into Warsaw, the capital of Poland.
  • 12. May 1940: Germany turned west andMay 1940: Germany turned west and invaded France and the Netherlandsinvaded France and the Netherlands In May 1940, GermanyIn May 1940, Germany usedused BlitzkriegBlitzkrieg tactics totactics to attack France and theattack France and the Netherlands.Netherlands. British troops were forcedBritish troops were forced to retreat from the beachesto retreat from the beaches ofof DunkirkDunkirk in northernin northern France.France. Captured British troops, May 1940
  • 13. By June 1940, France had surrendered to theBy June 1940, France had surrendered to the GermansGermans Britain and their leaderBritain and their leader Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill nownow stood alone as the last remaining enemy of Hitler’sstood alone as the last remaining enemy of Hitler’s Germany in Western Europe.Germany in Western Europe. Adolf Hitler tours Paris after his successful invasion.
  • 14. U.S. IsolationismU.S. Isolationism  Neutrality Act of 1935Neutrality Act of 1935 – prohibits American’s– prohibits American’s from selling weapons or loaning money tofrom selling weapons or loaning money to warring countrieswarring countries  Neutrality Act of 1939Neutrality Act of 1939 – allowed a cash-and-– allowed a cash-and- carry provisioncarry provision  Land-Lease Act of 1941Land-Lease Act of 1941 - “all aid short of war.”- “all aid short of war.”  Atlantic CharterAtlantic Charter – Roosevelt meets with– Roosevelt meets with Churchill and agrees to “general security.”Churchill and agrees to “general security.”
  • 15. September 1940September 1940  Germany, Italy andGermany, Italy and Japan sign theJapan sign the Triparte PactTriparte Pact andand became alliesbecame allies known as the AXIS.known as the AXIS.
  • 16. September 1940-May 1941:September 1940-May 1941: the Blitzthe Blitz For the following nine months, theFor the following nine months, the German air force (German air force (LuftwaffeLuftwaffe)) launched repeated bombing raidslaunched repeated bombing raids on British towns and cities. Thison British towns and cities. This was known aswas known as the BLITZthe BLITZ and wasand was an attempt to bomb Britain intoan attempt to bomb Britain into submission.submission.
  • 17. Operation Barbarossa, June 1941Operation Barbarossa, June 1941 But in May, 1941, Hitler ordered a change of tactics. HeBut in May, 1941, Hitler ordered a change of tactics. He decided to halt the bombing of Britain and launch andecided to halt the bombing of Britain and launch an attack against Russia. He betrayed Stalin and ignoredattack against Russia. He betrayed Stalin and ignored the promises he had made.the promises he had made. This was a bold move that would prove to be anThis was a bold move that would prove to be an important turning point in the War.important turning point in the War.
  • 18. TasksTasks First, use the timeline to indicate the order ofFirst, use the timeline to indicate the order of events on your World War II maps.events on your World War II maps. Then answer the following questions:Then answer the following questions: 1)1) In what ways did Hitler ignore the Treaty ofIn what ways did Hitler ignore the Treaty of Versailles?Versailles? 2)2) At what stage do you think other countries shouldAt what stage do you think other countries should have attempted to stop Hitler by using force? Whyhave attempted to stop Hitler by using force? Why do you think they did not?do you think they did not? 3)3) How was Hitler able to take over Western EuropeHow was Hitler able to take over Western Europe so quickly?so quickly? 4)4) Why did he create problems for the German armyWhy did he create problems for the German army by deciding to invade Russia?by deciding to invade Russia?