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Chapter 10 notes

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 10 Notes
    • Section 1 and 2
    • Section 3 and 4
  • 2. Jumpstart Assignment
  • 3. House of Representatives
    • 435 Members (a # which is set by Congress)
      • The original House of Representatives had only 65 members.
    • House members serve 2 year terms
      • Why 2 years?
  • 4. House Apportionment
    • Reps. are apportioned based on state pop.
    • They are reapportioned every 10 years based on the national census.
    • The Reapportionment Act of 1929 set the “permanent” size of the House at 435
  • 5.  
  • 6. Off-Year Elections
    • Off-year elections are those congressional elections held between presidential elections.
  • 7. Jumpstart Assignment
    • What made the 2010 elections so much more important in comparison to other off-year elections? (Take a look at yesterday’s notes for a hint).
  • 8. Districts
    • The House of Reps. has single member districts.
      • Under the single-member district arrangement, the voters in each district elect one of the State’s representatives.
    • The general-ticket system, no longer in use, provided that all of a State’s seats were filled at-large.
  • 9. Gerrymandering
    • Districts are drawn to the advantage of the political party that controls the State’s legislature.
    • Wesberry v.
    • Sanders –
    • established
    • “ one-person,
    • one-vote” districts
  • 10.  
  • 11. Qualifications
    • 25 years old
    • Citizen for 7 yrs.
    • Inhabitant of the state where he/she is elected
    • The realities of politics also require some informal qualifications , such as party identification, name familiarity, gender, ethnic characteristics, and political experience.
  • 12. Jumpstart Assignment
    • How should a member of Congress make a decision on a vote, based on views of the people, their own consciences, or based on their political parties view? Explain your answer.
  • 13. Today’s Agenda
    • Jumpstart
    • “ Profiles in Courage”
    • Notes: Ch. 10, Section 3 and 4
    • Comparing the House and Senate
  • 14. The Senate
    • 2 Senators per state (100 total)
    • Serve 6 year terms (1/3 of the Senate is up for re-election every 2 years)
    • Until the 17 th Amendment (1913), Senators were elected by State Legislatures
    • The Senate is a continuous body , meaning that all of its seats are never up for election at the same time.
  • 15. Senate Qualifications
    • 30 years old
    • Citizen for 9 years
    • Inhabitant of the state where elected (though not for any specific period of time)
  • 16. Job of Congress Members
    • Work in committee to screen proposed laws
      • Oversight Function – a way to check agencies of the Executive Branch
    • Represent the people (constituents)
    • Law Making
    • Serving their constituents
  • 17. Voting Options
    • Trustees – believe that each question they face must be decided on its merit
    • Delegates – see themselves as agents of the people they represent
    • Partisans – lawmakers who see their allegiance to their political party as being the most important
    • Politicos – attempt to combine all three
  • 18. Compensation
    • House and Senate - $169, 600
    • Pay is set by Congress
    • The franking privilege allows members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free
  • 19. Roles of Congress
  • 20.
    • Senate House
    • Qualifications (age, citizenship)
    • Terms
    • Pay
    • Number
    • Who they represent?