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Chapter 1 section 1 notes

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Transcript

  • 1. Today’s Plan
    • Jumpstart Assignment
      • On a scale of 1 to 10, rank your current interest in politics. Explain the reasoning for your answer (Write your answer in your notebook).
      • 1 = no interest
      • 10 = very interested
    • Reading Minute
    • Notes: Chapter 1, Section 1
    • Ch. 1, Sec. 1 Worksheet
  • 2. What is Government? Chapter 1, Section 1
  • 3. What is Government?
    • An institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies.
      • Public Policy - all those things a government decides to do
  • 4. 3 Kinds of Gov’t Power
    • Legislative Power – power to make laws
    • Executive Power – power to execute, enforce, and administer laws
    • Judicial Power – power to interpret laws
    • These powers are usually expressed in a constitution – the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles of a gov’t
  • 5. What is a state?
  • 6. How did the State begin?
    • Force Theory – states began by one group controlling another group through force
    • Evolutionary Theory – the state developed out of the early family (one person was the “head” of the family)
  • 7. How did the State begin?
    • Divine Right Theory – power to govern a state comes from God through “royal birth”
    • Social Contract Theory – authority to govern comes from an agreement between the people and those who govern over the people
      • Thomas Hobbes
      • John Locke
  • 8. Purpose of Government
    • Form a More Perfect Union
    • Establish Justice
    • Ensure Domestic Tranquility
    • Provide for the Common Defense
    • Promote the General Welfare
    • Secure the Blessings of Liberty
  • 9. The Preamble