1. Today’s PlanToday’s Plan
Jumpstart AssignmentJumpstart Assignment
On a scale of 1 to 10, rank your current interestOn a scale of 1 to 10, rank your current interest
in politics. Explain the reasoning for yourin politics. Explain the reasoning for your
answer (Write your answer in your notebook).answer (Write your answer in your notebook).
1 = no interest1 = no interest
10 = very interested10 = very interested
Reading MinuteReading Minute
Notes: Chapter 1, Section 1Notes: Chapter 1, Section 1
Ch. 1, Sec. 1 WorksheetCh. 1, Sec. 1 Worksheet
2. What is Government?What is Government?
Chapter 1, Section 1Chapter 1, Section 1
3. What is Government?What is Government?
An institution through whichAn institution through which
societysociety makesmakes andand enforcesenforces itsits
public policies.public policies.
Public PolicyPublic Policy- all those things a- all those things a
government decides to dogovernment decides to do
4. 3 Kinds of Gov’t Power3 Kinds of Gov’t Power
Legislative PowerLegislative Power – power to make laws– power to make laws
Executive PowerExecutive Power – power to execute,– power to execute,
enforce, and administer lawsenforce, and administer laws
Judicial PowerJudicial Power – power to interpret laws– power to interpret laws
These powers are usually expressed in aThese powers are usually expressed in a
constitutionconstitution – the body of fundamental– the body of fundamental
laws setting out the principles of a gov’tlaws setting out the principles of a gov’t
5. What is a state?What is a state?
A state must have people,
the number of which does
not directly relate to its
A state must be comprised
of land—territory with known
and recognized boundaries.
Every state is sovereign. It
has supreme and absolute
power within its own
territory and decides its own
foreign and domestic
Every state has a
government — that is, it is
6. How did the State begin?How did the State begin?
Force TheoryForce Theory – states began by– states began by
one group controlling anotherone group controlling another
group through forcegroup through force
Evolutionary TheoryEvolutionary Theory – the state– the state
developed out of the early familydeveloped out of the early family
(one person was the “head” of the(one person was the “head” of the
7. How did the State begin?How did the State begin?
Divine Right TheoryDivine Right Theory – power to govern a– power to govern a
state comes from God through “royalstate comes from God through “royal
Social Contract TheorySocial Contract Theory – authority to– authority to
govern comes from an agreementgovern comes from an agreement
between the people and those whobetween the people and those who
govern over the peoplegovern over the people
Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
John LockeJohn Locke
8. Purpose of GovernmentPurpose of Government
Form a More Perfect UnionForm a More Perfect Union
Establish JusticeEstablish Justice
Ensure Domestic TranquilityEnsure Domestic Tranquility
Provide for the Common DefenseProvide for the Common Defense
Promote the General WelfarePromote the General Welfare
Secure the Blessings of LibertySecure the Blessings of Liberty