ILTA 2008

356 views
300 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
356
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

ILTA 2008

  1. 1. Best Practices in Using Technology to support Language Teaching and Learning Dennie Hoopingarner Michigan State University November 7, 2008
  2. 2. Four myths about technology <ul><li>Robert Blake “What Language Professionals Need to Know about Technology” ADFL Bulletin Spring 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>There is a “technology” </li></ul><ul><li>Technology = methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s technology is all you need to know </li></ul><ul><li>Technology will replace teachers </li></ul>
  3. 3. Myth 1: There is a “technology” What is technology?
  4. 4. What is “technology?” <ul><li>Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead projector </li></ul><ul><li>Smartboard </li></ul><ul><li>DVD player </li></ul><ul><li>DVR </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phone </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>iPod </li></ul><ul><li>Document camera/ELMO </li></ul><ul><li>PDA </li></ul><ul><li>Transporter </li></ul><ul><li>Replicator </li></ul><ul><li>Light saber </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperdrive </li></ul><ul><li>Cylon brain downloader </li></ul>
  5. 5. Do you have to “know” all these in order to “know” technology?
  6. 6. Lumping all technology together into a monolithic entity is overly simplistic and discouraging
  7. 7. Different technologies are suitable for different pedagogies
  8. 8. Best Practice: Recognize that “technology” can mean many different things
  9. 9. Myth 2: Technology = methodology
  10. 10. Technology is not a methodology <ul><li>Saying “I teach with technology” is as meaningless as saying “I cook with heat” </li></ul><ul><li>That tells me nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching is teaching, technology is a TOOL </li></ul><ul><li>Does chalk teach? Does a hammer build a house? </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers teach with technology, technology doesn’t teach for teachers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Best Practice: Enhance your teaching methods and personal style with technology
  12. 12. Myth 3: Today’s technology is all you need to know
  13. 13. Remember this?
  14. 14. Many innovative applications <ul><li>A La Rencontre de Philippe </li></ul><ul><li>Destinos </li></ul><ul><li>Video clips, simulations, language in context </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionary multimedia language teaching </li></ul>
  15. 15. What happened? <ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>New technology that was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheaper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portable </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Which would you rather use?
  17. 17. What about the investment? <ul><li>Time, Effort, Money </li></ul><ul><li>Development of content </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities changes </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility of the technology’s proponents </li></ul>
  18. 18. It wasn’t wasted <ul><li>We learned a LOT about language teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Technologies of yesterday inform the development of tomorrow’s technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to language teaching methodologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grammar-translation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio-Lingual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on Form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructivist </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Lessons learned: <ul><li>Technology is a moving target </li></ul><ul><li>There will always be a new technology </li></ul><ul><li>Next year’s models will be better & cheaper </li></ul><ul><li>Doing nothing is not an option: If you’re not moving forward, you’re moving backwards </li></ul>
  20. 20. Today’s technologies will seem quaint and old-fashioned before you know it
  21. 21. Best Practice: Keep current If you aren’t moving forward, you’re moving backward
  22. 22. Myth 4: Technology will replace teachers
  23. 23. What computers can’t do: <ul><li>Parse spoken language: “Computers can wreck a nice beach.” </li></ul><ul><li>Process language: &quot;I once shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he got in my pajamas I'll never know&quot; --Groucho Marx </li></ul><ul><li>Convince a human being that the computer is human (Turing Test) </li></ul>
  24. 24. What do language teachers do? <ul><li>Listen to students and correct their language </li></ul><ul><li>(Parse spoken language) </li></ul><ul><li>Guide the development of students’ interlanguage </li></ul><ul><li>(Process language) </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with learners </li></ul><ul><li>(Have learners communicate with you as if you are human) </li></ul>
  25. 25. It is very difficult for computers to do with language what humans can do very easily
  26. 26. Any teacher that can be replaced by a computer, should be replaced by a computer
  27. 27. Best Practice: treat technology as a partner, not as a competitor
  28. 28. The four myths: <ul><li>There is a “technology” </li></ul><ul><li>Technology = methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s technology is all you need to know </li></ul><ul><li>Technology will replace teachers </li></ul>
  29. 29. Principles of using Technology
  30. 30. Technology as a RAT <ul><li>R eplace teaching tasks </li></ul><ul><li>A ugment aspects of teaching </li></ul><ul><li>T ransform the learning experience </li></ul>
  31. 31. Example: Replace The Oral Interview
  32. 32. The Oral Interview <ul><li>German 101 Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-point in first semester </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic activity: “touch base” </li></ul><ul><li>Short, 4-5 question interview </li></ul><ul><li>Old way: schedule interviews with teachers </li></ul><ul><li>New way: simulated interview with software program </li></ul>
  33. 33. Technology: Conversations <ul><li>Record questions for students </li></ul><ul><li>Simulate an interview </li></ul><ul><li>Students access the program online </li></ul><ul><li>Collect students’ responses </li></ul><ul><li>Replace student-teacher interaction with student-computer-teacher interaction </li></ul>
  34. 34. See it in action: http:// clear.msu.edu/teaching/online/mashup/view.php?ID =MjQ0OA==
  35. 35. Example: Augment Homework as Formative Assessment
  36. 36. Homework as Formative Assessment <ul><li>Speaking assignments: audio cassettes </li></ul><ul><li>Writing assignments: drafts and red pencils </li></ul>
  37. 37. Technologies: <ul><li>Audio Dropboxes : tool for online speaking assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Revisions : tool for process writing </li></ul>
  38. 38. See it in action: http://ria-clear.blogspot.com /
  39. 39. Example: Transform Constructivist Language Learning
  40. 40. Constructivist Language Learning <ul><li>Theory: learn by creating knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Research on technology and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Cf Chomsky’s theory of language acquisition </li></ul>
  41. 41. Technology: Mashups <ul><li>Authoring Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Create interactive, multimedia web pages </li></ul><ul><li>Combine data from many sources </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Students learning by creating teaching materials that help them learn </li></ul>
  42. 42. These tools are free and available: http://ria.clear.msu.edu/
  43. 43. See it in action: YouTube: http://clear.msu.edu/teaching/online/mashup/view.php?ID=MTEx Integrated: http://clear.msu.edu/teaching/online/mashup/view.php?ID=Mzcx
  44. 44. Best Practice: Use technology when (and only when) there’s a good reason to use it.
  45. 45. Corrollary: “Because it’s cool” is not a good reason.
  46. 46. Technology in the context of standards and skills Its role, functions
  47. 47. ACTFL’s Standards <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul>
  48. 48. Four Skills <ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul>
  49. 49. Technology is neither a language standard nor a language skill Where does it fit?
  50. 50. Filling in a Matrix? Listening Reading Speaking Writing Communication Cultures Connections Comparisons Communities
  51. 51. Bridge gaps? Listening Speaking Reading Connections Communication Comparison
  52. 52. Sticks things together?
  53. 53. Regardless, technology CAN <ul><li>Streamline teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Individualize learning </li></ul><ul><li>Allow teachers to do some new things </li></ul>
  54. 54. Sure bets about technology: <ul><li>You will always know less than you want </li></ul><ul><li>You will always be discovering new things </li></ul><ul><li>It will always cause problems </li></ul><ul><li>It will always be changing </li></ul><ul><li>It will never go away </li></ul>
  55. 55. Best Practices <ul><li>Be open to thinking outside the box </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize the potential of technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for ways to RAT teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stay grounded in good pedagogy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t get “wow’ed” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include technology when it makes sense to you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treat technology as a means to an end, not as an end in itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust your instincts as a teacher </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. To sum it all up: <ul><li>Good teaching is good teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching and learning can both benefit from the judicious inclusion of technology </li></ul><ul><li>How to do that is up to you to decide </li></ul>
  57. 57. Thank you! http://ria.clear.msu.edu/

×