Group 4_Political Parties_Ch 4


Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Group 4_Political Parties_Ch 4

  1. 1. Political Parties Kylie Hughes Jonathan Turcios Period 3
  2. 2. Political Parties • Political parties form for the simple purpose of winning elections. • It is a group of people who share common goals and attempt to control government. • Difference between political parties and interest groups is that: • Larger • Address more issues • Nominates and runs candidates for office. • Interest Group- Group of individuals who strongly support a certain political cause. The cause may be an item of legislation, an industry, or a particular section of society. Such as the NRA.
  3. 3. Political Structure • The basic structure of the two major political parties in the U.S. are described as coalitional. • Coalition means each party consists of a variety of groups that come together to win elections. • These groups usually agree on vague ideas, however there’s a lot of tension that forms. • Parties in other countries exhibit a structure labeled as ideological. • This means a group or party that is built around a set of principles. • Because there is a lot of cultures throughout Texas, ideological groups tend to not work because the political parties need to appeal to a broad sets of ideas.
  4. 4. Conventions • Conventions- are formal party meetings to select leadership delegates and create platforms. • Platforms - the statement of principles passed by a political party’s convention. • There are 4 types of conventions. • • • • State County Precinct Senatorial District
  5. 5. Democratic Party • One of the first political parties to organize in Texas were the Democrats, who were established in 1884. • During this period in time, there wasn’t much competition so Democrats fought Democrats in elections. The key group in this would be factions. • Factions- divisions within a political party • Each faction varied in size but had similar views on issues.
  6. 6. Factions • Redeemers- got their name because they wanted to “redeem” the South from the Republicans. • Liberals- supported Roosevelt's New Deal programs. • Conservatives- disliked Roosevelt and HATED his New Deal programs. • Texas Regulars- A conservative faction of the Democratic party during the 1940’s. • Democrats of Texas- A liberal faction of the Democratic Party during the 1950’s.
  7. 7. Retrenchment • Fun Fact: The victory of Republican Bill Clements in the 1978’s governor’s race ended 105 years of Democratic control of that office. • At that point Democrats realized that they no longer have the luxury to fight amongst themselves. They wanted to keep all their supporters which included • • • • Minorities Labor unions Blue collar workers Rural Conservatives (Yellow Dog Democrats) • The Democrats still till this day do well among both African Americans and Hispanics.
  8. 8. Democratic Platform • Believe in a strong national government that protects the interest of individuals while promoting a stronger union. Calls for increased national government spending.
  9. 9. Republican Platform • Believes that decision making should be closest to the people, with significant powers dispersed to state and local governments. Downsizing the federal government.
  10. 10. Republican Party • Before 2003, the last republican party that controlled Texas was during the reign of E.J. Davis. • Although Democrats were dominating, two factors caused the state to turn more Republican. • One factor was that the national party started to become more liberal but the state party stayed conservative. • The other factor was the differences between the Republican and Democratic parties in 1952.
  11. 11. Slow Growth • Senator Tower’s 1961 victory started the foundation for the growth of the Republican Party. He won again in 1966 and 1972. • In 1978, Tower not only won again, but a Republican Governor was also elected for the first time since Reconstruction. • Democrats still controlled the legislature though.
  12. 12. The Reagan Revolution • In 1982, the Republicans took a step back when they lost the governor’s office. • They rebounded quick in 1984 when Reagan and Bush ran the ticket again. • Texas couldn’t be considered a two-party state in 1986 because the Republicans showed an inability to win statewide down-ballot races. • Down-ballot races- contests below the level of the president, governor, or U.S. senator. • So these include the lieutenant governor, attorney general, Supreme Court justice, railroad commissioner, and comptroller.
  13. 13. Two-Party State • Texas became a two-party state on Election Day of 1988. • Texans voted for Republican candidate George Bush. • Then in the down ballot races, Republicans won 3 Supreme Court seats, chief justice, and railroad commissioner.
  14. 14. Party Politics in the New Millennium • As the Republican Party has risen, it was plagued with factionalism. • It’s divided into 3 different factions: • Economic Conservatives- believe in lower taxes and less business regulation • Libertarian Conservatives- fear government intrusion on an individual’s life • Social Conservatives- believe the biggest problems are caused by nation’s moral decay