Economic Engagement

USING ECONOMIC TOOLS
TO BUILD RELATIONSHIPS
2012-13 Debate Resolution
RESOLVED:

THE UNITED STATES FEDERAL
GOVERNMENT SHOULD SUBSTANTIALLY
INCREASE ITS ECONOMIC ENGAG...
Implications of topic wording
 USFG must be the actor

and determiner of
economic engagement
 Question:
 What are the c...
Current policies are like the three bears
 Cuba

 “Papa Bear” (too hard)
 No economic

engagement now
 Embargo since t...
Policy as the the three bears
 Venezuela

 “Mama bear” (too soft)
 Some

engagement, especially
with oil
 With the pas...
Policy as the three bears
 Mexico

 “Baby bear” (Just right)
 Although domestically

we have issues, tied
directly with...
What is included in economic engagement?

 We could define both “economic” and “engagement”
 Why would that not be the b...
What does economic engagement include
 Haas & Sullivan with the Brookings Institute in 2000








argued that eco...
Economic engagement
 Arda Celik, professor of international relations at

Uppsala University in 2011 book Economic
Sancti...
Other types of engagement
 Political

engagement

 Diplomatic recognition
 Access to regional or

international institu...
Other types of engagement
 Military

engagements

 Extension of military or

educational training
 Human rights among
a...
Other considerations
ALTHOUGH THE TOPIC
REQUIRES USFG
ACTION, IT DOES NOT
SPECIFY ACTION WITH
THE GOVERNMENTS OF
THE TARGE...
Learn the Latin America alphabet


 NAFTA

 ALBA

 North America

 Bolivarian

Free Trade
Agreement-Agreement
between...
Latin America Alphabet
 CELAC

 FTAA

 Community of Latin

 Free Trade Area of

American and
Caribbean StatesFounded i...
Possible Affirmative Advantages
 Hegemony

 Oil dependency

 Could defend an increase

 Energy development of

or decr...
Possible affirmative advantage areas
 Economic growth

 Solving social issues

 Improving conditions in

any of these c...
Have fun with these countries
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Economic engagement p pt

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Economic engagement p pt

  1. 1. Economic Engagement USING ECONOMIC TOOLS TO BUILD RELATIONSHIPS
  2. 2. 2012-13 Debate Resolution RESOLVED: THE UNITED STATES FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD SUBSTANTIALLY INCREASE ITS ECONOMIC ENGAGEMENT TOWARD CUBA, MEXICO, OR VENEZUELA QUIZ: WHEN WERE THE OTHER TIMES THAT LATIN AMERICA HAS BEEN DEBATED? ANSWER: 1987-88 POLITICAL STABILITY 1994-95 IMMIGRATION
  3. 3. Implications of topic wording  USFG must be the actor and determiner of economic engagement  Question:  What are the current policies that the USFG has towards these countries?  Must know that first
  4. 4. Current policies are like the three bears  Cuba  “Papa Bear” (too hard)  No economic engagement now  Embargo since the mid- ”60’s
  5. 5. Policy as the the three bears  Venezuela  “Mama bear” (too soft)  Some engagement, especially with oil  With the passing of Hugo Chavez, some shifting will take place
  6. 6. Policy as the three bears  Mexico  “Baby bear” (Just right)  Although domestically we have issues, tied directly with Mexico  Open to significant relationships
  7. 7. What is included in economic engagement?  We could define both “economic” and “engagement”  Why would that not be the best approach?  Answer: Very broad; would allow for a very large topic and not exclude much of anything  Best is a contextual definition  One that would include “positive incentives to achieve an objective”
  8. 8. What does economic engagement include  Haas & Sullivan with the Brookings Institute in 2000       argued that economic engagement included the following: Export credits Investment insurance or promotion Access to technology Loans and economic aid Removal of penalties such as embargoes, investment bans, high tariffs Facilitate entry into global economic arena and institutions
  9. 9. Economic engagement  Arda Celik, professor of international relations at Uppsala University in 2011 book Economic Sanctions and Engagement Policies defined as follows:  The purpose of economic engagement is to “deepen the economic intersection, interconnectedness and mutual dependence and finally seeks economic interdependence. This interdependence serves the sender state to change the political behavior of target state.”
  10. 10. Other types of engagement  Political engagement  Diplomatic recognition  Access to regional or international institutions  Summits between leaders  Commercial interests that include people to people; humanitarian concerns; historical ties (extra topical?)
  11. 11. Other types of engagement  Military engagements  Extension of military or educational training  Human rights among armed services  Establish relationships between US and other foreign military officers  Arms exchanges; offering security services
  12. 12. Other considerations ALTHOUGH THE TOPIC REQUIRES USFG ACTION, IT DOES NOT SPECIFY ACTION WITH THE GOVERNMENTS OF THE TARGET COUNTRIES
  13. 13. Learn the Latin America alphabet   NAFTA  ALBA  North America  Bolivarian Free Trade Agreement-Agreement between Canada, US, and Mexico Alternative for the Americas-Member countries includes Venezuela, Cuba, Bol ivia, Nicaragua, and island countries in the Bahamas
  14. 14. Latin America Alphabet  CELAC  FTAA  Community of Latin  Free Trade Area of American and Caribbean StatesFounded in 2011, includes 33 countries, but excludes the US & Canada Founded as an alternative to the OAS the Americas Proposed agreement to expand to all of the nations in the Western Hemisphere excluding Cuba. Opposed by members of ALBA
  15. 15. Possible Affirmative Advantages  Hegemony  Oil dependency  Could defend an increase  Energy development of or decrease in US leadership and/or influence; improved relations with various countries would increase soft power any one of the three countries would help with decreasing dependence on Middle East sources
  16. 16. Possible affirmative advantage areas  Economic growth  Solving social issues  Improving conditions in any of these countries would be beneficial to both the country and the US in terms of opening new markets, allowing for corporate expansions, and developing local economies  Increased engagement would lead to addressing other issues such as immigration, health care, trafficking in humans and drugs, and nuclear proliferation
  17. 17. Have fun with these countries
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