NAME  :  T.DHIVYAA BATCH  :  J5 FACULTY:  Mrs.SUMATHI NITHYANAND TIME  :  6PM-8PM
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT <ul><li>Preparation of this assignment has drawn upon a variety of information. I would like to express my...
 
 
TASK-1
The four countries are <ul><li>SRI LANKA </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li>...
 
 
 
 
CHINA TO INDIA
 
 
 
<ul><ul><li>P2a </li></ul></ul>
Indo-Aryan emigration from India in the 5th century B.C. came to form the largest ethnic group on Sri Lanka today, the Sin...
President:  Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005) Prime Minister:  Ratnasiri Wickremanayaka (2005) Current government officials   Land ...
<ul><li>THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>DUNHINDA FALLS  </li></ul><ul><li>BENTOTA BEACH </li></ul><ul><li>SIGIRIYA <...
THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE
<ul><li>Dunhinda is considered to be one of the most enchanting falls in Sri Lanka and is in close proximity to Badulla to...
DUNHINDA FALLS IN SRI LANKA
<ul><li>Staying in the Induruwa Beach Resorts in Bentota is really a pleasure for the tourists. Enjoy the excitement of st...
BENTOTA BEACH
<ul><li>Sigiriya dates back from over 7,000 years ago, through Pre-Historic to Proto-Historic to Early Historic times, the...
SIGIRIYA
<ul><li>One of the oldest national parks in Sri Lanka. The second largest. This park is popular for the different types of...
YALA PARK
<ul><li>The Ravana Ella, Sri Lanka has its roots connected to the times of the famous eastern epic, Ramayana and it has be...
RAVANA ELLA
<ul><li>One of the earliest groups of Jain rockcut shelters, the caves of Udayagiri (Hill of Sunrise) and Khandagiri (Brok...
UDAYAGIRI ROCKCUT
 
 
 
<ul><li>Although Singapore's history dates from the 11th century, the island was little known to the West until the 19th c...
President:  S. R. Nathan (1999) Prime Minister:  Lee Hsien Loong (2004) Current government officials   Land area:  241 sq ...
Lion city
<ul><li>NIGHT SAFARI </li></ul><ul><li>SENTOSA ISLAND </li></ul><ul><li>JURONG BIRD PARK </li></ul><ul><li>BOTANICAL GARDE...
The night safari <ul><li>The  Night Safari  is the world's first nocturnal zoo and is one of the most popular tourist attr...
 
NIGHT SAFARI
<ul><li>It is perhaps the most interesting reading when you are going through the ups and downs in the  history of Sentosa...
 
SENTOSA ISLAND
<ul><li>The Jurong BirdPark is now a world-famous bird zoo wherein there are specimens of magnificent bird life from aroun...
 
JURONG BIRD PARK
<ul><li>Singapore Botanic Gardens  is a 63.7-hectare (157-acre) botanical garden in Singapore. It is half the size of the ...
BOTANICAL GARDEN
<ul><li>Boat Quay  is a historical quay in Singapore which is situated upstream from the mouth of the Singapore River on i...
BOAT QUAY
 
<ul><ul><li>The written  history of Japan  begins with brief references in the 1st century AD  Twenty-Four Histories , a c...
<ul><li>Surface: The total land area of Japan is around 377, 835 sq km.  Population:  The population of Japan is around 12...
 
 
 
<ul><li>MT.FUJI </li></ul><ul><li>NISEKO </li></ul><ul><li>TAKINOUE PARK </li></ul><ul><li>SHURIJO CASTLE GATE </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Mount Fuji (Fujisan) is with 3776 meters Japan's highest mountain. It is not surprising that the nearly perfectly ...
MOUNT FUJI
<ul><li>Niseko   is a town located in Abuta District, Shiribeshi, Hokkaidō, Japan. Although in Japanese, Niseko principall...
NISEKO
<ul><li>This park is one of the most famous tourist places for seeing moss pink, of which the prefecture is very proud. Mo...
TAKINOUE PARK
<ul><li>Among the castles that were designated as World Heritage Sites, Shurijo Castle is the most outstanding. By the tim...
SHURIJO CASTLE GATE
Rivers of Japan  are characterized by their relatively short lengths and considerably steep gradients due to the narrow an...
YADE RIVER
<ul><li>The &quot;sound stopping&quot; waterfall is anything but. About 25 meters high and 5 meters wide, it is a thunderi...
OTODOME FALLS
CHINA
 
 
<ul><li>China, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long and mysterious history - almost ...
<ul><li>THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>THE SHAOLIN TEMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>XIAN </li></ul><ul><li>HUANGSHAN </...
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
<ul><li>The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles)[3] from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in t...
THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
<ul><li>The  Shaolin Monastery  or  Shaolin Temple  (Chinese:  少林寺 ; pinyin: Shǎolínsì), is a Chán Buddhist temple at Song...
THE SHAOLIN TEMPLE
<ul><li>The  Terracotta Army  (traditional Chinese:  兵馬俑 ;  simplified Chinese:  兵马俑 ;  pinyin: bīngmǎ yǒng; literally &qu...
TERRACOTA ARMY
<ul><li>Mt.Huangshan in east China¡®s Anhui province is one of China¯s ten best-known scenic spots, It is characterized by...
MT.HUANGSHAN
<ul><li>Shanghai, is located shore of the East China Sea, the Yangtze River estuary place, is the Chinese biggest city, al...
SHANGHAI SEA SHORE
<ul><li>Donghai Bridge  (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese pinyin: Dōnghǎi Dàqiáo; literally &quot;East Sea Grand Br...
DONGHAI BRIDGE
<ul><li>The Forbidden City, also known as the Imperial Palace or Palace Museum, is located in the center of Beijing. Built...
FORBIDDEN CITY
TASK.2A
DOCUMNTS REQUIRED TO VISIT THOSE COUNTRIES
<ul><li>Ticket </li></ul><ul><li>Passport </li></ul><ul><li>Visa </li></ul><ul><li>Health Certificate </li></ul><ul><li>Tr...
 
Health certificate
<ul><li>Passports </li></ul><ul><li>Passport valid for at least six months from date of entry required by all nationals re...
CURRENCY OF SRI LANKA
<ul><li>Typhoid  *Vaccination sometimes recommended10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A  Vaccination recomm...
<ul><li>A passport with at least 6 months validity - Valid Singapore visa, if applicable  - Sufficient funds to last for t...
CURRENCY OF SINGAPORE
<ul><li>Typhoid  Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A  *Vaccination sometimes recommended2 weeks before travel </li...
<ul><li>Passport- A passport must be valid for a minimum period of 6 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Visa- a valid tourist visa ...
 
<ul><li>Typhoid  Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A  Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria  Not required. </...
<ul><li>Passport- A passport must be valid for a minimum period of 6 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Visa- a valid tourist visa ...
<ul><li>Chinese Visa </li></ul><ul><li>A visa is an endorsement stamp that is placed on your passport to show that you are...
CURRENCY OF CHINA
<ul><li>Typhoid  *Vaccination sometimes recommended10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A  Vaccination recomm...
MEAL SERVICE
 
WHEEL CHAIR PASSENGERS
BEVERAGE SERVICE
Wheel Chair Passenger INFLIGHT SERVICE
FOOD AND BEVERAGE
MEALS IN AIRLINE
<ul><li>Child meal is given to the children </li></ul><ul><li>The foods included are Bite sized pieces of foods liked by c...
CHILD MEAL(CHML)
<ul><li>These meals are given to the intestinal disease patients . </li></ul><ul><li>Foods included are fruits ,vegetables...
GLUTEN FREE MEAL(GFML)
<ul><li>Hindu meal is given to the on the request of the passenger. </li></ul><ul><li>The foods included are non-veg meal ...
HINDU MEAL(HNML)
<ul><li>The low calorie meal is to the over weight / heart patients . </li></ul><ul><li>The foods included are high protei...
LOW CALORIE MEAL(LCML)
<ul><li>WHY MY ITINERARY IS GOOD? </li></ul>TASK.2C
<ul><li>The place I select for Mr. jack D’ Souza is the wonderful and famous tourist spot in Asian continent. (Sri Lanka, ...
TICKET SAMPLE
Name of the passenger : Mr. Jack D’ Souza From To Carrier Flight Class DEPARTURE  DATE  -  TIME ARRIVAL  DATE  -  TIME IND...
FROM/TO      PASSENGER TICKET AND BAGGAGE CHECK ISSUED BY  ABBCAIRLINES  SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT IN THIS TICKET ...
<ul><ul><li>DAY TO DAY ITINERARY </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>DAY1 – 10 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>4.00AM- Departure from Chennai International Airport by Air India. </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>DAY 2- 11 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKE UP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST </li></ul><ul><li>9.00...
<ul><li>DAY 3-12FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST </li></ul><ul><li>9.00AM-...
<ul><li>DAY 4 -13 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.0...
<ul><li>DAY 5 -14 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.0...
<ul><li>DAY 6 -15 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.0...
<ul><li>DAY 7 -16 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.0...
<ul><li>DAY 8 -17 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.0...
<ul><li>DAY 9 -18 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.0...
<ul><li>DAY 10 -19 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10....
<ul><li>DAY 11 -20 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10....
<ul><li>DAY 12 -21FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>9.30...
TASK.2E
import and export of sri lanka
<ul><li>Import regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free import only by persons over 18 years of age: - 2 bottles of wine and 1...
<ul><li>Export regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Export of goods for personal use only are allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohib...
import and exports of singapore
Imports <ul><li>Dutiable, Controlled & Prohibited Goods Under Singapore laws, certain types of items are subject to the pa...
<ul><li>Controlled Goods Certain goods are controlled and allowed entry into Singapore only when you produce the import pe...
import and exports of japan
<ul><li>Import regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free import of:  1. Tobacco products (for passengers 20 years of age or old...
<ul><li>Export regulations:: Free export (not for commercial purposes) of reasonable quantities of tobacco products, alcoh...
<ul><li>Exempt: 1. Baggage of transit passengers with a destination outside of Japan, provided the onward flight is within...
import and exports of china
<ul><li>Import regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free import of: 1. cigarettes: 400 (if staying less than 6 months) or 600 (...
<ul><li>Export regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free export of four cartons of tobacco products for personal use. Additiona...
<ul><li>Exempt:  baggage of passengers in transit via Beijing, provided it is labeled to a destination outside of China, a...
TASK . 2 F
 
<ul><li>IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, ...
<ul><li>IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP) standard defines the ...
<ul><li>The aims and objectives of IATA are to promote safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of the p...
 
<ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agen...
<ul><li>To unite and reinforce National Association and Organisation of Travel Agents. </li></ul><ul><li>To act a sole rep...
 
<ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>The association had 44 founder members. Founder Lorrin Thurston. PATA’s first conference...
<ul><li>SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>PATA  is a non-profit organization set up with the objective of promoting, d...
 
<ul><li>The  ICAO   airport code  or  location indicator  is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport arou...
<ul><li>Safety - Enhance global civil aviation safety  </li></ul><ul><li>Security - Enhance global civil aviation security...
 
<ul><li>The document was signed on December 7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. It received the requisit...
<ul><li>The Chicago Convention governs relations between states on technical as well as commercial subjects connecting Int...
<ul><li>Flying over territory of contracting states (air services), </li></ul><ul><li>Customs, </li></ul><ul><li>Rules of ...
 
<ul><li>The Warsaw Convention - and you could probably guess this first bit - was a convention that took place in Warsaw, ...
<ul><li>The broad set forth in the Warshaw convention is ”the carrier is liable to the passenger, shipper or consignee ,un...
<ul><li>In particular, the Warsaw Convention: </li></ul><ul><li>mandates carriers to issue passenger tickets;  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>The  Convention on International Civil Aviation , also known as the  Chicago Convention , established the Internat...
TASK.3
 
<ul><li>IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, ...
<ul><li>IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP) standard defines the ...
<ul><li>The aims and objectives of IATA are to promote safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of the p...
 
<ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agen...
<ul><li>The Foundation Diploma is the first of the four levels of the IATA/UFTAA Career Path Training Programme. .It gives...
<ul><li>To unite and reinforce National Association and Organization of Travel Agents. </li></ul><ul><li>To act a sole rep...
TASK:3A
<ul><li>HOW THE ORGANIZATIONS HELPS? </li></ul>
<ul><li>These organization  undergoes the rules and operates with safe and security .It also provides the passenger many s...
<ul><li>The passengers can reach their designated place within their achieved time. </li></ul><ul><li>The passengers can e...
<ul><li>The airline cost would lead to be very high.  </li></ul><ul><li>There will no fare limit and rules.  </li></ul><ul...
TASK.4
The tourist spots are <ul><li>GREECE </li></ul><ul><li>ITALY </li></ul><ul><li>FRANCE </li></ul><ul><li>NORWAY </li></ul>
GREECE
MAP OF GREECE
FLAG OF BRAZIL
History of Greece <ul><li>The first evidence of human life in Greece dates back to the Palaeolithic period between 120,000...
DETAILS OF GREECE <ul><li>Population: 11,262,000 [1]  (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Growth rate: 0.146% (2008 est.)  </li>...
The tourist spots are <ul><li>LYCOVITTAS HILLS </li></ul><ul><li>RED BEACH </li></ul><ul><li>TOWER OF THE WINDS </li></ul>...
History of Lycovittas hills <ul><li>Mount Lycabettus  is a Cretaceous limestone hill in Athens, Greece. At 277 meters (908...
 
 
 
RED BEACH <ul><li>Red beach in the Akrotiri area. Beautiful beach, well known for the unique colour of the sand and the hi...
 
 
TOWER OF THE BEACH <ul><li>Wreck Beach  is one of the largest, most popular, and most acclaimed clothing-optional beaches ...
 
 
 
DELPHI <ul><li>Delphi  and dialectal is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur ...
 
 
 
ATHENIAN AGORA <ul><li>The agora in Athens had private housing, until it was reorganized by Peisistratus in the 6th centur...
 
 
 
 
Map of Italy
Flag of Italy
History of Italy <ul><li>Italy , united in 1861, has significantly contributed to the  cultural  and social development of...
The Sistine chapel <ul><li>Sistine Chapel  (Italian:  Cappella Sistina ) is the best-known  chapel  in the Apostolic Palac...
 
 
 
The Vatican garden <ul><li>The Vatican Gardens have been a place of quiet and meditation for the Popes ever since 1279 whe...
 
 
 
The Grand canal in Venice <ul><li>The  Grand Canal  (Italian: Canal Grande, Venetian: Canałasso) is a canal in Venice, Ita...
 
 
The Pantheon <ul><li>The  Pantheon  (pronounced /pænˈθiː.ən/ or /ˈpænθi.ən/, [1]  Latin:  Pantheon from Greek: Πάνθεον, me...
 
 
NORWAY
 
 
History of Norway <ul><li>. History of human settlement in what is present day Norway goes back at least 11,000 years, to ...
Kristiansand Zoo <ul><li>Kristiansand  (formerly &quot;Christianssand&quot;) is a city, municipality and the county capita...
 
 
Holmenkollen ski jump <ul><li>The  Holmenkollen ski jump , located in Holmenkollen, Oslo, Norway, is host to the world's s...
Holmenkollen ski jump
 
 
Fløibanen <ul><li>Fløibanen  is a funicular in Bergen, Norway which runs up the mountain of Fløyen. It is one of Bergen's ...
 
 
Bryggen <ul><li>The  Bryggen inscriptions  are a find of some 670 medieval runic inscriptions on wood (mostly pine) and bo...
Bryggen
 
spain
 
 
History of Spain <ul><li>Spain   or the  Kingdom of Spain  is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peni...
Tenerife <ul><li>Tenerife , a Spanish island, is the largest of the seven Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coa...
Tenerife
Tenerife seashore
Lloret de Mar   <ul><li>Lloret de Mar  is a Mediterranean coastal town in Catalonia and one of the most popular holiday re...
 
Lloret de Mar at night
Picos de Europa National Park <ul><li>The  Picos de Europa  (literally: &quot;Peaks of Europe&quot;) is a range of mountai...
The Picos de Europa National Park in the Green Spain.
 
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada <ul><li>The  Alhambra  = (&quot;the red fortress&quot;) is a palace and fortres...
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada
 
One Of The Lakes Of Covadonga In National Park
PASSPORT AND VISAS <ul><li>Passport & Visas: </li></ul><ul><li>Passports & visas not required by following:  Holders of Na...
<ul><li>Health check </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory vaccinations: None. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended immunizations: Hepatit...
Import & Export Regulations <ul><li>Perfume - Reasonable for personal use </li></ul><ul><li>Cameras - 2 still / 1 movie or...
TASK-5
IATA
1.IATA are safe and guides the passenger with care and concern.  2.There  is an good guidance throughout the airline indus...
 
<ul><li>IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, ...
<ul><li>IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP) standard defines the ...
<ul><li>The aims and objectives of IATA are to promote safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of the p...
<ul><li>WWW. WIKEPEDIA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.IATA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.PATA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.ICAO.COM </...
<ul><li>This project on air travel management have improved my knowledge in travel industry. I had lots of fun and enjoyme...
<ul><li>I hereby assure that this project on air travel industry is done by me. </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>T.D...
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Dhivyaa travel

  1. 2. NAME : T.DHIVYAA BATCH : J5 FACULTY: Mrs.SUMATHI NITHYANAND TIME : 6PM-8PM
  2. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT <ul><li>Preparation of this assignment has drawn upon a variety of information. I would like to express my thanks to all, who gave the assistance and support in this assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>In particular, I would like to thank CENTER HEAD Ms. Roshni Nair AND FACULTY Mrs. Sumathi Nithyanand. </li></ul>
  3. 6. TASK-1
  4. 7. The four countries are <ul><li>SRI LANKA </li></ul><ul><li>SINGAPORE </li></ul><ul><li>JAPAN </li></ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul>
  5. 12. CHINA TO INDIA
  6. 16. <ul><ul><li>P2a </li></ul></ul>
  7. 17. Indo-Aryan emigration from India in the 5th century B.C. came to form the largest ethnic group on Sri Lanka today, the Sinhalese. Tamils, the second-largest ethnic group on the island, were originally from the Tamil region of India and emigrated between the 3rd century B.C. and A.D. 1200. Until colonial powers controlled Ceylon (the country's name until 1972), Sinhalese and Tamil rulers fought for dominance over the island. The Tamils, primarily Hindus, claimed the northern section of the island and the Sinhalese, who are predominantly Buddhist, controlled the south. In 1505 the Portuguese took possession of Ceylon until the Dutch India Company usurped control (1658–1796). The British took over in 1796, and Ceylon became an English Crown colony in 1802. The British developed coffee, tea, and rubber plantations. On Feb. 4, 1948, after pressure from Ceylonese nationalist leaders (which briefly unified the Tamil and Sinhalese), Ceylon became a self-governing dominion of the Commonwealth of Nations. HISTORY OF SRI LANKA
  8. 18. President: Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005) Prime Minister: Ratnasiri Wickremanayaka (2005) Current government officials Land area: 24,996 sq mi (64,740 sq km); total area: 25,332 sq mi (65,610 sq km) Population (2007 est.): 20,926,315 (growth rate: 1.0%); birth rate: 17.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 19.5/1000; life expectancy: 74.8; density per sq mi: 809 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Colombo, 2,436,000 (metro. area), 656,100 (city proper). Legislative and judicial capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, 118,300 Other large cities: Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia 214,300; Moratuwa, 181,000; Kandy, 112,400 Monetary unit: Sri Lanka rupee Languages: Sinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10% Ethnicity/race: Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001) Religions: Buddhist 70%, Islam 8%, Hindu 7%, Christian 6% (2001) Literacy rate: 92% (2003 est.)
  9. 19. <ul><li>THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>DUNHINDA FALLS </li></ul><ul><li>BENTOTA BEACH </li></ul><ul><li>SIGIRIYA </li></ul><ul><li>YALA PARK </li></ul><ul><li>RAVANA ELLA </li></ul><ul><li>UDAYAGIRI ROCKCUT </li></ul>THE TOURIST SPOTS ARE
  10. 20. THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE
  11. 21. <ul><li>Dunhinda is considered to be one of the most enchanting falls in Sri Lanka and is in close proximity to Badulla town. The water resembles a thin cloud as it cascades 63m downwards into a large pool. The backdrop to the fall is known as 'Dunhinda Adaviya'. 'Dunhinda' translates to 'spraying/ vapour waterfall' - the word 'dun' means 'gave/was given', while 'hinda' means 'evaporate'. </li></ul>
  12. 22. DUNHINDA FALLS IN SRI LANKA
  13. 23. <ul><li>Staying in the Induruwa Beach Resorts in Bentota is really a pleasure for the tourists. Enjoy the excitement of staying just next to the Bentota Beach. This particular region is not only epitome of the mythical past of the place but also home to many events and other things. It hosts the famous Sri Lankan Jeweler Aida. This place is also renowned for the production of Toddy. Alcoholic beverages here are specially made from coconut milk and are famous </li></ul>
  14. 24. BENTOTA BEACH
  15. 25. <ul><li>Sigiriya dates back from over 7,000 years ago, through Pre-Historic to Proto-Historic to Early Historic times, then as a rock-shelter mountain monastery from about the 3rd century BC, with caves prepared and donated by devotees to the sangha . </li></ul>
  16. 26. SIGIRIYA
  17. 27. <ul><li>One of the oldest national parks in Sri Lanka. The second largest. This park is popular for the different types of animals it inherits. Tuskers and Leopards are generally found in Yala . Established in 25/02/1938 with a land extent of 103,883 hectares. In 1970 Yala east of 18,142 hectares was attached and the area was increased to 122,024 hectares. This park is situated at the Southern part of Sri Lanka. Yala National Park is situated approximately 309 Km from Colombo. </li></ul>YALA PARK
  18. 28. YALA PARK
  19. 29. <ul><li>The Ravana Ella, Sri Lanka has its roots connected to the times of the famous eastern epic, Ramayana and it has been named after the brawny daemon ruler of Lanka, Ravana. It is said that after kidnapping Sita, Ravana had hidden her at the caves behind this waterfall when Shri Rama was drawing close to Lanka with his army to rescue her. The cave came to be known as Ravana Ella cave </li></ul>
  20. 30. RAVANA ELLA
  21. 31. <ul><li>One of the earliest groups of Jain rockcut shelters, the caves of Udayagiri (Hill of Sunrise) and Khandagiri (Broken Hills) command a unique position in the filed of history, rock-cut architecture, art and religion. The two hills rise abruptly from the coastal plain, about 6 km West of Bhubaneswar, separated by a highway. </li></ul>
  22. 32. UDAYAGIRI ROCKCUT
  23. 36. <ul><li>Although Singapore's history dates from the 11th century, the island was little known to the West until the 19th century, when in 1819, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles arrived as an agent of the British East India Company. In 1824, the British purchased Singapore Island, and by 1825, the city of Singapore had become a major port, with trade exceeding that of Malaya's Malacca and Penang combined. In 1826, Singapore, Penang, and Malacca were combined as the Straits Settlements to form an outlying residency of the British East India Company; in 1867, the Straits Settlements were made a British Crown Colony, an arrangement that continued until 1946. </li></ul><ul><li>The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the advent of steamships launched an era of prosperity for Singapore as transit trade expanded throughout Southeast Asia. In the 20th century, the automobile industry's demand for rubber from Southeast Asia and the packaging industry's need for tin helped make Singapore one of the world's major ports. </li></ul>history of singapore
  24. 37. President: S. R. Nathan (1999) Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong (2004) Current government officials Land area: 241 sq mi (624 sq km); total area: 267 sq mi (692.7 sq km) Population (2007 est.): 4,553,009 (growth rate: 1.3%); birth rate: 9.2/1000; infant mortality rate: 2.3/1000; life expectancy: 81.8; density per sq mi: 18,898 Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Singapore, 3,438,600 Monetary unit: Singapore dollar Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teaches 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000) Ethnicity/race: Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000) Religions: Buddhist 43%, Islam 15%, Taoist 9%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 5%, other Christian 10%, none 15% (2000) Literacy rate: 93% (2003 est.)
  25. 38. Lion city
  26. 39. <ul><li>NIGHT SAFARI </li></ul><ul><li>SENTOSA ISLAND </li></ul><ul><li>JURONG BIRD PARK </li></ul><ul><li>BOTANICAL GARDEN </li></ul><ul><li>BOAT QUAY </li></ul>
  27. 40. The night safari <ul><li>The Night Safari is the world's first nocturnal zoo and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Singapore. </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of a nocturnal park in Singapore was mooted in the 1980s by the former executive chairman of the Singapore Zoo, Dr Ong Swee Law. Constructed at a cost of S$63 million, the Night Safari was officially opened on 26 May 1994 and occupies 40 hectares (0.4 km²) of secondary rainforest adjacent to the Singapore Zoo and Upper Seletar Reservoir. </li></ul><ul><li>The Night Safari currently houses a total of 1,040 animals of 120 species, of which 29% are threatened species. The zoo is managed by Wildlife Reserves Singapore, and about 1.1 million visitors visit the safari per year.[1] The Night Safari received its 11 millionth visitor on 29 May 2007. </li></ul>
  28. 42. NIGHT SAFARI
  29. 43. <ul><li>It is perhaps the most interesting reading when you are going through the ups and downs in the history of Sentosa Island . Series of invaders, wars, frequent change of rulers - all these form a fine collage that has given a different shape to the history of the island. It is a story of change of power in Singapore and it seems that all the foreign powers were very much interested in having Sentosa Island in their grips. Let us take a look at the history of Sentosa Island. </li></ul>
  30. 45. SENTOSA ISLAND
  31. 46. <ul><li>The Jurong BirdPark is now a world-famous bird zoo wherein there are specimens of magnificent bird life from around the world, including a flock of one thousand and one flamingos. It is currently the world's largest bird park in terms of number of birds and second largest in terms of land area after Germany's Vogelpark Walsrode. There are over 9,000 birds of 600 species in the Jurong BirdPark. Of those, 29 are of endangered species. </li></ul>
  32. 48. JURONG BIRD PARK
  33. 49. <ul><li>Singapore Botanic Gardens is a 63.7-hectare (157-acre) botanical garden in Singapore. It is half the size of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew or around one-fifth the size of Central Park in New York. It is the only botanic garden in the world that opens from 5 a.m. to 12 midnight every single day of the year, and does not charge an admission fee, except for the National Orchid Garden. The garden is bordered by Holland & Napier Road in the South, on the East, Tyersall Ave & Cluny Park Road on its West and Bukit Timah Road in the North. The linear distance between the Northern and Southern end is around 2.5 km (1.5 miles). </li></ul>
  34. 50. BOTANICAL GARDEN
  35. 51. <ul><li>Boat Quay  is a historical quay in Singapore which is situated upstream from the mouth of the Singapore River on its southern bank. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the busiest part of the old Port of Singapore, handling three quarters of all shipping business during the 1860s. Because the south bank of the river here resembles the belly of a carp, which according to Chinese belief is where wealth and prosperity lay, many shophouses were built, crowded into the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Though serving aquatic trade is no longer Boat Quay's primary role, the shophouses on it have been carefully conserved and now house various bars, pubs and restaurants. Therefore Boat Quay's social-economic role in the city has shifted away from that of trade and maritime commerce, and now leans towards more of a role accommodated for tourism and aesthetics for the commercial zone of which encloses the Singapore River. It is the soft front to the composolitian banking and financial sectors lying immediately behind it </li></ul>BOAT QUAY
  36. 52. BOAT QUAY
  37. 54. <ul><ul><li>The written history of Japan begins with brief references in the 1st century AD Twenty-Four Histories , a collection of Chinese historical texts. However, archaeological evidence indicates that people were living on the islands of Japan as early as the upper paleolithic period.[1] Following the last ice-age, around 12,000 BC, the rich ecosystem of the Japanese Archipelago fostered human development. The earliest-known pottery belongs to the Jōmon period. </li></ul></ul>
  38. 55. <ul><li>Surface: The total land area of Japan is around 377, 835 sq km. Population:  The population of Japan is around 128 million. System of government: Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government. Capital: Tokyo, with a population of more than 8 million inhabitants, is the capital of Japan. Religion: Shinto and Buddhism. Official Language: The official language is Japanese. Government: Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government. Climate: Japan experiences a temperate climate. </li></ul>
  39. 59. <ul><li>MT.FUJI </li></ul><ul><li>NISEKO </li></ul><ul><li>TAKINOUE PARK </li></ul><ul><li>SHURIJO CASTLE GATE </li></ul><ul><li>YADE RIVER </li></ul><ul><li>NARITA SAN TEMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>OTODOME FALL </li></ul>
  40. 60. <ul><li>Mount Fuji (Fujisan) is with 3776 meters Japan's highest mountain. It is not surprising that the nearly perfectly shaped volcano has been worshipped as a sacred mountain and experienced big popularity among artists and common people. </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Fuji is a dormant volcano, which most recently erupted in 1708. It stands on the border between Yamanashi and Shizuoka Prefectures and can be seen from Tokyo and Yokohama on clear days. </li></ul><ul><li>The easiest way to view Mount Fuji is from the train on a trip along the Tokaido Line between Tokyo and Osaka. If you take the shinkansen from Tokyo in direction of Nagoya, Kyoto and Osaka, the best view of Mount Fuji can be enjoyed from around Shin-Fuji Station on the right hand side of the train, about 40 to 45 minutes after leaving Tokyo. </li></ul>
  41. 61. MOUNT FUJI
  42. 62. <ul><li>Niseko is a town located in Abuta District, Shiribeshi, Hokkaidō, Japan. Although in Japanese, Niseko principally refers to a municipal area, overseas, the name has come to refer to a wider area of ski resorts encompassing Hokkaido's Mount Yōtei and Annupuri ranges </li></ul>
  43. 63. NISEKO
  44. 64. <ul><li>This park is one of the most famous tourist places for seeing moss pink, of which the prefecture is very proud. Moss pink bloom all together all over slopes of a huge 100,000 km2 hill from mid-May to early June, producing picturesque scenery </li></ul>
  45. 65. TAKINOUE PARK
  46. 66. <ul><li>Among the castles that were designated as World Heritage Sites, Shurijo Castle is the most outstanding. By the time of the island's unification, Shurijo Castle had already been historically prominent. For the 450 years since then, the Castle was the political, economic and cultural center of this island. The Seiden State Hall is not only the largest wooden building on the island, but also expresses the wisdom of a people who successfully combined Chinese and Japanese architectures with the originality of Okinawan culture. </li></ul>
  47. 67. SHURIJO CASTLE GATE
  48. 68. Rivers of Japan are characterized by their relatively short lengths and considerably steep gradients due to the narrow and mountainous topography of the country. An often-cited quote is 'this is not a river, but a waterfall' by the Dutch engineer (o-yatoi gaikokujin) who had visited the , Toyama Prefecture. The Mogani, the Fuji and the Kuma are regarded as the three most rapid rivers of Japan.
  49. 69. YADE RIVER
  50. 70. <ul><li>The &quot;sound stopping&quot; waterfall is anything but. About 25 meters high and 5 meters wide, it is a thundering torrent. The main stream of the Shiba river flows over the cliff into a deep pool. You often get beautiful rainbows forming in the midst before you. Mount Fuji is often viewable on the approach. </li></ul>
  51. 71. OTODOME FALLS
  52. 72. CHINA
  53. 75. <ul><li>China, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long and mysterious history - almost 5,000 years of it! Like most other great civilizations of the world, China can trace her culture back to a blend of small original tribes which have expanded till they became the great country we have today. </li></ul><ul><li>It is recorded that Yuanmou man is the oldest hominoid in China and the oldest dynasty is Xia Dynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that have contributed a lot to the development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history. Among them, there are emperors like Li Shimin (emperor Taizong of the Tang), philosophers like Confucius, great patriotic poets like Qu Yuan and so on. </li></ul>
  54. 76. <ul><li>THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>THE SHAOLIN TEMPLE </li></ul><ul><li>XIAN </li></ul><ul><li>HUANGSHAN </li></ul><ul><li>SHANGHAI SEA SHORE </li></ul><ul><li>DONGHAI BRIDGE </li></ul><ul><li>FORBIDDEN CITY </li></ul>
  55. 77. THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
  56. 78. <ul><li>The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles)[3] from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia, but stretches to over 6,700 km (4,160 miles) in total.[4] At its peak, the Ming Wall was guarded by more than one million men.[5] It has been estimated that somewhere in the range of 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the centuries-long project of building the wall.[6] </li></ul>
  57. 79. THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
  58. 80. <ul><li>The Shaolin Monastery or Shaolin Temple (Chinese: 少林寺 ; pinyin: Shǎolínsì), is a Chán Buddhist temple at Song Shan near Zhengzhou City Henan Province in Dengfeng, China. It is led by abbot Shì Yǒngxìn. Founded in the 5th century, the monastery is long famous for its association with Chinese martial arts and particularly with Shaolin Kung Fu, and it is the Mahayana Buddhist monastery perhaps best known to the Western world. </li></ul>
  59. 81. THE SHAOLIN TEMPLE
  60. 82. <ul><li>The Terracotta Army (traditional Chinese: 兵馬俑 ; simplified Chinese: 兵马俑 ; pinyin: bīngmǎ yǒng; literally &quot;soldier and horse funerary statues&quot;) are the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huangdi the First Emperor of China. The terracotta figures, dating from 210 BCE, were discovered in 1974 by some local farmers near Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China near the Mausouleum of the First Qin Emperor. </li></ul>
  61. 83. TERRACOTA ARMY
  62. 84. <ul><li>Mt.Huangshan in east China¡®s Anhui province is one of China¯s ten best-known scenic spots, It is characterized by the four wonders, namely, odd-shaped pines, grotesque rock formation, seas of clouds and crystal-clear hot springs. Mount Huangshan is celebrated for having all the features of mountain scenery </li></ul>
  63. 85. MT.HUANGSHAN
  64. 86. <ul><li>Shanghai, is located shore of the East China Sea, the Yangtze River estuary place, is the Chinese biggest city, also is a China foreign reform and open policy window. </li></ul><ul><li>   Shanghai is develops day after day the powerful city unceasingly, is our country biggest trade, the financial center, also is west the Pacific section important international port city. Among them outside relates widely, the transportation, the communication quite are developed, is attracting the more and more many attentions vision. </li></ul>
  65. 87. SHANGHAI SEA SHORE
  66. 88. <ul><li>Donghai Bridge (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese pinyin: Dōnghǎi Dàqiáo; literally &quot;East Sea Grand Bridge&quot;) was the longest cross-sea bridge in the world until Hangzhou Bay Bridge opened on 1 May 2008. It was completed on December 10, 2005. It has a total length of 32.5 kilometres (20.2 miles) and connects mainland Shanghai and the offshore Yangshan deep-water port in China. Most of the bridge is a low-level viaduct. There are also cable-stayed sections to allow for the passage of large ships, largest with span of 420 m. </li></ul>
  67. 89. DONGHAI BRIDGE
  68. 90. <ul><li>The Forbidden City, also known as the Imperial Palace or Palace Museum, is located in the center of Beijing. Built between 1406 and 1420, it was the imperial residence of 24 emperors of the Ming and Qing (1368-1911) dynasties. Today it has become one of the most important tourist attractions in Beijing </li></ul>FORBIDDDEN CITY
  69. 91. FORBIDDEN CITY
  70. 92. TASK.2A
  71. 93. DOCUMNTS REQUIRED TO VISIT THOSE COUNTRIES
  72. 94. <ul><li>Ticket </li></ul><ul><li>Passport </li></ul><ul><li>Visa </li></ul><ul><li>Health Certificate </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Custom (Import & Export) </li></ul>
  73. 96. Health certificate
  74. 97. <ul><li>Passports </li></ul><ul><li>Passport valid for at least six months from date of entry required by all nationals referred to in the chart above. </li></ul><ul><li>Visas </li></ul><ul><li>All nationals will be issued with landing endorsements free of charge valid for a period of 30 days on arrival at port of entry (for touristic visits only),  providing tourist holds a return or onward ticket or sufficient funds for air ticket and sufficient funds equivalent to minimum US$30 per day for board and lodging for the duration of stay. </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccination- Not required </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Insurance-Not Required. </li></ul>
  75. 98. CURRENCY OF SRI LANKA
  76. 99. <ul><li>Typhoid *Vaccination sometimes recommended10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A Vaccination recommended2 weeks before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria *Vaccination sometimes recommended3 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis *Vaccination sometimes recommended3 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B *Vaccination sometimes recommended2 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies *Vaccination sometimes recommended1 month before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Meningococcal meningitis Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever Certificate of vaccination may be required10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese B encephalitis *Vaccination sometimes recommended1 month before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Tick-borne encephalitis Not required </li></ul>vaccination of sri lanka
  77. 100. <ul><li>A passport with at least 6 months validity - Valid Singapore visa, if applicable - Sufficient funds to last for the intended period of stay in Singapore - Confirmed onward/return tickets (where applicable) - Entry facilities to their onward destinations, e.g. visas. - Completed Disembarkation/Embarkation Card - Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate, if applicable. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel insurance- Not compulsory but required. </li></ul>
  78. 101. CURRENCY OF SINGAPORE
  79. 102. <ul><li>Typhoid Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A *Vaccination sometimes recommended2 weeks before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis *Vaccination sometimes recommended3 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B *Vaccination sometimes recommended2 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Meningococcal meningitis Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever Certificate of vaccination may be required10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese B encephalitis Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Tick-borne encephalitis Not required </li></ul>VACCINATION OF SINGAPORE
  80. 103. <ul><li>Passport- A passport must be valid for a minimum period of 6 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Visa- a valid tourist visa is required. </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of confirmed onward and return ticket. </li></ul><ul><li>Proof of accommodation and sufficient fund during the period of stay. </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccination –Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Insurance and medical insurance- compulsory to visit Japan. </li></ul>
  81. 105. <ul><li>Typhoid Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B *Vaccination sometimes recommended2 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies Not required </li></ul><ul><li>. Meningococcal meningitis Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese B encephalitis *Vaccination sometimes recommended1 month before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Tick-borne encephalitis Not required </li></ul>VACCINATION OF JAPAN
  82. 106. <ul><li>Passport- A passport must be valid for a minimum period of 6 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Visa- a valid tourist visa is required. </li></ul><ul><li>L visa   (Tourist/Family visa) – For those who enter China for tourist visits, to see family members or additional personal reasons </li></ul><ul><li>Copy of confirmed onward and return ticket. </li></ul><ul><li>Proof of accommodation and sufficient fund during the period of stay. </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccination –Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel Insurance and medical insurance- not compulsory but required </li></ul>
  83. 107. <ul><li>Chinese Visa </li></ul><ul><li>A visa is an endorsement stamp that is placed on your passport to show that you are pre-approved by the government of a specific to enter their country. China issues several types of visas, each designed for a specific type of traveler or travel purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>C visa - For crewmembers and their families on international transportation </li></ul><ul><li>D visa  (Resident visa) – For foreigners planning on becoming residents of China </li></ul><ul><li>F visa  (Business/Visit visa) – For foreigners who have an invitation to China for a visit whose duration is less than six months </li></ul><ul><li>G visa  (Transit visa) – For travelers going through China </li></ul><ul><li>J visa (Journalist visa) – For foreign journalists stationed in China </li></ul><ul><li>L visa  (Tourist/Family visa) – For those who enter China for tourist visits, to see family members or additional personal reasons </li></ul><ul><li>X visa  (Study/Student visa) – For foreigners whose visit includes studying in China for a duration of less than six months </li></ul><ul><li>Z visa  (Work visa) – For foreigners and their families who have lawful employment in China </li></ul>
  84. 108. CURRENCY OF CHINA
  85. 109. <ul><li>Typhoid *Vaccination sometimes recommended10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis A Vaccination recommended2 weeks before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria Vaccination recommended3 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis *Vaccination sometimes recommended3 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis B *Vaccination sometimes recommended2 months before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Rabies *Vaccination sometimes recommended1 month before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Meningococcal meningitis Not required. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow fever Certificate of vaccination may be required10 days before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese B encephalitis *Vaccination sometimes recommended1 month before travel </li></ul><ul><li>Tick-borne encephalitis *Vaccination sometimes recommended </li></ul>VACCINATION OF CHINA
  86. 110. MEAL SERVICE
  87. 112. WHEEL CHAIR PASSENGERS
  88. 113. BEVERAGE SERVICE
  89. 114. Wheel Chair Passenger INFLIGHT SERVICE
  90. 115. FOOD AND BEVERAGE
  91. 116. MEALS IN AIRLINE
  92. 117. <ul><li>Child meal is given to the children </li></ul><ul><li>The foods included are Bite sized pieces of foods liked by children, as they are easy to eat, nutritionally balanced. </li></ul><ul><li>Foods avoided are strong pieces, big pieces ,gravies </li></ul>
  93. 118. CHILD MEAL(CHML)
  94. 119. <ul><li>These meals are given to the intestinal disease patients . </li></ul><ul><li>Foods included are fruits ,vegetables ,meat, fish, poultry. </li></ul><ul><li>Foods avoided are flour with high amts of gluten, wheat ,rye , oatmeal. </li></ul>
  95. 120. GLUTEN FREE MEAL(GFML)
  96. 121. <ul><li>Hindu meal is given to the on the request of the passenger. </li></ul><ul><li>The foods included are non-veg meal cooked in the Indian style. </li></ul><ul><li>The foods avoided are no beef or beef products. </li></ul>
  97. 122. HINDU MEAL(HNML)
  98. 123. <ul><li>The low calorie meal is to the over weight / heart patients . </li></ul><ul><li>The foods included are high proteins & fibre diet –lentils, fresh fruits request fatty foods, and veg, lean meat, fish &poultry. </li></ul><ul><li>The foods avoided are carbohydrates. </li></ul>
  99. 124. LOW CALORIE MEAL(LCML)
  100. 125. <ul><li>WHY MY ITINERARY IS GOOD? </li></ul>TASK.2C
  101. 126. <ul><li>The place I select for Mr. jack D’ Souza is the wonderful and famous tourist spot in Asian continent. (Sri Lanka, Singapore, Japan, China). </li></ul><ul><li>Advantage of the pack : </li></ul><ul><li>The countries that I have selected for MR. Jack D’ Souza </li></ul><ul><li>Nearby countries are selected to save travel time. </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost fare is given. </li></ul><ul><li>The tourist spots of the countries are chosen. </li></ul><ul><li>No back tracking. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel is planned by the best airlines for the passengers to have a relax trip. </li></ul>why do i think my itinerary is good
  102. 127. TICKET SAMPLE
  103. 128. Name of the passenger : Mr. Jack D’ Souza From To Carrier Flight Class DEPARTURE DATE - TIME ARRIVAL DATE - TIME INDIA (CHENNAI ) SRI LANKA (COLOMBO) Air India (AI) 098 Y 10 FEB 4.00AM 10 FEB 5.00AM SRI LANKA (COLOMBO) SINGAPORE (SINGAPORE) Air Lanka (UL) 999 Y 12 FEB 4.00PM 12 FEB 7.00PM SINGAPORE (SINGAPORE) JAPAN (TOKYO) Singapore Airline (SQ) 131 Y 15 FEB 5.00PM 15 FEB 10.00PM JAPAN (TOKYO) CHINA (BEIJING)’ Air China (AC) 079 Y 18 FEB 8.30PM 18 FEB 11.00PM CHINA (BEIJING) INDIA (CHENNAI) Air India (AI) 098 Y 21 FEB 6.30PM 21 FEB 10.00PM STATUS CONFIRMED CONFIRMED CONFIRMED CONFIRMED CONFIRMED
  104. 129. FROM/TO     PASSENGER TICKET AND BAGGAGE CHECK ISSUED BY ABBCAIRLINES SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT IN THIS TICKET ORIGIN/DESTINATION MAA/MAA AIRLNE DATA PDSIT DATE AND PLACE OF ISSUE 02FEB 10 DIVYA TOURS AND TRAVELS Coimbatore 14.3.0082.4 AGENT : T.DHIVYAA MAA CARR FARECALC ENDORSEMENTS/RESTRICTIONS/CARBON VALID FOR SIX MONTHS/NON REFUNDABLE FLIGHT COUPON CMB AI   SIN UL M NAME OF PASSENGER NOT TRAS FARBLE JACK D SOUZA MR I SSUED IN EXCHANGE FOR TYO SQ 600.00  CONJUNCTION TICKETS ORIGINAL AIRLINE FROM SERIAL NO PLACE DATE A.N.CODE BJS  AC M  XO GOODS FOR PASSENGER POINTED OUTLINED CARRIER FLIGHT / CLASS DATE TIME STATUS FARE NOT VALID BEFORE NOT VALID AFTER ALLOW BAGGAGE CK/UNCK MAA AI 600.00    CHENNAI     AI   098 Y   10FEB   0400HRS   HK   YRT   10FEB 10AUG   20K   PCS/WT         COLOMBO     UL 999 Y 12 FEB   1600HRS   HK   YRT   10FEB 10AUG   20K   PCS/WT   SINGAPORE   SQ 131 Y 15FEB   1700HRS   HK   YRT   10FEB 10AUG   20K   PCS/WT           TOKYO AC   079 Y   18FEB   2000HRS   HK   YRT   10FEB 10AUG   20K   PCS/WT NUC 1200.00     BEIJING AI   098   Y   21FEB   1830HRS   HK   YRT   10FEB 10AUG   20K   PCS/WT ROE    45.00   CHENNAI   TOUR CODE:  ADDITIONAL ENDORSMENT RESTRICTIONS (CARBON)  TOTEL FARE CALC   EQUIV FARE PO TAX PF 500pd AF500Pd TAX FR600pd XA400pd TAX XF700PD YQ300PD FORM OF PAYMENT CASH FARE: INR 44000.00 CPN/AIRLINE CODE FROM SERIAL NUMBER/CK . 2 000 4234567890 1 0 . . DO NOT MARK OR WRITE IN THE WHITE AREA ABOVE llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll llllllllllllllllllllllll llllllll llllllll lllllllllllll . A 2 0 0 0 4 2 3 1 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 16 TOTAL: INR 47500.00
  105. 130. <ul><ul><li>DAY TO DAY ITINERARY </li></ul></ul>
  106. 131. <ul><li>DAY1 – 10 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>4.00AM- Departure from Chennai International Airport by Air India. </li></ul><ul><li>5.00am- Arrival Colombo airport. </li></ul><ul><li>6.30am- Check into Hotel Chatter and take rest . </li></ul><ul><li>10.00am- Have breakfast. </li></ul><ul><li>11.00am-Visit Buddhist temple. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00pm- Have lunch and rest. </li></ul><ul><li>2.00pm Visit Dunhinda falls . </li></ul><ul><li>6.00pm- Visit Bentota beach. </li></ul><ul><li>8.00pm-Back to hotel </li></ul><ul><li>9.00pm- Have dinner and take rest. </li></ul>
  107. 132. <ul><li>DAY 2- 11 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKE UP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST </li></ul><ul><li>9.00AM-VISIT SIGIRIYA </li></ul><ul><li>11.00AM-VISIT YALAPARK </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON-HAVE LUNCH </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-VISIT RAVANA ELLA AND SHOPPING AT 2PM </li></ul><ul><li>4.OOPM-VISIT UDAYAGIRI ROCKCUT </li></ul><ul><li>6.00PM-GO FOR SHOPPING </li></ul><ul><li>9.00PM-BACK TO HOTEL ,HAVE DINNER AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  108. 133. <ul><li>DAY 3-12FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST </li></ul><ul><li>9.00AM-GO FOR SHOPPING TILL AFTER NOON. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-CHECK OUT THE HOTEL </li></ul><ul><li>2.00PM-REACH COLOMBO AIRPORT </li></ul><ul><li>4.00PM-DEPARTURE FROM COLOMBO AIRPORT BY SRILANKAN AIRLINES </li></ul><ul><li>7.00PM-ARRIVAL IN JAKARTA AIRPORT </li></ul><ul><li>9.00PM-CHECK INTO HOTEL SHANGRILA </li></ul><ul><li>9.30PM-HAVE DINNER AND TEKE REST. </li></ul>
  109. 134. <ul><li>DAY 4 -13 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT JURONG BIRD PARK. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-HAVE LUNCH IN NEAR BY INDIAN RESTAURANT. </li></ul><ul><li>2.00PM-VISIT BOTANICAL GARDEN. </li></ul><ul><li>6.00PM-VISIT NIGHT SAFARI UPTO 10.00PM </li></ul><ul><li>10.30PM-BACK TO HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>11.00PM-HAVE DINNER AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  110. 135. <ul><li>DAY 5 -14 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT SENTOSA ISLAND TILL EVENING </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-LUNCH AT ISLAND. </li></ul><ul><li>6.00PM-GO FOR SHOPPING. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00PM-BACK TO HOTEL. </li></ul>
  111. 136. <ul><li>DAY 6 -15 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT BOAT QUAY </li></ul><ul><li>12.00PM- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-GO FOR SHOPPING. </li></ul><ul><li>4.00PM-CHECK OUT HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>5.00PM-DEPARTURE FROM JAKARTA AIRPORT BY SINGAPORE AIRLINES. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00PM-ARRIVAL IN TOKYO AIRPORT. </li></ul><ul><li>11.00PM-CHECK INTO HOTEL MARQUE AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  112. 137. <ul><li>DAY 7 -16 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT MT.FUJI. </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-VISIT NISEKO. </li></ul><ul><li>3.00PM-VISIT TAKINOUE PARK. </li></ul><ul><li>6.00PM-GO FOR SHOPPING. </li></ul><ul><li>9.00PM-BACK TO HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>9.30PM-HAVE DINNER AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  113. 138. <ul><li>DAY 8 -17 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT YADE RIVER. </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>3.00PM-VISIT SHURIJO CASTLE GATE. </li></ul><ul><li>6.00PM-GO FOR SHOPPPING </li></ul><ul><li>10.00PM-BACK TO HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>9.30PM- HAVE DINNER AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  114. 139. <ul><li>DAY 9 -18 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT NARITA SAN TEMPLE. </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>3.00PM-VISIT OTODOME FALLSAND GO FOR SHOPPING. </li></ul><ul><li>5.00PM- BACK TO HOTEL AND CHECK OUT THE HOTEL </li></ul><ul><li>7.00PM- REACH TOKYO AIRPORT. </li></ul><ul><li>8.30PM- DEPARTURE FROM TOKYO AIRPORT BY AIR CHINA. </li></ul><ul><li>11.00PM-ARRIVAL IN BEIJING AIRPORT </li></ul><ul><li>11.30PM-CHECK INTO IMPERIAL HOTEL AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  115. 140. <ul><li>DAY 10 -19 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA. </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-VISIT SHAOLIN TEMPLE. </li></ul><ul><li>4.00PM- GO FOR SHOPPING. </li></ul><ul><li>8.00PM- BACK TO HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>8.30PM-HAVE DINNER AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  116. 141. <ul><li>DAY 11 -20 FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>10.00AM-VISIT XIAN. </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>2.00PM-VISIT DONGHAI BRIDGE. </li></ul><ul><li>4.00PM-VISIT SHANGHAI SEA </li></ul><ul><li>6.00PM- GO FOR SHOPPING. </li></ul><ul><li>8.00PM- BACK TO HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>8.30PM-HAVE DINNER AND TAKE REST. </li></ul>
  117. 142. <ul><li>DAY 12 -21FEB </li></ul><ul><li>6.00AM-WAKEUP CALL </li></ul><ul><li>8.00AM-HAVE BREAKFAST. </li></ul><ul><li>9.30AM-VISIT MT.HUANGSHAN. </li></ul><ul><li>12.00NOON- HAVE LUNCH. </li></ul><ul><li>1.00PM-VISIT FORBIDDEN CITY. </li></ul><ul><li>3.00PM- GO FOR SHOPPING </li></ul><ul><li>5.00PM- CHECK OUT THE HOTEL. </li></ul><ul><li>6.30PM- DEPARTURE FROM BEIGING AIRPORT BY AIR INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>10.00PM-ARRIVAL IN CHENNAI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT </li></ul>
  118. 143. TASK.2E
  119. 144. import and export of sri lanka
  120. 145. <ul><li>Import regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free import only by persons over 18 years of age: - 2 bottles of wine and 1 1/2 litre of spirits; - 2 ounces of perfume and 1/4 litre of eau de toilette; - travel souvenirs not intended for commercial use, up to the value of USD 250.-. </li></ul><ul><li>In case of members of a family travelling together, free import is in general only allowed for 2 members. Note: customs duty and other levies are applicable on all cigarette and tobacco products. Passengers are required to declare upon arrival valuable personal effects to ensure free export. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited: - dangerous drugs or narcotic substances; - pornographic or seditious materials; - any material ridiculing any religious belief. </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted: - fire arms, ammunitions, explosives and weapons; - plants, fruits, birds and their products; - pharmaceuticals and medicines, except for personal use; - goods for commercial or trade purposes, except trade samples. </li></ul>
  121. 146. <ul><li>Export regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Export of goods for personal use only are allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibited: - dangerous drugs or narcotic substances; - pornographic or seditious materials; - any material ridiculing any religious belief. </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted: - fire arms, ammunitions, explosives and weapons; - plants, fruits, birds and their products; - antiques; - pharmaceuticals and medicines, except for personal use; - goods for commercial or trade purposes, except trade samples </li></ul>
  122. 147. import and exports of singapore
  123. 148. Imports <ul><li>Dutiable, Controlled & Prohibited Goods Under Singapore laws, certain types of items are subject to the payment of duty before you can bring them into the country. Dutiable Goods Generally, there are 4 types of dutiable goods in Singapore as follows. For a full list of dutaible goods, please click here. Intoxicating liquors, including spirits, wine, beer, ale and stout; Tobacco, including cigarettes and cigars; Motor spirit; and Motor cars and motorcycles/motor scooters </li></ul>
  124. 149. <ul><li>Controlled Goods Certain goods are controlled and allowed entry into Singapore only when you produce the import permit or authorization from the relevant authorities. Prohibited Goods The following items are NOT allowed to be imported into Singapore: Chewing gum (except dental or nicotine gum) Chewing tobacco and imitation tobacco products Cigarette lighters of pistol or revolver shape Controlled drugs and psychotropic substances Endangered species of wildlife and their by-products Firecrackers Obscene articles, publications, video tapes/discs and software Reproduction of copyright publications, video tapes, video compact discs, laser discs, records or cassettes Seditious and treasonable materials It is an offence if you attempt to bring any of the items listed above into Singapore Consumer electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Information technology products </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum products </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul>
  125. 150. import and exports of japan
  126. 151. <ul><li>Import regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free import of: 1. Tobacco products (for passengers 20 years of age or older):  a. residents:   - 200 cigarettes;   - 50 cigars;   - 250 grammes of tobacco;    - 250 grammes of a combination thereof;   - An additional equal quantity of Japanese made tobacco articles which were acquired duty free outside Japan, may be imported.  b. non-residents: twice the amounts in 1.a. above; 2. Alcohol (passengers 20 years or older): 3 bottles of alcoholic beverages (of about 0.750 litre  each). 3. Perfume: 2 ounces. 4. Gifts and souvenirs: up to JPY 200,000.-. Prohibited: 1. Firearms and ammunition.   Import Allowed: hunting guns, air guns and swords, provided holding a permit issued by the National Public Safety Commission; 2. Narcotics. 3. Obscene or inhuman films, materials, pictures, publications. 4. Counterfeit money. 5. All plants and vegetables with soil. 6. Most fresh fruits, vegetables, plants or parts of plants (vines, leaves, roots, etc.).  </li></ul>
  127. 152. <ul><li>Export regulations:: Free export (not for commercial purposes) of reasonable quantities of tobacco products, alcoholic beverages, perfume, gifts, and other articles. Articles purchased tax-free in Japan must be shown to the Customs at the airport/port of departure from Japan. </li></ul>
  128. 153. <ul><li>Exempt: 1. Baggage of transit passengers with a destination outside of Japan, provided the onward flight is within 24 hours. 2. Baggage of passengers transferring from a domestic flight to an international flight, provided the first embarkation and the moment of transfer are on the same calendar day. However, it is strongly advised to contact the carrier for more information about this possibility. 3. Arriving international passengers at Tokyo Narita with an immediate connection on flights JL047 and JL053 to Nagoya, where baggage is cleared at Nagoya. </li></ul>
  129. 154. import and exports of china
  130. 155. <ul><li>Import regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free import of: 1. cigarettes: 400 (if staying less than 6 months) or 600 (if staying 6 months or longer); 2. two (if staying less than 6 months) or four (if staying 6 months or longer) bottles of alcoholic beverages (each bottle not exceeding 75 centilitres); 3. a reasonable quantity of perfume for personal use during stay in China. Prohibited: 1. printed matter directed against the public order and the morality of China; 2. radio transmitters; 3. exposed but undeveloped films; and 4. all fruits, tomatoes, egg plants and red peppers. </li></ul><ul><li>Free import by residents and non-residents with re-entry visa issued by any foreign country and carrying travel necessities not exceeding customs limitations: one video camera, one portable video recorder and one portable word processor. </li></ul>
  131. 156. <ul><li>Export regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Free export of four cartons of tobacco products for personal use. Additional information: antiques should carry an authorisation seal or authorisation letter by the Department of Cultural Relics. A customs declaration obtained when entering China (People's Rep.) is required in case the items will be re-exported. </li></ul><ul><li>Baggage Clearance regulations:: </li></ul><ul><li>Baggage is cleared at the first airport of entry in China (People's Rep.). Exempt: baggage of passengers in transit via Beijing, provided it is labeled to a destination outside of China, and the onward flight is within 24 hours. Passengers do not have to pick up their baggage by themselves as ground service staff will pick it up and deliver it to the baggage area of passenger's connecting flight. </li></ul>
  132. 157. <ul><li>Exempt: baggage of passengers in transit via Beijing, provided it is labeled to a destination outside of China, and the onward flight is within 24 hours. Passengers do not have to pick up their baggage by themselves as ground service staff will pick it up and deliver it to the baggage area of passenger's connecting flight. </li></ul>
  133. 158. TASK . 2 F
  134. 160. <ul><li>IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, founded in The Hague in 1919, the year of the world's first international scheduled services. At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has over 240 members from more than 140 nations in every part of the globe. </li></ul>
  135. 161. <ul><li>IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP) standard defines the 2-Dimensional (2D) bar code printed on paper boarding passes or sent to mobiles phones for electronic boarding passes. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA publishes the IATA Rates of Exchange (IROE) four times per year, used with the Neutral Unit of Construction (NUC) fare currency-neutral construction system that superseded the older Fare Construction Unit (FCU) system in 1989. </li></ul>
  136. 162. <ul><li>The aims and objectives of IATA are to promote safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of the peoples of the world, to foster air commerce and to provide the means for collaboration among the air transport enterprises </li></ul>
  137. 164. <ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organisations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognising the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. </li></ul>
  138. 165. <ul><li>To unite and reinforce National Association and Organisation of Travel Agents. </li></ul><ul><li>To act a sole representative of the travel agency profession at international and world wide countries . </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure the maximum possible cohesion ,prestige ,protection and development in the economic ,juridical and social sphere for the tourist sphere for the tourist trade economy </li></ul>
  139. 167. <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>The association had 44 founder members. Founder Lorrin Thurston. PATA’s first conference was held in 1952 and it’s headquarters established in San Francisco, U.S.A. in 1953. PATA has its own director for Europe who is based in London and works to promote the tourist traffic from the European markets to the pacific region. PATA’s first Asian office was opened in manila, Philippines in the year 1976. </li></ul>
  140. 168. <ul><li>SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>PATA is a non-profit organization set up with the objective of promoting, developing and facilitating travel to and within the pacific area region and the South-East Asia region including India. It primarily operated in the united States, which is the world’s largest tourism market. The organization provides the meeting point for all the people involved in the travel trade and all the activities related to it from a large number of countries. It focuses attention on the travel opportunities in the large number of member countries and builds up awareness and specific contacts among the travel trade in countries from where the tourists originate. It focuses attention on the travel opportunities in the large number of member countries and build up awareness and specific contacts among the travel trade in countries from where the tourists originate. </li></ul>
  141. 170. <ul><li>The ICAO airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. These codes are defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization, and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators . </li></ul><ul><li>The ICAO codes are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning. They are not the same as the IATA codes encountered by the general public, which are used for airline timetables, reservations, and baggage handling. For example, travellers who use London's Heathrow Airport will most likely be familiar with its IATA code: LHR. The traveling public are less likely, however, to be familiar with the ICAO code: EGLL. </li></ul>
  142. 171. <ul><li>Safety - Enhance global civil aviation safety </li></ul><ul><li>Security - Enhance global civil aviation security </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Protection - Minimize the adverse effect of global civil aviation on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency - Enhance the efficiency of aviation operations </li></ul><ul><li>Continuity - Maintain the continuity of aviation operations </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Law - Strengthen law governing international civil aviation </li></ul>
  143. 173. <ul><li>The document was signed on December 7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. It received the requisite 26th ratification on March 5, 1947 and went into effect on April 4, 1947, the same date that ICAO came into being. In October of the same year, ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The Convention has since been revised eight times (in 1959, 1963, 1969, 1975, 1980, 1997, 2000 and 2006). Links to all versions of the document can be found in the external links section. </li></ul><ul><li>The original signed document resides in the National Archives of the United States. </li></ul>
  144. 174. <ul><li>The Chicago Convention governs relations between states on technical as well as commercial subjects connecting International Air Transport such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Flying over territory of contracting states (air service), </li></ul><ul><li>Customs, </li></ul><ul><li>Rules of the air spread of disease, </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality of aircraft, </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation (customs, accident investigation,etc…) </li></ul><ul><li>Documents(recognitions of certificats&licences,etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>International standards and practices , including those for carriage of dangerous goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics,finance,technical assistance etc… </li></ul>
  145. 175. <ul><li>Flying over territory of contracting states (air services), </li></ul><ul><li>Customs, </li></ul><ul><li>Rules of the air spread of disease, </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality of aircraft, </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation (customs , accident investigation, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>International standards and practices ,including those for carriage of dangerous goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics ,finance, technical assistance etc </li></ul>
  146. 177. <ul><li>The Warsaw Convention - and you could probably guess this first bit - was a convention that took place in Warsaw, on 12th October 1929. Experts in the field of Aviation Law, from thirty one nations, arrived in the Polish capital to create a legal framework that still binds international aviation today (albeit modified, most notable at the Hague in 1955 and Montreal 1999). </li></ul>
  147. 178. <ul><li>The broad set forth in the Warshaw convention is ”the carrier is liable to the passenger, shipper or consignee ,unless it can prove that it has taken all necessary measures to avoid damage. The burden of proof is thus shifted from the claimant , where it normally rests , and placed on the carrier”. </li></ul><ul><li>Agreements such as the Hague Protocol and the Montreal Agreement increase the maximum liability of the airline </li></ul>
  148. 179. <ul><li>In particular, the Warsaw Convention: </li></ul><ul><li>mandates carriers to issue passenger tickets; </li></ul><ul><li>requires carriers to issue baggage checks for checked luggage; </li></ul><ul><li>creates a limitation period of 2 years within which a claim must be brought (Article 29); and </li></ul><ul><li>limits a carrier's liability to at most: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>250,000 Francs or 16,600 Special Drawing Rights (SDR) for personal injury; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 SDR per kilogram for checked luggage and cargo, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5,000 Francs or 332 SDR for the hand luggage of a traveler. </li></ul></ul>
  149. 180. <ul><li>The Convention on International Civil Aviation , also known as the Chicago Convention , established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. </li></ul>
  150. 181. TASK.3
  151. 183. <ul><li>IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, founded in The Hague in 1919, the year of the world's first international scheduled services. At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has over 240 members from more than 140 nations in every part of the globe. </li></ul>
  152. 184. <ul><li>IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP) standard defines the 2-Dimensional (2D) bar code printed on paper boarding passes or sent to mobiles phones for electronic boarding passes. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA publishes the IATA Rates of Exchange (IROE) four times per year, used with the Neutral Unit of Construction (NUC) fare currency-neutral construction system that superseded the older Fare Construction Unit (FCU) system in 1989. </li></ul>
  153. 185. <ul><li>The aims and objectives of IATA are to promote safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of the peoples of the world, to foster air commerce and to provide the means for collaboration among the air transport enterprises </li></ul>
  154. 187. <ul><li>The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organisations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognising the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. .   </li></ul>
  155. 188. <ul><li>The Foundation Diploma is the first of the four levels of the IATA/UFTAA Career Path Training Programme. .It gives the participant a strong competitive edge to start a successful career in the Tourism Industry. By studying this course and successfully completing the examination, you’ll be qualified with the IATA/UFTAA International Travel & Tourism Foundation Diploma and entitled to use the letters DTTF after your name. </li></ul>
  156. 189. <ul><li>To unite and reinforce National Association and Organization of Travel Agents. </li></ul><ul><li>To act a sole representative of the travel agency profession at international and world wide countries . </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure the maximum possible cohesion ,prestige ,protection and development in the economic ,juridical and social sphere for the tourist sphere for the tourist trade economy </li></ul>
  157. 190. TASK:3A
  158. 191. <ul><li>HOW THE ORGANIZATIONS HELPS? </li></ul>
  159. 192. <ul><li>These organization undergoes the rules and operates with safe and security .It also provides the passenger many services. </li></ul><ul><li>These organization are being in relationship with the passenger and the cargo agencies . </li></ul><ul><li>Many industrialist and the businessmen undergoes the good relationship to those peoples. </li></ul>
  160. 193. <ul><li>The passengers can reach their designated place within their achieved time. </li></ul><ul><li>The passengers can easily reserve their tickets by making a call and they can be reserve their tickets in their achieved airline . </li></ul><ul><li>The passengers can know about the information of the foreign countries easily and they can know about in foreign countries what documents must be given. This can be helped by the organization. </li></ul><ul><li>The organization always keep touch with the passengers easily. </li></ul>
  161. 194. <ul><li>The airline cost would lead to be very high. </li></ul><ul><li>There will no fare limit and rules. </li></ul><ul><li>The passengers cant easily reach their destination place within time. </li></ul><ul><li>The work of the business man will get trouble. </li></ul><ul><li>We cant see any countries easily. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no anyone to guide us . </li></ul><ul><li>The entire world would be in economic problem </li></ul>
  162. 195. TASK.4
  163. 196. The tourist spots are <ul><li>GREECE </li></ul><ul><li>ITALY </li></ul><ul><li>FRANCE </li></ul><ul><li>NORWAY </li></ul>
  164. 197. GREECE
  165. 198. MAP OF GREECE
  166. 199. FLAG OF BRAZIL
  167. 200. History of Greece <ul><li>The first evidence of human life in Greece dates back to the Palaeolithic period between 120,000-10,000 B.C. However, it was not until the Neolithic period dated approximately 7,000 - 3,000 B.C. that Greek civilisation grew and flourished. Many remains of settlements and burial chambers of this period have been discovered in Thessaly, Macedonia and the Peloponnese. The first urban centres appeared during the Bronze Age (3,000-1100 B.C.) Evidence of these have been found all over modern day Greece, for example, in some North Eastern Aegean islands, the Cycladic islands, Crete and the Greek mainland. </li></ul>
  168. 201. DETAILS OF GREECE <ul><li>Population: 11,262,000 [1] (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Growth rate: 0.146% (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Birth rate: 9.54 births/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Death rate: 10.42 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy: 79.52 (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: noun : Greek(s) adjective : Greek </li></ul><ul><li>Major ethnic: Greeks Minor ethnic: Albanians, Bulgarians, Georgians, Romanians, Russians, [2] Roma/Gypsies, Turks, Pomaks. </li></ul><ul><li>Language: Official: Greek Spoken: Greek, Albanian, Turkish, Bulgarian, Georgian, Romanian, Russian, Arvanitika, Aromanian, Slavic 1.36 children born/woman (2008 est.) </li></ul>
  169. 202. The tourist spots are <ul><li>LYCOVITTAS HILLS </li></ul><ul><li>RED BEACH </li></ul><ul><li>TOWER OF THE WINDS </li></ul><ul><li>DELPHI </li></ul><ul><li>ATHENIAN AGERA </li></ul>
  170. 203. History of Lycovittas hills <ul><li>Mount Lycabettus is a Cretaceous limestone hill in Athens, Greece. At 277 meters (908 feet) above sea level, the hill (also known as Lycabettos or Lykabettos) is the highest point in the city that surrounds it. Pine trees cover its base, and at its peak are the 19th century Chapel of St.George, a theatre, and a restaurant. </li></ul><ul><li>The hill is a popular tourist destination and can be ascended by the Lycabettus Funicular, a funicular railway which climbs the hill from a lower terminus at Kolonaki.(The railway station can be found at Aristippou street). Lycabettus appears in various legends. Popular stories suggest it was once the refuge of wolves, possibly the origin of its name (which means &quot;the one (the hill) that is walked by wolves&quot;). Mythologically, Lycabettus is credited to Athena, who created it when she dropped a mountain she had been carrying from Pallene for the construction of the Acropolis after the box holding Erichthonius was opened. </li></ul>
  171. 207. RED BEACH <ul><li>Red beach in the Akrotiri area. Beautiful beach, well known for the unique colour of the sand and the hill behind it. Soaring red lava cliffs which drop right to the sandy shore and into the clear blue sea, make for a majestic setting and one to enjoy. The beach can be reached either by boat (there are several connecting Red Beach with Perissa and Akrotiri or by foot (10 minutes walk from Akrotiri, you have to reach Agios Nikolaos church in Akrotiri next to the excavations area). We suggest to include Red beach into your itenerary. </li></ul>
  172. 210. TOWER OF THE BEACH <ul><li>Wreck Beach is one of the largest, most popular, and most acclaimed clothing-optional beaches in the world. It is in Pacific Spirit Regional Park, which is in turn part of the University Endowment Lands just west of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The clothing-optional section is clearly marked with signs and stretches approximately 6.5 km from Acadia Beach, in the north, to the Booming Grounds Creek on the north arm of the Fraser River. The park is administered by the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD), though aboriginal claims are repeatedly asserted, especially by the Musqueam. </li></ul>
  173. 214. DELPHI <ul><li>Delphi and dialectal is both an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western spur of Mount Parnassus in the valley of Phocis. Delphi was the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world, when it was a major site for the worship of the god Apollo after he slew the Python, a deity who lived there and protected the navel of the Earth. His sacred precinct in Delphi was a panhellenic sanctuary, where every four years athletes from all over the Greek world competed in the Pythian Games, one of the four panhellenic (or stephanitic) games, precursors to the Modern Olympics. </li></ul>
  174. 218. ATHENIAN AGORA <ul><li>The agora in Athens had private housing, until it was reorganized by Peisistratus in the 6th century BC. Although he may have lived on the agora himself, he removed the other houses, closed wells, and made it the centre of Athenian government. He also built a drainage system, fountains and a temple to the Olympian gods. Cimon later improved the agora by constructing new buildings and planting trees. In the 5th century BC there were temples constructed to Hephaestus, Zeus and Apollo. </li></ul>
  175. 223. Map of Italy
  176. 224. Flag of Italy
  177. 225. History of Italy <ul><li>Italy , united in 1861, has significantly contributed to the cultural and social development of the entire Mediterranean area. Important cultures and civilizations have existed there since prehistoric times. </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally and linguistically, the origins of Italian history can be traced back to the 9th century BC, when earliest accounts date the presence of Italic tribes in modern central Italy. Linguistically they are divided into Oscans , Umbrians and Latins . Later the Latin culture became dominant, as Rome emerged as dominant city around 350 BC. Other pre-Roman civilizations include Magna Graecia in Southern Italy and the earlier Etruscan civilization , which flourished between 900 and 100 BC in the Center North. </li></ul>
  178. 226. The Sistine chapel <ul><li>Sistine Chapel (Italian: Cappella Sistina ) is the best-known chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope in Vatican City. Its fame rests on its architecture, evocative of Solomon's Temple of the Old Testament and on its decoration which has been frescoed throughout by the greatest Renaissance artists including Michelangelo, Raphael, Bernini, and Sandro Botticelli. Under the patronage of Pope Julius II , Michelangelo painted 12,000 square feet (1,100 m 2 ) of the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512. He resented the commission, and believed his work only served the Pope's need for grandeur. However, today the ceiling, and especially The Last Judgement , are widely believed to be Michelangelo's crowning achievements in painting. </li></ul>
  179. 230. The Vatican garden <ul><li>The Vatican Gardens have been a place of quiet and meditation for the Popes ever since 1279 when Nicholas III (Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1277-1280) moved his residence back to the Vatican from the Lateran Palace. Within the new walls, which he had built to protect his residence, he planted an orchard (pomerium), a lawn (pratellum) and a garden (viridarium). The event is recorded among other places on a stone plaque which can be viewed in the “Sala dei Capitani” of the “Palazzo dei Conservatori” on Rome’s Capitoline Hill. Created around the hill of Saint Egidio where today can be found the “Palazzetto del Belvedere” building and the courtyards of the Vatican Museums, this was to be the first Garden in the Vatican </li></ul>
  180. 234. The Grand canal in Venice <ul><li>The Grand Canal (Italian: Canal Grande, Venetian: Canałasso) is a canal in Venice, Italy. It forms one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city. Public transport is provided by water buses and private water taxis, but many tourists visit it by gondola. At one end the canal leads into the lagoon near Santa Lucia railway station and the other end leads into Saint Mark Basin: in between it makes a large S-shape through the central districts (&quot;sestieri&quot;) of Venice. It is 3,800 m long, 30-90 m wide, with an average depth of five meters. </li></ul>
  181. 237. The Pantheon <ul><li>The Pantheon (pronounced /pænˈθiː.ən/ or /ˈpænθi.ən/, [1] Latin: Pantheon from Greek: Πάνθεον, meaning &quot;Every god&quot;) is a building in Rome, originally built by Marcus Agrippa as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, and rebuilt in the early 2nd century AD. The intended degree of inclusiveness of this dedication is debated. The generic term pantheon is now applied to a monument in which illustrious dead are buried. It is one of the best preserved of all Roman buildings. It has been in continuous use throughout its history. Since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a Roman Catholic church dedicated to &quot;St. Mary and the Martyrs&quot;. The Pantheon is the oldest large-scale dome in Rome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 metres (142 ft). [2] </li></ul>
  182. 240. NORWAY
  183. 243. History of Norway <ul><li>. History of human settlement in what is present day Norway goes back at least 11,000 years, to the late Paleolithic. Archaeological finds in the county of Møre og Romsdal have been dated to 9,200 BCE and are probably the remains of settlers from Doggerland, an area now submerged in the North Sea, but at the time a landbridge that connected the present day British Isles with Jutland. The Fosna-Hensbacka culture inhabited parts of Norway about 8,300 BCE to 7,300 BCE. Petroglyphs dating from the Neolithic Age (in Norway 4,000 BCE to 1,800 BCE) show scenes of hunter-gatherers. More permanent settlements developed during the Bronze Age (1,800 BCE to 400 BCE) and Iron Age. The earliest runes that have been found were inscribed on an arrowhead dating from about 200 AD. Many more inscriptions appear until 800 AD. Apparently, the small kingdoms developed during these centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>The period from 800–1066 saw significant expansion, and is referred to as the Viking age. During this period, Norwegians, as well as Swedes and Danes, traveled abroad on longships, as raiders, explorers, settlers and traders. By the middle of the 11th century, the Norwegian kingdom was firmly established, although there was still only a very rudimentary administrative framework. </li></ul>
  184. 244. Kristiansand Zoo <ul><li>Kristiansand (formerly &quot;Christianssand&quot;) is a city, municipality and the county capital of Vest-Agder country in Southern Norway. Kristiansand municipality is the 6th largest in Norway with a population of 78,919 as of 1 January 2008. The Kristiansand urban area, entirely located in the municipality, had a population of 64,930 on 1 January 2006, and is thus the 8th largest urban area in Norway. </li></ul>
  185. 247. Holmenkollen ski jump <ul><li>The Holmenkollen ski jump , located in Holmenkollen, Oslo, Norway, is host to the world's second oldest ski jump competition still in existence (the oldest being hosted by a small, local club named Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor in nearby Seterkollen). </li></ul><ul><li>Since then the capacity of the stands have been increased to over 50,000 people and the jump has been extended 18 times, last time in 1982. Today's tower extends 60 meters above ground, and 417 metres above sea level. The current record of 136 meters was achieved by Tommy Ingebrigtsen of Norway on January 25, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Crown Prince Olav participated in 1922 and 1923. Every year, more than a million tourists visit the ski arena. The tower offers a panoramic view of Oslo and the Oslofjord. </li></ul>
  186. 248. Holmenkollen ski jump
  187. 251. Fløibanen <ul><li>Fløibanen is a funicular in Bergen, Norway which runs up the mountain of Fløyen. It is one of Bergen's major tourist attractions and one of Norway's most visited attractions. Over 1 million passengers a year have used it over the past few years. Fløibanen was officially opened on 15 January 1918. The idea to build transport to Fløyen was put forward in 1895 by John Lund, a member of the Norwegian legislature. Work to build Fløibanen started in 1914. The line was ready in 1918. Today the company is owned 44% by the municipality of Bergen, the rest spread on various private interests. A certain percentage of the yearly profits are invested to finance the next generation of cars, this will likely happen sometime after year 2030. The cars and machinery were last totally renewed in September-November 2002. </li></ul>
  188. 254. Bryggen <ul><li>The Bryggen inscriptions are a find of some 670 medieval runic inscriptions on wood (mostly pine) and bone found from 1955 and forth at Bryggen (and its surroundings) in Bergen, Norway. It has been called the most important runic find in the twentieth century. Before the find of these inscriptions, there was doubt whether the runes were ever used for anything else than inscriptions of names and solemn phrases. The Bryggen find showed the everyday use that runes had in this area, and presumably in other parts of Scandinavia as well. Another important aspect of the find was that many of the inscriptions were obviously at least as young as the 14th century. Previously it was believed that the use of runes in Norway had died out long before. Since these findings, many more runic inscriptions of this type have been found in Norway. </li></ul>
  189. 255. Bryggen
  190. 257. spain
  191. 260. History of Spain <ul><li>Spain or the Kingdom of Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula Its mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla, that border Morocco. With an area of 504,030 km², Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union after France </li></ul><ul><li>Because of its location, the territory of Spain was subject to many external influences, often simultaneously, since prehistoric times and through the dawn of Spain as a country. Conversely, the country itself has been an important source of influence to other regions, chiefly during the Modern Era, when it became a global empire that has left a legacy of over 400 million Spanish speakers today. </li></ul>
  192. 261. Tenerife <ul><li>Tenerife , a Spanish island, is the largest of the seven Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. Tenerife has an area of 2034.38 square kilometers, and 886,033 inhabitants, which make it the most populated island of the Canary Islands and Spain. It also has the metropolitan area most densely populated of the Canary Islands to 1156.33 m/km ² (Santa Cruz de Tenerife-La Laguna). </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Cruz de Tenerife is the capital of the island and the head of the island council ( cabildo insular ). It is the second largest city in the Canary Islands after Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, and is capital of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands alongside that city, sharing governmental institutions such as Presidency and ministries. </li></ul><ul><li>The island is home to La Laguna University, which was founded in 1792. La Laguna (World Heritage Site) is the second city of the island and the third one of the archipelago. El Teide is also a World Heritage Site. </li></ul>
  193. 262. Tenerife
  194. 263. Tenerife seashore
  195. 264. Lloret de Mar <ul><li>Lloret de Mar is a Mediterranean coastal town in Catalonia and one of the most popular holiday resorts on the Costa Brava. It is 40 kilometres from Girona and 75 kilometres from Barcelona and therefore easily accessible. With a population of 37,734 (as of 2008) it is the second largest town in the Selva comarca (county) of Catalonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Lloret de Mar Coat of Arms Location General informationProvince Girona Comarca Selva Demonym Lloretenc, lloretenca Land Area 48.71 km² Altitude 5 m AMsL Population 37,734 (2008) Density 774.7 cat./km² Mayor Xavier Crespo i Llobet For decades Lloret de Mar has attracted summer visitors on package tours and is considered as one of the most important resorts on the Costa Brava. Lloret de Mar's main beach (length: 1,630 m; width: 45 m; white sand) is one of the most popular Costa Brava beaches and is consistently awarded the Blue Flag for cleanliness. </li></ul><ul><li>Lloret’s nightlife attracts an 18-30s crowd mainly from the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Portugal, Germany, Luxembourg, Italy, The Netherlands, Denmark and other, mostly European, countries </li></ul>
  196. 266. Lloret de Mar at night
  197. 267. Picos de Europa National Park <ul><li>The Picos de Europa (literally: &quot;Peaks of Europe&quot;) is a range of mountains some 20 km inland from the northern coast of Spain, located in the Autonomous Communities of Asturias, Cantabria and Castile and León, forming part of the Cantabrian Mountains. The most widely-accepted origin for the name is that they were the first sight of Europe for the ships arriving from America </li></ul>
  198. 268. The Picos de Europa National Park in the Green Spain.
  199. 270. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada <ul><li>The Alhambra = (&quot;the red fortress&quot;) is a palace and fortress complex of the Moorish rulers of Granada in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed during the mid 14th century), occupying a hilly terrace on the southeastern border of the city of Granaa. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the residence of the Muslim rulers of Granada and their court, the Alhambra is now one of Spain's major tourist attractions exhibiting the country's most famous Islamic architecture, together with Christian 16th century and later interventions in buildings and gardens that marked its image as it can be seen today. Within the Alhambra, the Palace of Charles V was erected by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527. </li></ul>
  200. 271. Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada
  201. 273. One Of The Lakes Of Covadonga In National Park
  202. 274. PASSPORT AND VISAS <ul><li>Passport & Visas: </li></ul><ul><li>Passports & visas not required by following: Holders of National Identity Cards issued to nationals of Schengen countries that is: </li></ul><ul><li>Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom do not require a passport or visa to visit any countries among Schengen countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians require passport & only one Schengen visa to visit all Schengen countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Passport validity: </li></ul><ul><li>Where a visa is required, passports must be valid for 3 months beyond validity of visa . </li></ul>
  203. 275. <ul><li>Health check </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsory vaccinations: None. </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended immunizations: Hepatitis A, tick-borne encephalitis recommended in some circumstances for travelers making 3 or more visits per year, stays of more than 3 months in a rural area. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Travel insurance is mandatory for all non EU countries </li></ul>
  204. 276. Import & Export Regulations <ul><li>Perfume - Reasonable for personal use </li></ul><ul><li>Cameras - 2 still / 1 movie or video </li></ul><ul><li>Film - Reasonable for personal use </li></ul><ul><li>Currency - No restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco - 800 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or 1000 grams of tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Liquor - 10 liters of spirits or liquor with an alcohol content exceeding 22% by volume, 90 liters of wine (including 60 liters of sparkling wine) , 20 liters of intermediate products (such as fortified wine) , 110 liters of beer. </li></ul><ul><li>The tobacco and alcohol allowances are granted only to those 17 years of age. Wine in excess of the above allowances imported for personal consumption will be taxed at an overall rate of 15% </li></ul><ul><li>Although there are no legal limits imposed on importing duty-paid tobacco and alcoholic products from one EU country to the another, travelers may be questioned at customs if they exceed the above amounts and may be asked to prove that the goods are for personal use only. </li></ul>
  205. 277. TASK-5
  206. 278. IATA
  207. 279. 1.IATA are safe and guides the passenger with care and concern. 2.There is an good guidance throughout the airline industry. 3.There is an best rules and regulations in this airline industry. 4.The fare construction is best in IATA . So IATA is the best organization.
  208. 281. <ul><li>IATA was formed in April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, founded in The Hague in 1919, the year of the world's first international scheduled services. At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has over 240 members from more than 140 nations in every part of the globe. </li></ul>
  209. 282. <ul><li>IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (BCBP) standard defines the 2-Dimensional (2D) bar code printed on paper boarding passes or sent to mobiles phones for electronic boarding passes. </li></ul><ul><li>IATA publishes the IATA Rates of Exchange (IROE) four times per year, used with the Neutral Unit of Construction (NUC) fare currency-neutral construction system that superseded the older Fare Construction Unit (FCU) system in 1989. </li></ul>
  210. 283. <ul><li>The aims and objectives of IATA are to promote safe, regular and economical air transport for the benefit of the peoples of the world, to foster air commerce and to provide the means for collaboration among the air transport enterprises </li></ul>
  211. 284. <ul><li>WWW. WIKEPEDIA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.IATA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.PATA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.ICAO.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.PLACESONLINE.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FIATMODULE.COM. </li></ul>
  212. 285. <ul><li>This project on air travel management have improved my knowledge in travel industry. I had lots of fun and enjoyment while doing this project . I have learnt about many countries by doing this project </li></ul>
  213. 286. <ul><li>I hereby assure that this project on air travel industry is done by me. </li></ul><ul><li>by </li></ul><ul><li>T.Dhivyaa </li></ul>
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