FIGHT AGAINST
CORRUPTION
Presentation by
Hasan Iqbal
Roll # 4557
CMA
Defining Corruption
Misuse of entrusted power
for private benefit
Why so much focus on
Anti-Corruption framework?

• Public demand for accountability
• Public perception of Endemic corrupt...
TI-Survey on Causes of
Corruption-Mega & Petty
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Lack of Accountability (31.68%)
Low salaries (16.54%)
Mono...
Institutional Framework for AC
• Federal Investigation Agency
• Provincial Anti-corruption
Establishments
• National Accou...
Anti-corruption regulatory
framework
•
•
•
•

Pakistan Penal Code-1860
Prevention of Corruption Act-1947
Government Servan...
Vision of NAB
• Eradication of Corruption from
Pakistan
• Recovery of looted Wealth
including defaulted loans
The Approach
• Top down Approach
Why Top down?
No immunity and
No one above the law
The Record
OVERVIEW OF
PROSECUTION PROGRESS
CATEGORY WISE (Source:NAB)
POLITICIANS

BUREAUCRATS

BUSINESSMEN

ARMED
FORCES

OTHERS

8...
The Impact
• Reduction of corruption from the
highest levels
• Establishment of credibility
• Sustainability assured
• General respec...
The National Anti-corruption
Strategy
By adopting a three pronged
approach
Of:
- Prevention
- Awareness
- Enforcement
Some decisions and steps
• Project for Improving Financial Reporting &
Auditing-transparency & accountability
• Strengthen...
The Awareness campaign
Objectives of Awareness
Campaign
• Mobilize public support in the fight against
corruption through;
– Creating awareness o...
Vision

A
stable
Pakistan
that
is
prosperous and has self sustaining
integrity mechanisms by which
corruption is eliminate...
Thank You
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  • The task assigned to NAB by the President was elimination of corruption in the Country through across the board accountability and recovery of looted wealth including the money stashed abroad and the defaulted loans. The latter had to be included since not repaying financial institutions had become the norm rather than the exception. In fact even some established business houses indulge in the practice.
  • Category wise prosecution is as follows
    Politcians = 159
    Bureaucrats = 254
    Businessmen = 49
    Armed forces = 8
    Others = 38
  • We have designed an awareness and education campaign to win over friends for the strategy because in the and political will can be pressurized through public will and an effective public demand for end to corruption.
  • 44822303 fight-against-corruption-1

    1. 1. FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION Presentation by Hasan Iqbal Roll # 4557 CMA
    2. 2. Defining Corruption Misuse of entrusted power for private benefit
    3. 3. Why so much focus on Anti-Corruption framework? • Public demand for accountability • Public perception of Endemic corruption in the Country, • TI Surveys
    4. 4. TI-Survey on Causes of Corruption-Mega & Petty • • • • • • • • Lack of Accountability (31.68%) Low salaries (16.54%) Monopoly of power (16.43%) Discretionary powers (12.61%) Lack of transparency (9.97%) Power of influential people (4.59%) Red Tapism (4.28%) Others (4.9%)
    5. 5. Institutional Framework for AC • Federal Investigation Agency • Provincial Anti-corruption Establishments • National Accountability Bureau • Accountability Courts
    6. 6. Anti-corruption regulatory framework • • • • Pakistan Penal Code-1860 Prevention of Corruption Act-1947 Government Servants Conduct Rules The NAB Ordinance- 1999
    7. 7. Vision of NAB • Eradication of Corruption from Pakistan • Recovery of looted Wealth including defaulted loans
    8. 8. The Approach • Top down Approach
    9. 9. Why Top down? No immunity and No one above the law
    10. 10. The Record
    11. 11. OVERVIEW OF PROSECUTION PROGRESS CATEGORY WISE (Source:NAB) POLITICIANS BUREAUCRATS BUSINESSMEN ARMED FORCES OTHERS 87 270 53 9 55 270 53 87 9 POLITICIANS ARMED FORCES BUREAUCRATS OTHERS 55 BUSINESSMEN
    12. 12. The Impact
    13. 13. • Reduction of corruption from the highest levels • Establishment of credibility • Sustainability assured • General respect and fear of accountability
    14. 14. The National Anti-corruption Strategy By adopting a three pronged approach Of: - Prevention - Awareness - Enforcement
    15. 15. Some decisions and steps • Project for Improving Financial Reporting & Auditing-transparency & accountability • Strengthening Internal Controls: CFO & IA • Establishment of Vigilance Units • Computerization of Asset declarations and their monitoring • Access to information – proposed changes in Rules of Business 1973
    16. 16. The Awareness campaign
    17. 17. Objectives of Awareness Campaign • Mobilize public support in the fight against corruption through; – Creating awareness of ill effects of corruption including impact on poverty alleviation and other development programs – Educating the people in how to be effective partners against corruption – Promote positive values to change the ethos and create abhorrence of corruption
    18. 18. Vision A stable Pakistan that is prosperous and has self sustaining integrity mechanisms by which corruption is eliminated
    19. 19. Thank You
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