21st Century Libraries
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A presentation that provides some thinking points about how we might transform our libraries to meet the needs of 21st century learning.

A presentation that provides some thinking points about how we might transform our libraries to meet the needs of 21st century learning.

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21st Century Libraries Presentation Transcript

  • 1. NCSD Libraries K-12 Li bra ries fo r th e 21s t C en tu ry 1
  • 2. YouTube Young Helen Keller http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NhRIu0wzP2s 2
  • 3. The 21st Century Library Meredith Farkas Hi. My name is Meredith. And I’m a librarian. Well… perhaps that’s not the whole story. Meredith Farkas - Librarian, writer, teacher I currently live in central Vermont and am the Distance and tech geek. Learning Librarian at Norwich University. It’s a small library, so I basically get to do a little bit of everything in my job, from being the library Webmaster to teaching information literacy classes to troubleshooting database access problems. Every day is definitely different and a new challenge, which I enjoy. UC Berkely Academic Library 2.0 Conference 2007 http://meredith.wolfwater.com/wordpress/ 3 Meredith Farkas delivered a keynote at UC berkeley in 2007 at the academic library 2.0 conference in which she discussed what library 2.0 is and how to build it. most is about university level but doesnʼt take too much to make it relevant for K-12. I have used some of her ideas and references. She has only been around for about 5 years - testament to willingness to express ideas and Internet (social networking).
  • 4. Libraries The children's library has traditionally been a “library in the library” where everything, ideally, is planned for the use by children. In recent years the children's library has changed its focus from providing and planning children's achievement of knowledge and skills, to support children's self- initiated development, play and imagination. This is among other things reflected in the material offered and prioritized by the library especially in regard to the offerings of interactive media and services. Interactive Children’s Library Project 4 http://www.interactivespaces.net/projects/InteractiveChildrensLibrary/
  • 5. Question Everything 5 is it time to discard the dewey system? Cindy Kolaczynski described opening the Dewey-free Perry Library in Maricopa County. They designed the library along the lines of a modern bookstore, with lots of seating, well-marked sections, end panel displays, and Melville Dewey left out on the curb. Will it work?
  • 6. Joint Use Libraries public and school access/mgt 6 How about joint use libraries? Housed within a school, used by the school and the community. Financed, administered, and managed by all entities involved. http://www.mcldaz.org/library/userdef/branches/ud_mcld_branch_GI.aspx
  • 7. Open Source ILS free and customizable 7 Evergreen is an electronic library system - open source; lacks some bells and whistles. but do we need them when we have the web......http://www.open-ils.org/
  • 8. Libraries Challenged library relevancy - library 2.0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpFO_L_jA1c 8 The existence of libraries themselves have been questioned...why do we need them when everything is digital? Libraries are currently about finding and consuming information....not relevant when everything is online. Libraries can be relevant.......if they change.
  • 9. Overview What are some of the What might be some things we might next steps we can (should?) be able to take to make this do in our libraries to happen? meet the needs of a 21st century learner? 9 goals: to stimulate your thinking about what you can do in libraries; to think about how you can make your library a central part of the school; to provide an opportunity for you to experiment and innovate. Iʼm not a librarian. have not spent time in all libraries. Iʼm guessing what you see here is not done by our librarians; maybe some is - if so, then good. as i show you this...think about who could do these kinds of things with/for kids? who should be collaborating to accomplish?
  • 10. The 21st Century Library Virtual Space Students Physical Space Human Space 10 If the world is going digital, how do libraries adapt to meet that challenge? I think we can look at 3 components of the library; virtual space, physical space, and personnel (librarians). You canʼt talk about changing one without changing the others - they are connected. And of course, students are at the center of all of this. Letʼs have a look at the virtual space first.
  • 11. Library 2.0? Library Library is a that fits Staff framework for integrating that suggests Creation of change into all levels of that learns Emerging Tech library operations that gathers committee that combines Integration with (e) that organizes learning environment The library has no barriers Library that LETS 1. User-centricity 2. Tech-sav vy environment The library 3. Reaching of the patrons long tail is human The library 4. Content for more than one device invites participation 5. Component-based soft ware, not ILS Patron 2.0 = from 6. Constant change content consumer to 7 Use of web 2.0 apps & services . content creator OPAC 8. Open standards - Federated search - RSS for cataloging records & The library is search results - Records tagging everywhere - User reviews Social computing apps to meet users need when, where & The Physical Library how they need it Loud spaces for collaboration & The library uses flexible conversation best of breed systems Mobile devices for users 11 You canʼt talk about virtual space without talking about library 2.0. Library 2.0 is virtual space. Many different ideas and definitions of library 2.0. However, there are some common terms that come up: flexible space, read/write web (web 2.0), virtual, social, collaborative, digital, communal, content producer. In general, not the quiet place weʼre used too! OPAC - online public access catalog Library 2.0 Meme Map http://flickr.com/photos/gbierens/178568449/ by Gerard Bierens
  • 12. Library 2.0 - Virtual Space Web 2.0 - Read/Write 12 Library 2.0 is web 2.0. There are so many new technologies and applications that can be used to extend libraries into students (virtual) space; and get students creating/producing content and communicating....here are a few.... Photo - Digitage Web 2.0 http://flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/315385916/ by ocean.flynn
  • 13. what students say technology is important to them http://www.schooltube.com/video/21838/Learning-to-Change-Changing-to-Learn--Kids-Tech 13 http://www.schooltube.com/video/21838/Learning-to-Change-Changing-to-Learn--Kids-Tech
  • 14. Websites natrona public library - teen zone 14 What about creating a library website for your school? teenzone?.....what about separate sections for K-2 and older kids? http://www.natronacountylibrary.org/TZ/home.html
  • 15. MeeboMe instant messaging on the web 15 How about instant communication via the web with a librarian? no software or accounts to install or set up! http://www.meebome.com
  • 16. Wikipedia how to use; resource links 16 how to check info is valid http://www.wikipedia.com
  • 17. MySpace University of Miami 17 why did university miami put library page on myspace? because thatʼs where kids are! Could a librarian create a myspace presence and advertise it at the school library/website/hallway, whatever? http://www.myspace.com/umlibraries
  • 18. MySpace Denver Public Library 18 denver public library has a myspace page; they even have a teen section. announcements, messages, IM http://www.myspace.com/denver_evolver
  • 19. Facebook collection requests/suggestions Greenhills School Library 19 school library facebook could allow patrons to access account to post requests for books or ask about if books are available. could a librarian in ncsd do this? http://www.facebook.com/s.php?q=greenhills+school+library&init=q&sid=9095d06bb4bb7052fa941ec179e07274#/pages/Ann-Arbor-MI/Greenhills-School-Library/32982159503? sid=9095d06bb4bb7052fa941ec179e07274&ref=search
  • 20. Ning create your own social network 20 create a social network for a book - a sort of online book study. work with a teacher to set one up for a particular book they are reading in class. http://www.ning.com
  • 21. YouTube StoryTubes Contest http://www.storytubes.info/ 21 How can we use youtube in an educational way? what about storytubes?
  • 22. StoryTubes How to.... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIjZTPM5wJE 22 instructional video on the site...made by kids, for kids.
  • 23. StoryTubes The Dog http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bxoekuhqq-A 23
  • 24. StoryTubes Essential Visual History of the World! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbRrdbxrTzU 24
  • 25. Flickr North Carolina State Archives http://www.flickr.com/photos/north-carolina-state-archives/sets/ 25 How about Flickr? North carolina state put on archives; original photos, for example......
  • 26. Flickr - NCSU Wright Brothers http://www.flickr.com/photos/north-carolina-state-archives/sets/ 26 the wright brothers - original photos from North Carolina State University Arhives
  • 27. Flickr Ideas pictoral history 27 Ideas.... •history of schools in natrona county... •what about Casper - construction of schools?
  • 28. Flickr Ideas family/personal history 28 family history - old photos personal history - one photo a day/week?
  • 29. Flickr Ideas casper statues http://www.flickr.com/photos/damgaard/1852881261/ 29 what about casper’s statues? not only history but photography skills
  • 30. Flickr Ideas casper mtn. fire http://www.flickr.com/photos/54237932@N00/217275565/ 30 the fire on casper mountain - photos, updates, local kids close to burn area, junior reporters
  • 31. Wiki grade 1-2 dinosaur wiki http://room2-wiki6.wikispaces.com/ 31 this wiki was made by grade 1-2 kids! what about a wiki for kids going into 9th grade? could a librarian be a driving force behind this kind of content creation?
  • 32. Blogs suggestions, patron comments, write to a prompt http://csslibraryblog.blogspot.com/ 32 could a librarian create a suggestion blog? (first class) how about including a survey (like polldaddy) where students could vote and then use blog to comment; what about generating a prompt about a timely issue?
  • 33. RSS From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia RSS (an abbreviation for Really Simple Syndication) is a family of Web feed formats used to publish frequently updated works—such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video—in a standardized format.[2] An RSS document (which is called a quot;feedquot;, quot;web feedquot;,[3] or quot;channelquot;) includes full or summarized text, plus metadata such as publishing dates and authorship. Web feeds benefit publishers by letting them syndicate content automatically. They benefit readers who want to subscribe to timely updates from favored websites or to aggregate feeds from many sites into one place. RSS feeds can be read using software called an quot;RSS readerquot;, quot;feed readerquot;, or quot;aggregatorquot;, which can be web-based, desktop-based, or mobile-device-based. A standardized XML file format allows the information to be published once and viewed by many different programs. The user subscribes to a feed by entering the feed's URI (often referred to informally as a quot;URLquot; (uniform resource locater), although technically the two terms are not exactly synonymous) into the reader or by clicking an RSS icon in a browser that initiates the subscription process. The RSS reader checks the user's subscribed feeds regularly for new work, downloads any updates that it finds, and provides a user interface to monitor and read the feeds. RSS subscribe for new books, news, events 33 whenever new books are added to the collection they are sent through the rss feed...kids can subscribe and always be updated when new books show up. how about generating an rss feed for whatʼs happening at school? could the librarian generate this?
  • 34. Social Bookmarking many sites 34 share and connect with what others are surfing and reading
  • 35. ePals digital pen pals and more http://www.epals.com 35
  • 36. LibraryThing/Shelfari catalog your own books online & share 36 catalog your own books; share your list with others; find others with your same interest and see what theyʼre reading. is this a site librarians might want to suggest to their students? which is better? perhaps a librarian can help a student figure that out. http://www.librarything.com, http://www.shelfari.com, http://www.22books.com
  • 37. TikaTok/Mixbook create online books 37 use these services to create online photo books; share online and/or purchase a copy http://www.tikatok.com, http://www.mixbook.com
  • 38. VoiceThread create, comment, share via web http://www.voicethread.com 38 can you imagine students doing video comments about other students work? maybe a librarian could set this up for some students/class/teacher?
  • 39. Evernote keep track of web resources http://www.evernote.com 39
  • 40. NCSD Digital Resources other (free) resources available 40 donʼt forget our own digital resources. are we really getting our students involved in using these?
  • 41. News Timeline always new and changing 41 New Site while I was looking for things...... Features: Google News Timeline Google News Timeline is a web application that organizes search results chronologically. It allows users to view news and other data sources on a browsable, graphical timeline. Available data sources include recent and historical news, scanned newspapers and magazines, blog posts, sports scores, and information about various types of media, like music albums and movies.
  • 42. New Kind of Search 42
  • 43. Physical Space 43 are our library spaces ʻfortresses?ʼ or are they open, flexible, inviting, social, collaborative, central to school?
  • 44. Physical Space - Library 2.0 The role of the library as a passive framework for physical collections of materials is now being phased out and replaced by a new intelligent space – a cross field between the digital and the physical where library space can become an interactive interface for the users’ access to both digital and physical resources. From Transformation Lab (2004-07)...experiments with this new library space and explores the interaction between user, space and material. 44 The role of the library as a passive framework for physical collections of materials is now being phased out and replaced by a new intelligent space – a cross field between the digital and the physical where library space can become an interactive interface for the usersʼ access to both digital and physical resources.
  • 45. Physical Space - Flexible Five different environments were established in the Transformation (Model) Lab: The Literature Lab The News Lab The Music Lab The Exhibition Lab The Square 45 example: music lab - guitar set up to computer with garage band as part of a section of the library; kids can learn, produce music for presentations or others. this is a question put forth by the transformation lab project; in denmark
  • 46. News Lab 46 The wall of screens was tuned into news broadcasts from all over the world. The moving pictures presented the users with an unexpected experience when entering the library - a positive distraction which also gave impression of the library as a lively place. In the News Lab, the project team created a wall of screens with large and small screens and monitors tuned into news broadcasts from all over the world. The wall of screens was one of the first things meeting users in the foyer of the library. The moving pictures presented the users with an unexpected experience when entering the library – a positive distraction giving the impression of the library being a lively place with new things going on all the time. This provides users with new expectations for the library, and at the same time it may contribute to changing the users’ behaviour and in-grown habits when using library space and resources.
  • 47. Music Lab 47 The Music Lab was a place where the users could experience music in a new way. They had the facilities for listening and playing music themselves. The lab was also used to show MTV and other visual dissemination of music on walls, big screens and the floor. The Music Lab turned the library into a place where the users could experience music in a new way. Music was not only presented through the physical materials and digital resources of the library. In the Music Lab, music was ever present – in the lab’s “listening UFO”, at listening posts for MTV and CDs, and in the shape of instruments available to users. Furthermore, the Music Lab provided the setting for a number of concerts – and jam sessions with user performances. Suddenly the library was no longer a quiet place, but a place with sound and sometimes noise. Many users had an unexpected experience, and the library sent out new signals.
  • 48. Physical Space - Learning Commons Students streamed into the library carrying trays of food, bottles of water and sports drinks, and paper bags bursting at the seams with sandwiches, fruit and cookies. This was a typical Friday during the school year. Fridays were Listening Lunches days and the students loved Listening Lunch at Chelmsford High Library quot;beforequot; the opportunity to have lunch in the library while listening to their peers read poetry, sing songs, perform plays, play musical instruments, and more. On Wednesdays each week, our Java Room opened at 6:45 AM, pots of steaming coffee and hot water for tea and hot chocolate lined up beside the aging classroom desks placed side-by-side in the center of the library serving as a Reference Desk of sorts. Trays of donated pastries and bagels, here through the generosity of local Chelmsford businesses, beckoned hungry students and staff members. The lines were long, the laughter loud, the books on display enticing students to browse and check out books while they waited for their hot drinks. Students sat and talked, teachers and administrators readied themselves for a day of teaching and instruction by recounting events of the previous days and catching up on daily news. 48 Students streamed into the library carrying trays of food, bottles of water and sports drinks, and paper bags bursting at the seams with sandwiches, fruit and cookies. This was a typical Friday during the school year. Fridays were Listening Lunches days and the students loved Listening Lunch at Chelmsford High Library quot;beforequot; the opportunity to have lunch in the library while listening to their peers read poetry, sing songs, perform plays, play musical instruments, and more. On Wednesdays each week, our Java Room opened at 6:45 AM, pots of steaming coffee and hot water for tea and hot chocolate lined up beside the aging classroom desks placed side-by-side in the center of the library serving as a Reference Desk of sorts. Trays of donated pastries and bagels, here through the generosity of local Chelmsford businesses, beckoned hungry students and staff members. The lines were long, the laughter loud, the books on display enticing students to browse and check out books while they waited for their hot drinks. Students sat and talked, teachers and administrators readied themselves for a day of teaching and instruction by recounting events of the previous days and catching up on daily news. http://maschoolibraries.org/content/view/609/294/
  • 49. Chelmsford Learning Commons 49 social spaces at chelmsford (mass) that can be moved http://maschoolibraries.org/content/view/609/294/
  • 50. Chelmsford Learning Commons 50 java day on wednesdays; donated pastries and bagels from businesses; http://maschoolibraries.org/content/view/609/294/
  • 51. Chelmsford Learning Commons 51 social spaces; flexible; light http://maschoolibraries.org/content/view/609/294/
  • 52. Physical Space - Activities anything! everything! 52 what are some of the activities we can have take place in the library? book readings, poetry slams, music, displays, hot chocolate morning, skits, plays, magic, news events, guest speakers, etc.
  • 53. Activities To me, the coffee shop should guide us tell us kids want a social learning space. Online preferences tells me we need to give kids a lot of access to digital resources. Gyms and theaters indicated that libraries should be performance spaces where kids can share information, not just absorb it. And finally, looking at social networking sites and YouTube, we need to make libraries knowledge production areas. Doug Johnson on what are your recommendations to school designers to inspire more interest in library spaces by students and young people. 53
  • 54. Library Activities 54
  • 55. Libraries must be spaces where multiple activities can take place simultaneously. And since there are many different learning styles, the library should offer as many different types of environments as possible—quiet study areas, group activity areas, spaces for individual and small group work, spaces for instruction, spaces where students can listen to music, and—dare I say it—spaces where food and drinks are allowed. Rolf Erikson on “should the library of the future be a ʻsacredʼ space dedicated to honoring the book, or a dynamic interactive space dedicated to honoring the student and community?” 55
  • 56. Entry inviting? 56 having said that...knowing that all kinds of stuff/activities will be going on in the library.....and that the library is the center of information, social activity, and learning (outside the classroom), what entryway would you like to see as you enter your school library?
  • 57. Furnishings Be adventurous, particularly in terms of providing flexible spaces and furnishings that are comfortable and ergonomically correct. Too many new school library interiors, are far too conservative and dull. Rolf Erikson on “What are your recommendations to school designers to inspire more interest in library spaces by students and young people?” 57 and what about furnishings? the furniture....cozy, functional, flexible, multipurpose(?), etc.
  • 58. Flexible Space? multiple use? 58 which of these spaces might be flexible enough to meet the needs of the 21st century learner? (none here)
  • 59. Flexible Space? multiple use? 59 which of these spaces might be flexible enough to meet the needs of the 21st century learner? (all of these are pretty good)
  • 60. High Tech http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fu7XciJi6xY 60
  • 61. Human Space - Librarians At present, many libraries are working on renewing and vitalizing the role and self-image of librarians. The role of the librarian is changing from a focus on providing a piece of information for the user to a focus on re-thinking the library and establishing a learning dialogue with the user. But ingrained self-knowledge is difficult to change! From transformation lab project, June 2007 61 At present, many libraries are working on renewing and vitalizing the role and self-image of librarians. The role of the librarian is changing from a focus on providing a piece of information for the user to a focus on re-thinking the library and establishing a learning dialogue with the user. But ingrained self-knowledge is difficult to change!
  • 62. 21st Century Librarian? helping students consume? produce? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idjmD04IpDI 62
  • 63. Librarians 2.0 Librarians of the Future Will Help You Upload Your Videos Jon Udell from Talking with to YouTube Tails Podcast Imagine a future when you go to the library with a 5 minute video you've just made about last night's Presidential debates and that librarian says to you: You should upload it to YouTube and tag it with these four tags - two broad and two more specific to existing communities of interest on YouTube and the topic of your video. Then you should embed that video in a blog post along with some text introducing it and linking to some of your favorite posts by other people who have also written today about the Presidential debates. Make sure to send trackbacks to those posts! Now, I think this is a particularly good video on the topic, so if you're interested I will vote for it on StumbleUpon (as a librarian I have a very powerful account there) and give it a good summary explanation. Any of those are steps you can take that will make your work all the easier for people to discover. http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/sexy_librarians_of_the_future.php 63 Microsoft's Jon Udell on the Talking With Talis podcast, posits that the librarian of the future will help a growing number of citizen media producers to classify their online media and get it connected to other related content in ways that will increase its discoverability. http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/sexy_librarians_of_the_future.php
  • 64. the Human Net work http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEfPxnbWr8U 64 the bottom line of personnel...it will take the right people...people who want to be part of the change that is happening in learning.
  • 65. How do we get there? learning culture (PD) recognize good things people are doing risk tolerant culture agile/flexibility redundancy, efficiency, quality determine needs then select product/process capitalize on strength of individuals provide time for development good ideas from anyone/ specific suggestions for ncsd anywhere 65
  • 66. Takin’ care of business Old Business New Business elementary backlog reorganization fgc cleanup pilot programs add/revise skillsets 66
  • 67. Backlog Plan 2 WEEKS for INVENTORY! Hire 4-6 people to work after school is out in June for 10 days Dollars from Title and Library Services Training and troubleshooting provided by library services Remainder of books to be cataloged and distributed before school begins 67
  • 68. Pilot Programs Online ordering using district approved process Selected elementary(s) do own cataloging (8 hour day) Secondary librarians collaborate with LMTs and teachers Library services build redundancy, new skillsets, different services, science refurb center District librarian will facilitate pilots and LTT 68 if we implement these ideas, we might get something that looks like this.....(next slide)
  • 69. 69 will start small (1 secondary school and 1 set of elem schools); will select people and schools who want to try something new and different; all other schools will remain the same. we will do a PDSA and move forward from there. So, what do these schools do? what does this model look like...next slide
  • 70. District Library System What does this look like? Who is involved? What does it mean for your librarian/school? Is this the answer for 21st century schools and 2025 students? 70 the emphasis is on teaching and learning, NOT mgt, card catalog, or collection development. idea - each elementary library develops a theme/grade level; sci-fi, classics, or courage, or current events. then 4th graders (or whatever) from each school visit themed libraries and do watch local school students perform.
  • 71. What does it look like? At this point, I think we can still make a case for a “book oriented” library for developing good reading skills based on the arguments of Stephen Krashen and others who maintain that voluntary free reading is the best way for kids to improve their reading skills. And kids will only read voluntarily if they have access to a wide range of materials that are at an appropriate reading level that are on topics of interest to them. In other words, good library book collections. The glut of information that keeps expanding overwhelms most people, and libraries and librarians are needed to help guide and teach students and teachers to cope. Also, an exemplary library program, with an emphasis on information fluency, is the one place where students can truly become equipped with the skills needed to become lifelong, continual learners. Having said that, I would also like to say that I believe most classrooms should have book collections—to supplement library collections, not to replace them. From interview with Doug Johnson and Rolf Erikson 71 so what about books (referencing the video about the need for libraries because of digital). this quote supports books. Librarians are NOT going away; their role may be changing. the new elementary school has a podcasting studio - could you help students put together a podcast? a local news show for the school? (nctv) the new high school models DID NOT include library as a part of the layout
  • 72. Who is involved? 72 river of life article - librarian put together “trout unit”. questions to ask - librarian did all of the work?; where was kid input? (student centric) what about teachers? (collaboration) is it aligned with district curriculum? what kind of technology was used? (blog for comments from kids; wiki for creating fish identification; video info (as in a kiosk); etc....
  • 73. Libraries in 2025? Is this the answer for 21st century schools and 2025 students? 73 the 2025 visions committee has looked at model high schools and presented physical models - none include a placeholder for libraries...none mention libraries (learning spaces, etc.) what is the answer to this question?
  • 74. End 74