Brief IntroductionLiterature: Churchills literary career began with campaign reports: The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899) 1900, he published his only novel, Savrola 1906, his first major work, the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill 1933-1938, his other famous biography, the life of his great ancestor, The Duke of Marlborough 1923-1929, Churchills history of the First World War The World Crisis 1930, an autobiographical account of his youth, My Early Life 1948-1953/54, his memoirs of the Second World War 1956-1958, History of the English-speaking Peoples His magnificent oratory: The Unrelenting Struggle (1942), The Dawn of Liberation (1945), and Victory (1946).
Art: Churchill, a gifted amateur painter, wrote Painting as a Pastime (1948).Honors: 1953, Churchill was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. 1953, Queen Elizabeth II conferred on him the dignity of Knighthood and invested him with the insignia of the Order of the Garter. 1963, President Kennedy conferred on him the honorary citizenship of the United States.
Military service Allegiance British Empire Service/branch British Army Years of service 1895–1900, 1902–24 Rank Lieutenant-Colonel Battles/wars Anglo-Afghan War *Siege of Malakand Mahdist War *Battle of Omdurman Second Boer War *Siege of Ladysmith First World War *Western Front Awards Order of Merit Companion of Honour India Medal Queens Sudan Medal Queens South Africa Medal 1914–15 Star British War Medal Victory Medal Territorial Decoration
So was he a Great Leader? Positive Traits Far-sighted Strategic Determination Ability to inspire others Far-sighted: From 1929-1939, Churchill kept himself in the know of the Nazi regime in Germany. Wrote and spoke against the German threat. Tough: Churchill promised nothing less than "blood, toil, tears and sweat”, and inspired courage in the British through his sturdiness. Fought for democracy: helped negotiate the treaty that set up the Irish Free State Rejected territorial aspirations, promoted autonomous government and vowed permanent security against aggression.
So was he a Great Leader? NEGATIVE TRAITS An uprising of more than 100,000 armed tribesmen took place in 1920 Churchill created great controversy over his policies in Iraq. Churchill suggested that chemical weapons should be used "against recalcitrant Arabs as an experiment." He added "I am strongly in favour of using poisoned gas against uncivilised tribes to spread a lively terror" in Iraq.• Ability Churchill organized and made the Navy more advanced (1914) Churchill’s attack on the Dardanelles and the Gallipoli Peninsula were unsuccessful (1914) Churchill as Chancellor of the Exchequer decision to return the country to the pre-war standard of goods which increased unemployment (general strike, 1926) Churchill continued to be criticized for meddling in military matters take too much notice of the views of his friends over his military commanders The Desert War