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Using effective teaching techniques

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A good showcase by Dr Dheeraj Mehrotra for all teachers to learn how to LEARN and then TEACH. Remember what we learnt once upon a time is no longer of DEMAND for the students. We need to know NEW to ...

A good showcase by Dr Dheeraj Mehrotra for all teachers to learn how to LEARN and then TEACH. Remember what we learnt once upon a time is no longer of DEMAND for the students. We need to know NEW to DELIVER in the classrooms of today.

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    Using effective teaching techniques Using effective teaching techniques Presentation Transcript

    • Using Effective Teaching Techniques Or, some more tools for your teaching toolbox
    • Objectives
      • Define EFFECTIVE teaching
      • List, explain, and give examples of effective teaching skills
      • Demonstrate effective teaching skills in actual teaching
    • Everything has led up to this.
      • Program planning leads to a curriculum
      • Curriculum planning leads to teaching calendar
      • Teaching calendar leads to lessons
      • Lesson planning leads to methods
      • We use teaching skills to implement the methods
    • What is effective teaching?
      • From perspective of PRODUCT:
        • How much the students learn.
        • Difficult to measure.
        • Results may not be known for years.
        • Results flavored by student ability.
    • What is effective teaching?
      • From perspective of PROCESS:
        • Use of good procedures.
        • Directly observable
        • Results immediately visible
        • Results may be flavored by available resources
    • Effective Teaching Defined
      • “ Patterns of classroom interactions that consistently produce desirable student outcomes in the form of higher test scores, increased problem solving skills, improved attitude toward subject, etc….”
        • Borich. (1988). Effective Teaching Methods
    • Measuring Effective Teaching
      • Standardized test scores
        • measured later and affected by all teachers
      • Accomplishment of SOLs
        • measured later and affected by all teachers
      • Teacher-made tests
        • unreliable, biased
    • Surrogate for Direct Measurement
      • Research tells us that Time on Task has closest relationship to achievement
      • Time on task = time students are working on appropriate, intended learning activities
    • Estimating Teaching Effectiveness
      • Degree to which:
        • Task relates to curriculum
        • Students are paying attention
        • Students are following directions
        • Students are working on assigned task
    • Effective Teachers Exhibit:
      • Clarity
      • Variety
      • Task Orientation
      • Engagement
      • Moderate-High Success Rate
    • Effective teachers Use:
      • Student Ideas
      • Structuring
      • Questioning
      • Probing
      • Enthusiasm
    • Four Major Effective Teacher Skills
      • Stimulus Variation
      • Repetition
      • Reinforcement
      • Examples and Non-Examples
    • Stimulus Variation
      • Kinesic Variation
      • Focusing
      • Shifting Interaction
      • Pausing
      • Shifting Senses
    • Kinesic Variation
      • Teacher Movement
      • Volume Variation
      • Get into Space
      • Move Behind
    • Focusing
      • Verbal
        • This is Important, Write This Down, This Will be on the Test
      • Gestural
        • Point, bang on desk, point, gesture
      • Verbal-Gestural
        • Point and “look at this!”
    • Shifting Interaction
      • Teacher to Student
      • Student to Teacher
      • Student to Student
      • Teacher to Student to Teacher to Student
    • Pausing
      • Alert Students to Change
      • Promotes Thinking
      • Emphasize Key Point
      • Break Monotony
      • Regain Control
    • Shifting Senses
      • Hearing
      • Seeing
      • Smelling
      • Feeling
      • Tasting
    • Types of Stimulus Variation
      • Kinesic Variation
      • Focusing
      • Shifting Interaction
      • Pausing
      • Shifting Senses
    • Repetition -- Why
      • Increase Level of Learning
      • Prolong Retention
      Repetitions/Time Degree of Learning/ Retention Ability to Recall
    • Repetition -- How
      • Restating another way
      • Providing examples/non-examples to illustrate
      • Partial Reviews
      • Massed Reviews
      • Re-use skills in subsequent learning
      • Practice, Practice, Practice
    • Reinforcement
      • Positive Reinforcement
        • praise
        • grades
        • feedback
        • knowledge of results
      • Negative Reinforcement
        • constructive
        • suggests solutions, improvements
    • Examples & Non-Examples
      • Why?
      • Teacher Experiences
      • Student Experiences
      • Literature
      • “Made up”
    • Can We Talk?
      • What is Effective Teaching?
      • What is Time on Task
      • Why is Time on Task used as a Surrogate for Effectiveness?
    • More Review
      • What Are Four Major Teaching Skills?
      • Why do we use Repetition?
      • Why is Reinforcement so Important?
      • What are Examples?
      • What are Non-Examples?
    • What is an Example of:
      • Kinesic Variation
      • Focusing
      • Shifting Interaction
      • Pausing
      • Shifting Senses
    • So What?
      • Program planning leads to a curriculum
      • Curriculum planning leads to teaching calendar
      • Teaching calendar leads to lessons
      • Lesson planning leads to methods
      • We use teaching skills to implement the methods