What startups can_learn_from_mahabharata_the_d_net_works


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You can get inspiration from anything and everything, being a Hindu, we have Mahabharata, Ramayana and Bhagwad Gita kept in our house and there are recitals quite often.
But my thought was completely different towards it, having sat in my office working on a Product, it stuck me that Mahabharata has all the ingredients I or any startup would need to be successful, so folks this is your All-in-one-guide to get your startup moving, look no further.

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What startups can_learn_from_mahabharata_the_d_net_works

  1. 1. What Startups can learn from Mahabharata by Dhawal Damania
  2. 2. this ebook has been published by thednetworks.com and is for FREE, if you havepaid for this book, please ensure that you inform us on our email,info@thednetworks.com so that we can take necessary actions.What Startups can learn from Mahabharata (Ebook) byDhawal Damania is licensedunder a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://thednetworks.com/contact-us/If you wish to copy the content in whole or part, please feel free to do so, however,credit us by pointing a link to http://www.thednetworks.com as the source eitherinside the content or in the bibliography.
  3. 3. IntroductionYou can get inspiration from anything and everything, being a Hindu, we haveMahabharata, Ramayana and Bhagwad Gita kept in our house and there are recitalsquite often.But my thought was completely different towards it, having sat in my office workingon a Product, it stuck me that Mahabharata has all the ingredients I or any startupwould need to be successful, so folks this is your All-in-one-guide to get yourstartup moving, look no further.
  4. 4. For those of you who dont know whatMahabharata, the legendary Epic is here aresome Insights, trivia and facts about it• It was a fight between the members of the same family over the throne of Hastinapura, the kingdom ruled by an Indo-Aryan clan call the Kuru. The two collateral branches of the family that participate in the struggle are the Kaurva and the Pandva.• There are several stories inside the Mahabharata, the battle of Kurukshetra is where we will be focussing since it was the battle for supremacy, where there would be only 1 winner, the richer powerful side or the poor weak side and you can only guess the winner!• It contain buffet of ideologies of friendship to kinship, from being loyal to your family (startup) or doing what is right and more• It was the second largest Epic after after The Life of King Gesar• It is one of the most important Sanskrit epics of ancient India. It consists of over 74,000 verses, long prose passages (approximately a 1.8 million words) which make it the second longest epic poem written in the world. It contains the Bhagavad Gita, which is an important text for Hindus.• Took place around 5574 BC about 7500+ years Ago• Date of Mahabharata War: 16TH OCTOBER 5561 YEAR B.C.• It had mind-boggling revelation about Astronomy: Existence of Uranus and Neptune Geography: Lands as far as Cambodia (Kamboja), Kazakhistan and/or Scandinavia (Uttarakuru) Mathematics: Number to the range of 10 raised to powers of 16 and -16 Descriptions of Weapons that resemble modern day weaponry including Nuclear and/or Chemical Weapons. Complex Military Formations and Strategies. Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Spirituality, Religion, Politics.• Learn More about Mahabharatahere
  5. 5. Briefs about the Fighting Ends Kaurvas11 Akshouhini (1 Akshouhini = 21,870 chariots, 21,870 elephants, 65,610 horsesand 109,350 foot-soldiers (in a ratio of 1:1:3:5) • Bhishma • Drona • Karna • Shalya • Kripacharya • Ashwathama • DuriyodhanaKaurvas were in power for 13 years with Duriyodhana as the benevolent king, notonly they had wealth and the power to rule of Hastinapur but also Indraprashtha, thekingdom Pandvas had taken labour to build which had surpassed the Hastina of oldin all degrees. Karna has gone on a nation-wide conquering on behalf ofDuriyodhana, they were national sovereigns (You can take them as the Big Fishes ofyour industry) Pandvas7 Akshouhini (1 Akshouhini = 21,870 chariots, 21,870 elephants, 65,610 horsesand 109,350 foot-soldiers (in a ratio of 1:1:3:5) • Arjuna • Bhima • Dhrshtadyuma • Abhimanyu • Ghatotkach • Shikhandi • SatyakiOn the other hand the Pandvas were in exile for 13 years, had no kingdom of theirown, however, their main strength depended on their friends and relatives(ThePancalas, The Yadavas, The Magadhas and The Chedis.) both in terms of politicaland financial, I am sure you guys must haveguessed it that this is Us the Startup guys
  6. 6. Results of the war at Kurukshetraand the Winner is Pandvas, ha? how did this happen? they were the underdogs? werentthey, weak, depended on other, no kingdom of their own, not even in a position to war, letalong the might rich warriors who ruled almost the world.War lasted in 18 days and only strategy and the will to live and Win separated the Winnersfrom the Losers.So just how did the Pandvas Win the war?Here goes the strategy you could apply to your startup and winagainst all odds in your way.
  7. 7. 1. Prepare before hand and turn yourweakness in to your StrengthKauravas has a upper hand which was also a lower hand in the war, Karna went to acountry-wide tour to acquire kingdom and their wealth, but it also meant that they hadlosses in terms of both men and money and also created a few enemies.Pandavas on the other hand, were in exile and had more time to focus and improve theirweaknesses. • Arjuna set out on a mission to acquires Divya-astras. • Bhima met his brother Hanuman and got a blessing of enhanced strength • Yudhishtira acquired teachings from the various wise rishis, and also learnt the Game of Dice from Gandharava Chitrasena, lest he was challenged to yet another dice game. Its said that he had become un-defeatableAs a startup the less you have the better it is, since you dont have enough money, youlearn to save money and do things in the most cost -effective way, since there is a less ofexpertise on a domain, you spend time learning it yourself so that you could acquire theknowledge and help yourself and the startup grow. I could give you n-number of examplesbut would just want to quote the greatest mind of all times.In the middle of every difficulty lies opportunity. - Albert Einstein
  8. 8. 2. Make powerful AlliesKauravas, had a central control of power system, it was the greatest empire of the time.However, there were not many powerful allies, except from old relations from far off placeslike Gandhara (Shakuni), Sindhu (Jayadrath) and Kambodia (Camboja - Bhagadutt)Pandavas had No wealth. No power of their own, but had made powerful allies all overIndia. • Panchala through Marriage with Darupadi. • Dwaraka through marriage with Arjuna and Subhadra. • Magadha through marriage of Shadeva and Vijaya. • Chedi through marriage of Nakula and Karenmayi. • Kasi through marriage of Bhima and Balandhara. • Kekaya through marriage of Yudhisthira and Devika. • Matsya through marriage of Abhimanyu and Uttara. • The Rakshasas through marriage of Bhima and Hidimba. • The Nagas through marriage of Arjuna and Uloopi.As startup, connection matter, focus on quality over quantity, I believe that every connectis a +1 point to you as a startup and will make you move in the direction of your goal.There will be people you find in your way as you move, you want them to be your friendsnot strangers, as they are also moving in the same direction and if they succeed before youthey can help you reach your goal and vice-versa.If you have more allies, help is just a call/email away 24/7 without any restriction.
  9. 9. 3. Share your responsibilitiesKauravas has centralized leadership, one head of the army at a time, who had a supremeauthority of 11 akshouhini Army.Pandavas: It had Distributed leadership, had seven commanders all leaders, in variousfields (1 man commanded 1 akshouhini each) • Virat (King of Matsya). • Drupad (King of Pancala). • Sahadeva (King of Magadha). • Dhrshtaketu (King of Chedi). • Satyaki (Only warrior from Dwaraka). • Shikhandi (Prince of Panchala). • Dhrshtadhyuma – Commander in Chief. • Arjuna – Supreme Commander. • Krishna – Arjuna’s charioteer and counselor.Having a team of Rockstars who are self motivated has its perks, use it well, the team thatyou choose for your startup will definitely have all the ingredients to be a Superstarcompany one day, the only thing you have to do is, distribute the responsibility wiselyaccording to each person strength and the results will always be greater than the sum ofindividual efforts.My model for business is The Beatles: They were four guys that kept each other’snegative tendencies in check; they balanced each other. And the total was greaterthan the sum of the parts. Great things in business are not done by one person, theyare done by a team of people - Steve Jobs
  10. 10. 4. Teamwork succeeds where individualefforts failsKaurvas has no team spirit, they all fought their individual war, didnt know about eachother strength and weaknesses, everyone had their own reason for the way and they wereall different reason, they didnt get well with each other, It was like a bees, hornets andmosquitoes put together in a jar.Pandavas had One team. One Goal.As men, they all had huge respect for Krishna and Yudhishtira. While as warriors they werein complete awe of Bhima and Arjuna. Most of them were close relatives – cousins,brother-in-laws, father-in-laws. More than that they all were part of the decision-makingprocess. It was their “common” war.Teamwork is the ability to work together toward a common vision. The ability to directindividual accomplishments toward organizational objectives. It is the fuel that allowscommon people to attain uncommon results. - Anonymous
  11. 11. 5. The right team is made by selecting rightindividuals, get the right man for the right joband you make great symphonyKauravas, except Duriyodhana, nobody wanted the way, the other generals had strong tieswith the Pandvas • Bhishma (grand childern) – Wont kill the pandavas. Will kill a thousand soldiers each day. • Drona (students) – Wont kill the Pandavas. Will capture them only. • Shalya (Nakula-Shadeva’s maternal uncle) : Loved the Pandavas and covertly helped them by humiliating Karna • Karna (brother to the Pandavas) : Promised not to kill any of the other Pandavas save Arjuna.A team of traitorsPandavas has a common goal, but also had their individual target, whoever, they were inline with the teams agenda • Dhratadyuman : Drona. • Shikhandi : Bhishma. • Satayaki – Bhurisravas. • Arjuna – Karna. • Bhima – Duriyodhana and his brothers. • Sahadeva – Shakuni and his sons. • Nakula –Karna’s sons.Find something that you love and that will be the last day you will be working.Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is todo what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what youdo. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart,you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and betteras the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle. - Steve JobsThats what happend with Pandvas, they would love to defeat the Kaurvas, theypassionately wanted to win the war and their individual goals was in align with the Winningof them as a team and see what happened to them, they WON.Have your team do things that they love to do and see the sparks fly. give them the abilityto be free and not be the control by you, nurture them and help them grow individually asa person.
  12. 12. 6. The best man for the job is not the one withthe best capabilities but one with the greatestcommitmentKauravas, also already stated had an emptional attachment with the Pandvas, Lookingfurther on their commitment, • Bhishma himself gave away the secret of killing him to the Pandavas. He prolonged the War by killing only inconsequential soldiers. He did not fight a warrior like Shikhandi because of his personal bias. • Drona too indirectly gave away his secret, by saying he was invulnerable as long as he held a weapon. Moreover he abandoned weapons as soon as he knew his son had died. • Karna did not kill Yudhistira and Bhima when he got the chance. He gave away his “Kavacha” and “Kundalas” prior to his War. Karna fled innumerous times from the War when he was hurt. He didn’t save Duhsasana when Bhima was killing him. • Shalya kept on insulting Karna while in Battle.Pandavas on the other hand had a commitment at the greatest level • Abhimanyu , a 16 year old kid. Ventured beyond enemy lines alone. This was a suicide mission but he still went in and took a great part of the army down with him. It took the combined effort of 7 Maharathis to take him down. • Ghatotkach even in death, took with him almost half the army. • Yudhishtira, knew he couldn’t face Karna in War, but still went in to set an example. Yudhishtira didnt hesitate to tell a lie or a twisted truth when faced with the decision of whether to stick to his personal integrity or welfare of the team. • Krishna took up arms twice and almost entered the War, in spite of his promise, only to be stopped by Arjuna.Commitment doesnt come with the force or financial benefits but with the will to dosomething with your whole heart, it is something you want to do to accomplish a missionnot against the world, but against yourself.
  13. 13. 7. Hire Right Manager who can inspire, takerisks and exploit weaknesses of the enemyKrishna was the Greatest Crisis Manager the world has ever seen.Yudhishtira, a low-key strategist: On the first day of the War, he played a Master game.Went over to the Enemy side to seek blessings from Elders. In reality he made a covert dealwith them, wherein all of them agreed to help him and unfolded the secrets of defeatingthem.While returning, he took a calculated risk, He made an offer to all the assembled people tochange sides if they wanted to. He knew well of the lack of cohesiveness among theKauravas. Yuyutsu, son of Dhritharashtra crossed over to the Pandvas. This exposed theweakness of the Kaurvas for all to see.Lessons learnt: • Know your enemies weaknesses and exploit them. • Take Calculated risks. • Inspire, invigorate, counsel your own team in moments of need.
  14. 14. 8. Dont forget where you come from insteadlearn from it and take that in your strideKauravas, were princes, who were brought up in a luxury (well, an understatement) of theRoyal Palaces, matured on romanticized ideals of Power, Fame, Courage and Velour. Noexperience of ground reality.Pandavas on the other hand • Spent the greater part of their lives in Poverty. Their childhood was spent in the Himalayan foothills among Rishis. One year exile among the poor people of Kuru- Panchala. 12 years of Vanvas and 1 year of Agyatvas. • Experienced with the ground reality. Contact with people from various strata of the society. Sannyasis (celebrate monks), Achariya’s (Householders, teachers), poor Brahmanas, lower class Potter. • Different races of people. Rakshasas, Gandharavas, Apsaras, Nagas. People from different regions Uttarkuru, Bengal etc. • A Sense of Sharing. A sense of Brotherhood.As a startup you need to know the ground realities, knowledge of different ideologies is amust and sharing across these is the most important virtue.Before reading this article you must have thought all of these are against you, but, just howin much time and the change in the way of thinking can affect you in a positive way, this isjust an example.
  15. 15. 9. Empower Women, balance the equationKauravas has a patrirchal Structure.Bhishma, Drona, Kripa, Dhritharashtra, Vidur, Shakuni, Duryodhana, Karna, Duhsasana.There were No women in the decision making process. Gandhari retreated to the InnerChambers. Nobody listened to her.Pandavas has a Matriarchal Structure. • Kunti was the authority supreme for the Pandvas. • Yudhistira: “Whatever my mother says is Dharma to me” • Droupathi was a companion in whatever the Pandvas did. She had a big role in all the decision making. Without her the Pandvas would have most probably reclined to the forests. • Even the younger Pandvas : Ghatotkach, Abhimnanyu and Iravan were brought up by their mothers. So the female influence was huge.Women Actually equals Better Half: Any team which does not have women is unbalanced,for the Masculine traits of Aggression and Dominance should be balanced by the Femininetraits of Harmony and Sustenance.All the above were things Pandavas followed and you as a Startup can follow too, to besuccessful and WIN THE WAR.Best of Luck
  16. 16. The ENDThats it folks, I hope you guys like this article, and all the best for your startups, also,would love to know more about it, maybe feature it on The DNetWorks.If you wish to do more reading about Mahabharata, Id recommend a few books hereOnline information here, here and here also, you can always Google Search for more. About the AuthorDhawal Damania is an Indian born, IT Infrastructure/Security Specialist, Web/MobileDeveloper, Computer Scientist at @DNetZone, Air5, @TheDNetWorks and @trolltees tooFind more about him on Facebook, Twitter, Google+ or email him