HOMONYMS The word homonym comes from the greek ὁμώνυμος (homonumos), meaning "having the same name", which is the conjunction of ὁμός (homos). A homonym is a world that has both the same pronunciation & the same spelling as another, but is etymologically unrelated to it. Traditionally, homonyms of this type are treated as separate words and given distinct dictionary entries (e.g., ‘pole1’ & ‘pole2’) whereas more closely related meanings are treated as offshoots of the same word, which historically speaking they are ( so ‘Each of the two terminals of an electric cell or battery etc.’ comes under ‘pole 2’). Popularly, homonyms may or may not include pair whose two world have the same meaning but do not belong to the same grammatical category ( e.g. red, noun &n adjective). Loosely, homonym is something used for a world that has either the same sound or the same spelling as another ( but not both ) .
Table 1: Lists commonHomonyms. Band: group of musicians, thin flat strip. Bank: side of river, organization providing financial services. Calf : a young cow, back part of leg. Coach: sports trainer, large carriage. Cross: symbol, be angry. Feet: part of body, unit of measure. Game: activity/sport with rules, wild animals/bird that are hunted. Horn: a device for making loud noise, on the heads of animals. Lie: untruth, lie down. Mole: animal, small mark on skin. Orange: fruit, color.
HOMOPHONES The word derives from the Greek homo- (ὁμο-), "same", and phōnḗ (φωνή), "voice, utterance". A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another. This term is usually used for partial homonyms, which are distinguished by both meaning and spelling. e.g., feat:feet, no:know, none:nun, stare:stair. Some English pairs are homophones in same accents but not in other, for e.g., saw:sore, pore:pour, wine:whine. The occurrence of homophones is largely a matter of historical chance, in which words with distinct meaning come to coincide phonologically: byre- a cowshed, buyer- one who buys. Words may be homophonous in in one variety of English but not another : father/farther & for/four are homophonous in Received Pronunciation but not in American English & Scottish English; wails/wales are general homophonous ; wails/wales/whales are homophones for many, but not in Irish English & Scottish English. Whether/whither are homophones in Scotland , but not whetherr/weather, which are homophones in England.
Table 2: Basic List OfHomophones1. Bin: dust bin, Been: have u been to that place.2. Coarse: flour is coarse, Course: the course of a river.3. Ear: my ear, Year: the year 2013.4. Hear: I can hear, here: come here.5. Its: its color is red, it’s: it’s red in color.6. Know: I know , no: say no to someone.7. Sea: the red sea, see: see the sky.8. Tire: don’t tire me, tyre: car tyre.
Term Meaning Spelling Pronunciation Homonym Different Same SameHomograph Different Same Same or differentHomophone Different Same or different Same Heteronym Different Same DifferentHeterograph Different Different Same Different but Polyseme Same Same or different related Different when Same except for Capitonym Same or capitalized capitalization
Eponyms The word is back-formed from "eponymous", from the Greek "eponymos" meaning "giving name". An eponym is a person after whom something is named, such as a building, an institution, an organization, a machine, a product, or a process.
Example Diesel: Rudolf Diesel, German Engineer Pascal: Blaise Pascal, a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher
Referencesi. Technical Communication Principles And Practice, Meenakshi Raman, Associate professor, Language Group, Chief, Publication & Media Relations Unit BITS, Pilani.ii. http://en.wikipedia.org