Rural and Urban Tourism

3,658 views
3,057 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,658
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
165
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rural and Urban Tourism

  1. 1. Definition  That part of tourism which is based on activities of agrarians with touristic side activities and of entrepreneurs in the rural areas with tourist side activities, and the use of this supply by recreationists and tourists. 2
  2. 2. Classification of Rural Tourism Rural Tourism is classified into four types: ● Agritourism [agrotourism] ● Cultural tourism [heritage tourism] ● Ecotourism ● Active tourism [sports and adventure tourism] 3
  3. 3. Need For Rural Tourism • Generating income and jobs • Exchange between rural and urban areas • Multiplier effect through small scale direct investments • Strengthening local and regional structures by creating networks • Stimulating physical infrastructural developments • Enlarging diversity of economic developments • Awareness of values of an area [landscape, nature, culture, and its economic potential] 4
  4. 4. Features of Rural Tourism  Seasonality  Fragmentation  External markets needed  Co-operation needed between internal and external markets  Role of women  Economic role: side income for farmers and other entrepreneurs in the rural area 5
  5. 5. Elements of the Rural Tourism Product  Accommodation  Attractions  Supply of activities [e.g. horse riding]  Events [e.g. farmers’ fairs]  Service [restaurant; hospitality]  Transport [infrastructure; e.g. rail service]  Sustaining services [explaining touristic routes] 6
  6. 6. 5 A’s of Rural Tourism Holiday Network 7 Accommodati on Access Facilities Available Services Amenities Activities Caravan sites Airport Bank Scenery Attractions Camp Sites Rail Service Taxis Landscapes Pubs Hostels Bus Car hire Lakes Visitor Farms Small Hotels Booking and reservation Shops Mountains Fishing Self Catering Website facilities Restaurants Forest Walks B & B Boat hire Rivers
  7. 7. Challenges & Considerations of Rural Tourism  Perception of the region & its countryside  The draw of honey pots  Information scarcity  Management & Conservation  Lack of cooperation & cohesion  Lack of funding  Sustainability & manpower  Poor understanding of market needs  Difficult to attain high quality of service  Expensive to access markets  Cultural differences between hosts / guests 8
  8. 8. Case Study  On India http://www.ssmrae.com/admin/images/c34 93b5ee7e926c8470506506061bdd0.pdf  On Taiwan http://fftc.imita.org/htmlarea_file/library/201 10726110810/eb456.pdf 9
  9. 9. To read from:  http://www.sillignakis.com/PDF/Rural_To urism_Finall_ALL.pdf 10
  10. 10. Definition  Is the set of tourist resources or activities located in towns and cities and offered to visitors from elsewhere.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=36cO CfsSpGk  (Video by UNWTO) 12
  11. 11. Classification  Urban Tourism is classified by Judd and Fainstein(1999) as: - Tourism urbanization : Specialized resort which have been created, planned/unplanned - Tourism Historic cities,Ancient Cities - Converted cities : Cities constructing infrastructure to attract visitors 13
  12. 12. Variety Under The Classification  Capital cities(eg: London,Paris,NYC) and cultural capitals(eg:Rome)  Metro centres and walled historic cities(eg:Kowloon,Lahore)  Large historic cities(Eg: Oxford, Cambridge)  Inner city areas  Revitalized waterfront areas(Sydney’s Darling Harbour,Mauritius’ Le Caudan Waterfront)  Industrial cities(Eg:Dubai.Abu Dhabi) 14
  13. 13. Variety Under The Classification-contd.  Seaside resorts and winter sports centres(Eg:Glenshee in Scotland,Kanin in Slovenia)  Purpose built integrated resorts(eg:Resorts World Sentosa,Marina Bay Sands in Singapore)  Tourist entertainment complexes(Disneyland and Las Vegas)  Specialized tourist service centres(eg: spas and pilgrimage centres)  Cultural art cities(eg:Florence) 15
  14. 14. 16
  15. 15. Elements of Urban Tourism  A more and more popular tourism product  A short stay(Max 3 days)  A destination most probably not further than 3 hours of flight  A tourism product complimentary to the main holidays  Represents a sudden buying pattern related to an expo,event,exhibition being held  Usually higher income groups 17
  16. 16. Characteristics of Urban Tourism  City of visit has to be playful,festive and sustainable  Encountering and interacting with locals  Decentralization of tourist areas in the city itself  Helps in attracting investment due to projection of a positive image  Tourism in cities provide economic utility to historic buildings 18
  17. 17. Challenges in Urban Tourism  Overuse and deterioration of resources  Overdevelopment of facilities  City congestion  Reduced quality of life for locals  Reduced quality of visitor experience  Preservation vs.development  Geographically spatial scale discontinuities  Public/Pvt.sector partnerships 19
  18. 18. Suggestions:  Increased public participation  Incorporation of local values in planning  Integrated policies at vertical and sectoral level  Monitoring changes  Indications of changes from benchmarks  Control to correct problems and achieve goals 20
  19. 19. Case Study on Amsterdam(Page 63)  http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/tourism/f iles/studies/towards_quality_tourism_rural_urb an_coastal/iqm_urban_en.pdf Case Study-Vaxjo (Sweden)  http://www.diva- portal.org/smash/get/diva2:430654/FULLTEXT 01 21
  20. 20. To read:  http://tourismplanningprofessionals.com/ ?p=440 22

×