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Nature and Scope of Sustainable Tourism
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Nature and Scope of Sustainable Tourism


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  • 1. 1
  • 2. Nature and Scope of Sustainable Tourism  Sustainable Tourism is a complex term  Synonymous with terms like Responsible Tourism,Alternative Tourism, Soft Tourism,Minimum impact tourism, Ecotourism, Environment Friendly Tourism.  Most of the authors talk about the responsibility of tourists towards nature but not about their rights as paying customers  Conversely they also talk about sustainable and non-sustainable sides of tourism, but there are many shades of grey as well. 2
  • 3. Scope of Sustainable Tourism: Sustainable Tourism Pollution Resource Use Wildlife Operational Practices of Tourism Organisatio n The Host Community tourism The Tourists The Industry Public Sector Policy Conservatio n ,Policies and Practices 3
  • 4. Aspects of Sustainable Tourism covered in the topic -Stakeholders encompassing the scope -Sustainable tourism and different types of environment -Different types of tourism and sustainable tourism -Sustainable Tourism and different types of tourism organizations -Different sectors of tourism and sustainability -Sustainable Tourism and functional management -Differences between the regions of the world in relation to the idea of sustainability 4
  • 5. 1.Stakeholders in Sustainable Tourism  Tourists – Mass market, ecotourists  The Host Community – Directly or indirectly employed in tourism,Local business people  Governmental Bodies – International eg:European Union,National,Regional and Local  Tourism Industry – Tour operators,Transport Operators,Hospitality Sector,Visitor attractions  Pressure Groups – Environment,Wildlife,Human rights, Workers Rights  Media – News,Specialist travel articles  Experts – Commercial consultants,Academics  Voluntary sector – NGO’s,Trusts and Environmental charities 5
  • 6. 2.Sustainable Tourism and Different Types of Environment  Different types of environment are: 1.Natural or Geographical -Tropical rainforests -Desert -Oceans -Grasslands -Polar regions -Wetlands : swamps,marshes 2.Man made -Outer Environment- Includes : infrastructure or material culture -Inner Environment – Includes : Society itself i.e. customs,heritage, rules and regulations or non- material culture 6
  • 7. 2.Sustainability and different types of environment – contd.  Emphasis in relation to sustainable tourism is … manage the existing forms of tourism in the different types of environment  Relationship between sustainability and different environments must improve with time.  It involves working for the long-term viability and quality of both natural and human resources.  Managing is certainly not anti-growth, but acknowledges that there are limits to growth.  The basic economics of tourism must be planned according to the sustainability and present carrying capacity of touristic areas for future need. 7
  • 8. 3.Different Types of Tourism and Sustainable Tourism  Principle of sustainability can be applied to any type of tourism.  It can be applied to social, economic and environmental impacts of any type of tourism.  Different forms of tourism need to understand their needs in order to support sustainability.  Awareness raising and training should be an integral part of different tourisms to understand and contribute towards sustainability. 8
  • 9. 2.Different Types of Tourism and Sustainable Tourism- Contd. Types of Tourism Highly Compatible with Sustainable Tourism Types of Tourism Largely Incompatible with Sustainable Tourism Eco tourism Mass market coastal tourism Cultural Tourism Activity based tourism such as skiing, mountain biking, off-road vehicle driving Small scale rural,’agro’ Tourism Hunting and Fishing holidays(especially unregulated) Conservation Tourism Visiting very fragile environments such as rain forests and Antarctica 9
  • 10. 4. Sustainable Tourism and Different Types of Tourism Organizations  Tourism involves a range of types of organisations: Tourism -Public sector bodies-national and regional -Private sector bodies -Voluntary sector bodies eg: trusts and societies -One person business -Small and medium enterprises -Large companies that operate in one sector of tourism -Large companies that operate in many sectors of tourism -Organisations that operate in domestic market -Organisations that operate internationally 10
  • 11. 4.Sustainable Tourism and Different Types of Tourism Organizations-Contd.  These range of organizations have different effects on sustainability:  Public sector sets strategies, private sector develops the products. Hence public sector must persuade the private sector which dominates the supply to follow their plans.  Large organizations seen as culprits for showing no or less commitment towards sustainability.One person business, small enterprises show long term commitment as they are locals.  Transnational enterprises should show interest in sustainability of the countries they deal with apart from their own country. 11
  • 12. 5.Sustainable Tourism and Different Sectors of Tourism  Different Sectors of Tourism and their issues with sustainability: a)Accommodation  Environmental impact of new buildings and their operation management eg: waste disposal  Role of multinational chains  Human resource policies eg: wage levels, discrimination b)Transport  Use of fuel  Land acquired for infrastructure for airports and roads  Traffic congestion on the roads 12
  • 13. 5. Sustainable Tourism and Different Sectors of Tourism- Contd. c)Tourism Services(Tour Operators)  Volume and types of trips tourists take to their destinations  Relations with local suppliers  Educating tourists about sustainable issues d)Visitor Attractions  Environmental impact of new buildings and attractions  Relations with local community  Employment policies 13
  • 14. 5. Sustainable Tourism and Different Sectors of Tourism- Contd e)Retail Travel Trade  Role in creating tourist expectations  Advice about destinations Eg: religion, health issues,political problems f)Adventure tourism and recreation:  Use and abuse of new destinations  Use and abuse of present destinations  Largely an area of interest of present travelers 14
  • 15. 5. Sustainable Tourism and Different Sectors of Tourism-Contd g)Destination Management(F and B Service,Events and Conferences)  Public sector planning and economic development strategies  Financial incentives for new developments  Tourist taxes and spending of this revenue 15
  • 16. 6.Sustainable Tourism and Functional Management  Sustainable tourism should be of concern to every person in an organization irrespective of departments and functions.  Different types of functional management roles are: -Marketing -Human Resource -Finance -Operations 16
  • 17. 6.Sustainable Tourism and Functional Management-Contd.  Marketing: - Attracting tourists to already fragile and overcrowded environments - Raising and shaping tourist expectations  Human Resources - The recruitment of locals and immigrants - Training and education - Racial or sexual discrimination - Wage levels and working conditions - Management styles 17
  • 18. 6.Sustainable Tourism and Functional Management-Contd.  Finance - Short term views - Longer term financial planning - Impact of cost reduction measures on the environment, staff and host community  Operations - Purchasing supplies - Waste disposal - Energy conservation - Pollution 18
  • 19. 7.Concept of Sustainable Tourism in Different Regions of the World  Sustainable tourism is more in countries where sustainable development is more eg: Germany and Scandinavian countries  Interest in sustainable tourism more in developed countries  Developing countries concentrate on short term economic development  Time is changing now!! 19