Dhanwantari education programme 1


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Dhanwantari education programme 1

  1. 1. Dhanwantari Education Programme
  2. 2. Different systems of our body
  3. 3. Muscular system
  4. 4. The muscular system is the largest system in the body.Muscles are located in practically every region of the body.The muscular system is made up of tissues that work with theskeletal system to control movement of the body.Muscles function is to produce force and cause motion.Muscles can cause either locomotion of the organism itself ormovement of internal organs.There are three distinct types of muscles:skeletal muscles, cardiac or heart muscles, and smooth muscles.Muscles provide strength,balance posture ,movement andheat for the body to keep warm.There are approximately 639 skeletal muscles .
  5. 5. Disorders of muscular system
  6. 6. Symptoms of Muscular diseases Stiffness, Muscle pull, Cramp , Spasm, Pain, Reduction in size, Loss of function
  7. 7. Tests for Muscular Diseases
  8. 8. Skeletal system
  9. 9. T h e S k e le t a l S y s t e mThe human skeleton consists of both fused andindividual bones supported and supplemented byligaments, tendons, muscles and cartilage.An average adult skeleton consists of 208 bones. There are five generalclassifications of bones, These areLong bones, Short bones, Flat bones, Irregular bones,and Sesamoid bones.Function: The Skeletal System serves many importantfunctions; it provides the shape and form for our bodiesin addition to supporting, protecting, allowing bodilymovement, producing blood for the body, and storingminerals.
  10. 10. Disorders of Skeletal System
  11. 11. Symptoms of Skeletal System Pain in joint Swelling of joints Redness at joint Morning stiffness Rubbing sounds in joints Low joint activity Pain in long bones
  12. 12. Tests for skeletal Diseases
  13. 13. Nervous System
  14. 14. The nervous system is a network of specialized cells that communicate information about anorganisms surroundings and itself.The nervous system is divided broadly into two categories: the peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system. Neurons generate and conduct impulses between and withinthe two systems. The peripheral nervous system is composed of sensory neurons and theneurons that connect them to the nerve cord, spinal cord and brain, whichmake up the central nervous system.In response to stimuli, sensory neurons generate and propagate signals tothe central nervous system which then processes and conducts signals backto the muscles and glands. The neuron is the functional unit of the nervous system. H u m a n s h a v e a b o u t 10 0b illio n n e u r o n s in t h e ir b r a ina lo n e !
  15. 15. Disorders of Nervous System
  16. 16. Symptoms of Nervous System Tingling Numbness Ticks Tremors Pain Loss of sensation Loss of muscle power Loss of function
  17. 17. Tests for Nervous system disorders
  18. 18. Endocrine System
  19. 19.  The endocrine system is made up of a group of glands that produce the bodys long- distance messengers, or hormones. The endocrine system is an information signal system much like the nervous system. However, the nervous system uses nerves to conduct information, whereas the endocrine system mainly uses blood vessels as information channels. The major human endocrine glands include hypothalamus and pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads or sex organs, pineal gland. Functions: The endocrine system is instrumental in regulating mood, growth and development, tissue function, and metabolism, as well as sexual function and reproductive processes.
  20. 20. Disorders of Endocrine System
  21. 21. Symptoms of Endocrine Disorders Shortness of height Bone pain Hyper pigmentation Upper body obesity Dry skin Sudden loss of hairs Excessive eating Excessive thirst Excessive urination
  22. 22. Tests for Endocrine Disorders
  23. 23. Cardiovascular System
  24. 24. The Cardiovascular Systemis an organ system that passes nutrients (such as amino acids andelectrolytes), gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. toand from cells in the body to help fight diseases and help stabilize bodytemperature and pH to maintain homeostasis. This system may be seen strictly as a blooddistribution network, but some consider the circulatory system as composed ofthe cardiovascular system, which distributes blood, and the lymphatic system,which distributes lymph.On average, your body has about 5 liters of blood continually traveling throughit by way of the circulatory system. The heart, the lungs, and the blood vessels worktogether to form the circle part of the circulatory system. The pumping of the heart forces the bloodon its journey.Two types of fluids move through the circulatory system: blood and lymph. The blood, heart, and blood vessels form the cardiovascularsystem. The lymph, lymph nodes, and lymphvessels form the lymphatic system. Thecardiovascular system and the lymphatic system collectively make up thecirculatory system.The circulatory system is divided into three major parts: heart, blood and blood vessels.
  25. 25. Disorders of Cardiovascular System
  26. 26. Symptoms ofCar diovascularDisor der s Fullness of breath on exertion Chest pain Oedema on feet Claudication of feet Nasal bleeding
  27. 27. Tests for Cardiovascular System
  28. 28. Respiratory System
  29. 29. A r e s p ir a t o r ys ys te m sfunction is to allow gas exchange.The anatomical features of the respiratory systeminclude airways, lungs, and the respiratory muscles. Molecules ofoxygen and carbon dioxide are passivelyexchanged, by diffusion, between the gaseousexternal environment and the blood. This exchange processoccurs in the alveolar region of the lungs.
  30. 30. Disorders of Respiratory System
  31. 31. Symptoms of Respirator ydisor der s Sneezing Watery discharge through nose Coughing Fullness of breath Sputum Blood in sputum Chest pain Wheezing sounds of breathing
  32. 32. Tests for Respiratorydisorders
  33. 33. GastrointestinalSystem
  34. 34. The digestive systemis one of the most complex systems of the body. The digestive system is made up of organs that break down food intovitamins, minerals, protein, carbohydrates, and fats, which the body needs forenergy, growth, and repair.The main organs of the digestive system are mouth, esophagus, stomach, smalland large intestines, anus, appendix. Accessory organs to the alimentary canalinclude the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.Digestion involves mixing food with digestive juices, moving it through thedigestive tract, and breaking down large molecules of food into smaller molecules. Digestion begins in the mouth, when you chew and swallow, and is completed inthe small intestine.In human body, food enters the mouth, being chewed by teeth, and broken downby the saliva from the salivary glands. Then it travels down the esophagus into thestomach, where acid begins physical break down of some food, and chemicalalteration of some. The "leftovers" go through the small intestine, through thelarge intestine, and are excreted during defecation.
  35. 35. Gastrointestinal Disorders
  36. 36. Symptoms ofGastr ointestinal disor der s Constipation Nausea Vomiting Gas in stomach Loss of appetite Heartburn Stomachache Loose motion
  37. 37. Tests ofGastr ointestinal disor der s
  39. 39. The urinary systemis the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. In humans it includes twokidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra, and the penis in males. After your body has taken what it needs from the food, waste products are leftbehind in the blood and in the bowel. The urinary system works with the lungs,skin, and intestines -all of which also excrete wastes- to keep the chemicals andwater in your body balanced. Adults eliminate about a quart and a half of urine each day. The amount depends on many factors, especially the amounts of fluid andfood a person consumes and how much fluid is lost through sweat andbreathing. Certain types of medications can also affect the amount of urineeliminated.The urinary system removes a type of waste called urea from your blood. Urea is produced when foods containing protein, such as meat, poultry, andcertain vegetables, are broken down in the body. Urea is carried in the bloodstream to the kidneys.
  41. 41. Symptoms ofRenal disor der s B u r n in g m ic t u r a t io n P a in in a bdome n M ig r a t in g s t r o n g p a in S ho rtne s s o f b re a th Oe de ma Los s of a p p e t it e
  44. 44. Th e h u m a n r e p r o d u c t iv es ys te mThe main male sex organs are the penis and the testes which producesemen and sperm, A females internal reproductive organs are the vagina, uterus,fallopian tubes, and ovaries.Both the male and female reproductive systems play a role inpregnancy. Problems with these systems can affect fertility and theability to have children. There are many such problems in men andwomen. Reproductive health problems can also be harmful to overallhealth and impair a persons ability to enjoy a sexual relationship.Your reproductive health is influenced by many factors. These includeyour age, lifestyle, habits, genetics, use of medicines and exposure tochemicals in the environment.
  47. 47. SYMPTOMS OF DISORDERS OF FEMALEREPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM W h it e d is c h a r g e t h r o u g h v a g in a S m a ll r e d b u m p s , s o r e s o n v a g in a Va g in a l it c h in g H e a vy me ns tru a l f lo w P a in in a b d o m e n In f e r t ilit y
  48. 48. SYMPTOMS OF DISORDERSOF MALEREPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM B u r n in g m ic t u r a t io n W h it e d is c h a r g e w it h u r in e Re d bumps , s o r e s in p e n ile a re a Te s t i c u l a r p a i n O e de ma on
  51. 51. EYE
  52. 52. The human eye is an organ which reacts to light for several purposes.Before you finish reading this sentence, approximately one hundredbillion (100,000,000,000) operations will have been completed inside youreyes.The eye is not properly a sphere, rather it is a fused two-piece unit.The smaller, less curved unit called the cornea, is linked to the larger unitcalled the sclera. The cornea and sclera are connected by a ring calledthe limbus. The iris and its black center, the pupil, are seen instead of thecornea due to the corneas transparency.The eye is made up of three coats, enclosing three transparentstructures. The outermost layer is composed of the cornea and sclera.The middle layer consists of the choroid, ciliary body, and iris. Theinnermost is the retina, which gets its circulation from the vessels of thechoroid as well as the retinal vessels, which can be seen in anopthalmoscope.
  54. 54. SYMPTOMS OF EYEDISORDERS E y e p a in E y e it c h in g R e d c o lo u r e ye s W a t e r in g o f e ye s D is c h a r g e fr o m e ye s S w e llin g o f e y e lid s
  56. 56. DENTAL
  58. 58. DENTALDISORDERS To o t h a c h e To o t h d is c o lo r a t i on Loos e to o th S w o lle n g ums B le e d in g
  61. 61. SYMPTOMS OF ENTDISORDERS E a r a c he Ear d is c h a r g e Tin it u s H e a r in g p r o b le m s T h r o a t p a in Hoa rs e ne s s o f v o ic e He a da c he Nas al d is c h a r g e
  63. 63. SKIN
  65. 65. SYMPTOMS OF SKINDISORDERS D r y s k in R e dne s s of s k in B umps P u s t u le s Ras h It c h in g O o z in g Oe de ma Los s of
  68. 68. ANEMIA
  69. 69. -: Contact Detail :- Manish Rathod +91 99798 78990dhanwantari@india.com Vadodara.