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Criminalization of politics in india

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  • 1. Criminalization of Politics in India http://www.halfmantr.com/display-national-issues/1025-criminalizatio... Search Go उ तर दे श लोक सेवा आयोग पर ा क लए वशेष पाठन साम ी े Special Study Material for Madhya Pradesh PSC Exam Click here... Read Full Indian History Online Home Exams Previous Year Papers Blogs Toppers Talk Discussion Forum G.K & Interview Tips Share this on facebook Latest Articles Criminalization of Politics in Secular India marriages in India Saral By: Davendra Sharma Money: Launched in Delhi In a democracy, the elected representatives are responsible for GMR governing the country; therefore, it is of utmost importance, that the Maldives people who enter the field of politics have a clean image and high Controversy moral character. However, the current trends reflect otherwise. As per a Energy report prepared by ADR India, 15% of the candidates contesting last Poverty Lok Sabha elections had criminal cases pending against them. Out of Amendments these 608 candidates have criminal cases of serious nature. These in Money candidates were fielded by almost all the major political parties and a Laundering large number of such candidates contested as independents as well. Act The above said report also states out of 543 elected candidates 162 Electoral have criminal cases pending against them. Reforms Entry of such people in our legislature is a cause of grave concern and Execution needs serious consideration. This criminalization of politics is a result of of Kasab: nexus between criminals and the politicians. However, people of this The country will also have to share some responsibility for electing these Controversy people. While on one hand this destroys the sanctity of our political News and institutions on the other it emboldens the criminals to carry on their Events for activities without any fear of the law enforcement agencies. November It is usually said that people vote for criminals out of fear. The factor might 2012 have some impact in small elections like local bodies’ election, but it is nearly Centre-State impossible to terrorize the electorate of a state assembly or parliamentary relations constituency. This is evident from the fact that mafia dons who have tried to Anti gain political power independent of the established political parties, have Corruption either completely failed or have been severely restricted. Increased Bills: importance of criminals in the political arena is due to a combination of Pending in1 of 5 16-12-2012 14:33
  • 2. Criminalization of Politics in India http://www.halfmantr.com/display-national-issues/1025-criminalizatio... several factors which have social, political and legal dimensions. Parliament Other Related Topics Social aspects related to National News Popular Articles Maths Criminalization of politics Resources and Indian Current General About and Polity and International and Political Economics Affairs Knowledge Indian History Constitution Relations Events Model Aptitude Issues 1. Since ancient times, Indian society has been torn by the Answers of IAS differences of caste andSSC creed. NDA has resulted in Bank This IAS Mains Exams Exam MBA CDS PO/IBPS Exam fragmentation of the society. (Previous 2. These differences were also reflected in the world of crime. Year Register with Us! Get Updates about Examdacoits of Chambal ravine in your email Inbox. (Click In earlier periods, the functioning of and Free Study material Papers) showed similar patterns where gangs were formed on caste Answer basis. These were stated to have sizeable support from their here to Register with Us) Keys and respective communities. An example of this is the erection of a Cut Off temple in the honour of Dacoit Man Singh in his native village Analysis Ifas well asdoubts, discuss them with our Expert Team and members IAS 2012 you have the support some other dacoits like Phoolan Devi (Click Here) have got from their communities. IAS CSAT 3. A number of person likes this. Be the first of yourretained the Paper II Like One present day mafia dons have friends. casteist nature of their functioning. However, this has been Answer possible only in rural areas where the differences on the basis Keys 2012 Like of caste and creed are still strong. InExams, areas, and Study Material on your Wall. Us on Facebook! Get updates about urban Tests efforts of Explanations mafia dons to enter political world have not received much For Prelims public support. Political outfits, floated by dons like Haji Mastan 2012 Paper and more recently ArunNationalhave hardly made anyofimpact in India Daily Quiz || Display Gawli issues || Criminalization Politics on political scenario of the country. UP-PCS Copyright© Halfmantr 2012. All rights reserved. || Designed by Grey Applez India All Applez India CSS Valid | XHTML Valid | CSS 2012 XHTML Paper Services (P)However, 4. Ltd. in rural areas where the differences of caste and I(General creed are still strong, feuds and rivalries exist between various Studies) social groups. This gives the local don a chance of presenting Model himself as a protector of the community. Answer1 5. On the other hand the establishment has not been able to For Mains instill confidence among people at large. The administrative How to and judicial processes are long, expensive and cumbersome begin your which the common man wants to avoid. These are favorable preparation situations for development of an extra legal authority and for Civil wherever possible mafia dons have filled the slot posing Services themselves as protector of their communities and tormentor of Exam? the rivals. This grants them acceptability and support from their IAS Mains community and if the community is large enough in numbers, Compulsory the support can lead to a victory in elections. Paper Year Indus Valley Civilization Political aspects related to Criminalization of Politics 1. Period of freedom movement was also a period of social churning. Leaders participating in freedom movement also had a vision of the society they wanted the country to have. These leaders also realized their social responsibility and when they acquired political leadership, they carried their concept of social responsibility into the arena of politics. 2. However, slowly, with the change of generation, a new2 of 5 16-12-2012 14:33
  • 3. Criminalization of Politics in India http://www.halfmantr.com/display-national-issues/1025-criminalizatio... breed of politicians came up which gave up the concept of social responsibility and concentrated on winning elections. 3. At this stage, the political fraternity realized that differences of caste and creed among the people could be utilized for electoral gains. Thus started the practice of selecting electoral candidates on basis of dominant community of the constituency. 4. However, mere selection of the candidate not being sufficient, support from the influential persons of the community including the ‘strongman’ was also required to win the support of the community. 5. This provided a foothold to the local don who could garner some votes and also provide muscle power as well as financial resources. Such people had always wanted the support of the ruling establishment as it would bring them acceptability as well as safety from the law. Thus, a nexus, favorable to both was created. 6. In the initial stages, the criminal was subservient to the politician. With the growth of time, the politician became more and more distant from the public and hence relied more and more on the divisive politics and hence required the services of the local don more often. 7. This resulted in the increased clout for criminals who now understood that instead of supporting a politician to get elected, it was more beneficial to get themselves elected as this would give them a direct control over administration. 8. As a result political parties started giving tickets to such candidates. The menace has now increased to such an extent that more than 25% of candidates fielded by both the national parties i.e. Congress as well as BJP have criminal cases pending against them. Legal Aspects 1. Section 8 of the People’s Representation Act, 1951 bars a convicted person from contesting elections. However the limitations of this law are evident in number of tainted candidates contesting elections. 2. As the tainted candidate is usually quite resourceful and is in a position to influence the establishment, proving of charges and hence conviction becomes difficult. 3. Lengthy legal procedures delay the conviction only to the advantage of the criminal. 4. System of forming a political party and contesting elections is extremely easy in India which has led to mushrooming of parties and independents. Criminals have taken advantage of this system. Whenever, such a candidate is denied ticket by any major political party, he would threaten to either float his political outfit or contest as an independent candidate. This increases the bargaining power of the tainted candidate3 of 5 16-12-2012 14:33
  • 4. Criminalization of Politics in India http://www.halfmantr.com/display-national-issues/1025-criminalizatio... vis-à-vis the political party. 5. The Election Commission has suggested that the People’s Representation Act should be amended to provide that any person who is accused of an offence punishable by imprisonment for five years or more should be disqualified from contesting election even when trial is pending, provided charges have been framed against him by the competent court. As a precaution against motivated cases by the ruling party, it was to be provided that only those cases which were filed prior to six months before an election alone would lead to disqualification as proposed. It was also suggested that persons found guilty by a Commission of Enquiry should also stand disqualified from contesting elections. The suggestions are yet to be accepted. Impact of criminalization A criminal is on the wrong side of the law and hence cannot be expected to make positive contributions to the legislative or administrative process It brings a sense of futility among the administration particularly the police administration and demoralizes them Presence of tainted candidates in the law making institutions creates embarrassment for the country as well as the people Rise of a criminal to high levels of powers has an adverse effect on the society. The immunity and success of these people lures more and more youngsters to follow in their footsteps. This brings in degeneration of moral values in the society. Stand of political parties: Politicians and political parties take a stand that that the charges are politically motivated. They also contend that the candidate fielded by them has not been proved guilty. This argument is based on the accepted legal principle that every man is innocent till proved guilty. The logic is correct from an individualistic point of view, but it is expected that a political party would give precedence to the larger public interest. The question is; will a politician having criminal case pending against him, be able to gain confidence of the people of the country. The answer would be no. Therefore, it would be prudent if the politcal parties refrain from taking a call on the innocence of such candidates and give a thought to their social responsibilites. Solutions for Criminalization of Politics4 of 5 16-12-2012 14:33
  • 5. Criminalization of Politics in India http://www.halfmantr.com/display-national-issues/1025-criminalizatio... 1. Amendments suggested by the Election Commission in People’s Representation Act should be implemented. 2. There should be strict control on formation of political parties and independent candidates. This would restrict the bargaining power of the tainted candidates. 3. Administration in general and police administration in particular should develop a people friendly approach and image so that people develop confidence towards the legal institutions. 4. Justice Deleivery system should be strengthened so as to provide speedy justice. While on one hand this will increase the faith of the people in the system, on the other hand it will result in speedy trial of tainted candidates. 5. Political parties also need to understand that their compromising with principles for petty electoral gains is not in the larger interest of the country. The parties need to develop a consensus about not fielding such candidates. 6. This nexus has thrived on the fragmentation of the society. Social organizations should try to remove feeling of rivalry between groups. This will lead to an objective assessment of the candidates and will remove the tainted candidates from the political scene. Go to Previous Page Add comment Website 1000 symbols left Notify me of follow-up comments Send JComments5 of 5 16-12-2012 14:33