ICT Systems

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ICT Systems

  1. 1. ICT OBJECTSDhafin
  2. 2. MonitorA monitor (also called visual display unit) is anelectronic visual display for computers. The monitorshows the display device, circuitry, and others. Thedisplay device in modern monitors is typically thin filmtransistor liquid display (TFT-LCD) thin panel, oldermonitors use a cathode ray tube (CRT) about as deep asthe screen size.RGB pixel arrayOriginally, computer monitors were used for dataprocessing while television receivers used forentertainment. The common aspect ratio of televisions,and then computer monitors, also changed from 4:3 to16:9 (and 16:10).19 Inch LG monitorhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monitor
  3. 3. KeyboardUS PC keyboardDvorak KeyboardKeyboard connected tothe CPU and Monitorkeyboard is a type writer style keyboard, which usesan arrangement of buttons or keys, to act asmechanical levers or electronic switches. Followingthe decline of punch cards and paper tape,interaction via teleprinter-style keyboards becamethe main input device for computers.Alphabetic NumeralThere are a number of different arrangements alphabetic,numeric, and punctuation symbols on keys. they need speciallayout for math , programming, or other purposes. UnitedStates Keyboard layout is used as default operating systems:Windows, Mac O SX and Linux. The common QWERTY-layout.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keyboard
  4. 4. PrinterPrinter is peripheral which produces a text or graphics ofdocuments stored in electronic form, usually on physical printmedia like paper or transparencies. Many printers are used aslocal peripherals, and attached by printer cable or, in most newprinters, a USB cable to computer which serves a documentsource.Work printerIn addition, some modern printers directly interface to electronicmedia as memory cards, or image capture devices as digitalcameras and scanners. Some printers combined with scanners orfax machines in single unit, and can function as photocopiers.Home Printerhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printer
  5. 5. ScannerIn computing, image scanner often connected to just scanner ,adevice that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting, oran object, and converts it to digital image. Examples found inoffices are variations of the desktop (or flatbed) scanner where tdocument is placed on a glass window for scanningHand-held scanners, where the device is moved by hand, haveevolved from text scanning to 3D scanners used for industrial design,reverse engineering, test and measurement, orthotics, gaming andother applications. Mechanically driven scanners that move thedocument are typically used for large-format documents, where aflatbed design would be impractical.3D scanner workhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scanner
  6. 6. MouseA mouse is a pointing device that functions by detecting two-dimensionalmotion relative to its supporting surface. Physically, a mouse consists ofan object held under one of the users hands, with one or more buttons.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mouse
  7. 7. CPU (Central Processing Unit)The central processing unit (CPU), is the hardware within a computer system which carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of the system. The CPU plays a role to the brain in the computer. The CPU has been in use in the computer industry at since the early 1960s.The form, design, and implementation of CPUs changed dramatically since the earlier examples, but their fundamental operation remains much the same.From aboveFrom belowhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/CPU
  8. 8. Floppy diskis a CD rom that can save, but its square.FlashdiskIs a component for saving files that have not many memoryDVD-ROM Compact DiskA USB flash drive is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface. USB flash drives are typically removable and rewritable, and physically much smaller than a floppy disk. Most weight less than 30 g.A floppy disk, or diskette, is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic carrier lined with fabric that removes dust particles. They are read and written by a floppy disk drive (FDD). is a pre-pressed compact disc that contains data accessible to, but not writable by, a computer for data storage and music playback. The 1985 standard developed by Sony and Philips adapted the format to hold any form of binary data.The Compact Disc, or CD for short, is an optical disc used to store digital data. It was originally developed to store and play back sound recordings only, but the format was later adapted for storage of datahttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/DVD-ROM http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compact_dischttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flashdisk http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floppy_disk
  9. 9. HarddiskHarddisk is components that is hard  A hard disk drive (HDD) also hard drive, hard disk, or disk drive) is a device for storing and retrieving digital information, primarily computer data. It consists of one or more rigid (hence "hard") rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material, and with magnetic heads arranged to write data to the surfaces and read it from them.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hard_disk_drive
  10. 10. NETWORKCOMMUNICATIONSYSTEM
  11. 11. TelephoneTelefon era yang baruEra telefon sebelum.Telefon adalah alat komunikasi untuk menelfon siapasaja dia jarak yang dekat atau jauh. AlexanderGraham Bell menciptkan telefon dan mencobamenelfon ke Chicago dari NY. Sebelumnya, telefonmenggunakan kabel atau analog. Dan era telefonyang baru, mungkin bisa mengggunakan wirelessatau bluetooth atau mereka tetap menggunakan kabelyang lebih baik dengan jarak dan tempat yang lebihjauh.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telefon
  12. 12. ISDN(Integrated Services Digital Network)German StampAdalah perkataan,video,data,dan jaringanservis di sirkuit tradisional dari jaringantelefon umum.Lebih dipentigkan ISDN, sistem telefondiperlihatkan dengan cara mengirim kansuara, dengan servis yang special untukdatahttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISDN
  13. 13. FacsimileDikatakan lebih mudah (Facsimile)adalah transmisi lewat telepon dari bahan cetak dipindai (teks dan gambar),biasanya ke nomor telepon terhubung ke printer atau perangkat output lainnya.The kertas nyata discan pindah ke Bitmap dan mengirimkan melalui sistem teleponhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facsimile
  14. 14. Fiber OpticTOSLINK FiberAn optical fiber junction boxSebuah serat optik (atau serat optik) adalah serat, fleksibeltransparan terbuat dari kaca (silika) atau plastik, sedikit lebih tebaldari rambut manusia. Berfungsi sebagai Waveguide, atau "pipacahaya", untuk mengirimkan cahaya antara kedua ujung serat.Bidang ilmu terapan dan teknik berkaitan dengan desain danaplikasi serat optik dikenal sebagai serat optik ..http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serat_optik
  15. 15. Leatsed LineSebuah leased line adalah kontrak pelayanan antara penyedia dan pelanggan, dimanapenyedia setuju untuk memberikan garis simetris telekomunikasi yangmenghubungkan dua atau lebih lokasi dalam pertukaran untuk sewa bulanan (makasewa jangka).Hal ini kadang-kadang dikenal sebagai "Sirkuit Swasta" atau "Data Line" di Inggris.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leased_line
  16. 16. WirelessNirkabel telekomunikasi adalah transferinformasi antara dua atau lebih titik yang tidakterhubung secara fisik. Jarak bisa pendekseperti remote control televisi atau sejauhribuan bahkan jutaan kilometer untuk ruangdalam komunikasi radio.
  17. 17. Satelitehttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satelit((KOMUNIKASI))…..Satelit komunikasi adalah sebuah satelit buatan yang ditempatkan diangkasa dengan tujuan telekomunikasi. Satelit komunikasi yang modern menggunakanorbit bumi renda dengan tipe tipe orbit yang lain
  18. 18. AntennaBIDANG ELEKTRONIKA….. Antena adalah transformator struktur transmisi antaragelombang ruang bebas atau sebaliknya.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antena_(radio)
  19. 19. CellularTelepon genggan atau handphone HP adalah perangkat telekomunikasielektronik yang mempunyai kemampuan dasar yang sama dengan telponkonvensional saluran tetap, namun dapat dibawa kemana-mana(portable,mobile) dan tidak perlu disambungkan dengan jaringan kabel,(nirkabel,Wireless)…http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telepon_genggam
  20. 20. NET TOOLS
  21. 21. ServerServer adalah sebuah sistem komputer yang menyediakan jenis layanan tertentu dalamsebuah jaringan komputer.Server didukung dengan prosesor yang bersifat scalable dan RAM yang besar, jugadilengkapi dengan sistem operasi khusus, yang disebut sistem operasi jaringanid.wikipedia.org/wiki/Server
  22. 22. ClientKlien dalam ilmu komputer adalah sebuah aplikasi atau yang mengakses sebuah sistemlayanan yang berada di sistem atau komputer lain yang dikenal dengan server melaluijaringan komputer. Istilah ini pertama kali diaplikasikan ke perangkat tambahan yang diwaktu itu tidak dapat menjalankan programnya sendiri, tetapi dapat berinteraksi dengankomputer lain melalui jaringanhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klien-server
  23. 23. RouterPeruter atau penghala yg sering disebut ROUTER dalam bahasa inggris adalah sebuahalat yang mengirimkan paket data melalui sebuah jaringan atau internet menujutujuannya, melalui sebuah proses yang dikenal sebagai penghalaan.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penghala
  24. 24. Modemhttp://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/ModemModem stands for MOdulatorDEmulator comes from a partthat converts the signalinformation into a carriersignal or CARRIER and readyto be delivered, while thedemodulator is the part thatseparates the informationsignal birisi data ormessages from the receivedsignal carrier so that theinformation can be receivedwell
  25. 25. Internet
  26. 26. Internet UserInternet user is the user that use the computer, internet user is a userusing an internet playing learning or studying with it.‘My Own Words”
  27. 27. Hacker and Crackerhttp://roniamardi.wordpress.com/definisi-hacker-cracker/Hacker is the person who vandalized a system, steal data belonging to others via the internet and havethe ability to analyze the weaknesses of a system or site.Middle IT is a term for those who provide a useful contribution to the computer network, creating a smallprogram and give it to the people on the internet.Highly IT is proffesional hacker is a computer or IT group, they may consist instead of a computerEngineers, pengaturcara and so have a high knowledge in a computer system.Type HackersWhite Hat hackers in the English term white hat is: focus on the action how to protect a system, whichcontradicts with the black hat is more focused on how the action through the system.Black Hat hacker hackers referring to those who break through the security of computer systemswithout permission, usually for the purpose of accessing computers connected to the network.Advantages: can be extended to a variety of places, can do programming, not just theory, to learnprogramming.Disadvantages: arrogant, can steal passwords, corrupt the systemPositives: perfecting a system
  28. 28. Hacker and Crackerhttp://roniamardi.wordpress.com/definisi-hacker-cracker/Cracker: It is called fatherly them into other peoples systems and crackers is more"destructive", usually a computer network, posted by-pass the password or license computerprograms, computer security against the deliberate, men deface (change the web homepage) belonging to the another even up to delete other peoples data, steal data.
  29. 29. Organizationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_organizationsIs play or played by role in the evolution of the internet bydeveloping recommendations, standards, and technology;deploying infra structure and services; and addressing othermajor issues.
  30. 30. CardingIn internet, carding a violence example, or some not hacking isused to be an activity that connected to the credit card.Example like a commerce transaction and the payment usingcredit card.http://pc-alert.blogspot.com/2010/03/teknik-carding-kartu-kredit-tanpa.html
  31. 31. How to Share Information1. Facebook 16. Gmail2. Google+plus 17. ETC3. OmG Yahoo 18. WhatsApp4. Twitter 19. BBMessenger5. Tumbl’r 20. Magazine6. Friendster 21. MSN Weekly7. Blogger 22. Palringo8. Instagram 23. KiK Messenger9. Youtube 24.10. Email11. Outlook12. SMS13. Phone Call14. Letter15. Mail
  32. 32. Historical ICTHistorical Period (3000 BC till 1400 AD)The development of more advanced way of communicating in the history,from the invention of the phonetic alphabet, Karta as the media writing, tothe way print books. Following the development of information thatoccurred during mass history.
  33. 33. Events3000 BC The Sumerians discovered writing for the first time. The text is in the form of symbolscalled pictographs.2900 BC the ancient Egyptians had developed writing hieroglyphs to communicate.2500 BC AbacusThis tool is considered as a first time digital calculations. Yet clearly the original source of thisabacus or, supposedly from Babylon, China, or Egypt.1775 BC The Greeks introduced the system of writing from left to right using the phoneticalphabet letter made based on sound speech.1400 BC The Chinese began to write them on a piece of the history of animal bones.1270 BC Syrian nation has made the Encyclopedia for the first time900 BC The Chinese made the postal service system and the first post office776 BC The Greeks use pigeons to send information530 BC The Greeks also create a library for the first time500 BC The Egyptians used papyrus as paper fiber trees105 BC The Chinese discovered the paper. The man who found the paper was named Tsai Lun.The paper is made from bamboo fibers are crushed, filtered, washed, flattened and then dried.14 AD The Romans officially made the postal service system37 AD Emperor Tiberius of Rome using the mirror as a tool to send a message (heliograph).305 AD The Chinese created the first printing press made of slabs of wood carving. System doneusing h wood and covered by ink.
  34. 34. Historical ICTModern Period (1400 AD till Now)During this period, significant progress was made on the development ofinformation and communication technology. These developments during themodern period.The Modern Development of ICT tools
  35. 35. event1450 AD The first newspaper in the world began to circulate in Europe, although not yet published in the daily1455 M Johann Gutenberg developed the printing press that uses the letters of the iron plate and framed with woodthat can be changed1560 M camera first images created with the name of the Camera Obscure1642 M Pascals Machine Aritmetique (The Pascaline) created by Blaise Pascal mathematician and philosopher ofthe French. This tool is a machine tool with a mechanical calculation of the first, and to date still using moderncomputer engineering tools.1650 AD The first newspaper circulating in Germany1714 M Henry Mill of England created the modern typewriter1793 M Claude Chappe optical telegraph line to make long distance1821 M microfon for the first time discovered by Charles Whaetstone1830 M Agusta Lady Byron wrote the first computer program in collaboration with Charles Babbages Analyticalengine uses ideas1831 M Joseph Henry created the worlds first electric lines1837 M Samuel F.B. Morse with William Cook and Charles Whaetstone develop the telegraph and Morse code1843 M Alexander Bain invented the first Fax1861 M discovery tool called Kinematoskop to play slide1876 M Thomas Alva Edison invented the first photocopy machine, Alexander Graham Bell claimed to have createdthe telephone. In the same year, Dewey developed a system of recording Melvyl catalog of books to libraries aroundthe world called the Dewey Decimal System
  36. 36. Event1888 AD The creation of a roll of film to photograph by George Eastman1910 M Thomas Alva Edison invented the worlds first silent movie1923 AD The discovery of the first television sets by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin1934 M Joseph Begun developing Tape Recorder1936 AD The first computer in the world with the name of the Z1 was invented by Konrad Zuse1945 M Vannevar Bush developed a code of Hypertext1946 M ENIAC 1 is the first digital computer developed1957 M Soviet Union (RMusia) launched Sputnik as the first artificial earth satellite, whereas inAmerica are ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency)1958 Chester Carlson M menciptkakan first copier with Xerox name1963 M American system creates a zip code1969 AD The birth of the ARPANET as a forerunner to the Internet1971 M Diskette creation of the worlds firstM 1972 Ray Tomlinson created the first e-mail program1973 AD The birth of the internet protocol TCP / IP1979 M Japan spearheaded the creation of the first wireless telephone network in the world1980 M Company Sony, Japan made the worlds first Walkman1985 AD The discovery of a data storage disc (CD)1992 M advent of the WWW by CERN (Particle Laboratory in Switzerland)1999 AD The advent of the search engine giant in the world for free information that isGoogle.com
  37. 37. Historical ICTHistory of ComputersThe development is divided into 5 generation of computers, which are as follows.a.computer First Generation (1940 s.d. 1959)This first generation of computers is characterized using vacuum tubes toprocess and store data, fast heat and flammable, therefore thousands of vacuumtubes required to run the entire operation of the computer, and also requires avery large power. The first generation of computers is 100% electronic. Firstgeneration computers were characterized by the fact that operating instructionswere made specifically for a particular task. Each computer has a program ofdifferent binary-coded-called "machine language" (machine language). Thiscauses the computer is difficult to be programmed and the speed limit.
  38. 38. Historical ICTThe characteristics of the first generation computers are:The program is in machine language,Using the concept of program storage,The components used are vacuum tubes,large physical size and thus require a big power, andCan be stored on magnetic tape and disk magnetig.For example, the IBM 701 computer made in 1953 is alarge commercial computers, while IBM 705 which wasmade in 1959 used in the industry.
  39. 39. Historical ICTIn 1948, the invention of the transistor greatly influenced thedevelopment of computers. The transistor replaced the vacuum tubein televisions, radios, and computers. As a result, the size of electricmachines is reduced drastically. The transistor used in computersbegan in 1956. Other findings in the form of magnetic core memory-second generation computers smaller, faster, more reliable, and moreenergy efficient than its predecessor. The first machine that utilizesthis new technology is the supercomputer. IBM makes supercomputernamed Stretch, and Sprery-Rand makes a computer named LARC.These computers, both developed for atomic energy laboratories,could handle large amounts of data, a capability much in demand byatomic scientists.The second generation of computers replacing the machine languageto assembly language. Assembly language is a language that uses toreplace the binary code.
  40. 40. Historical ICT- Jean Hoerni developed the planar transistor. Thistechnology enables the development of millions and evenbillions of transistors incorporated into a small piece ofsilicon crystal.- USSR (Russia at that time) sputnik launch of the firstartificial earth satellite who served as a spy. In return theU.S. formed Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)under the authority of the Department of Defense todevelop scientific knowledge in the field of InformationTechnology and the Military.1957
  41. 41. Historical ICT1958 Chester Carlson M made the first copier with Xerox name1963 M American system creates a zip code1969 AD The birth of the ARPANET as a forerunner to the Internet1971 M Diskette creation of the worlds firstM 1972 Ray Tomlinson created the first e-mail program1973 AD The birth of the internet protocol TCP / IP1979 M Japan spearheaded the creation of the first wireless telephone network in theworld1980 M Company Sony, Japan made the worlds first Walkman1985 AD The discovery of a data storage disc (CD)1992 M advent of the WWW by CERN (Particle Laboratory in Switzerland)1999 AD The advent of the search engine giant in the world for free information thatis Google.com
  42. 42. HISTORICAL I:C:TIn 1948, the invention of the transistor greatly influenced the development of computers. Thetransistor replaced the vacuum tube in televisions, radios, and computers. As a result, the sizeof electric machines is reduced drastically. The transistor used in computers began in 1956.Other findings in the form of magnetic core memory-second generation computers smaller,faster, more reliable, and more energy efficient than its predecessor. The first machine thatutilizes this new technology is the supercomputer. IBM makes supercomputer named Stretch,and Sprery-Rand makes a computer named LARC. These computers, both developed for atomicenergy laboratories, could handle large amounts of data, a capability much in demand byatomic scientists.? Second generation computers replaced the machine language to assemblylanguage. Assembly language is a language that uses singkatansingkatan to replace the binarycode. The second generation of computers is a computer which used transistors. They alsohave components that can be associated with the computer at this time such as printers,storage, disk, memory, operating system, and programs. One important example of this is thecomputer in the IBM 1401 that is widely accepted in the industry.? Several programminglanguages began to appear at that time. Programming language Common Business-Oriented​​Language (COBOL) and FORTRAN (Formula Translator) came into common use. Theselanguages replaced cryptic binary machine code with words, sentences, and mathematical​​formulas are more easily understood by humans. This makes it easy for someone to program acomputer.
  43. 43. HISTORICAL I:C:TThe characteristics of the second generation of computers include: The capacity of the main memory is large enough, The components used are transistors are much smaller thanvacuum tubes, Using magnetic tape and magnetic disk-shaped removable disk, Have the ability to process real-time and time-sharing, Process operations faster, The orientation on business applications and techniques.For example, a computer PDP-5 and PDP-8 made in 1963 was the​​first commercial minicomputer. In addition, there is the computerIBM 7070, IBM 1400, NCR 300, and so on.
  44. 44. HISTORICAL I:C:TThird Generation Computers (1965 s.d. 1970)Other third-generation development is the use of the operating system(operating system) which allows the engine to run many different programs atonce with a central program that monitored and coordinated the computersmemory.The characteristics of the third generation computers, among others: component used is IV (Integrated Circuits) consisting of hundreds orthousands of transistor-shaped hybrid integrated circuits and monolithicintegrated circuits, Process operations much faster and more precise, computer memory capacityis much greater, The physical size is much smaller thus more efficient use of electricity, Using magnetic disks that are random access, Can perform multiprocessing and multiprogramming, input-output equipment development experience using visual displayterminals, and Can perform data communication from one computer to another computer.For example, IBM S/30. NOVA, CDC 3000, PDP-11, and so forth.

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