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Unit 6 college comp 2 project (recovered)
 

Unit 6 college comp 2 project (recovered)

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    Unit 6 college comp 2 project (recovered) Unit 6 college comp 2 project (recovered) Document Transcript

    • [Type text] Donna Condon-Gurley 2012Chemical pollutants in our lawns Homeowners take pride in the presentation of their home, and the lawn is a direct aspect of this appearance. Many turn to lawn care companies whom use harmful chemicals to maintain luscious lawns. In this paper I would like to pose a new solution to care for lawns with an eco-friendly solution. Kaplan University College Composition 2 Professor: Barbara Culley
    • When we think of having a beautiful home, the appearance means alsohaving a beautiful lawn. The concept of pollution doesn’t come tomind, but in this paper you will see how lawn care and the chemicalsused to maintain the appearance of a healthy lawn are not quiteharmless as many think. The need for more eco-friendly lawn care isa must. The research will show the harm these chemicals pose to theenvironment and us. With the harmful effects being spelled out, wewill see what other means we can use to maintain a beautiful lawn.A beautifully kept lawn can make any house more attractive and issought after by many homeowners. The lawn care industry hascapitalized on this desire by creating and selling a multitude ofproducts that are not only toxic to weeds, but toxic to animals, birdsand humans. Eco-friendly products for lawn care are easy to find,sometimes they are as close as your kitchen pantry or garage. Simpleways to maintain a lawn without the use of chemical agents aremowing your lawn with an environmentally-friendly reel mowerinstead of a gas-powered mower. Lawns should also be mowed to noshorter than 2.5-inches for maximum growth. When lawns are cutvery short, the surface roots become exposed and the soil dries outfaster. Cutting a lawn very short also encourages weed seeds togerminate and grow. When a lawn is dense and healthy, weed seedsdont receive any sunlight and cant germinate. Dont cut off any morethan one-third of the grasses height at any one time and control thatchbuild-up. Thatch is, according to Earth Easy, the "...accumulation ofabove-soil runners. Use natural aeration techniques, such as lawn-aerating shoes to keep thatch under control. Aeration will bringmicroorganisms to the surface that will eat most of thethatch(Scotts.com/Ortho). Contrary to what lawn "care" companies would like people tobelieve, herbicides (weed killers) and other pesticides are not "magic 1
    • bullets". They are broad spectrum biocides, and by their very naturecan harm organisms other than targeted species. This includeshomeowners and their families, neighbors, pets, and all other forms oflife. The pesticide industry downplays this by claiming theirchemicals are heavily diluted, but doesnt mention the toxins are stillextremely dangerous in small amounts. They also are unwilling tomention all of what is in their mixtures. Many components areclassified as "inert", which allows them to be kept hidden from thepublic and not listed on product labels. These are more than just fillersor solvents. "Inert" does not mean "inactive" - some, such as benzeneand xylene, are more toxic than listed chemicals (New York StateDepartment of Law, 1994).Listed chemicals can be just as dangerous.They include components of war-time defoliants like Agent Orange,nerve-gas type insecticides, and artificial hormones. Some the FederalGovernment has even prohibited from use on its own property. Manypesticides are not safe when dry. Water evaporates, but mostpesticides remain and continue to release often odorless and invisibletoxic vapors. In areas where lawn spraying is common, theyaccumulate in toxic smog throughout the entire season. Somepesticides remain active for years after application. DDT is stillshowing up in higher rates in womens breast milk than thegovernment permits in cows milk. Fat soluble pesticides accumulateover time in our bodies, and then are released at potentially toxiclevels when illness or stress results in our fat reserves beingmetabolized. A large portion of a womans lifetime exposure to suchpesticides is released in the breast milk for her firstborn child(International Joint Commission on the Great Lakes, March 1990).Most people seriously overestimate the amount of protection giventhem by governments regarding pesticide safety. Congress found that90% of the pesticides on the market lack even minimal required safetyscreening (American Defender Network, 1989). 2
    • Insects have been best controlled by other insects for millions ofyears, and the lawn is no exception. Insecticides often kill morebeneficial insects than problem ones. Once the natural balance isdestroyed, continued reliance on insecticides will occur. This is alsotrue of weed killers. When a crabgrass stand is killed with anherbicide, there will still be thousands of seeds ready to start anew. Inthe long run, pesticides can actually help the very pests they target byalso killing their predators, and their use becomes self-perpetuating.Until a natural balance is restored, more and more will have to bespent each year on chemicals, and resistant pests may also invade.Using alternative strategies will bring better results and be kinder tothe environment. Integrated Pest Management gives simple, long-lasting solutions which require no chemicals, much less money, andmuch less time and effort. Many alternatives not explored here can befound in the books and articles listed at the end of this report(Henkenius, Merle & Eugene Thompson, July 1993).Recycling grass clippings saves money, reduces waste, and accordingto Lawn Institute Director Eliot C. Roberts is equivalent to threeapplications of fertilizer a year without unhealthy chemicals and theirside-effects. Natural fertilizers are also better because they are timereleased, allowing grass to grow slower and tougher, requiring muchless care (Eliot C. Roberts, ND).We should have in place regulations on chemicals being used andonly use safe means to maintain lawns. There are organizations outthere which can give us the resources we need to be more eco-friendlyand have beautiful lawns without the harmful chemicals.GreenCape, anonprofit based in West Barnstable, encourages nontoxic methods ofpest control and turf care, and helps provide training to towns onorganic methods(Ann Bragg, M., 2012). 3
    • References: Ann Bragg, M. (2012, April 2). Towns test chemical-free property care. Cape Cod Times (Hyannis, MA). Kaplan University Library. "Lawn Chemical Dangers." American Defender Network, 1989. http://www.cqs.com/elawn.htm retrieved April 16, 2012. Eliot C. Roberts, ND Cape Cod Times (Hyannis, MA). Henkenius, Merle & Eugene Thompson. "Natural Lawn Care." Popular Mechanics July 1993. http://www.cqs.com/elawn.htm retrieved April 16, 2012. International Joint Commission on the Great Lakes. "Selected Persistent ToxicSubstances in Human Breast Milk in the Great Lakes Basin". March 1990.http://www.cqs.com/elawn.htm retrieved April 16, 2012. New York State Attorney Generals Office. "The Secret Hazards of LawnPesticides: Inert Ingredients." New York State Department of Law, 1994.http://www.cqs.com/elawn.htm retrieved April 16, 2012. 4