Barriers to Adult LearningPROJECTBy: Patti Blight, Sarah Cancelliere, Danielle Gunton, Avril Reid, Kerry WeirDUE DATE JANUARY 16 2013 COURSE BEC910CE- ADULT EDUCATION
What are some common barriersexperienced by adult learners when theychoose to return to school or participate inworkplace training?
ATTITUDINAL BARRIERS YOU CAN’TTEACH AN OLD DOG NEW TRICKS…OR CAN YOU?
THE CASE• Anita is over 50• She has been in her job for 20 years• Her job is being outsourced• She can not afford to retire• She needs to develop new skills• She needs to go back to school
THE BARRIER“Many adults have experienced so muchcriticism, failure, and discouragement in theiryouth that their self-confidence and sense ofworth are damaged. In a new learningenvironment, adults often are anxious, fearfailure, and dread rejection by their peer group(Kennedy, 2003).”
ALLEVIATING THE FEARSProvide a safe and welcoming environmentHave students interact and discuss prior experiencesHave students explain their goalsProvide students with detailed course outline and expectations
THE EDUCATOR “Part of being an effective educatorinvolves understanding how adults learn best (Lieb,1991)”.
APPLYING KNOWLESKNOWLES’PRINCIPLES EDUCATOR’S ROLE1. Adults are internally Be a facilitator:motivated and self- Understand how adultsdirected learn and allow students to participate in the direction of the class Recognize and accommodate different learning styles
APPLYING KNOWLESKNOWLES’ PRINCIPLES EDUCATOR’S ROLE2. Adults bring life Acknowledge value ofexperiences and previous experienceknowledge to learningexperiences
APPLYING KNOWLESKNOWLES’PRINCIPLES EDUCATOR’S ROLE Show direct link between3. Adults are goal course material andoriented student’s goals Use real case studies to examine theory
APPLYING KNOWLESKNOWLES’ EDUCATOR’S ROLEPRINCIPLES Provide assignment options that reflect4. Adults are relevancy student interestsoriented Provide students with reflective questions to assess connection to goals
APPLYING KNOWLESKNOWLES’ EDUCATOR’S ROLEPRINCIPLES Encourage active participation allowing5. Adults are practical students to experiment and develop self efficacy Provide feedback on a regular basis
APPLYING KNOWLESKNOWLES’PRINCIPLES EDUCATOR’S ROLE6. Adult learners like to be Acknowledge pastrespected experience Treat adult learner as an equal Promote an environment for expression of ideas
REFERENCEShttp://www2.fbi.gov/publications/leb/2003/apr2003/april03leb.htm#page_2APPLYING PRINCIPLES OF ADULT LEARNINGTHE KEY TO MORE EFFECTIVE TRAINING PROGRAMSBY RALPH C. KENNEDY,M.ED.http://www.adultstudent.com/eds/articles/teaching.html TEACHING ADULT STUDENTS THE WAY THEY LEARN:THE INSTRUCTORS ROLE IN RETAINING ADULT LEARNERSAND INCREASING THEIR CHANCES OF SUCCESS IN COLLEGE AL SIEBERT, PHDPRESENTED ATTHE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE ADULT LEARNER 2000, ATLANTA,GEORGIAhttp://www.qotfc.edu.au/resource/index.html?page=65375ADULT LEARNINGTHEORY AND PRINCIPLESADULT LEARNING THEORY AND PRINCIPLES
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