Juxtaposition

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Compare the ways in which (at least) three writers use juxtaposition to convey their intended message.

By Dense Law, Hou Hiu Wan, Jane Wong, Natalie Pang

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Juxtaposition

  1. 1. JUXTAPOSITION O
  2. 2. what is JUXTAPO OSITION? Juxtaposition is a placement of two words / descriptions / concepts literally or figuratively next to each other to present a comparison or contrast
  3. 3. what is JUXTAPO OSITION? Juxtaposition causes readers to stop and reconsider the meaning of the text through contrasting images / ideas / motifs
  4. 4. what is JUXTAPO OSITION? Modernist poetry played extensively with juxtaposing images, inserting unrelated fragments together to create wonder and interest in readers
  5. 5. juxtaposition in BISHOP, PLATH, FROST, STEINBECK’S selected works
  6. 6. JUXTAPOSITION in BISHOP’S ork w
  7. 7. SANDPIPER
  8. 8. SANDPIPER juxtaposition in The  power  &   The vast and large: immensity  of  the   “roaring alongside” surrounding “bound to shake” “Atlantic drains” “Sea  of  Atlas”,  the  2nd   largest  of  world’s   oceanic  divisions
  9. 9. SANDPIPER juxtaposition in The vast and large: “a sheet/of interrupting water comes and goes/ and glazes over his dark Ability  to   encompass;  the   and brittle feet” vastness  meets   the  sandpiper
  10. 10. SANDPIPER juxtaposition in The minute: Small  parts  of   “watching his toes” the  body “His beak is focused” “spaces of sand A  minute  focus between them” “grains” The  smallest  parAcle   for  one  to  discern
  11. 11. SANDPIPER juxtaposition in Purpose and message: To mark and address the coexistence of the vast and the minute
  12. 12. SANDPIPER juxtaposition in Purpose and message: Though the world is large and encompassing, one can still observe minute details, and find deeper meaning in the minute
  13. 13. THE FISH
  14. 14. THE juxtaposition in FISH Beauty: “full-blown roses” “fine rosettes of lime” A  romanAc  reading;   “like a big peony” see  parts  of  the  fish  as   beauAful  elements   rather  than  ugly   fixtures  
  15. 15. THE juxtaposition in FISH Ugliness: A  grotesque   “speckled with image;  an   barnacles” existence  of  the   undesirable   “frightening gills,/fresh and crisp with blood”
  16. 16. THE juxtaposition in FISH Purpose and message: The recognition of ironic beauty – finding beauty in the ugly
  17. 17. THE juxtaposition in FISH Purpose and message: Finding beauty in the ugly becomes Bishop’s revelation and victory – “rainbow, rainbow, rainbow!”
  18. 18. JUXTAPOSITION in PLATH’S ork w
  19. 19. YOU’RE
  20. 20. YOU’RE juxtaposition in The pleasant: “clownlike, happiest A  suggesAon     on your hands” of  clumsiness;  affecAonate   and  upliFing  descripAon   “my little loaf” A  warm  image;  tone  of   affecAon  and  tenderness  
  21. 21. YOU’RE juxtaposition in The pleasant: SuggesAon     of  a  potenAal  to     “snug as a bud bloom  in  beauty   and at home” SuggesAon  of  comfort   and  security  
  22. 22. YOU’RE juxtaposition in The less appealing: “moon-skulled” A  darker  and   unseHling  image   “gilled like fish” A  grotesque  image  
  23. 23. YOU’RE juxtaposition in The less appealing: “trawling your dark as owls do” Heaviness  in  image,   suggesAon  of   something  sinister  
  24. 24. YOU’RE juxtaposition in Purpose and message: The juxtaposition reflects Plath’s ambivalent attitude towards pregnancy and motherhood
  25. 25. JUXTAPOSITION in FROST’S work
  26. 26. BIRCHES
  27. 27. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Truth versus imagination: The  persona   “I like to think some boy’s fantasizes  about   a  boy  bending   been swinging them./But the  branches.     swinging doesn’t bend The  truth  behind   them down to stay/As ice the  bending  is   storms do” the  ice-­‐storm
  28. 28. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Earth versus Heaven: world of the treetops and above earth below
  29. 29. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Earth versus Heaven: EARTH ”It’s when I’m weary of Burdens;   difficulAes  and   considerations,/And life is drudgery  of  the   too much like a pathless everyday wood”
  30. 30. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Dante’s  Inferno:   Earth versus Heaven: “I  found  myself   obscured  in  a   s when I’m weary of EARTH great  forest,/   nsiderations,/And life is too Bewildered,  and  I   knew  I  had  lost   uch like a pathless wood the  way.” Dante  firstly  reaches  upon  a  great  forest   in  his  journey  to  heaven.     Frost  describes  life  as  a  pathless  wood
  31. 31. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Earth versus Heaven: HEAVEN “I’d like to get ”Toward heaven” away from earth Swinging  and  climbing  away   awhile” from  earth,  toward  the   ethereal,  transcendence
  32. 32. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Permanence versus impermanence: “not to return” “swinger of birches” Heaven  as  a  permanent   Swinging  to  experience   escape;  transcendence   a  temporary  escape;     as  a  final  desAnaAon A  two  way  journey:   “good  both  going  and   coming  back”
  33. 33. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Purpose and message: After presenting the two ends of the spectrum, Frost chooses one end over the other
  34. 34. BIRCHES juxtaposition in Purpose and message: He rejects the true reason behind the bending of the birches, favoring imagination and escape, but…
  35. 35. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Purpose and message: … on the other hand makes it clear that a complete escape into heaven is not desirable (favoring reality, earth)
  36. 36. juxtaposition in BIRCHES Purpose and message: Resolution: Earth as “the right place for love” Life, an embodiment of imagination holds a potential for liberation
  37. 37. JUXTAPOSITION in STEINBECK’S work
  38. 38. The Chrysanthemums
  39. 39. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Entrapment/suffocation: “on every side it sat like a The  landscape   lid on the mountains and harbors  a  macro   made of the great valley a sense  of   suppression   closed pot”
  40. 40. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Hope: “positive yellow flowers” “there’s a glowing there” SuggesAon  of   glimmer  of  hope  
  41. 41. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Strength : “terrier fingers” Strength  and  power  in   “over-eager, over exhibited  in  Elisa’s   powerful” hands  and  movements  
  42. 42. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Vulnerability: “she was crying Tears  as  sign  of   weakly-like an weakness;   vulnerability  is   old woman” demonstrated   in  Elisa’s   behavior  
  43. 43. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Purpose and message: Steinbeck presents Elisa as a complex character who possesses both strength and vulnerability
  44. 44. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Purpose and message: While her vulnerability may mark her predetermined or self-imposed role as a housewife, her strength marks her potential to be a liberated woman
  45. 45. The juxtaposition in Chrysanthemums Purpose and message: The juxtaposition of natural elements in the setting helps to establish a macro sense of suppression with the presence of a possibility, or a spark of hope for Elisa
  46. 46. comparison of writers’ usage of juxtaposition in selected works
  47. 47. Use of juxtaposition to Use of juxtaposition EMPHASIZE on the t o m a r k t h e subject of greater CONTRADICTION s i g n i f i c a n c e a n d E N I G M AT I C nature of the subject of discussion
  48. 48. BISH OP Use of juxtaposition to EMPHASIZE on the subject of greater significance Sandpiper × let life be frittered away by greatness and complexity find treasures in particularities The  vastness   The  minute,  and  the   treasures  found  
  49. 49. BISH OP Use of juxtaposition to EMPHASIZE on the subject of greater significance The Fish The ability to see beauty in ugliness is one thing worthy of celebration Beauty  –  part  of   Ugliness   her  revelaAon  and   victory  
  50. 50. FRO S T Use of juxtaposition to EMPHASIZE on the subject of greater significance Birches Earth is the better place for love Being a swinger of birches is the best place one could be in Truth   ImaginaAon   Heaven   Earth   Permanent  escape   Temporary  escape  
  51. 51. PLAT H Use of juxtaposition to mark the CONTRADICTION and ENIGMATIC nature of the subject of discussion You’re Ambivalence towards pregnancy and motherhood Pleasant   Less  appealing  
  52. 52. STE INBE CK Use of juxtaposition to mark the CONTRADICTION and ENIGMATIC nature of the subject of discussion The Chrysanthemums Entrapment   Hope   Strength   Vulnerability  
  53. 53. THANK YOU O

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