2013 5-14 ed specs roosevelt intro justification capacity


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2013 5-14 ed specs roosevelt intro justification capacity

  1. 1. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20131TABLE OF CONTENTSI. INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................2Purpose of the Educational Specification ...............................................................................2Process for Developing and Approving the Educational Specifications ................................2II. EXISTING FACILITY..........................................................................................................3History.....................................................................................................................................3Location and Site.....................................................................................................................3III. PROJECT JUSTIFICATION AND ENROLLMENT CAPACITY ....................................6The Need for MacFarland MS to Support Roosevelt HS Capacity ........................................7Roosevelt’s Recent Student Population History and 2013-14 Projections .............................8Capacity Calculation for Modernized Roosevelt ..................................................................10
  2. 2. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20132I. INTRODUCTIONPurpose of the Educational SpecificationThe Educational Specification is intended for use as the basis for the design of amodernization of Roosevelt High School (RHS) for 9ththrough 12thgrade students and theRoosevelt STAY School for adult education students who seek high school diplomas, GEDsand job training. Roosevelt High School is a neighborhood high school with attendanceboundaries and feeder schools as well as a self-contained special education program servinghigh school age autistic and emotionally disturbed students. The Educational Specificationfamiliarizes the members of the design team with the educational, extracurricular,administrative and operational space requirements of the school and site. It also provides theplanning context to ensure that design decisions are consistent with neighborhooddevelopment and plans.Process for Developing and Approving the Educational SpecificationsA standard best practice is a sign-off/approval of the educational specification by theeducators at the DCPS central office and at school level. It should also be reviewed andapproved by the Office of Planning for its consistency with population projections andneighborhood development, as well as reviewed and approved by the area ANCs. Capitalinvestment is a once in a generation opportunity that needs appropriate due diligence for theopportunity it provides.For DCPS, this means that the completed educational specification, with input from theSchool Improvement Team, should be approved by the Local School Advisory Team(including for the STAY program), the Cluster Superintendent, Head of Schools and theChancellor. This will help ensure that the educational requirements and priorities guide thearchitects and project managers throughout the design and construction process. A highquality educational specification will ensure that Roosevelt has a high quality design able tosupport high quality education for this community now and into the future. A high qualityeducational specification will also ensure better value for DC taxpayers, as it will enable theDistrict to get more for its investment, in part by reducing the changes and increased costsassociated with inadequate direction from DCPS.The Department of General Services (DGS) included as part of the RFP for the Architecturaland Engineering Services issued on November 6, 20121a very preliminary educationalspecification for Roosevelt High School that had not been approved by DCPS or reviewed byRoosevelt day or STAY schools. DGS issued an RFP for Design-Build Services March 18,2013. As part of this RFP DGS provided the prospective bidders a working draft educational136 page “Draft Facilities List” dated September 2012, prepared by educational facilityplanning consultant, Deanna Newman.
  3. 3. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20133specification dated December, 2012. AnRFP addendum wasdated March 27thand provided aslightly updated educational specification for Roosevelt High School modernization.The educational specification provided little information or context for the educationalprograms and services offered or planned for a modernized Roosevelt High School, STAYSchool and Special Education Academy. It did not justify the reduced enrollment capacity orprovide explanation for the need for the modernization itself. It did not provide anydescription of the adult education school and how it functions in the context of the day school.It was based on providing space for only the most basic educational program, not one thatwould prepare students for college or careers, but just provide a high school diploma tominimal requirements. It contained no vision for the modernized school, even as it includeddetailed specifications on individual spaces.To address the shortcomings in the critical educational specifications document, DCPS, DGS,and Roosevelt High School and community agreed to cooperate in an intensive and condensedprocess involving DCPS central office representatives, Roosevelt teachers and staff andcommunity members. This intensive and necessarily abridged process results in a morecomplete educational specification for Roosevelt, which needs to be officially reviewed andapproved by DCPS and Roosevelt before the architects spend time in schematic design andbefore the design build team has a notice to proceed.II.EXISTING FACILITYHistoryRoosevelt was originally designed in 1930 and completed in 1932. It was built on theMacFarland site, which had been built in 1923. The Roosevelt Stadium and pool and the newin-fill classrooms were added 1977-79. Built of red brick and limestone in the ColonialRevival/Neo-Classical style, it is very similar in to Wilson High School which was finished in1935. According to the 2012 program capacity review, the program capacity of RooseveltHigh is 1059 day students. The enrollment capacity for Roosevelt was just recently evaluated.The capacity includes a self-contained special education academy of four classes—twoclassesof autistic youth and two of emotionally disturbed youth. DCPS responded to the under-utilization of its facility by co-locating the Hospitality Public Charter High School on the 3rdfloor in 2007. The Hospitality Public Charter High School will not be part of the futureRoosevelt High School as they have purchased school space in another location. However,the special education academy will continue to serve youth at Roosevelt and is expected toincrease to five self-contained classes and the STAY program will also continue and may beexpected to grow.Location and SiteRoosevelt High School is located in Ward 4 at 4301 13thStreet, NW in Neighborhood Cluster18. It is part of a large public complex in the lower part of Ward 4 that includes DCPS publicschools, public charter schools, the Petworth Public Library and the Upshur RecreationCenter, which includes an outdoor pool, baseball field and other park and recreationamenities. The public complex, outlined below, encompasses nearly 36 acres of public land
  4. 4. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20134and nearly two large city blocks.Note: Roosevelt STAY co-locates with Roosevelt High School, not MacFarlandThere are two significant public education campuses within this public complex: 1) TheRoosevelt and MacFarland Education Campus; and 2) the Sharpe Health and CommunityAcademy Education Campus. In addition, the Powell Elementary School building andgrounds are directly south.Roosevelt is the largest and most prominent institution within this publiccomplex. TheRoosevelt/MacFarland Education Campus includes the Roosevelt stadium,MacFarlandMiddle School, twotennis courts, a basketball court, a large practice field, and parking forapproximately 125 cars on the school sites (60 for Roosevelt and 65 for MacFarland). The sitealso includes two access roads to Roosevelt off Iowa Avenue. In all, the RooseveltMacFarland site of the public complex is about .72 miles around and a total of 18 acres—including the Library. Roosevelt’s site area is officially given as 7.79 acres with MacFarlandlisted as 8.79 acres.Public transportation via Green Line Metro and Metro Bus are readilyavailable.The Roosevelt/MacFarland campus is immediately across 13thStreet from the Sharpe Healthand Community Academy public education campus. Sharpe Health serves severely disabled
  5. 5. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20135students ages 3 to 21, all with some severe physical disability. It is co-located with Bridges, aPublic Charter School. The Community Academy Public Charter School, a 500 student PS-8thgrade school occupies the Sharpe Annex, as well as the old Burdick Vocational School whichoriginally was the “trade” school that partnered with Roosevelt.The remainder of the complex across 13thStreet from Roosevelt is home to the large UpshurRecreation Center that includes two playgrounds, an outdoor pool that operates in thesummer, a baseball field and a dog park. There are also three substantial residential buildingsfor senior and handicapped housing. Powell Elementary School,across Upshur Street fromthe senior housing rounds out the complex of educational buildings. The block across 13thStreet from Roosevelt is about .68 miles around and also about 18 acres. All together, the twoblocks make up nearly 36 acres of civic infrastructure in the center of the northern quadrant ofthe city near the Petworth Metro.2Roosevelt High School building at 331,900 square feet and the MacFarland Middle Schoolbuilding at 110,000 square feet are by far the largest, grandest and most prominently placed ofthe buildings in the complex. The underlying zoning of the school sites is R-4, as befits themedium density residential row-house neighborhood that surrounds them.The communities around and adjacent to Roosevelt High School are racially, culturally andeconomically diverse. It is also a community that is growing along with the constructionaround the Petworth Metro.Census TractsAbutting Roosevelt2005-2009*2010 MedianHouseholdIncome% HouseholdsOver $200,000Annual Income% HouseholdsUnder $30,000Annual IncomeHS GradBachelorsor HigherMasters +2002 - north $73,500 18% 21% 82% 43% 19%26 - west $140,500 32% 13% 98% 68% 38%2502 - south $43,971 5% 34% 70% 27% 13%24 - east $55,486 4% 22% 81% 29% 14%2201- north east $68,382 3% 23% 68% 28% 16%2501 - Roosevelt $51,750 8% 36% 72% 37% 26%AVERAGE $72,265 12% 25% 79% 39% 21%*New York Times, Mapping America, Every City, Every Block: http://projects.nytimes.com/census/2010/explorerThe 2009average median household income for the census tract including Roosevelt and the 5census tracts immediately adjacent to Roosevelt is $72,265; 18% of households in the censustract immediately to the north of Roosevelt (block 2002) have an income over $200,000annually; in the census tract immediately to the west of Roosevelt (tract 26) 32% of2This is equivalent to the 35 acres in the Hilltop Campus complex off Benning Road thatincludes Spingarn, Phelps, Young and Browne schools.
  6. 6. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20136households have incomes over $200,000. In contrast, still in 2009, nearly one third of adultresidents are not high school graduates in census tract 2501 and 2502.The community around Roosevelt High School is also racially and ethnically diverse and thepopulation of the Roosevelt census tract and the tract immediately to the south has beenincreasing.Census Tract 2501 2502Census Tract Population 2,554 5,973Population Increase 2000-2010 6.80% 8.90%% 2010 White residents 18% 14%% 2010 Black residents 55% 40%% 2010 Hispanic residents 23% 42%III. PROJECT JUSTIFICATIONAND ENROLLMENT CAPACITYThe modernization of Roosevelt High School is a critical project for the District of Columbia.The prominence and size of the public complex, as well as the family friendly quality of thehousing stock, public recreation amenities and the substantial public education infrastructurein lower Ward 4 position it to be one of the most desirable communities for families withchildren. It also still has affordable housing and is at the same time close to transportationand downtown.Ward 4 has the 3rdlargest school age population in the city, 11,319 children ages 4-17 at thetime of the 2010 census. Only wards 7 and 8 had more children in 2010. The 3-11 year oldchild population in Ward 4 is projected to increase substantially.The Office of Planning projects that there will be 1,862 youth ages 15-19 in Cluster 18 in2015 and that this age population will remain relatively stable until 2022. However, while thesecondary age population is projected to remain stable, the Office of Planning projectssignificant increases in 3-11 year olds in Cluster 18—increasing from 3,472 in 2010 to 4,667in 2015 and 5,512 in 2017.Source: DC Office of Planning, Population Forecast by Neighborhood Cluster Final, January 25, 20133472466755121121 1134 10842045 1862 18432010 Actual 2015 2017Neighborhood Cluster 18, Population Projections3-11 year olds 12-14 year olds 15-19 year olds
  7. 7. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20137Roosevelt’s plan and design need to respond to current opportunities and constraints, but theplan and design must also support and advance the future for this community andschool.Whether or not the District of Columbia retains families with school age children,particularly through middle and high school, will depend on the livability of ourneighborhoods, affordability of our housing and the quality of our schools.The Roosevelt Education Campusis well positioned to have a significant impact on bothlivability and education quality in Ward 4. It is projected to grow its day school enrollmentthrough an intentional strategy to increase the depth and breadth of its curriculum offeringsaligned to the modernization of the building design and condition, as well as throughrebuilding its relationship with its feeder schools. A vital element of the plan for Roosevelt isthe reopeningof MacFarland Middle School.The Need for MacFarland MS to Support Roosevelt HS CapacityAs part of the 2012-13 school closing recommendations, the Chancellor initially proposed thatthe 6-8thgrades currently at MacFarland be consolidated into Roosevelt to create a 6ththrough 12thgrade school, but this was opposed by the community and so students fromPowell Elementary school have been assigned to the 6-8thgrades at Columbia HeightsCampus and the students from Barnard Elementary School have been assigned to West PS-8.With MacFarland closed this spring, there will be no DCPS, by right, middle school servingWard 4. The schools that will feed into Roosevelt starting in 2013-14 will only be: West PS-8th and Truesdell PS-8th. The combined 2012-13 8th grade enrollments for these two schoolsis only 56 students—an entirely inadequate feeder for Roosevelt. However, there are strongelementary school populations within one mile of Roosevelt including DCPS and charterschools that could support a robust middle school at MacFarland, and support the growth of amodernized Roosevelt High School.There has already been substantial increase in the PS-8thgrade enrollment in the 6 elementaryand PS-8thgrade schools within a mile of Roosevelt—Powell, Bruce Monroe @Park View,Raymond, Barnard, West and Truesdell. Enrollments at Barnard and Powell, theneighborhood elementary schools which formerly fed into MacFarland are growing quickly.There are temporary classrooms at Barnard because of crowding and an addition planned forPowell, due to overcrowding. However, these elementary school students will be unlikely tobe captured by Roosevelt in the future if they do not have a middle school. The early gradesin Neighborhood Cluster 18, where the schools within a mile of Roosevelt are located,areexperiencing tremendous growth.
  8. 8. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20138Cluster 183by grade total PS PK K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th2013-14 2,792 247 342 386 363 347 284 220 239 131 120 1132012-13 2564 243 327 381 355 279 230 242 232 135 150 1392011-12 2360 251 310 366 305 222 245 241 203 157 138 1222010-11 2214 232 303 327 214 234 257 240 235 154 108 902009-10 2030 230 215 218 220 259 253 267 229 132 93 108Parents in Ward 5 have come to understand that expanded course offerings for middle schoolstudents are limited by small school or PS-8 configurations. Ward 4 is now in a similarsituation, with families relying on programs for 6th-8th grade students that are at maximumcapacity at DCPSColumbia Heights and Deal Middle School or using nearby charter schoolsat Bruce Prep or EL Haynes that don’t have the auditoriums, athletic facilities, science labs,music and art facilities required for a full-scale high quality middle school program and do nothave the capacity to increase their middle grade enrollments to meet the rising population ofelementary students.MacFarland was set to be modernized a decade ago. In fact, a full-scale feasibility study wasdone in October of 2003 and presented to the Board of Education. Had that project beencarried to completion, it is likely that the feeder pattern into Roosevelt would not be aproblem now and that Deal would not be so overcrowded.Modernizing MacFarland once Roosevelt has returned to its building would be in keepingwith findings and goals of the District’s recently issued Master Facilities Plan. Forecasts forthe next five years show continued strong growth of predicted enrollment within Cluster 18which includes the area around Roosevelt (2013 Public Education Master Facilities Plan forthe District of Columbia, maps, p. 58) and a combined assessment of high school facility needin the same area (2013 MFP, p.p. 101, 115.) Investing in MacFarland would align perfectlywith MFP Strategy 2, of “prioritizing modernization of school facilities that serve middleschool grades in clusters of greatest need”.The work being done now, to improve the MacFarland facility as swing space for Roosevelt,should be done as part of a plan for the modernization and reopening of MacFarland in 2015when Roosevelt returns to its fully modernized facility. This will leave theRoosevelt/MacFarland Campus positioned to serve this Ward 4 community for generations.Roosevelt’s Recent Student Population History and 2013-14 ProjectionsRoosevelt’s High School’s 9ththrough 12thgrade enrollment was audited at 473 students inthe 2012-2013 school year. The enrollment of the high school program has declinedconsiderably over the last 6 years.3DCPS enrollment data; omits Brightwood EC, which is in Cluster 18 but it is over a mile from Roosevelt.
  9. 9. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 20139There are three factors that appear to have contributed to the low enrollment and thesignificant enrollment decline.1) Loss of 14-17 year olds in the overall population—largely due to out-migration fromDC.2) Growth of public charter middle schools and DCPS Deal Middle School, reducingenrollment in the feeder schools (ultimately resulting in the closing of MacFarlandMiddle School).3) Modernization and program growth in other DCPS high schools—Wilson HS,Columbia Heights Campus, and McKinley, in particular.An understanding of why enrollment has declined so dramatically is in order since, in the2012-13 school year, there were about 1,300 DCPS 9ththrough 12thgraders withinRoosevelt’s official boundary. This does not include public charter school students or studentswho are not in school or are attending private schools. Of these 1,300 DCPS students about300 go to school at Roosevelt. The others travel to attend other DCPS schools. Those otherschools with more than about 30 students who are in-boundary for Roosevelt include:209 Roosevelt students at Wilson199 Roosevelt students at Columbia Heights121 Roosevelt students at McKinley111 Roosevelt students at Coolidge86 Roosevelt students at Banneker68 Roosevelt students at Ellington64 Roosevelt students at School Without Walls35 Roosevelt students at Cardozo34 Roosevelt students at EasternJust looking at the choices students made, it seems clear that the students in Roosevelt’sboundaries choose to attend schools that are modernized, offer more extensive academicprograms,have larger enrollments, and higher test scores. Clearly any one of these factorsmay have been weighed with others and, for example, the Ellington program may outweighthe fact that the Ellington facility is not fully modernized.2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-132013-14Proj.Roosevelt HighSchool840 792 717 646 551 473 446Hospitality High PCS 176 163 174 158 196 201 0Total Day Students 1016 955 891 804 747 674 446Roosevelt STAY(evening/afternoon)345 265 247 672 579 652 655
  10. 10. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 201310Given the parallel enrollment decline at MacFarland, it seems that without a strong highschool to connect to, families were trying to get into other feeder patterns and into magnetschools. A modernized facility will help Roosevelt re-set its trajectory, but a building alonewill not address the program and school choice issues.Roosevelt and MacFarland will need to work with their elementary feeder schools andcommunity to build the quality and variety of programs that serve the aspirations of thefamilies and their community.Capacity Calculation for Modernized RooseveltThere are two critical elements of an Educational Specification—the enrollment capacity forthe school and a description of the planned program and other uses of the school building andgrounds. Following from this would be the specific space and room requirements. Althoughthe draft Roosevelt Educational Specification recommends reducing the capacity of Rooseveltfrom the existing 1059 to 840 students it provides no rationale for this change. Upon reviewof population, enrollment and boundary information, acapacity of at least 1059 isrecommended; in fact, whether the existing 331,000 gross square feet could serve an evenhigher enrollment should be explored. When Roosevelt rebuilds its high quality and diverseacademic and career-technical programs, so they are comparable to the schools that studentsare traveling to find, and when they have a modern facility to support these programs,Roosevelt’s enrollment will increase. The need for and potential of Roosevelt High School,in combination with projected child population growth in Neighborhood Cluster 18 stronglyjustifies the public’s investment in Roosevelt and MacFarland.Enrollment projection assumptions:1. Enrollment for Roosevelt for the 2013 and 2014 school year will grow slightly as aresult of improved space and excitement related to future modernization of Roosevelt(just as they did at Cardozo).2. Academic and co-curricular improvements, championship athletics, Universities,cultural and social service partnerships will expand to support current students andattract back students living in the Roosevelt boundary.3. DCPS will permit growth in the early childhood grades (PS and PK) at Truesdell,West, Barnard, Powell, Bruce Monroe @ ParkView and Raymond responding tosignificant population pressures.4. Expansion of early childhood, reflecting Office of Planning projected populationgrowth at ages 3to 11, will create crowding in the elementary grades at West,Truesdell and Raymond PS-8th grade schools, causing such intensive crowding by2015 that MacFarland Middle School will need to be re-opened to make room forelementary-grade growth.
  11. 11. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 2013115. The families and communities associated with the elementary and PS-8thgradeschools will begin the academic and program planning for MacFarland, starting in thesummer of 2013, ensuring that improvements made for swing space have lasting valueand that the school will be ready to re-open in 2015.6. Final building improvements will be made to MacFarland in the summer of 2015 inpreparation for re-opening as a middle school.7. Staff and students from the PS-8thschools will together select a principal and staff andpopulate the new MacFarland, relieving crowding at Truesdell, Raymond, Powell andBarnard. Projected enrollment at MacFarland for 2015-16, would be 400 students,with growth to 625 anticipated within 3 years.8. MacFarland will feed into Roosevelt again starting in 2016, sending its rising 8thgraders to Roosevelt and attracting students from stand-alone public charter schoolslocated in Cluster 18.9. In the fall of 2015, the modernized Roosevelt will re-openwith an enrollment of 640students and grow rapidly because of crowding in Ward 3 and in the specialty highschools--particularly Wilson, Columbia Heights,McKinley and Ellington.10. STAY program will have to shrink a little in the swing space, but will be able toexpand in the modernized Roosevelt while Roosevelt recaptures its enrollment.ProjectionsModernized MacFarland Modernized Roosevelt/STAYSchool Years6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th ROOS STAY2020-21 235 225 200 325 300 275 250 1150 6002019-20 225 200 200 315 285 250 225 1075 6502018-19 225 200 200 300 275 225 185 985 7002017-18 225 200 175 275 250 215 125 865 7502016-17 225 185 100 265 250 150 100 765 8002015-16 200 100 100 265 175 115 85 640 7502014-15 SwingSpace atMacFarland235 120 85 65 575 6002013-14 8(ungraded) 210 88 65 75 446 655The age appropriate population is already within the Roosevelt boundary to support theseenrollment projections at MacFarland and Roosevelt. With high quality middle and highschool options, there is likely to be an even larger youth population in this area of the city.However, in order for Roosevelt and MacFarland to grow, they will need to attract students
  12. 12. ROOSEVELT HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM SPECIFICATIONS.H.A.P.P.E., 21STCENTURY SCHOOL FUND, Roosevelt SIT CommitteeApril, 201312who live in the community, but are travelling out of the Ward for rich academic programs: anInternational Baccalaureate (IB) program at Banneker and a college prep school withopportunities to use GWU at School Without Walls, a dual-language, multi-cultural programat Columbia Heights, an arts program at Ellington, science and technology at McKinley and amultitude of curricular offerings at Wilson. However, as DCPS has invested programenergies in its application/magnet schools, many of these schools are reaching capacityincluding Banneker, Columbia Heights, Ellington, McKinley, and Walls. Wilson, with thelargest number of students from the Roosevelt boundary, is crowded and over capacity andwas no longer taking out-of-boundary students as of last year. The Ward 4 community isready and willing to take responsibility for making its schools beacons in the community.Implementing this vision and plan for the Roosevelt Campus and feeder schools starts withthe adoption of this revised educational program specification.