Windhager+smuc cedem14-theartsofthepossible
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  • 1. Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. the arts of the possible Florian Windhager & Michael Smuc Information Visualization in the Field of Politics
  • 2. Politics is the art of the possible. Otto von Bismarck, 1867
  • 3. Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it everywhere, diagnosing it incorrectly and applying the wrong remedies. Groucho Marx
  • 4. The art of making it look like you are actually helping those that your represent in a government organization while actually creating more problems and blaming them on other politicians so you can get re‐elected. urbandictionary.com
  • 5. political apathy ‐ (also) a matter of (bad) information design?
  • 6. information visualization for the people ‐ a second chance for communicating complex topics? rethinking “the standard rationale” (Danziger, 2008) in the field of politics
  • 7. a visual communication model
  • 8. Atopic B words images information design methods methods of ‚naturalistic‘ visualization methods of information visualization paintings portraits photos films satellite images physical maps statistical diagrams political maps infographics cartograms network diagrams bubble charts
  • 9. images i topics data i A tasksB, C, Dbarriers usability design methods infovis methods context ? ? ? 
  • 10. visualization methods
  • 11. political maps statistical diagrams cartograms bubble charts networks word clouds infographics
  • 12. maps
  • 13. https://www.google.de/maps/
  • 14. http://derstandard.at/interaktiv/2014‐04‐einkommen/fullscreen.html
  • 15. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey‐cage/wp/2014/04/07/the‐less‐americans‐know‐about‐ukraines‐location‐the‐more‐they‐want‐u‐s‐to‐intervene/
  • 16. cartograms
  • 17. LA times | beyond 7 billion   http://www.latimes.com/world/population/#axzz2ryMCnKNJ
  • 18. bubble charts
  • 19. hans rosling | gapminder  www.gapminder.org
  • 20. networks
  • 21. Lothar Krempel |  OECD trade 1992
  • 22. FAS.research |  Netzwerk Österreich   www.fas.at/download‐document?gid=49
  • 23. Josh On |  They Rule   www.theyrule.net/
  • 24. word clouds
  • 25. Dr. Michael Spindelegger, budget speech Roland Düringer, angry speech http://www.wordle.net/
  • 26. Santiago ORTIZ | Inaugural Speeches   http://intuitionanalytics.com/other/inauguralSpeeches/
  • 27. infographics
  • 28. body of law traffic &  infrastructure tradeinternal matters international affairs culture justice families  environment defense social affairs finances health sports science & education administration
  • 29. statistical diagrams
  • 30. derstandard.at / APA visualine   http://derstandard.at/1379291084354/Nationalratswahl‐2013
  • 31. traffic &  infrastructure tradeinternal matters international affairs culture justice families  environment defense social affairs finances health sports science & education
  • 32. visualizing.org    http://www.visualizing.org/full‐screen/56588
  • 33. Moritz Stefaner | OECD Better Life   http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/
  • 34. Atopic Binformation design methods methods of ‚naturalistic‘ visualization methods of information visualization paintings portraits photos films satellite images physical maps statistical diagrams political maps infographics cartograms network diagrams bubble charts
  • 35. barriers to understanding
  • 36. message
  • 37. iv images i topics data i A tasksB, C, Dbarriers usability design methods infovis methods context ? ? ?  Know your audience!
  • 38. experts scholars ? ? ?  casual infoviz users
  • 39. experts intrinsic motivation to … … explore data … make sense out of it … and it‘s their job! intrinsic motivation to ….  … learn something new … utilitarian motives … want to get entertained extrinsic motives: … social pressures … avoid boredom … collaborate Let`s try some profiling (Sprague & Tory, 2012) Motivation NON‐experts in casual contexts
  • 40. experts high skills and knowledge actively hunt for insights => clear conclusion necessary skills and domain knowledge vary „gather“ insights  also awareness insights are OK  get a feeling for the data  about social life and social situations  reflective insights profiling c‘t (Pousman et al, 2012; Smuc, Mayr & Risku, 2010) Skills, knowledge & insights NON‐experts in casual contexts
  • 41. iv images i topics data i A tasksB, C, Dbarriers usability design methods infovis methods context ? ? ?  Some design strategies for casual contexts (Danziger, 2008) Involve & entertain the user aesthetic appeal (to some extent) narration techniques affective / contextual cues (like Isotypes do) Use User Centered Design Methods for early and continual focus on users Use modern interaction methods to reduce complexity and provide cognition support
  • 42.  Gapminder: http://www.gapminder.org/world/  GoogleMaps: http://maps.google.com  GooglePublicData: www.google.com/publicdata/  Krempel&Plümper:  http://www.mpi‐fg‐koeln.mpg.de/~lk/netvis/trade/worldtrade.html  InauguralSpeeches: http://intuitionanalytics.com/other/inauguralSpeeches/  LATimes: http://www.latimes.com/world/population/#axzz2ryMCnKNJ  Mappingworlds: http://show.mappingworlds.com/world/  Relationbrowser: http://moritz.stefaner.eu/projects/relation‐browser/  State of the World: http://projects.flowingdata.com/state‐of‐the‐world/index.html  NYTimes: http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2008/08/04/sports/olympics/20080804_MEDALCOUNT_MAP.html  UNdata: http://data.un.org/  VizGedProject: http://viz.ged‐project.de  Vizualizing: http://www.visualizing.org/full‐screen/56588  Wordle: http://wordle.net  WorldbankDataVisualizer: http://devdata.worldbank.org/DataVisualizer  WorldFactbookDashboard: http://visunetdemos.demos.ibm.com/blogsamples/factbook2/FactBookSE.html  Information Design (MSc) at Danube University Krems: http://www.donau‐uni.ac.at/de/studium/informationsdesign/index.php