Aspasia Papaloi Research Fellow, NTLAB, in Communication, Education and the Mass Media, University of Athens E-mail:  [ema...
<ul><li>Central institution </li></ul><ul><li>Enables the expression of the will of people </li></ul><ul><li>Laws are pass...
<ul><li>Accountability of its members to the electorate </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity of MPs in the conduct of their work </...
<ul><li>“ Age-group parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Physical presence and interaction of participants. Simulation of parlia...
<ul><li>A transparent, accessible and accountable  legislature through ICT </li></ul><ul><li>A legislature empowering peop...
<ul><li>General information about parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Information about legislation, budget, and oversight </li><...
<ul><li>Parliament-to-Parliament services (P2P) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament-to-Members of Parliament services (P2MP) </li...
<ul><li>Parliament-to-Parliament services (P2P) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of technological tools for the facilitati...
<ul><li>Parliament-to-Members of Parliament services (P2MP) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of ICT tools for the facilita...
<ul><li>Parliament-to-Citizen services (P2C) </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of projects with the aim to attract citizens’ inte...
<ul><li>Citizens-to-Parliament services (C2P) </li></ul><ul><li>Services available to citizens for contact with their MPs ...
<ul><li>E-Rulemaking </li></ul><ul><li>Serves for submission of comments and interactive deliberation over pending rulemak...
<ul><li>Argument Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of  graphical representation in a shared user space of the...
<ul><li>Argument and Discussion visualization </li></ul><ul><li>“ Youth Parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for combini...
<ul><li>E-rulemaking and Participatory Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social and Thematic Parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
<ul><li>Generally: </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic planning </li></ul><ul><li>User surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Availability and ...
<ul><li>Regional  level:  </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Operational Programme on Digital Convergence </li></ul><ul><li>European ...
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Papaloi e parliaments and novel p2 c services-papaloi&gouscos (final)

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Papaloi e parliaments and novel p2 c services-papaloi&gouscos (final)

  1. 1. Aspasia Papaloi Research Fellow, NTLAB, in Communication, Education and the Mass Media, University of Athens E-mail: [email_address] Dimitris Gouscos Lecturer, Department of Communication and Media Studies, University of Athens E-mail: [email_address] http://www.media.uoa.gr/medialab/ 06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  2. 2. <ul><li>Central institution </li></ul><ul><li>Enables the expression of the will of people </li></ul><ul><li>Laws are passed </li></ul><ul><li>Government is held to account </li></ul><ul><li>Anders Johnsson, IPU Secretary General (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Generation of governments capable of governing </li></ul><ul><li>Support by the majority in parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation of high disciplined parties </li></ul><ul><li>Parties that produce a decision-making process highly centralized </li></ul><ul><li>Cheibub and Limongi (2002) </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  3. 3. <ul><li>Accountability of its members to the electorate </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity of MPs in the conduct of their work </li></ul><ul><li>An institution socially and politically representative </li></ul><ul><li>An institution ensuring equal opportunities and protections for all its members </li></ul><ul><li>An effective parliament by producing better laws, policies and programs </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative and oversight functions, that serve the needs of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Openness to the nation through different media </li></ul><ul><li>A transparent parliament, as far as the conduct of its business is concerned </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of public, associations, and movements of civil society in its works </li></ul><ul><li>A connective parliament, intending to the building of trust between </li></ul><ul><li>government and citizens and to the strengthening of governance legitimacy </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ Age-group parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Physical presence and interaction of participants. Simulation of parliamentary proceedings and discussion of issues in two levels: i. In committee meetings, and ii. In a Plenary session </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: ‘Youth Parliament’, ‘Elders’ Parliament’ in Cyprus </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens’ meetings from different areas or with different demographic characteristics. Discussion, learning and exchange of ideas on issues of public importance. Proposal of recommendations to the government as a medium of public deliberation and participation in decision-making. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ‘Citizens’ Parliament’ in Australia </li></ul><ul><li>“ Thematic parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Programs, which enable the deliberation among participants over a specific issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ‘European Citizens’ Panel’ organized by EC </li></ul><ul><li>“ Alternative parliaments” or “Counter-parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Associations of groups of people indicating their need to express themselves in a different milieu. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Structure of citizens’ protest on current social issues or their participation in the current political agenda </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  5. 5. <ul><li>A transparent, accessible and accountable legislature through ICT </li></ul><ul><li>A legislature empowering people, in all their diversity, to be more engaged </li></ul><ul><li>in public life </li></ul><ul><li>A legislature providing higher quality information and greater access to its </li></ul><ul><li>parliamentary documents and activities </li></ul><ul><li>An organisation where connected stakeholders use ICT to support its primary </li></ul><ul><li>functions of representation, law-making and oversight more effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering the development of an equitable and inclusive information society, </li></ul><ul><li>through the application of modern technology and standards and the adoption of </li></ul><ul><li>supportive policies </li></ul><ul><li>(United Nations, 2008: 12). </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  6. 6. <ul><li>General information about parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Information about legislation, budget, and oversight </li></ul><ul><li>Finding, receiving, and viewing information </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and dialogue with citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Usability, accessibility, and language </li></ul><ul><li>Management and responsibilities </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  7. 7. <ul><li>Parliament-to-Parliament services (P2P) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament-to-Members of Parliament services (P2MP) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament-to-Citizen services (P2C) </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens-to-Parliament services (C2P) </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  8. 8. <ul><li>Parliament-to-Parliament services (P2P) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of technological tools for the facilitation of information exchange among parliaments. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: IPEX (Inter-Parliamentary EU Information Exchange) </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Database for storage of parliamentary documents, as far as the national scrutiny is concerned, of decisions taken at the EU level </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of the exchange of all EU-related information between parliaments </li></ul><ul><li>Fora for the exchange of views on scrutiny including subsidiarity aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of a calendar concerning interparliamentary meetings </li></ul><ul><li>IPEX Brochure (n.d.) </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  9. 9. <ul><li>Parliament-to-Members of Parliament services (P2MP) </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of ICT tools for the facilitation of MPs’ work. </li></ul><ul><li>Highly ranked services used by the MPs: mobile technology, webmail, remote access to legislative documents, use of laptop computers. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Use of mobile phones by the Finnish Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation for loan library services (availability of requested material, loan period, requests to </li></ul><ul><li>the Information Service </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of MPs’ and civil servants’ work while on move (GPRS data services, automated </li></ul><ul><li>calendar, event notifications) </li></ul><ul><li>(The Library of Parliament, 2007; Telia Sonera, 2005; Fujitsu, n.d.) </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  10. 10. <ul><li>Parliament-to-Citizen services (P2C) </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of projects with the aim to attract citizens’ interest and to enhance their participation in parliamentary proceedings. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: ‘e-Petition’ Project by the Scottish Parliament </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  11. 11. <ul><li>Citizens-to-Parliament services (C2P) </li></ul><ul><li>Services available to citizens for contact with their MPs and further feedback to parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: UK-based ‘My Society’ projects, such as ‘Hear from Your MP’, ‘Write to Them’ and ‘They Work for You’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Hear from Your MP’ – Communication scheme through e-mail service </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens MPs </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  12. 12. <ul><li>E-Rulemaking </li></ul><ul><li>Serves for submission of comments and interactive deliberation over pending rulemakings. Basically, implemented in the US with the aim to “increase democratic legitimacy and regulatory compliance, improve policy decisions and decrease administrative costs” </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency on citizens’ rulemaking proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarization with corresponding tools by rulemaking agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of regulatory decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of quality pertaining to government rules </li></ul><ul><li>Development of new e-services (e.g. digital libraries) </li></ul><ul><li>(Coglianese, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation on municipality level since 1989, in order to enable citizens know about government operations, hold government into account and influence government policies (Islam, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Broadening of citizen awareness over social and political issues </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement of decision-making in democratic regimes </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement of many stakeholders (local governments, individual citizens, NGOs etc.) that makes the </li></ul><ul><li>decision taken more complex, but also credible, comprehensive and fair </li></ul><ul><li>(Moynihan, 2007) </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  13. 13. <ul><li>Argument Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of graphical representation in a shared user space of the arguments formulated during a public dialogue (e.g. ‘WAVE project’ with the use of ‘Debategraph’ platform) </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-lingual cross-border context </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusiveness and transparency of EU decision making at national and European level </li></ul><ul><li>Differing points of view (in order to make complex ideas simpler) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of wikis for collaboration and feedback on legislation </li></ul><ul><li>(WAVE Project) </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of text visualization of the topics discussed in a public dialogue (e.g. ‘VIDI project’) </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient interaction between citizens and policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Text visualization facilitates the understanding, discovery and summarization of the topics discussed </li></ul><ul><li>(VIDI Project) </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  14. 14. <ul><li>Argument and Discussion visualization </li></ul><ul><li>“ Youth Parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for combining argument and discussion visualization services with ‘Youth Parliaments’ : </li></ul><ul><li>Argument maps are usually used in formal education for learning and understanding complex </li></ul><ul><li>concepts or ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Data or text visualization fosters the summarization and categorization of information, which </li></ul><ul><li>enables the managing of simpler ideas by young people </li></ul><ul><li>Experimental learning and game-based learning is amusing to young people, more engaging and </li></ul><ul><li>the outcomes are easily extracted </li></ul><ul><li>Young people are acquainted with novel ICT tools, which enable collaboration (e.g. wikis) </li></ul><ul><li>Argument visualization or discussion visualization projects can foster further </li></ul><ul><li>discussion and inclusion of more participants pertaining to “Youth Parliament” programs </li></ul>30/04/2010 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  15. 15. <ul><li>E-rulemaking and Participatory Budgeting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social and Thematic Parliaments” </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for combining e-Rulemaking and Participatory Budgeting services with ‘Social and Thematic Parliaments’: </li></ul><ul><li>Adults can form more complex ideas and deliberate in a more formal way </li></ul><ul><li>Adults want to take part in democratic and parliamentary procedures in such a way, that </li></ul><ul><li>their opinions or ideas will be heard and taken into account </li></ul><ul><li>Abovementioned projects enable a level of transparency, knowledge of government’s </li></ul><ul><li>operations and inclusion of all citizens </li></ul><ul><li>The outcomes of these deliberations can effect citizens’ everyday life directly, if they are </li></ul><ul><li>enacted soon by governments </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  16. 16. <ul><li>Generally: </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic planning </li></ul><ul><li>User surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Availability and management of human and financial resources </li></ul><ul><li>Strong political will </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically: </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration of benefits and measurable outcomes expected by the introduction of novel </li></ul><ul><li>P2C services </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed investigation of service contents, service provision and citizen participation workflows </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of political, organizational and legal issues arisen pertaining to parliaments </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of socio-cultural issues arisen pertaining to citizens </li></ul>06/05/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos
  17. 17. <ul><li>Regional level: </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Operational Programme on Digital Convergence </li></ul><ul><li>European level: </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Policy Support Programme by European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.media.uoa.gr/medialab/ </li></ul>05/06/10 EDem 2010-A. Papaloi & D. Gouscos

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