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Open Government Data - The Next Generation

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Presentation at the Open Government Data Workshop of Informatik 2013, Koblenz

Presentation at the Open Government Data Workshop of Informatik 2013, Koblenz

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  • 1. Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. Open Government Data
  • 2. Department for E-Governance Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 17. September | 2013 | Page 2 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Agenda • Open Government Data in Austria Organisational Setting & Reusable Patterns • Evaluation of Open Government Data Portal Vienna Lessons Learned and Take aways • Collaboration towards a unified OGD ecosystem DACH-area and European perspective • Prospect for future research
  • 3. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 3 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 1. OGD in Austria - History 1. Public urge – Started 2009 by Citizen Democracy Interest groups (eg. meinparlament.at, Open3.at) – Approaching administration through City of Vienna public funded research project opendata.at – Bottom-up initiatives by scraping existing public data sets 2. Administrative response – Public discussion started spring 2011 by City of Linz (“CC-region”) – Inception of Cooperation OGD Austria summer 2010 – Fall 2011: City of Vienna pioneers first government-driven OGD portal – Spring 2012: data.gv.at – Today: 898 datasets by 20 organisations of every federal level
  • 4. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 4 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 1. OGD in Austria – Reusable patterns • Steering committee Cooperation OGD Austria – Ad-hoc and informal collaboration of public administration entities – Sub-working groups including public (academia, business, NGOs); “Collaboration of the eager and aware” – ~ 4 meetings a year to approve work by – or assign tasks to – sub working groups • Metadata description – Influenced by DCAT & INSPIRE, fully compatible to DCAT-AP – Version 2.1 stable since spring 2012 – Coordinated with OGD Germany and Switzerland
  • 5. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 5 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 1. OGD in Austria - Principles 1. “Legal” – Provision: A dataset is an OGD dataset if it is released on an official data portal, using CC-BY-license and described by an agreed meta data description – Ongoing: Liability concerns 2. Organisational – Cooperation OGD Austria steering committee, organized in working groups with focus-topics (meta data, business needs, content federation) – No regulatory power, though directly advising public administration and “BLSG”- working group 3. Technical – CKAN repository (minimal adaptions to be released as OS) – 3-stars according to TBL-taxonomy – Meta data description heavily influenced by international standards and good practice – Linked data: ongoing topic
  • 6. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 6 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 2. Evaluation of OGD Portal Vienna • What: Report appointed by the CIO of the City of Vienna • Who: External (Citizen, Business, Academia, Journalists) and internal (Vienna city departments) stakeholders • How: online questionnaire and face-to-face interviews, comparative text analysis, desk research • Timeframe: Summer 2012 • Outcome: – Extended executive summary released as CC-BY, results published to journal (on review) http://data.wien.gv.at/neuigkeiten/wege/mut-zu-neuen-wegen.html – Roadmap 2013
  • 7. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 7 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 2. Evaluation of OGD Portal Vienna – Key findings • Good – Unambiguous organisational setting – Reusing what is available (CMS instead CKAN) • Fair – OGD public relations – Funding schemes take OGD into account • Room for improvement – Besides GIS, no backend integration – Not integrated in Open Government initiatives
  • 8. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 8 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 2. Evaluation of OGD Portal Vienna – Take away • Create a clear content and communication strategy • Know your stakeholders; integrate their opinionated leaders, listen, solve, reward • Embrace openness as the default; Results of publicly funded projects may be released as CC by default • Understand the platform idea; Channel forces and integrate Initiatives • Proper information management is the basis for Linked Open Data, Big Data • Evolute rather than revolute
  • 9. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 9 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 3. Combining OGD endeavours • Mostly harmonized Meta data description between Austria and Germany • Switzerland uses the Austrian Meta data description • Active contribution to the ISA DCAT-AP working group https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/asset/dcat_application_profile/d escription
  • 10. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 10 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 3. Combining OGD endeavours – Mapping AT  DE • DE & AT Metadata descriptions are freely available, DE:http://htmlpreview.github.io/?https://github.com/fraunhoferfokus/og d-metadata/blob/master/OGPD_JSON_Schema.html AT:http://reference.e-government.gv.at/uploads/media/OGD- Metadaten_2_1_2012_10.pdf • Mapping possible with high consistency, but not entirely automatic
  • 11. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 11 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 3. Combining OGD endeavours – Mapping AT  DE
  • 12. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 12 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 3. Combining OGD endeavours – Mapping AT  DE
  • 13. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 13 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 3. Combining OGD endeavours: DCAT-AP (Intermission) • DCAT-AP IS – A specification, which relies on DCAT – Appointed by ISA as a call for tenders • DCAT-AP CAN – Describe Metadata fields and supporting infrastructure (eg. a data portal) • DCAT-AP will become – The meta data format of the European Open Data portal
  • 14. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 14 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 3. Combining OGD endeavours: Active support of DCAT-AP Austrian meta data recommendation maps lossless to DCAT-AP Name [DE] ID CKAN-ID Cardinality Controled Vocabulary Required / Optional Property Cardinality Occurrence Catalog:dataset N M Catalog:description N M Catalog:license 1 M Catalog:publisher 1 M Catalog:title N M Eindeutiger Identifikator metadata_identifier extras:metadata_identifier 1 dcterms:identifier R Dataset:identifier N O Datum des Metadatensatzes metadata_modified extras:metadata_modified 1 dcterms:issued R CatalogRecord:update/modification date 1 M Titel des Metadatensatzes title title 1 dcterms:title (mit language tag "de") R Dataset:title N M Beschreibung description notes 1 dcterms:abstract R Dataset:description N M Kategorie categorization extras:categorization[“…“,“…“] N dcat:theme R Dataset:theme/category;Maybe Category:preferred label N R Schlagworte keywords tags N dcat:keyword R Dataset:keyword/tag N R Datensatz oder Dienst Link resource_url resources:url N dcat:accessURL R Distribution:download URL N O Datensatz oder Dienst Format resource_format resources:format N dcterms:format R Distribution:format, Distribution:media type 1 O Datenverantwortliche Stelle maintainer maintainer 1 dcelements:creator R Agent:name N M Lizenz license license 1 dcterms:license (sollte URI des Lizenzdokuments sein) R Distribution:license; Maybe License Document:license type 1 M Zeitliche Ausdehnung (Anfang) begin_datetime extras:begin_datetime 1 dcterms:temporal R ~ Dataset:temporal coverage N O Datensatz oder Dienst Bezeichner resource_name resources:name N rdfs:literal O Distribution:title N O Bezeichnung der Metadatenstruktur schema_name extras:schema_name 1 dcterms:alternative O Implicitly by vocabulary URI Sprache des Metadatensatzes schema_language extras:schema_language 1 dcterms:language O There is no equivalent in DCAT-AP, however it can be implicitly modelled using RDF Character Set Code des Metadatensatzes schema_characterset extras:schema_characterset 1 cnt:characterEncoding O Weiterführende Metadaten metadata_linkage extras:metadata_linkage N dcat:dataDictionary O Distribution:access URL N M Attributbeschreibung attribute_description extras:attribute_description 1 dcterms:description O Kontaktseite der datenverantwortlichen Stelle maintainer_link extras:maintainer_link 1 dcterms:creator O Dataset:contact point N R Datensatz oder Dienst Veröffentlichungsdatum resource_created resources:created 1 dcterms:issued O Dataset:release date 1 O Datensatz oder Dienst Änderungsdatum resource_lastmodified resources:last_modified 1 dcterms:modified O Dataset:update/modification date 1 O Veröffentlichende Stelle publisher extras:publisher 1 dcelements:publisher O Dataset:publisher 1 M Geographische Abdeckung/Lage geographic_toponym extras:geographic_toponym 1 dcterms:description O Dataset:geographical coverage N O Geographische Ausdehnung geographic_bbox extras:geographic_bbox 1 dcterms:spatial O Dataset:geographical coverage N O Zeitliche Ausdehnung (Ende) end_datetime extras:end_datetime 1 dcterms:temporal O ~ Dataset:temporal coverage N O Aktualisierungszyklus update_frequency extras:update_frequency 1 dcterms:accrualPeriodicity O Dataset:frequency 1 O Datenqualität/Herkunft lineage_quality extras:lineage_quality 1 dcat:dataQuality O Titel und Beschreibung Englisch en_title_and_desc extras:en_title_and_desc 1 dcterms:abstract (mit language tag "en") O Dataset:title, Dataset:description using RDF literal language annotation “EN” Größe des Datensatzes oder Dienstes resource_size resources:size 1 dcat:bytes O Distribution:byteSize 1 O Lizenz Zitat license_citation extras:license_citation 1 cc:attributionName O Sprache des Datensatzes oder Dienstes resource_language resources:language 1 dcterms:language O Dataset:language N O Character Set Code des Datensatzes oder Dienstes resource_encoding resources:characterset 1 cnt:characterEncoding O Cooperation OGD Österreich Metadata Description DCAT-AP V0.0.6
  • 15. www.donau-uni.ac.at 17. September | 2013 | Page 15 GI Informatik 2013 Koblenz Department for E-Governance Danube University Krems. The University for Continuing Education. 4. The Next Generation - Prospect for future research • Evaluate existing OGD implementations • Integrate – OGD as an integral part of Open Government – OGD into government information flow • Broaden scope of OGD towards OD and assure interoperability, usability and applicability • Examine the role of O(G)D as a key information source of the Smart City / Smart Region • Identify missing expertise towards large-scale OGD uptake
  • 16. Deadline for the submission of papers, workshop proposals, reflections: 6. December 2013 Notification of acceptance 7. February 2014 Camera-ready paper submission 28 February 2014 Conference 21. - 23. May 2014 • Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation • E-Democracy and E-Participation • E-Voting • Bottom-Up Movements • Social and Mobile Media for Public Administration • Open Collaborative Government • Democracy, Globalization and Migration • Connected Smart City • Technology and Architecture • Self-governance in Complex Networks • Rethinking Information Visualization for the • People • Freedom and Ethics in Digital Societies • Design and Co-creation for E-democracy • PhD Colloquium Important Deadlines

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