Partners:	  	  Botswana	  Speaks	  Parliamentary	  Ini5a5ve	  	  is	  a	  project	  co-­‐funded	  by	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	...
The	  Botswana	  Speaks	  Team	  The	  Parliament	  of	  Botswana	  eGovlab	   at	   Stockholm	   University	   /	  Depart...
Main	  points	  about	  Botswana	  Speaks	  	  •  Socio-­‐poli5cal	  context	  	  Ø Importance	  of	  offline	  consulta2on...
Project	  background	  Ø  Poli5cal	  stability,	  economic	  development	  Ø  ChieRainship	  system	  -­‐>	  consulta5ve...
Ini5al	  survey	  results	  (February	  2012)	  	  Ci4zens	  (620	  respondents)	  	  ü  98%	  own	  a	  mobile	  device	...
Botswana	  Speaks:	  Descrip5on	  Fostering	  communica2on	  between	  MPs	  and	  ci2zens	  in	  4	  pilot	  cons2tuencie...
Tradi5onal	  Workflow	  Na5onal	  Assembly	  Member	  of	  Parliament	  Cons5tuency	  Office	  Local	  Authori5es	  District	...
Revised	  Workflow	  with	  Botswana	  Speaks	  	  Na5onal	  Assembly	  Member	  of	  Parliament	  Cons5tuency	  Office	  Loc...
Embracing	  consulta5ve	  tradi5ons:	  Cons5tuency	  Mee5ngs	  Ø Modeled	  on	  Kgotla	  mee5ngs:	  o  Take	   place	   i...
Botswana	  Speaks	  Plaform	  	  Case/Issue	  tracking	  system	  Submit	  an	  opinion/	  a	  request	  for	  informa5on	...
 Botswana	  Speaks	  plaform	  
Mobile	  version	  	  -­‐  For	  all	  mobile	  devices	  -­‐  Mobile-­‐friendly	  version	  of	  the	  plaform	  for	  ci...
Capacity	  building	  as	  a	  key	  factor	  •  Partnership	  rather	  than	  donor-­‐recipient	  dynamic	  	  	  –  Conc...
Expected	  outcomes	  ü  New	  technologies	  and	  tradi2ons	  work	  together	  ü  Increased	  ci2zens’	  par2cipa2on	...
Partners:	  	  Botswana	  Speaks	  Parliamentary	  Ini5a5ve	  	  is	  a	  project	  co-­‐funded	  by	  	  	  	  	  	  	  	...
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Kheira Belkacem, Vasilis Koulolias – Botswana Speaks Parliamentary Initiative: A socio-­‐ political approach to eDemocracy initiatives in developing countries

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CeDEM Day 1, afternoon, Track: E­‐Democracy and E­‐Politics, Main Hall, Chair: Reinhard Riedl

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Kheira Belkacem, Vasilis Koulolias – Botswana Speaks Parliamentary Initiative: A socio-­‐ political approach to eDemocracy initiatives in developing countries

  1. 1. Partners:    Botswana  Speaks  Parliamentary  Ini5a5ve    is  a  project  co-­‐funded  by                                                                  With  the  collabora5on  of  Business  Sweden      Botswana  Speaks  Parliamentary  Ini4a4ve    A  Socio-­‐Poli5cal  Approach  to  eDemocracy  Ini5a5ves  in  Developing  Countries      Kheira  Belkacem,  eGovlab,  Stockholm  University  Vasilis  Koulolias,  eGovlab,  Stockholm  University  Cedem  2013  –  Krems  –  22  May  2013    
  2. 2. The  Botswana  Speaks  Team  The  Parliament  of  Botswana  eGovlab   at   Stockholm   University   /  Department  of  Computer  &  Systems  Sciences  (DSV)  Gov2u  Swedish   InternaFonal  Development   CooperaFon  Agency  With   the   collaboraFon   of  Business  Sweden  Botswana  Speaks  Parliamentary  Ini5a5ve  is  co-­‐funded  by  the  Parliament  of  Botswana,   Stockholm   University   and   Gov2u   in   addi5on   to   the   funding  provided  by  SIDA.  
  3. 3. Main  points  about  Botswana  Speaks    •  Socio-­‐poli5cal  context    Ø Importance  of  offline  consulta2ons  as  part  of  the  project    •  Partnership  rather  than  donor-­‐recipient  dynamic    •  Sustained  capacity  building    
  4. 4. Project  background  Ø  Poli5cal  stability,  economic  development  Ø  ChieRainship  system  -­‐>  consulta5ve  tradi5ons    Ø  Policy  context  •  Botswana  Vision  2016  •  Na5onal  e-­‐Government  Strategy  2011-­‐2016  Ø  IT  infrastructure    Ø  Mobile  penetra5on  2011:  118%*            *    Botswana  Telecommunica5ons  Authority  2012    Mobile  Broadband   Internet  Subscrip4ons*  2011:  185,971  subscribers  2012:  259,486  subscribers  2011:  203,885  subscribers  2012:  279,429  subscribers    
  5. 5. Ini5al  survey  results  (February  2012)    Ci4zens  (620  respondents)    ü  98%  own  a  mobile  device    ü  76%  never  communicated  their  concerns  to  their  MPs  ü  94%  willing  to  share  their  opinions  with  MPs  (online  and  offline)  Members  of  Parliament  (33  respondents  +/-­‐  60%  of  all  MPs)    ü  87%  have  used  the  Internet  for  work  ü  91%  willing  to  communicate  with  their  cons5tuents  ü  97%  interested  in  directly  informing  ci4zens    
  6. 6. Botswana  Speaks:  Descrip5on  Fostering  communica2on  between  MPs  and  ci2zens  in  4  pilot  cons2tuencies  Who?     Where?  ü  4  MPs  ü  Parliament  Services  ü  Cons5tuency  administrators  ü  Local  authori5es  ü  Ci5zens  ü  Bote5  North  ü  Maun  West  ü  Nata/Gweta  ü  South  East  South    How?     When?  -­‐>  online  plaform  -­‐>  SMS  -­‐>  offline  cons5tuency  mee5ngs      Pilot  phase:  April  to  December  2013    
  7. 7. Tradi5onal  Workflow  Na5onal  Assembly  Member  of  Parliament  Cons5tuency  Office  Local  Authori5es  District  Council    Land  Boards  District  Administra5on  Kgotla  (Chiefs)  Na4onal  Assembly  Ci5zens    
  8. 8. Revised  Workflow  with  Botswana  Speaks    Na5onal  Assembly  Member  of  Parliament  Cons5tuency  Office  Local  Authori5es  District  Council    Land  Boards  District  Administra5on  Kgotla  (Chiefs)  Na4onal  Assembly  Cons5tuency  mee5ngs  Ci5zens  Legisla5on  introduced    
  9. 9. Embracing  consulta5ve  tradi5ons:  Cons5tuency  Mee5ngs  Ø Modeled  on  Kgotla  mee5ngs:  o  Take   place   in   the   4   pilot   cons5tuencies   according   to  parliamentary  business  calendar.    o  Ci5zens   are   able   to   come   and   discuss   draR   bills   and  commikee  mee5ng’s  business.  o  Ci5zen’s   input   gathered   during   offline   mee5ngs   is   then  made   available   on   the   plaform   for   Members   of  Parliament  to  consult  
  10. 10. Botswana  Speaks  Plaform    Case/Issue  tracking  system  Submit  an  opinion/  a  request  for  informa5on  or  a  request  for  ac5on  to  your  MP  Ø  Enhance  cons2tuency  services  Ø  Direct  communica2on  between  ci2zens  and  members  of  the  parliament  DraJ  bill/order  papers    posted  on  the  plaKorm  by  Parliament  Services    Delibera5on  tool    Opinion  poll    Ø  Involve  ci2zens  in  the  early  stages  of  the  decision-­‐making  process      
  11. 11.  Botswana  Speaks  plaform  
  12. 12. Mobile  version    -­‐  For  all  mobile  devices  -­‐  Mobile-­‐friendly  version  of  the  plaform  for  ci5zens’  use  -­‐  As  a  result  of  deep  mobile  penetra5on  in  country  SMS  integra4on  -­‐  Dedicated  phone  number  for  each  pilot  cons5tuency  -­‐  Submit  an  issue/case  to  MPs  via  SMS  -­‐  Response  via  SMS  or  via  online  plaform  
  13. 13. Capacity  building  as  a  key  factor  •  Partnership  rather  than  donor-­‐recipient  dynamic      –  Conceptualiza5on  –  Implica5ons  in  decision-­‐making  process  –  Design  and  interface  (feedback  Alpha  and  Beta  versions)  •  Sustained  training/workshops  –  With  MPs  –  With  cons5tuency  administrators  –  With  Parliament  Services  –  With  ci5zens  in  the  4  cons5tuencies    
  14. 14. Expected  outcomes  ü  New  technologies  and  tradi2ons  work  together  ü  Increased  ci2zens’  par2cipa2on  and  enhance  civic  culture  ü  Ci2zens  involvement  in  decision-­‐making  ü  Ci2zens  beKer  connected  to  representa2ves  ü  Build  capacity  in  the  Parliament  and  among  ci2zens  in  4  pilot  cons2tuencies    
  15. 15. Partners:    Botswana  Speaks  Parliamentary  Ini5a5ve    is  a  project  co-­‐funded  by                                                                  With  the  collabora5on  of  Business  Sweden  THANK  YOU  FOR  YOUR  ATTENTION  Kheira  Belkacem,  eGovlab,  Stockholm  University,  Sweden    kheira@egovlab.eu    www.botswanaspeaks.org  

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