Karine Nahon, Behind the scenes: Information flows in networks

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#CeDEM13 day 2 afternoon, Keynotes

#CeDEM13 day 2 afternoon, Keynotes

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  • 1. Behind the Scenes:Information Flows in NetworksKarine Nahonkarineb@uw.eduhttp://eKarine.org AND http://SoMeLab.nethttp://twitter.com/karineb
  • 2. Information Flows andSocial Structure•  ReproductionAnd at the same time:•  Transformation
  • 3. Information flows challengeinstitutions and fundamentallytransform the structures ofinstitutions and powerrelations among stakeholders.
  • 4. Source:http://www.buzzfeed.com/mjs538/the-pepper-spraying-cop-meme
  • 5. ‫תקציביות‬ ‫העברות‬
  • 6. Empowering open, equal anddecentralized platforms, whereusers have a critical role
  • 7. Maybe more open andempoweredbut not equal
  • 8. •  The power law•  Homophily•  Fragmentation and polarization•  Following the herd•  Network gatekeeping•  Digital Divides
  • 9. Market Share of Search EnginesSearch  Engines  10/02 1/03 5/04 12/08 12/10 8/11 9/12 3/13Google   20.1   33   36.8   62.9   84.6   82.8   85.15   67.5  Yahoo   19.6   24   26.6   16.8   6.7   6.6   7.3   12.1  MSN   19.3   19   14.5   9.8          Bing   -­‐               3.3   3.8   4   16.7  AOL   13.5   12   12.8   4.1          Baidu   -­‐               3.4   4.8   1.65  Ask’s   2.6       72.5   88   90.7   93.6   98   98   98.1   98.9  Sources: Alexa, Netmarketshare, search engine watch
  • 10. Worldwide  smartphone  operaLng  system  (OS)  market  share  in  2009-­‐2015,  according  to  Gartner  OS    2009  market  share  2010  market  share  2011  market  share  Android   3.9%   22.7%   38.5%  BlackBerry   19.9%   16.0%   13.4%  iOS   14.4%   15.7%   19.4%  Symbian   46.9%   37.6%   19.2%  Windows  Phone/Mobile  8.7%   4.2%   5.6%  Others   6.1%   3.8%   3.9%  Total  smartphones  sold  172  million  297  million  468  million  Source:  Gartner  (April  2011)    90.5%Source:  NetMarketShare    ‫ם‬‫דפדפני‬95.7%
  • 11. •  4 blog categories
  • 12. Homophily andFragmentationDailyKosHuffington PostTalking Points MemoFiredoglakeCrooks And LiarsWashington MonthlyPandagonAmerica BlogFive ThirtyEightDigbyFeministingJuan ColeOpen LeftTalk LeftShakespeares SisterSadly, No!MyDDEzra KleinHot AirGateway PunditNewsbustersPowerline BlogAnn AlthouseJawa ReportPattericos PontificationsIMAORed StateQandO
  • 13. Followingthe Herd
  • 14. Network Gatekeeping•  Editors 83,000•  Men: 91%•  Education: 65% percentile•  Who creates content?
  • 15. Communal Gatekeeping(The 7th eye, 2011)
  • 16. (source: Getty Images,FARS, ABC News)
  • 17. Some Democratic Illusions•  The mass: a mass or a micro?•  Big numbers = objective information?•  Wisdom of the crowd: does it represent thepopulation?•  Does a ‘like’ influence decision?•  Openness and participation = equality?•  Participation = deliberation?
  • 18. More Democratic Illusions•  Towards which direction is the herd heading?•  Is the individual voice lost being part of thewisdom of the crowd?•  Demanding (uncontrollable) transparency –where do we stop?•  Endless/Ubiquitous information – but whereis the power?
  • 19. What Can we do?•  Democracy by design•  Increasing inclusive participation•  Institutionalize the process of transformingparticipation to decision-making•  Transparency-oriented applications•  Collaboration: people, civil society, privatesector and government