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Improving Coordination in Swiss OGD
 

Improving Coordination in Swiss OGD

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Presentation at the Open Government Data Standardisation Workshop of Informatik 2013, Koblenz

Presentation at the Open Government Data Standardisation Workshop of Informatik 2013, Koblenz

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    Improving Coordination in Swiss OGD Improving Coordination in Swiss OGD Presentation Transcript

    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Improving Coordination in Swiss OGD Focus of the eCH-Group OGD Reinhard Riedl, Alessia C. Neuroni and Beat Estermann 17.09.2013 Workshop OGD Standardization Source:http://www.computerworld.ch/marktanalysen/swissit/artikel/ swiss-it-2011-cloud-ready-dank-standardisierung-56329/ ▶ E-Government Institute ¦ Bern University of Applied Sciences ¦ name.surname@bfh.ch
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ eCH: E-Government Standards in Switzerland ▶ Coordination and Standards in the Field of Open Government Data ▶ Focus of the eCH-Group OGD ▶ Discussion Agenda
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Standards – Coordination - Stakeholdermanagement Bild:Keystone http://www.flickr.com/photos/ roberthiggins/4778664739/
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences In the field of OGD Switzerland ▶ There is a weak coordination among federal levels and topic areas ▶ The added value is barely given – the reuse of public data is still weak W can encourage the reuse of government data through ▶ More motivation for public administration ▶ Less fear through strategy & policy formulation ▶ More commitment through focus on the support of core tasks ▶ More coordination to achieve better vertical and horizontal integration ▶ Kickstarting the quadruple helix process, that is the collaboration of public administration – industry – universities – civil society ▶ Setting adequate standards (finding process as dialogue, “the path is the goal”) Working Axioms (based on empirical investigation)
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Standards for internal affairs ▶ Gaining political support rests on four corner stones ▶ Clarifying what we are talking about ▶ Collecting and resolving concerns ▶ Defining the mind of the government through a strategy, or even better a policy ▶ Providing tools for implementation ▶ Metadata Standards defining the fitness for open publication play a key role ▶ They are a precondition for a policy formulation ▶ They serve as tools and they can be used by tools ▶ Standards for external and internal affairs ▶ Standards describing the context of the data make the reuse easier, both outside and inside public administration Two directions of standardization
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Internal metadata standards ongoing debate, based on http://www.eovernment.ch/dokumente/ogd/E-Gov-CH_OGD-Studie-2013_D.pdf by Marianne Fraefel, Fabienne Kuhn, Alessia Neuroni, Marcel Schmid, and Reinhard Riedl
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences eCH: E-Government Standards in Switzerland
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Open Data Census (OKF 2013) http://census.okfn.org/country/
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ eCH Association promotes and adopts eGovernment standards in Switzerland ▶ eCH facilitates electronic cooperation among authorities and between authorities and private individuals, companies, organisations, and research and teaching institutions by adopting and coordinating relevant standards ▶ eCH standards have the status of recommendations. The use of these standards on federal, cantonal or on Federal, cantonal or communal level can be declared bindingly ▶ Triple helix: government (3 Federal levels), industry and academy eCH E-Government Standards
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ A common standard documents a shared experience ▶ Through standardization: enabling win-win-situations, encouraging cooperation, combining different subsystems and leading to new integrated solutions ▶ Self regulation: standards emerge when enough people are willing to invest time in order to develop something, that can not be achieved alone ▶ Added value: savings, data quality, time (Spiess / Spichiger 2013: 52f.) Moving forward together thanks to standards
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Are we working on the topics with a high standardization potential? ▶ Are we working on the topics with a high utility value? ▶ What need to be standardized? Processes, Quality, Semantic, Formats, presentations, interfaces, services (Spichiger/Klein/Müller 2010) Assessing the need for standardization Criteria Weight Potential use high key prerequisite character High Savings potential medium time medium SME promotion low Fachliche Fähigkeiten Management Kernfähigkeiten mit Voraussetzungscharakter Allgemeine Dienste Technologie Planung ControllingStrategie Leistungen Qualität Unternehmens -Architektur Prozesse Analytik Kernfähigkeiten Arbeit Bauen Bildung Aussen- beziehungen Kultur Land- wirtschaft Sicherheit Steuern Gesellschaft Politische Aktivitäten Gesundheit Gerichts- barkeit Umwelt Wirtschaft Mobilität Einwohner Unternehmen Behörden Objekte Tiere Geo- informationen Rechts- sammlung Finanzen Personal Beschaffung Informatik Geschäfts- abwicklung Logistik Userinterface Computing Datenhaltung Netzwerk Immobilien
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Coordination and Standards in the Field of Open Government Data
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Myth 1: The publicizing of data will automatically yield benefits ▶ Myth 2: All information should be unrestrictedly publicized ▶ Myth 3: It is a matter of simply publishing public data ▶ Myth 4: Every constituent can make use of open data ▶ Myth 5: Open data will result in open government (Janssen / Charalabidis / Zuiderwijk 2012: 264) Myths of Open Data
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Horizontal and vertical coordination ▶ Coordination among different areas (e.g. geo, health, education) ▶ Dynamics of innovation: the quadruple helix ▶ Areas of activities (A): legal aspects regarding licensing, metadata, OGD- publication process model and content cooperation (Parycek/Höchtl 2013: 80f.) Coordination: the quadruple helix
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Standardization in different phases of the process (Zuiderwijk/ Janssen 2013: 42) Creating Data Publishing Data Finding Data Using Data Legislators / Regulatory environment Data providers Public units on federal, cantonal and communal levels Data users Other public units, Business, Academia, Civil Society (incl. Media, NGOs, Associations) The two speheres are added, they respresent the orientations towards internal policy and towards reuse
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Focus of the eCH-Group OGD
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences ▶ Through DIALOGUE / Stakeholder involvement Enhance the dialogue by setting up working groups and fostering coordination; identify shared needs and develop integrated solutions ▶  PRODUCTION AND USE SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Involve data users in the creation, selection and publication of data Involve data providers in the steps of finding and using data ▶  PROMOTION OF REUSE / BUILDING TRUST Promote the reuse of OGD by addressing early enough in the process the coordination challenges by standardization (incl. tools, directives) Focus of the eCH-Group OGD http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2013/01/21/article- 2265768-1711542B000005DC-910_634x485.jpg http://www.romangia.net/wp- content/uploads/2013/02/cammino-de-santiago.jpg
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Need for Coordination Focus of Standardization Relevance for Data Re-use Avoiding fragmentation & duplication of work Data model (description of objects, properties and relationships) Standard Information for data sets Harmonized data selection and publication Legal framework for publishing and reusing created data Responsibilities with regard to co-production (content cooperation) Open Data / Linked Data maturity Declaring quality (of data, content and process) Defining quality standards Requirements regarding data sets and process Timeliness & periodicity of data provision (with regard to time-sensitive services) Improving findability and data integration Presenting data (human & machine readable) Integration of distributed information (e.g. portals) Commonly accepted methods for querying data Internationally interoperable metadata standards (discovery, context and legal metadata) Declaration of data / content quality as well as timeliness and periodicity APIs Reduction of transaction costs to a strict minimum Guaranteeing a certain quality level in the provision of services Focus of the eCH-Group OGD – Creating & Publishing Data
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Need for Coordination Focus of Standardization Relevance for Creating Data Basic assumption: market coordination for the presentation layer (integration does not need further standardization if metadata / declaration of quality / API OK) Monitoring data reuse Tracking usage, added value and beneficiaries (can influence choice of a business model and the allocation of resources) Tracking and avoiding abuse; enforcement of legal constraints Assessment instruments: tools to measure usage and usefulness; indicator systems Information regarding optimal allocation of resources Secure the funding for data production Protect the producers’ rights Focus of the eCH-Group OGD – Finding & Using Data
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences The rest is noise (Alex Ross)? NO, rather, the rest is knowledge transfer from public administration to those, who reuse their data! This implies: Standardization output is rather the add-on to, respectively the surplus goody of knowledge transfer, preferably in both directions!
    • Berner Fachhochschule | Haute école spécialisée bernoise | Bern University of Applied Sciences Discussion Feedbacks and experiences in other countries D-A-CH-LI suggestions and best practices for the eCH-group OGD