ORGANIZING AND ORGANIZATIONS IN OPEN DATA ECOSYSTEMS

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copyright by Maximilian Heimstädt, Fredric Saunderson, Tom Heath at CeDEM14

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ORGANIZING AND ORGANIZATIONS IN OPEN DATA ECOSYSTEMS

  1. 1. ORGANIZING AND ORGANIZATIONS IN OPEN DATA ECOSYSTEMS Maximilian Heimstädt Fredric Saunderson Tom Heath
  2. 2. “THE EFFECTS OF OPENING UP DATA ARE INNOVATION, TRANSPARENCY, ACCOUNTABILITY, BETTER GOVERNANCE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH.” (TBL)
  3. 3. 3 THE HOLY GRAIL?
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5 DATA, DATA EVERYWHERE!
  6. 6. DEFINITIONS EVOLVE Definition / Framework Release Affiliation Open Definition 10/2005 NGO Sebastopol Principles 12/2007 Individual Sunlight Principles 08/2010 NGO 5* Linked Open Data 05/2010 Individual OPQUAST Checklist 04/2011 Private Sector Open Data Whitepaper 06/2012 Government Open Data Certificates 06/2013 Hybrid
  7. 7. 7 QUESTIONS • Which institutional logics shape the field? • How can these logics be mediated? “INSTITUTIONAL LOGICS ARE DEFINED AS TAKEN- FOR-GRANTED BELIEFS AND PRACTICES THAT GUIDE ACTORS’ BEHAVIOR IN FIELDS OF ACTIVITY “ ! (BATTILANA & LEE, 2014)
  8. 8. UK OPEN DATA ECOSYSTEM • Longitudinal case study • Built on existing CC0 timeline • 15 interviews & observation
  9. 9. DIGITAL COMMONS LOGIC “I think the logic for us was kind of like Apache. Apache came along when Free or Open Source Software already existed. Like Apache we tried to facilitate this thing [Open Knowledge, Open Data].” ! OKF-130719-Int ! ! “All logic is, we’re not a lobbying organisation, we are seeking to make change in the world. We don't go and look at the legislation, I don’t even call it policy making. We call it evangelising, telling how great stuff is.” ! OKF-130719-Int
  10. 10. COMMERCIAL-EFFICIENCY LOGIC ! “$3 Trillion approximate potential annual value can be enabled by open data.” ! McKinsey Global Institute Report (2013) ! ! ! “We should realise that there is a difference between a commitment to transparency and a true National Data Strategy for economic growth.” ! Shakespeare Review (2013) ! !
  11. 11. IN THE FIELD OF OPEN DATA, LOGICS ARE MEDIATED IN HYBRID ORGANIZATIONS “HYBRIDITY AS THE COMBINATION OF MULTIPLE INSTITUTIONAL LOGICS.“ ! (BATTILANA & LEE, 2014)
  12. 12. Organiza5onal  Ac5vi5es Commercial  services    as  a  tool Commercial  services     as  necessary  condi5on Workforce  Composi5on Accquire  domain  experts Grow  allrounders Organiza5onal  Design Commercial  and  societal   units  rather  intertwined Commercial  and  societal   units  rather  separated Culture (Declared)  “Openness  as  a   Culture”,  top  down Culture  develops  through   working  groups,  boNom  up Inter-­‐Organiza5onal   Rela5onships Embracing  private  sector Sceptcism  towards  private   sector Hybridiza)on  Approach: Media)on-­‐by-­‐Religion   Rituals  &  Believing Media)on-­‐by-­‐Distribu)on   Cri5cs,  but  no  direct  frontline
  13. 13. FUTURE RESEARCH FROM NATIONAL…TO MUNICIPAL ECOSYSTEMS FROM DYADIC… TO TRIADIC HYBRIDS
  14. 14. MAXIMILIAN HEIMSTÄDT M.HEIMSTAEDT@FU-BERLIN.DE @HEIMSTAEDT WWW.HEIMSTAEDT.COM

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