Carol Wan Ting Soon, The changing face of the women’s movement in Singapore: From contention, conciliation to contestation?
THE CHANGING FACE OF WOMEN’S MOVEMENT INSINGAPORE:FROM CONTENTION, CONCILIATION TOCONTESTATION?Carol SoonInstitute of Policy StudiesEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org
First Wave:1950sVibrant politicaland civil society spaceduring pre-independenceperiodSocial and culturalconditions were mainimpedimentPost World War 2awakening123Strategies of Contention:- Bold and aggressive, denouncedwomen’s subordination and men’sprivileged positions in a patriarchal society.- Three-prong strategy combining:Public education, lobbying with the Britishgovernment and establishing regional andinternational networks.
Before the Internet:Second Wave(1980s-1990s)Consolidation of the one-party statePost-feminism?“People think that there isalready gender equality,especially among youngwomen, until somethinghappens in their life suchas divorce or the death oftheir spouse.” (Ms. CorinnaLim, President of AWARE,interview on November 13,2012)Culling opposition anddissenters123Strategies of conciliation: “Reactive”approach and persuasion instead ofconfrontation
“During” theInternet (1990s topresent)Alternative sexualitygroupsMothers’ support groupsWomen’s professionalgroups1232010 survey: 12% create theircontent and 74% communicateSingle women’s groups4
Contestation or continued marginalization?¨ Mobilization limited to selected alternative sexuality groups¨ Single mothers and divorced women, the main affordanceonline sites hold for users is the ease of use and privacy¨ Interaction facilitated by online sites fulfils informational or socialneeds, and do not encourage specific political actions.¨ What is needed?¤ Critical mass that comprise of structurally availableactors¤ Network of activists¤ Resonance of movement issue