Breaking public administrations’ data silos

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copyright by Raimondo Iemma, Federico Morando, Michele Osella at CeDEM14

copyright by Raimondo Iemma, Federico Morando, Michele Osella at CeDEM14

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  • 1. Breaking public administrations’ data silos: The case of Open-DAI, and a comparison between open data platforms. Raimondo Iemma, Federico Morando, Michele Osella CeDEM14 Krems, 21st May 2014
  • 2. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 2 Govs are not open by design ● Open government data is a powerful tool for eGovernment: ✔ internal interoperability; ✔ engagement of external innovators. ● However, data disclosure is not natively embedded in the typical information life-cycle of public bodies: ✗ access from external users is limited; ✗ information flows (if any) are vertical, and not horizontal. ● Open data platforms: ● operate as 'buses' between data centers and the outside world; ● still, data publication entails a good share of manual work (e.g., taking decisions).
  • 3. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 3 Objectives ● Isolating requirements for state-of-the-art OD platforms. ● Discuss whether and how four existing platforms comply with such requirements. ● Set further steps to enrich/customize our benchmarking. Lesson learned: if customers feel too much 'tracked', they will run away.Thus, data controllers make this perception less tangible.
  • 4. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 4 Requirements for OD portals / 1 ● Source: 20 widely diffused policy documents: ➔ European Legislation (e.g., PSI Directive, INSPIRE); ➔ National / local legislation (e.g., ITA Code for Digital Administration); ➔ EU Digital Agenda-related plans (e.g., eGOV action plan); ➔ Technical guidelines (e.g., UK Open Standard Principles); ➔ Tender specifications (e.g., EU Open Data portals); ➔ Independent studies. ● Refinement in two steps 1) Eliciting a long-list of preliminary requirements drawing on aforementioned sources. 2) Distilling the short-list of refined requirements.
  • 5. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 5 Requirements for OD portals / 2
  • 6. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 6 Requirements for OD portals / 3
  • 7. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 7
  • 8. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 8 Open Data portals ● Open-DAI: EU-funded open-source platform designed to expose data as services, directly pulling from legacy databases of the data holder. ● Socrata Open Data portal: commercial cloud-based service for data publishing, metadata management, data catalogue federation, and exposure of data as services. ● CKAN (acronym for Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network): an open-source data management platform maintained by the Open Knowledge Foundation. ● ENGAGE: EU FP7-funded data infrastructure supporting scientific collaboration and research.
  • 9. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 9 Benchmarking results ● Synoptic table: in the article; and in .csv here: https://github.com/seralf/checklist-piattaforme-opendata ● Publication features: direct link with legacy databases is a plus for Open-DAI, particularly suitable for frequently changing data. However, Socrata has strong browsing features, and CKAN is more interoperable (e.g., performs quality check through OpenRefine) ● Data features: OK Linked Open Data by the two EU-backed projects. ● Architecture: complete options by Open-DAI; ● Add-ons: 'ticketing' systems by ENGAGE, tracking bugs and encouraging derived datasets. ● In general: CKAN and Socrata have less sustainability problems (already widely used).
  • 10. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 10 Next steps ● We would like to enrich both the variety of requirements, and the mapped Open Data platforms. ● A first step: a (semantic) wiki, linking requirements with original documents (in Alpha, hosted at http://opendataportals.referata.com/) ● In fact, a public administration might want to customize the set of requirements for its own specific purposes / constraints, in order to select the best solution.
  • 11. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 11 Example (query) ==Interim results: which platform meets which high level requirements?== {{#ask: [[Category:HighLevelRequirement]] | mainlabel=Requirement | ?hasType | ?isMetBy | ?isPartiallyMetBy | ?-hasClassification }}
  • 12. CeDEM - 21st May 2014 Raimondo Iemma – Open Data platforms comparison 12 Example (query)
  • 13. Thanks! (Joint future developments welcome!) This paper was drafted in the context of the Open-DAI ICT-PSP project (GA n°297362). The authors acknowledge the support of the European Commission and are grateful to the project members for their support. Raimondo Iemma raimondo.iemma@polito.it