“Click here” to design &build your UAV                       Dirk Gorissen                             -    Imperial Colle...
Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
About me• Master in Computer Science – Antwerp University, Belgium• Master in Artificial Intelligence – Catholic Universit...
Who are we?
What do we do?
Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
DECODE Project team•   Professors:         •   PhD Students:     – Jim Scanlan           – Jeroen van Schaik     – Andy Ke...
The DECODE Project• Looking at how complex aerospace systems are designed   • £800k EPSRC project• In particular, the deci...
Design decisions• Important to rationalize decisions   – Motivate them during design     review meetings• However,   – Des...
Making decisions                   • Which ones matter?                   • Heatmap?
Making decisions
Case Study: UAVs • UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAS) • Mostly for military use but civilian market growing fast    – Map...
UAVs: Why?• Complex enough to be taken seriously• „Simple‟ enough to be tackled within a university research  project• We ...
UAVs: Why?• Its cool • Great for students
Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
Fixed Wing UAVs
Wing technology• Inflatable & morphing wings   – adapt to flight conditions   – no movable surfaces (better flow)
Wind tunnel
Rotary UAVs• Control hardware and software developed from scratch
Rotary UAVs
Rotary UAV - Specs•   Angstrom / Open Embedded linux.•   Gumstix Overo Fire, 720 MHz ARM Cortex-A8 OMAP 3530•   802.11 Wif...
Rotary UAV - Specs•   Video downlink FPV kit:•   vTx: IftronTech 5.8 GHz 25mW with 3dBi duck.•   vRx: Yellow Jacket Divers...
Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV)• Autonomous Systems Laboratory   – Earth-based facility for the testing of advanced control...
Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV)• Autosub family    – Autosub1: awarded Millennium Product status by the UK Design    ...
Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV)• A concept study for air-launched underwater vehicles is also in  progress.
Soton ASTRA• low cost platform for science missions such as pollution  monitoring and weather prediction• Modular balloon ...
The „U‟ in UAV• Sky Circuits Autopilot (www.skycircuits.com)• Originally developed at the NOC• Closely affiliated with the...
Sky Circuits Autopilot• Bridges the gap between very low cost / low performance  systems, and high end / expensive militar...
Autopilot: Ground station• Ground station
Autopilot: Telemetry        0.15         0.1        0.05pb/2V     0    -0.05        -0.1    -0.15               0   2   4 ...
Auto-takeoff
Auto Landing
Autopilot: Scripting# set initial parameterspressure.set_given_uav_at_zero_heightcontroller.architecture_add_links alt_by_...
Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
The DECODE Project• Looking at how complex aerospace systems are designed• Enhance the decision making process
DECODE System• A computer system to help understand the impact of a  decision• “Is it worth it?”
Case study: Search and Rescue
Search and Resuce• The RLNI has to come look for you   – Helicopter costs £21 million and £6000 per hour   – Lifeboat cost...
Search and Rescue: UAVs• Design low cost UAVs for search and rescue   – UAV costs < £10,000, and< £100 per hour• Deploy to...
Designing a S&R UAV• What does a Search and Resuce UAV look like?   – How big, how heavy, how fast, …• Decisions guided by...
System building blocks                 Manufacturing
Concept Design / Sizing
Concept Design / Sizing            Aero Cruise
Pacelab Design Suite
Excel spreadsheet
Concept Design / Sizing
Concept Design / Sizing
Concept Design / Sizing
CAD - SolidWorks• Difficulty: Concept CAD -> Analysis CAD• Ultimate goal: fully parametric CAD   – Difficult (Impossible)
Aerodynamics
Costing
Operational Simulation• Recreation of sample SAR  region using AnyLogic ©• Agent-Based UAVs,  lifeboats, helicopter• Reali...
Design rationale• Design rationale:   – The explicit listing of decisions made during a design     process, and the reason...
Compendium: Design rationale
Compendium Maps
DECODE System• How many more lives can we save by reducing the wing  span by 15% ?• “Is it worth it?”
System Architecture
Excel client
Matlab Client
Trades
Web Client
Web client
Decode Vision• Agile UAV design system   – Probe design in real time   – Rough answers now, accurate answers later   – Liv...
Decode Vision
Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
Building UAVs• Focus on rapid manufacturing, 3D printing   – cheap, fast   – complexity comes for „free‟• But: important t...
SULSA• Worlds first 3D printed aircraft (that actually flew)• Fully parametric geometry
SULSA
Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
Project status• Halfway through design of DECODE II   – Aim to fly by March• MSc course in Unmanned Systems   – Supported ...
DECODE II• ~ 25 kg          • 5 hr endurance• 4.5 kg payload   • 165 km/h cruise speed• 600 km range
Future• Interest from the BBC, Police, Met Office, Antarctic Survey,  and US Navy• Potentially film Olympic Torch bearer• ...
Two-Seas Project• UAV monitoring system for the English channel   – Pollution, smuggling, migration, ocean monitoring, …  ...
Questions?• News and updates via Twitter: @elazungu
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

"Click here" to build your UAV

5,158

Published on

Talk

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,158
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
405
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • CFD allows to analyse other fluid dynamics effect, as turbulence.
  • "Click here" to build your UAV

    1. 1. “Click here” to design &build your UAV Dirk Gorissen - Imperial College Robotics Society – Megabyte Talks - 13 December 2011
    2. 2. Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
    3. 3. About me• Master in Computer Science – Antwerp University, Belgium• Master in Artificial Intelligence – Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium• PhD in Computational Engineering – Ghent University, Belgium – Topic: Surrogate Modeling & Surrogate based optimization – During this time also worked at • Distributed Computing Laboratory – Emory University, Atlanta, USA • Neuromodeling Lab – Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada• Research Fellow at the Computational Engineering and Design Group under Prof. Andy Keane – Southampton University, UK• Main interest: Computational Engineering & Software Development
    4. 4. Who are we?
    5. 5. What do we do?
    6. 6. Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
    7. 7. DECODE Project team• Professors: • PhD Students: – Jim Scanlan – Jeroen van Schaik – Andy Keane – Mario Ferraro – Kenji Takeda – Marc Bolinches• Post doc: – Ben Schumann • Associated: – Erika Quaranta – Dirk Gorissen – Alex Forrester – Ivan Vouchkov
    8. 8. The DECODE Project• Looking at how complex aerospace systems are designed • £800k EPSRC project• In particular, the decision making process related to the design – How are decisions made? – Who makes them? – How final are the? – How arbitrary are they? – Are they recorded?
    9. 9. Design decisions• Important to rationalize decisions – Motivate them during design review meetings• However, – Design of something is never “finished” – Time pressure leads to arbitrary detail decisions – No immediate payoff for recording rationale
    10. 10. Making decisions • Which ones matter? • Heatmap?
    11. 11. Making decisions
    12. 12. Case Study: UAVs • UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAS) • Mostly for military use but civilian market growing fast – Mapping/surveying, atmospheric measurements, search and rescue, wildlife management, … • UAV market in 2010: $6.6 b. & rise to $55 b. by 2020
    13. 13. UAVs: Why?• Complex enough to be taken seriously• „Simple‟ enough to be tackled within a university research project• We can go through the full lifecycle – Design -> build -> fly -> crash! – Necessary to appreciate the impact and constraints of decisions
    14. 14. UAVs: Why?• Its cool • Great for students
    15. 15. Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
    16. 16. Fixed Wing UAVs
    17. 17. Wing technology• Inflatable & morphing wings – adapt to flight conditions – no movable surfaces (better flow)
    18. 18. Wind tunnel
    19. 19. Rotary UAVs• Control hardware and software developed from scratch
    20. 20. Rotary UAVs
    21. 21. Rotary UAV - Specs• Angstrom / Open Embedded linux.• Gumstix Overo Fire, 720 MHz ARM Cortex-A8 OMAP 3530• 802.11 Wifi, Ethernet, serial TTY for IMU, I2C bus.• CH Robotics UM6 AHRS/IMU.• E-Flite Part 450 BLDC motors, 890KV.• Mikrokopter BL-CTRL electronic speed controllers, I2C setpoint• APC 12x6 Slow Fly Electric propellers.• Daventec SRF10 ground sonar.• ublox GS407 5Hz GPS• Bosh BMP085 absolute pressure altimeter.• Arduino Mini Pro 16MHz helper processors on I2C bus.• 3-cell LiPo.• Spektrum DX8.
    22. 22. Rotary UAV - Specs• Video downlink FPV kit:• vTx: IftronTech 5.8 GHz 25mW with 3dBi duck.• vRx: Yellow Jacket Diversity Pro 5.8GHz (-85dBm) with 3dBi duck and 11dBi patch.• Sony PAL/CCD camera• Fatshark FPV goggles• 9-inch LCD monitor• tripod
    23. 23. Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV)• Autonomous Systems Laboratory – Earth-based facility for the testing of advanced control systems sought to be applied in space
    24. 24. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV)• Autosub family – Autosub1: awarded Millennium Product status by the UK Design Council – more than 300 missions of increasing complexity over 2000 kilometres – Autosub Under Ice programme, four expeditions under sea ice and under an Antarctic floating glacier – Autosub Long Range: combining a 6000m depth capability with an endurance of 6000km
    25. 25. Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUV)• A concept study for air-launched underwater vehicles is also in progress.
    26. 26. Soton ASTRA• low cost platform for science missions such as pollution monitoring and weather prediction• Modular balloon launched glider
    27. 27. The „U‟ in UAV• Sky Circuits Autopilot (www.skycircuits.com)• Originally developed at the NOC• Closely affiliated with the DECODE project team
    28. 28. Sky Circuits Autopilot• Bridges the gap between very low cost / low performance systems, and high end / expensive military derived systems• 3-axis accelerometers, 3-axis gyroscopes, 3-axis magnetometers, dynamic and static pressure sensors• 80g• Adjustable flight automation level• Flight telemetry• In flight commands and mission scripts• Modular payload interface
    29. 29. Autopilot: Ground station• Ground station
    30. 30. Autopilot: Telemetry 0.15 0.1 0.05pb/2V 0 -0.05 -0.1 -0.15 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Time (s)
    31. 31. Auto-takeoff
    32. 32. Auto Landing
    33. 33. Autopilot: Scripting# set initial parameterspressure.set_given_uav_at_zero_heightcontroller.architecture_add_links alt_by_throttle# launchcr 5base_control[pitch].command 2base_control[roll].command 0base_control[yaw].command 0..# hold current heading, set airspeed to 12 and reduce climb ratescript.store[0] hcr 2as 12..# wait till at a safe altitude (20m)script.wait_while_true "logic.less_than_float32 ht 20"nav.path 1 2 3
    34. 34. Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
    35. 35. The DECODE Project• Looking at how complex aerospace systems are designed• Enhance the decision making process
    36. 36. DECODE System• A computer system to help understand the impact of a decision• “Is it worth it?”
    37. 37. Case study: Search and Rescue
    38. 38. Search and Resuce• The RLNI has to come look for you – Helicopter costs £21 million and £6000 per hour – Lifeboat costs £150,000 and £8000 per hour
    39. 39. Search and Rescue: UAVs• Design low cost UAVs for search and rescue – UAV costs < £10,000, and< £100 per hour• Deploy to RNLI stations• Reduce load on helicopters and lifeboats
    40. 40. Designing a S&R UAV• What does a Search and Resuce UAV look like? – How big, how heavy, how fast, …• Decisions guided by an operational simulation
    41. 41. System building blocks Manufacturing
    42. 42. Concept Design / Sizing
    43. 43. Concept Design / Sizing Aero Cruise
    44. 44. Pacelab Design Suite
    45. 45. Excel spreadsheet
    46. 46. Concept Design / Sizing
    47. 47. Concept Design / Sizing
    48. 48. Concept Design / Sizing
    49. 49. CAD - SolidWorks• Difficulty: Concept CAD -> Analysis CAD• Ultimate goal: fully parametric CAD – Difficult (Impossible)
    50. 50. Aerodynamics
    51. 51. Costing
    52. 52. Operational Simulation• Recreation of sample SAR region using AnyLogic ©• Agent-Based UAVs, lifeboats, helicopter• Realistic data & procedures• Weather• Situation-based searches and decisions by coastguard
    53. 53. Design rationale• Design rationale: – The explicit listing of decisions made during a design process, and the reasons why those decisions were made.• Primary goal: – Support designers by providing a means to record and communicate the argumentation and reasoning behind the design process.• Not just on the CAD level – Also for mission, software tools, etc.
    54. 54. Compendium: Design rationale
    55. 55. Compendium Maps
    56. 56. DECODE System• How many more lives can we save by reducing the wing span by 15% ?• “Is it worth it?”
    57. 57. System Architecture
    58. 58. Excel client
    59. 59. Matlab Client
    60. 60. Trades
    61. 61. Web Client
    62. 62. Web client
    63. 63. Decode Vision• Agile UAV design system – Probe design in real time – Rough answers now, accurate answers later – Live geometry – Design rationale
    64. 64. Decode Vision
    65. 65. Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
    66. 66. Building UAVs• Focus on rapid manufacturing, 3D printing – cheap, fast – complexity comes for „free‟• But: important to know the limitations
    67. 67. SULSA• Worlds first 3D printed aircraft (that actually flew)• Fully parametric geometry
    68. 68. SULSA
    69. 69. Outline• About us• The DECODE vision• UAV (AUV/UGV) technology• The DECODE system• Rapid manufacturing• Future work
    70. 70. Project status• Halfway through design of DECODE II – Aim to fly by March• MSc course in Unmanned Systems – Supported by QinetiQ, DSTL, BAE systems, Cobham, Rolls-Royce, Roke Manor , Thales – Students will use & extend the system
    71. 71. DECODE II• ~ 25 kg • 5 hr endurance• 4.5 kg payload • 165 km/h cruise speed• 600 km range
    72. 72. Future• Interest from the BBC, Police, Met Office, Antarctic Survey, and US Navy• Potentially film Olympic Torch bearer• Rocket launched UAV from a balloon
    73. 73. Two-Seas Project• UAV monitoring system for the English channel – Pollution, smuggling, migration, ocean monitoring, … – If successful will drive DECODE III
    74. 74. Questions?• News and updates via Twitter: @elazungu
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×