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Themes of gods, gachupines and gringos

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  • 1. Themes of Gods, Gachupines and Gringos. David Gomez
  • 2. Pre-Columbian Great Civilizations.
    • Corn is a major staple of the region, and would later become a major import
    • Most domesticated animals are small, non large enough to bear the burden of a heavy load.
    • Without large domesticated animals there was no drive for the wheel. Labor was done by manpower.
    • Complex Civilizations which devised the 365 day solar year, for crop rotation.
    • The concept of zero is devised to denote time. There astronomy was quite accurate.
  • 3. Pre-Columbian Religion, and its impact
    • Religions are polytheistic.
    • Religion is extremely apocalyptic, many gods demanded tribute, while others demanded human sacrigice.
    • The “War of Flowers” was a type of tribal warfare where tribes fought wars to take prisoners alive. They were to be used as sacrifices.
    • Sometime in the middle of the first millennium mexico is plunged into a “dark age”. Barbaric tribes from the north the Mexica (aka the Aztecs) begin a barbaric conquest from the north.
  • 4. The most advanced city in the World
    • Tenochitlan is the cultural center of the Aztec Empire with over two-hundred thousand citizens.
    • The cleanliness and sanitation was much beter than in Europe.
    • Aztec empire had an area of over one-hundred square miles.
    • Built in the center of a lake, the people constructed large agricultural barges to create more area to grow crops.
  • 5. Colonization
    • Because Latin America was isolated from Europe, Indigenous people are mostly wiped out by small-pox, because the immune systems are not used to European diseases,
    • Most conquistadores are not qualified to become administrators and rulers of the newly conquered Latin American people.
    • Many conquistadores continued to conquer Central and South America in search of gold and riches.
    • Natives were treated as slaves, most worked to death to pay taxes.
  • 6. Conversion
    • After reports of humans rights abuses reach Charles the Fifth, he dispatches Twelve monks, who will be in charge of converting the “noble savages”
    • Peter De Gante leads this group of “super-monks”. They tour the country side learning local languages and begin conversions.
    • They are referred to as Apostles. At on point they are doing as many as 1,000 baptisms a day.
    • The converted people become the work-force of the church. They will change the way Christianity is practiced in the New World.
  • 7. Can’t go the distance
    • Spain begins experiencing problems at home. Financing a war in Europe, internal revolution and long lead times between the New World becomes too much a burdon.
    • Charles the Fifth appoints Juan de Zumarrage, as yhe first Archbishop of Mexico City to take head of the Church. Zumarrage is responsible for allowing the local song and dance traditions to permeate into the Catholic Ceremonies.
    • He also begins instating Viceroys to govern over the territories and its peoples
  • 8. Human Suffering, leading to Revolt
    • African Slaves are brought over as laborers.
    • While the Native people of Latin America are considered free, they are treated the same as slaves.
    • El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro becomes the connecting road to the various mining communities spread across the land.
    • Land and political positions were given to prominent Europeans
    • Cries of Brutality are echoes across the land, as the “Grito de Dolores” becomes a cry for the revolution.
  • 9. Special Privileges and Intervention
    • Colonel Agustin de Iturbide offers his Three Guarantees. Promising something for everyone: Special privileges to the church, criollo control of the economy and racial equality for the people
    • His reign lasted for less then a year, there was no way to please everyone. The general populous wants equal rights to land.
    • Mexico Continues to be a nation whose politics are continuously medled in. The first to do this is Joel Roberts Poinsett.