Parque de europa ttaae mppp

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Parque de europa ttaae mppp

  1. 1. PARQUE DE EUROPATorrejón de Ardoz (Madrid) Travel Agencies and Events Management 2011-2012 30th January 2012
  2. 2. BRANDENBURG GATE (GERMANY)The monumental gate was designed by CarlGotthard and commissioned by emperor WilhemII. The design of the gate, 65.5m wide and 28mheight was based on the Propylaea (the gate tothe Acropolis in Athens).It was constructed between 1778 and 1791. Thedecoration includes scenes of Greek mythology, ittooks another four years to complete.Quadriga: The quadriga of Victory crowning thegate. It was built in 1793. The bronze quadriga isdriven by the goodness of peace.During the cold war the gate symbolizedGermany’s division, but with the fall of the wallpeople reopened Brandenburg Gate to celebrateit.During the war the gate suffered several damagesand the monument was renovated again in2001, it opened as good as new on October3, 2002, and now is a symbol of a reunified Berlin. (By Maribel Campoverde)
  3. 3. WINDMILLS (HOLLAND)In Holland there are more than one thousandwindmills among them we can point outSchiedam and Kinderkijk mills.The Schiedam mills are the five biggest mills inthe world. Some of them are 40 meters high.They were used to grind cereal and they wereimportant in the “Jenuer” production (DutchGin) too.Kinderdijk is the most popular group of polder(a Netherlands word to describe lands areasplaced near to the sea) mills, they arenineteen mills; It was declared World Heritagein 1997 by de UNESCO. The mills are placed intwo rows, one in front of the other, as part ofa water management system to preventflooding. (By Maite Benito)
  4. 4. ANGLOIS BRIDGE (FRANCE)The monument on the right is theLanglois bridge.This bridge is a replica that Van Goghpainted , inspired by a bridge locatednear Arles, a village of France, Van Goghwas interested in wooden bridges whichcrossing the Rhone. The bridge, is datedfrom 1888.It is relevant that Van Gogh chose ascene whose main technical elementswhere the canal and the bridge, becausethere are elements built long time ago.The scene had to evoke to Van Gogh theimages of the Midi´s region, it waspainted four times until he convinced thefinal picture.We can see this picture in the VincentVan Gogh museum, in Amsterdam. (By David Gavilán)
  5. 5. BELEM TOWER (PORTUGAL)This tower is located in the city of Lisbon.Its construction was started in 1514 under the reignof Manuel I, and was started to be built by thearchitect Francisco de Arruda. The work wascompleted in 1520.The style of the tower is a blend of Moorish style onthe outside, and the Gothic style in the interior.The tower has five floors: on the first, second, andthird floor there are halls and rooms, on the fourththere is a chapel, and finally the fifth level is theterrace.The tower was built to defend the city, and is built onthe beach from where the Portuguese left to goaround the world. It is a symbol of the country, andUNESCO has listed it as a World Heritage monument. (By Nacho Anasagasti)
  6. 6. ALCALÁ GATE (SPAIN)It is one of the most emblematicmonuments of Madrid.It is located in the IndependenceSquare, immersed in the neural centre ofthe city.Alcalá street, Serrano Street well knownbecause it is plenty of fashion shops andcoffee shops, and Alfonso XII street arethe main streets which lead to thisroundabout.It commemorates the arrival of Charles IIIto the capital city.It was designed by the Italian architectFrancesco Sabatini.The headstone says “King CharlesIII, 1778”. It is built with granite and whitestone and on the top there are the fourvirtues: Prudence, Justice, Temperanceand Fortitude. (By Elena Villar)
  7. 7. ATOMIUM (BELGIUM)The monument you can see is The Atomium. It’slocated in Brussels is the most popular touristattraction of Europe’s capital. It was built for theworld fair of Brussels in 1958, commonly called Expo58. It was created by the engineer André Waterkeyn.It symbolized the democratic will to maintain peaceamong all the nations, faith in progressand, finally, an optimistic vision of the future.With its nine spheres and a height of 102 meters, thebuilding is indeed an elementary ironcrystal, magnified 165 billion times. The nine largespheres, are connected by 20 tubes, are supportedby three enormous pillars. Five of the nine spheresare open to the public. One of them is used for apermanent exhibition dedicated to Expo 58 witharchive documents, photographs, videos…; anothersphere is dedicated to temporary exhibitions withscientific themes. The upper sphere offersspectacular views of the city of Brussels; has got arestaurant.The Atomium is open everyday from 10:00 to 18:00pm. (By Adrián Arroyo)
  8. 8. MANNEKIN PIS (BELGIUM)Created in the 15th century, Manneken Pis is oneof the most representative and dear symbols ofBrussels.The Manneken Pis is a statue of bronze ofapproximately 15cm, located near Grand Place.The current statue is a copy on that it put in1619, because the original was stolen by a soldier.It commemorates a child who, according tolegend, saved the city off the fuse that somesoldiers had been ignited to explode the walls ofthe city with their urine.There are many legends about the Manneken Pis.According to another legend, the son of anobleman urinated on the wall of the house of awitch who threw a spell becoming statue.The Manneken Pis has more than 650 suits thathave been giving him. It has some very curious asone of Elvis or of Mickey Mouse.There is the female version of Manneken Pis, called Jeanneken Pis, also located in Brussels. (By Lorena Cifuentes)
  9. 9. TREVI FOUNTAIN (ITALY)It is the largest baroque fountain inRome.It is considered one of the most famousfountain in the world.The fountain was designed by NicolaSalvi, commissioned by Pope ClementeXII.The work began in 1732, and thefountain was completed in 1762.It is 26 meters high and 20 meters wide.The central figure of the fountain isNeptune, god of the sea; and the waterat the bottom of the fountain representsthe sea.The legend has... if you want return toRome you should throw a coin into thewater. You should toss it over youshoulder with you back to the fountain. (By Vanesa Prado)
  10. 10. EIFFEL TOWER (FRANCE)The Eiffel Tower is an iron structure; itwas designed by the Frenchengineer Gustave Eiffel for the Universal Exhibition1889 in Paris. This monument is located at the end ofthe Champ de Mars at the shore of the River Seine;this Parisian monument is symbol of France and itscapital. The height of this monument is 325 metersincluding its antenna.The Eiffel Tower was the highest building inthe world for over 40 years.The Eiffel Tower was built in two years, two monthsand five days. Initially it was used for scientificexperiments, today it serves besides touristattraction, as issuer of programs of radio andtelevision.Eiffel Tower has 1665 steps, transparent elevatorsthat lead up to the second floor, where there are alot of souvenir boutiques and the best view of thecity. In the evening, the Eiffel Tower is lit entirelywith over 20 thousand lights and 300 projectorsoffering a wonderful show. The Eiffel tower is visitedby 5 million of people each year. (By Johanna Murillo)
  11. 11. DAVID (ITALY)David by Michelangelo is a white marble sculpture.In total it has 5,17 m. The body has4, 10 m and 1, 07 mpedestal.The sculpture was made by Miguel AngelBuonarroti, between 1501- 1504.It represents the biblical King David, when facing thegiant Goliath. It is the symbol of the city ofFlorence, Italy.David by Michelangelo is one of the masterpieces of theRenaissance. It is one of the most famous sculptures inthe world.Until 1910, it was located in the Square lordshipToscana. Today is in the Gallery of the Academy ofFlorence.The sculptor represented King David as a strong man.His appearance shows the figure with the typicalfeatures of a fighter. It expresses a deep look and bodytension. The muscles (tendons and hands), are clearlyvisible.The sculptural figure of King David is considered asymbol of freedom.European Sculpture Park represents a smaller scale allthe details of the original creation. (By Marilena Tudose)
  12. 12. OSEBERG BOAT (NORWAY)The Oseberg ship is a well preserved viking shipdiscovered in a large burial mound at the Oseberg Farm,near Tønsberg in Vestfold county, Norway. It wasdiscovered by Swedish archaeologist Gabriel Gustafsonin 1905, and right now we can see it at the Viking ShipMuseum, in Bygdoy.The ship was built almost enterely of oak, with a lengh ofalmost 22 m. and a width of 5 m. The mast is about 10m. long, and it has 15 row lines, wich means that up to30 people could row the ship if necessary. The bow andstern of the ship are elaborately decorated with complexwoodcarvings in the characteristic "gripping beast" style,also known as the Oseberg style.Inside the ship there were found two women skeletons.There were supposed to belong to Queen Asa of theYngling Clan, grandmother of Harald Fairhair, firstNorwegian King. The other one was probably a servantof the queen, sacrificed when she died, to continueserving her in the afterlife.There were also found theskeletons of 14 horses, which Vikings believed could helpthe dead to reach afterlife, 3 dogs (to guard theirmasters’s possesions in the afterlife) and an ox. (By David Rodríguez)
  13. 13. LITTLE MERMAID (DENMARK)The Little Mermaid is placed on Langelinie which isthe preferred place for cruises ships to enter whenthey visit Copenhagen. It has become almost asymbol of the city of Copenhagen.The sculptor Edward Eriksen created the bronzestatue and was presented in 1913. The bronze statueis only 165 centimeters high sitting on a natural rockjust at the waterfront at Langelinie.It was made on the order of Carl Jacobsen; theinspiration for his wish was his joy of seeing theballerina Ellen Price dancing the ballet The LittleMermaid on the Royal Theatre of Copenhagen.Several times the statue has been a victim of insult.The most famous attack was in 1964, her head wascut of. The head was never found and the presenthead is a reconstruction.The Danish legend tells that the singings of themermaid were bewitching the men of the sea. In itscapital, Copenhagen, a humble fisherman wassuccumbed by the singings of a young woman littlemermaid while it was working, and then the littlemermaid resigned his immortality in exchange forpossessing the aspect of a woman. (By Fátima Rojas)
  14. 14. GREEK THEATREThe Greek theatre history began with festivalshonoring their gods. A god, Dionysus, was honoredwith a festival called by "City Dionysia".Between 600 and 200 BC, the ancient Athenianscreated the theatre.Theatre buildings were called a theatron. Thetheaters were large, open-air structures constructedon the slopes of hills. They consisted of three mainelements: the orchestra, the skene, and theaudience.Orchestra or "dancing place", A large circular area atthe center part of the theatre, where theplay, dance, religious rites, acting used to take place.Skene: A large rectangular building situated behindthe orchestra, actors could change their costumesand masks.Rising from the circle of the orchestra was theaudience. The theatres were originally built on a verylarge scale to accommodate the large number ofpeople on stage, as well as the large number ofpeople in the audience, up to fourteen thousand.Tragedy, comedy, and satyr plays were the theatricalforms. (By Alexandra Marlés)
  15. 15. WINGED VICTORY OF SAMOTHRACE (GREECE)The goddess of Victory (Nike, in Greek), It wasfound in 1863 and is estimated to have beencreated around 190 B.C on the island ofSamothrace in Greek.It was created to not only honor thegoddess, Nike, but to honor a sea battle.Victory shown in the form of a winged womanstanding on the prow of a ship, braced againstthe strong wind blowing through her garmentswith her right hand cupped around hermouth.The arms, the figures head has never beenfound, but various other fragments have sincebeen found in 1950.Since 1883, the marble figure has beendisplayed in the Louvre. (By Alexandra Marlés)
  16. 16. MAYOR SQUARE (SPAIN)Plaza Mayor is the starting point for visit to the "old town" Madrid. Is located en CityCenter The origin is the old Plaza del Arrabal which was the meeting point for the town’s traders The King Felipe II moved the Regions Government from Toledo to Madrid in 1561 and askedJuan de Herrera, architect of the Escorial, to change the market place into a real square In year 1580 it was started and and completed in just two years by Juan Gómez de laMora, which was of Herreras successor, The result was a large square, measuring 120m long and 90m wide (394ft x 295ft). In 1590 Felipe III closed the square on four sides. Same to many buildings in medieval Europe, the Plaza Mayor were constructed withwooden floor susceptible to fire and during 160 years three major fires devastated thesquare. (Between 1631 and 1790) The original design had five floors, and after de fire, the new design by Juan de Villanuevadecided to reduce the structure of just three floors what we see today. The statue of Felipe III was incorporated in the center of the square in 1848 The Plaza Mayor has been the center of many festivities.Has been used for every activity: 1)bull fights 2)royal coronations 3)executions during theInquisition. Depending on the form of execution would be located in a different part of the square.Methods: Hanging, Beheading. Today it is used for public celebrations witch capacity as many as 50,000 peoples In 1992 was decorated the "Casa de la Panadería" (The Bakers House) with a large muralwith angels and saints. Inside there is a Tourist Office, you can take brochures which sightseeing to Madrid to seeshows, locations to book hotels and the other things necessary for tourist Within the square, are numerous local of Tapas Bars and Restaurants….. One of the restaurants "Sobrino de Botín" near the square, is officially recognized by theGuinness Book of Records as being the world’s oldest restaurant, founded in 1725 The Plaza Mayor has had different names"Plaza de la Constitución" - Square of the Constitution"Plaza Real" - The Royal square"Plaza de la República" - Square of the Republic (By Mario Martín)
  17. 17. BERLIN WALL (GERMANY) & TOWER BRIDGE (THE UK)We also learnt about these two places.
  18. 18. PARQUE DE EUROPATorrejón de Ardoz (Madrid) Travel Agencies and Events Management 2011-2012 30th January 2012

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