Section 1 Encoding


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Section 1 Encoding

  1. 1. Section 1: Encoding
  2. 2. <ul><li>Girl with simon video </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The first step to the memory process is encoding . </li></ul>Getting the info in!
  4. 4. <ul><li>All of the sensory information we encounter has to be put into our memory. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two methods of encoding that take place. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1. Without looking….What time is it? </li></ul><ul><li>2. How many bolded/underlined vocab have you seen today so far? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What type of animal was on the first slide? </li></ul><ul><li>4. What color shirt did Giff wear yesterday? </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Automatic processing is the unconscious encoding of incidental info. </li></ul><ul><li>It is all the stuff that we remember without trying! </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Effortful Processing is encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. </li></ul><ul><li>You have to study to understand a difficult concept, that is Effortful Processing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Memorize the following words: </li></ul><ul><li>Bear, sparrow, deer, wolf, hawk, trout, lion, eagle, shark, raccoon, robin, dolphin. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Memorize the following words: </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Effortful processing will not happen automatically. </li></ul><ul><li>People use skills such as rehearsal or repetition of information, to enhance their memory. </li></ul>
  11. 14. Am I going to Learn Anything?
  12. 15. <ul><li>Rehearsal of information is best when done over a set interval of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Spacing Effect is distributing studying to yield better long term retention of info. </li></ul>Avoid Cramming!
  13. 16. <ul><li>Memoriad video </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>ABCCBSAAAMTVUSANBCCNN </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>ABCCBSAAAMTVUSANBCCNN </li></ul><ul><li>ABC CBS AAA MTV USA NBC CNN </li></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>To increase the effectiveness of encoding, try these tricks: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Chunking </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mnemonics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. Method of Loci </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Visualization </li></ul></ul>Avoid the Duh Affect.
  17. 20. <ul><li>Chunking is a memory aid in which you organize items into smaller, more manageable parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Telephone numbers and SS numbers. </li></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>Try to memorize these: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>V5G1E5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A1C5S7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Y4F9S6 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What would make this easier??? </li></ul><ul><li>Memorizing it like this: VGE 515; ACS 157; YFS 496 </li></ul>
  19. 22. <ul><li>Mnemonics techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices to assist in encoding. </li></ul><ul><li>Mnemonics date back to ancient Greece when philosophers would use them to memorize lengthy speeches. ( method of loci ) </li></ul>
  20. 25. <ul><li>Visualization helps us encode information by creating a picture memory instead of a word memory. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning vocabulary terms as a child is easier with picture references. </li></ul>OR Bird
  21. 26.
  22. 27. <ul><li>Pretend Timmy parked the car on Level C, in the Purple Lot in space number 36. </li></ul>Timmy’s
  23. 28. Hi Class!
  24. 30. <ul><li>Instead of memorizing and rehearsing: </li></ul><ul><li>Level C Purple Lot Space 36. </li></ul>I wish I had Psychology Class.
  25. 31. <ul><li>Memorize it like this using Visualization : </li></ul><ul><li>Waiting for me when I get back to my car is going to be a rabid pack of 36 purple C ats waiting to pounce. </li></ul>GRR!
  26. 32. <ul><li>Wolf </li></ul><ul><li>Hummingbird </li></ul><ul><li>Lizard </li></ul><ul><li>Red flower </li></ul>
  27. 34. <ul><li>Let’s try to memorize a list of our favorite junk foods. </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll go around the room and name our foods trying to use rehearsal as the method of remembering. </li></ul>
  28. 35. <ul><li>Let’s try to memorize a list of our favorite junk foods, only this time using a mnemonic device. </li></ul><ul><li>This will sound crazy, but it works. </li></ul>
  29. 36. <ul><li>1. Giving item to memorize some meaning helps the process. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Rehearsal if used with spacing effect, is best practice. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Chunking, Mnemonic Devices like Visualization help to increase retention. </li></ul>
  30. 37. <ul><li>1. Define Memory </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is the unconscious encoding process called? </li></ul><ul><li>3. What is the encoding process that takes EFFORT called…? </li></ul>