The History of the Internet Presented by the St. Martin’s Episcopal Technology Department
Agenda <ul><li>Internet History </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Pioneers </li></ul><ul><li...
Precursors of the Internet <ul><li>The Internet could not have existed without the two major inventions of the 19 th  Cent...
What is the Internet? <ul><li>Plain and simple: </li></ul><ul><li>A worldwide system of interconnected networks and comput...
What is a Network? <ul><li>A computer network is an interconnection  </li></ul><ul><li>of a group of computers. </li></ul>
Evolution of the Internet
ARPANET <ul><li>Was the world's first operational network, and the predecessor of the global Internet  </li></ul>
ARPANET <ul><li>ARPANET was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense.  One theory was that it was developed to survive ...
The Internet was an Accident! <ul><li>The Internet was a result of an unsuccessful military and academic research program!...
Why is it called the Internet? <ul><li>Short for “internetworking.” </li></ul>
The World Wide Web
<ul><li>The original Internet provided screens full of text </li></ul><ul><li>Great for sharing info and accessing the Lib...
GUIs (Graphical User Interface) <ul><li>GUIs added some color and layout, but still were not very interesting. </li></ul>
The World Wide Web Saved the Internet! <ul><li>Hyperlinks were invented </li></ul><ul><li>www.stmsaints.com </li></ul><ul>...
Creation of the World Wide Web <ul><li>Tim Berners Lee brought all of this together to form the World Wide Web in 1990. </...
Mosaic: The First Web Browser <ul><li>Very slow </li></ul><ul><li>Did not handle loading pictures very well </li></ul><ul>...
1994 – A Big Year for the WWW <ul><li>Tim Berners Lee in develops the World Wide Web Consortium to develop standards for t...
The Explosion of the Internet
1994 -- 2000 <ul><li>The Internet exploded during this period. </li></ul><ul><li>The first commercial site was Amazon.com....
Browser Wars <ul><li>Netscape was the standard until 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>It folded and was taken over by AOL </li></ul>...
Future of the Internet
Internet II <ul><li>So many businesses and private citizens have come online that academic users can't get the high-speed ...
Internet II <ul><ul><li>Organized as a consortium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by over 200 universities </li></ul></ul><...
References <ul><ul><li>Romeo, J. R., Business Journal (Central New York); 9/6/2002, Vol. 16 Issue 36, p22, 2p </li></ul></...
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The History Of The Internet Presentation

  1. 1. The History of the Internet Presented by the St. Martin’s Episcopal Technology Department
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Internet History </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Pioneers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Growth </li></ul><ul><li>The Future of the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Precursors of the Internet <ul><li>The Internet could not have existed without the two major inventions of the 19 th Century, electricity and the telegraph system. </li></ul><ul><li>To a lesser degree, broadcast media such as radio and television </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is the Internet? <ul><li>Plain and simple: </li></ul><ul><li>A worldwide system of interconnected networks and computers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is a Network? <ul><li>A computer network is an interconnection </li></ul><ul><li>of a group of computers. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Evolution of the Internet
  7. 7. ARPANET <ul><li>Was the world's first operational network, and the predecessor of the global Internet </li></ul>
  8. 8. ARPANET <ul><li>ARPANET was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense. One theory was that it was developed to survive a nuclear attack. That theory is often disputed by scientists. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Internet was an Accident! <ul><li>The Internet was a result of an unsuccessful military and academic research program! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why is it called the Internet? <ul><li>Short for “internetworking.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. The World Wide Web
  12. 12. <ul><li>The original Internet provided screens full of text </li></ul><ul><li>Great for sharing info and accessing the Library of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Text was all one font and size </li></ul><ul><li>BORING! </li></ul>
  13. 13. GUIs (Graphical User Interface) <ul><li>GUIs added some color and layout, but still were not very interesting. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The World Wide Web Saved the Internet! <ul><li>Hyperlinks were invented </li></ul><ul><li>www.stmsaints.com </li></ul><ul><li>The mouse was invented to click on hyperlinks </li></ul><ul><li>The URL (Uniform Resource Locater) was invented. This allowed sites to be named. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Creation of the World Wide Web <ul><li>Tim Berners Lee brought all of this together to form the World Wide Web in 1990. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mosaic: The First Web Browser <ul><li>Very slow </li></ul><ul><li>Did not handle loading pictures very well </li></ul><ul><li>Modems were very slow </li></ul><ul><li>Did not give an indication of the potential of this medium </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1994 – A Big Year for the WWW <ul><li>Tim Berners Lee in develops the World Wide Web Consortium to develop standards for the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Netscape is founded </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Explosion of the Internet
  19. 19. 1994 -- 2000 <ul><li>The Internet exploded during this period. </li></ul><ul><li>The first commercial site was Amazon.com. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1994 the World Wide Web grew by an astounding 2300 percent! </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon saw that online shopping was the wave of the future. </li></ul><ul><li>The rest is history… </li></ul>
  20. 20. Browser Wars <ul><li>Netscape was the standard until 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>It folded and was taken over by AOL </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Internet Explorer snagged 96% of the browser market </li></ul><ul><li>IE has only recently been challenged by the excellent Mozilla browser </li></ul>
  21. 21. Future of the Internet
  22. 22. Internet II <ul><li>So many businesses and private citizens have come online that academic users can't get the high-speed connections they need. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Internet II <ul><ul><li>Organized as a consortium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by over 200 universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated network for educational and research purposes </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><ul><li>Romeo, J. R., Business Journal (Central New York); 9/6/2002, Vol. 16 Issue 36, p22, 2p </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/96/10.31.96/Internet_II.html </li></ul></ul>

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