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The History Of The Internet Presentation


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  • 1. The History of the Internet Presented by the St. Martin’s Episcopal Technology Department
  • 2. Agenda
    • Internet History
    • Internet Evolution
    • Internet Pioneers
    • Internet Growth
    • The Future of the Internet
    • Conclusion
  • 3. Precursors of the Internet
    • The Internet could not have existed without the two major inventions of the 19 th Century, electricity and the telegraph system.
    • To a lesser degree, broadcast media such as radio and television
  • 4. What is the Internet?
    • Plain and simple:
    • A worldwide system of interconnected networks and computers.
  • 5. What is a Network?
    • A computer network is an interconnection
    • of a group of computers.
  • 6. Evolution of the Internet
  • 7. ARPANET
    • Was the world's first operational network, and the predecessor of the global Internet
  • 8. ARPANET
    • ARPANET was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense. One theory was that it was developed to survive a nuclear attack. That theory is often disputed by scientists.
  • 9. The Internet was an Accident!
    • The Internet was a result of an unsuccessful military and academic research program!
  • 10. Why is it called the Internet?
    • Short for “internetworking.”
  • 11. The World Wide Web
  • 12.
    • The original Internet provided screens full of text
    • Great for sharing info and accessing the Library of Congress
    • Text was all one font and size
    • BORING!
  • 13. GUIs (Graphical User Interface)
    • GUIs added some color and layout, but still were not very interesting.
  • 14. The World Wide Web Saved the Internet!
    • Hyperlinks were invented
    • The mouse was invented to click on hyperlinks
    • The URL (Uniform Resource Locater) was invented. This allowed sites to be named.
  • 15. Creation of the World Wide Web
    • Tim Berners Lee brought all of this together to form the World Wide Web in 1990.
  • 16. Mosaic: The First Web Browser
    • Very slow
    • Did not handle loading pictures very well
    • Modems were very slow
    • Did not give an indication of the potential of this medium
  • 17. 1994 – A Big Year for the WWW
    • Tim Berners Lee in develops the World Wide Web Consortium to develop standards for the Web
    • Netscape is founded
  • 18. The Explosion of the Internet
  • 19. 1994 -- 2000
    • The Internet exploded during this period.
    • The first commercial site was
    • In 1994 the World Wide Web grew by an astounding 2300 percent!
    • Amazon saw that online shopping was the wave of the future.
    • The rest is history…
  • 20. Browser Wars
    • Netscape was the standard until 1998
    • It folded and was taken over by AOL
    • Microsoft Internet Explorer snagged 96% of the browser market
    • IE has only recently been challenged by the excellent Mozilla browser
  • 21. Future of the Internet
  • 22. Internet II
    • So many businesses and private citizens have come online that academic users can't get the high-speed connections they need.
  • 23. Internet II
      • Organized as a consortium
      • Led by over 200 universities
      • Dedicated network for educational and research purposes
  • 24. References
      • Romeo, J. R., Business Journal (Central New York); 9/6/2002, Vol. 16 Issue 36, p22, 2p