Craft beer

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Powerpoint used to aid my leading a beer tasting at GPSCY.

Powerpoint used to aid my leading a beer tasting at GPSCY.

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  • Talk about what makes a beer a craft beer.Difference between 2 row and 6 row barley.
  • 2 row has lower protein content and higher fermentable sugar. Common American beers may use 6 row (it’s cheaper!)
  • But first, how to taste a beer. Where do we start?
  • Proteins, unfermented sugars, unfiltered yeast all contribute to body.
  • Ingredients: 2-row barley and wheat, Mt. Hood, Hallertau, and Saaz Hops lend spicinessKona Brewing Company was started in the spring of 1994. Kona Brewing Company also produces its bottled beer and mainland draft beer at Widmer Brothers Brewery in Portland, OR and Redhook Ale Brewery in Portsmouth, NH, as part of its partnership with Craft Brewers Alliance, Inc.
  • Victory was founded in 1996 in an old Pepperidge Farm bakery.2 row pilsner malt.ASK Difference between and ale and a lager: the yeast.Different temperatures…BUT California common beer is an exception.Refrigeration was not available, so they used lager yeast at ale temperatures.ASK Brewing processLarge open fermenters called “coolships” were used to compensate for temperature.
  • Ingredients: 2-row barleyHistory: First brewed in 1896, revived in 1971One theory: “Steam” from the high carbonation from Kräusening (adding fresh wort to beer about to be bottled;20%)“Steam” in referring to beer is trademarked by Anchor.Northern Brewer Hops often described as woody or minty, as opposed to floral or citrusy.
  • Allagash was founded in 1994 by Rob Tod, who recognized a void in the craft brewing movement: German and British styles, but no Belgians! Allagash White was the first.“Zesty” is an especially appropriate descriptor.
  • Smuttynose was founded in 1994 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, though Old Brown Dog was first brewed by Northampton (MA) in 1988. It is named after Smuttynose Island, one of the Isles of Shoals, which actually belongs to Maine.
  • December of 1997:brewing system was purchased.CascaZilla gets its distinctive red color from a healthy portion of caramel malt.Name comes from “Cascadilla” and large amount of Cascade hops.Malt:2-Row, Crystal, BlackHops:Cascade, Chinook, CrystalDry hop:Cascade, Amarillo; floral aroma!DRY HOPPING is addition of hops post-fermentation to replenish delicate aromatics that are lost during boil. Added for days to weeks.
  • Founded in 1988, known for making full-flavored beers.Dead Guy Ale uses maibock ingredients (Vienna and Munich malt; with Czech Noble hops Perle and Saaz) but with an ale yeast…Malts: 2-Row barley, Munich, and C15.Hops: Cascade
  • Opened in 1995. Love to push the envelope. Periodically make ancient beers, Red and White, Palo Santo Maron, Pangea, Raison d’etre etc. Punkin ale was their first.Americans are hopheads when it comes to IPA. (Story of the original IPAs)The world’s first continually-hopped beer (“a method of hopping that allows for a pungent, but not crushing hop flavor”). Hops added continuously during the boil. It’s little brother (60 minute) is available at GPSCY.
  • Founded in 1997; specialize in Belgian beers.How beers were made in the olden times: many small breweries distributing only to the local town or region.Note: Cages on beer bottle have six half turns, just like champagne bottles.
  • 1991 Otter Creek1998Wolaver’sOragnic2002 Bought by Wolaver family.Use only organic ingredients, almost entirely local.This example is not as thick as you might expect an oatmeal stout to be… Talk about Russian Imperial stouts (Storm King, Old Rasputin, Samuel Smith, Brooklyn Black Chocolate Stout, Stone Imperial Stout, Founders Imperial Stout)?

Transcript

  • 1. American Craft Beer
    GPSCY Beer Tasting
    14 September 2010
    Header image source: thebeerjournal.com
  • 2. Biggest 50 American Craft Breweries
    Source: brewersassociation.org; based on 2008 sales.
  • 3. Biggest 50 American Craft Breweries
    Source: brewersassociation.org; based on 2008 sales.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. Today’s Beer Tasting
  • 7. LIGHT LAGER
    Lite American Lager
    Standard American Lager
    Premium American Lager
    Munich Helles
    Dortmunder Export
    PILSNER
    German Pilsner (Pils)
    Bohemian Pilsner
    Classic American Pilsner
    EUROPEAN AMBER LAGER
    Venna Lager
    Oktoberfest/Märzen
    DARK LAGER
    Dark American Lager
    Munich Dunkel
    Schwarzbier (Black Beer)
    BOCK
    Maibock/Helles Bock
    Traditional Bock
    Doppelbock
    Eisbock
    LIGHT HYBRID BEER
    Cream Ale
    Blonde Ale
    Kolsch
    American Wheat or Rye Beer
    AMBER HYBRID BEER
    Northern German Altbier
    California Common Beer
    Düsseldorf Altbier
    ENGLISH PALE ALE
    Standard/Ordinary Bitter
    Special/Best/Premium Bitter
    Extra Special/Strong Bitter (English Pale Ale)
    SCOTTISH AND IRISH ALE
    Scottish Light 60/-
    Scottish Heavy 70/-
    Scottish Export 80/-
    Irish Red ale
    Strong Scotch Ale
    AMERICAN ALE
    American Pale Ale
    American Amber Ale
    American Brown Ale
    ENGLISH BROWN ALE
    Mild
    Southern English Brown
    Northern English Brown Ale
    PORTER
    Brown Porter
    Robust Porter
    Baltic Porter
    STOUT
    Dry Stout
    Sweet Stout
    Oatmeal Stout
    Foreign Extra Stout
    American Stout
    Russian Imperial Stout
    INDIA PALE ALE (IPA)
    English IPA
    American IPA
    Imperial IPA
    GERMAN WHEAT AND RYE BEER
    Weizen/Weissbier
    Dunkelweizen
    Weizenbock
    Roggenbier (German Rye Beer)
    BELGIAN AND FRENCH ALE
    Witbier
    Belgian Pale Ale
    Saison
    Bière de Garde
    Belgian Specialty Ale
    SOUR ALE
    Berliner Weisse
    Flanders Red Ale
    Flanders Brown Ale/Oud Bruin
    Straight (Unblended) Lambic
    Gueuze
    Fruit Lambic
    BELGIAN STRONG ALE
    Belgian Blond Ale
    Belgian Dubbel
    Belgian Tripel
    Belgian Golden Strong Ale
    Belgian Dark Strong Ale
    STRONG ALE
    Old Ale
    English Barleywine
    American Barleywine
    FRUIT BEER
    SPICE/HERB/VEGETABLE BEER
    Spice, Herb, or Vegetable Beer
    Christmas/Winter Specialty Spiced Beer
    SMOKE FLAVORED AND WOOD-AGED BEER
    Classic Rauchbier
    Other Smoked Beer
    Wood-Aged Beer
    SPECIALTY BEER
    Source: BJCP Guidelines, 2004 Edition.
  • 8. Appearance
    Consider:
    Head
    Color
    Texture
    Persistence
    Body
    Color
    Opacity
    Range of beer colors:
    StrawYellow
    Gold
    Amber
    Copper
    Brown
    Black
  • 9. Aroma
    Hops (bitterness)
    Flowers
    Wood
    Malt (sweetness)
    Bread crust (melanoidins)
    Toasted malt
    Roasted malt
    Yeast
    Bread
    Clove (phenols)
    Fruits (esters)
    Other
    Orange peel
    Pumpkin, allspice
    Alcohol
    Minerally water
  • 10. Flavor
    Same things to consideras aroma, with some additions:
    Differentiation between hop bitterness andhop flavor
    Comparison of initialflavors and aftertaste
    Length of aftertaste
    “HOW’S IT TASTE MUTHAFUCKA?!”
  • 11. Mouthfeel
    Body
    How “heavy” or “thick” is it?
    Carbonation
    How fizzy is it?
  • 12. Kona Longboard
    Brewery: Kona Brewing CompanyLocation: Kona, HI
    Style: American Pale Lager
    ABV: 4.6%
    IBU: 18
    SRM: ~4
    Overall Impression: Full bodied yet refreshing pale lager with mild hop spiciness and clean finish.
  • 13. Prima Pils
    Brewery: VictoryBrewing CompanyLocation: Downingtown, PA
    Style: German Pilsner
    ABV: 5.3%
    IBU: ~35
    SRM: ~4
    Overall Impression: Crisp and refreshing with prominent German hop bitterness that lingers.
  • 14. Anchor Steam
    Brewery: Anchor Brewing CompanyLocation: San Francisco, CA
    Style: California Common Beer
    ABV: 4.9%
    IBU: ~35
    SRM: ~12
    Overall Impression: Toasty maltiness complemented by Northern Brewer hop flavor.
  • 15. Allagash White
    Brewery: Allagash Brewing CompanyLocation: Portland, ME
    Style: Belgian Wit
    ABV: 5.2%
    IBU: ~15
    SRM: ~3
    Overall Impression: Fresh tasting wheat beer with flavors from orange peel and coriander.
  • 16. Old Brown Dog
    Brewery: SmuttynoseBrewing CompanyLocation: Portsmouth, NH
    Style: American Brown Ale
    ABV: 6.5%
    IBU: 15
    SRM: 25
    Overall Impression: Nutty, somewhat hoppy, and quite maltywith caramel notes.
  • 17. Cascazilla
    Brewery: Ithaca Brewing Co. Location: Ithaca, NY
    Style: American Red Ale
    ABV: 7%
    IBU: 50
    SRM: ~30
    Overall Impression: Maltiness of a red ale, with citrusy flavors and bitterness from Cascade hops.
  • 18. Double Dead Guy Ale
    Brewery: Rouge AlesLocation: Newport, OR
    Style: American Strong Ale
    ABV: 9%
    IBU: 60
    SRM: ~33
    Overall Impression: Enticing maltiness in the aroma yet with surprising hop bitterness in flavor.
  • 19. 90 Minute Imperial IPA
    Brewery: Dogfish Head BreweryLocation: Milton, DE
    Style: Imperial IPA
    ABV: 9%
    IBU: 90
    SRM: ~28
    Overall Impression:Huge amount of complex hop flavor is supported by strong malt backbone.
  • 20. Three Philosophers
    Brewery: Brewery OmmegangLocation: Cooperstown, NY
    Style: Quadrupel
    ABV: 9.8%
    IBU: ~20?
    SRM: ~16?
    Overall Impression: Dark malt sweetness balanced by traces of hop bitterness; very complex.
  • 21. Wolaver’s Oatmeal Stout
    Brewery: Otter Creek BrewingLocation: Middlebury, VT
    Style: Oatmeal Stout
    ABV: 5.9%
    IBU: ~60?
    SRM: ~50?
    Overall Impression: Dark, full-bodied ale with oatmeal complementing roasted malt flavor.