The Hewlett Foundation have been prominent funders in start-up of the Open Movement.
The traditional binary limitations of copyright were restrictive.
Alternative licensing systems are enabling through legal sharing and re-working of materialsCreative Commons provides a range of options where some rights are reserved. This enables you to share resource without infringing copyright. There are other open-licensing systems other than Creative Commons (CC) but this presentation focuses on Creative Commons.
Licensing is shown in different ways. The Creative Commons badge on the bottom right has certain terms and conditions attached to it.
These different options give us more choices
The philosophy of OER offers opportunities to reuse, remix, redistribute, rework or revise resources
A range of Creative Commons options are available from very restrictive (CC BY-NC-ND) to open like Wikipedia (CC BY).* No derivatives (ND) = no modifications
Here is the licencing page online. The legal terms and conditions for the license on how this resource can be used (or not) are stated e.g. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/za/To licence this presentation we chose our terms and conditions which includes allowing others to make modifications (derivatives) of our work. A licence can be chosen from here - http://creativecommons.org/choose/
The initiative is developing in different ways e.g. http://opencontent.uct.ac.za/ , http://openuct.uct.ac.za/ and http://www.oerafrica.org/
But when creating an OER its important to use images that don’t pose any copyright or restrictions! This is where its important to search for open images as in the examples on this slide.
Another way of looking at the resource sites
Now resources can be located beyond our own learning institutions
Because information and images are so readily available on the internet, there is a fuzzy assumption by many that free usage is allowed. Each image may come with its own terms and conditions, and its important to respect theses.
Moral boundaries are valid online. Legal restrictions need to be sought out and respected.
Constant awareness of Copyright issues is imperative
Change is inevitable as we engage with the networked, connected, globalized world. We can gain by tapping into the affordances offered by technology.
A question that we ought to continually be asking ourselves
Open Educational Resources Image from the Hewlett Foundation (CC BY)
Are you reinventing the wheel? OR ARE YOU USING EXISTING EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES? DO YOU KNOW WHAT’S OUT THERE?
Licences offer different optionsSource: Hodgkinson-Williams, CA, & Gray, E (2008) Degrees of Openness: The Emergence of OER at UCT. Centre for Educational Technology, University of Cape Town
Licence terms and conditions Choosing our licence online
International pioneers MIT open courseware: http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/ and MITx http://mitx.mit.edu/ OpenLearn (UK Open University): http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/ Khan academy: http://www.khanacademy.org/ iTunesU, e.g. http://itunes.stanford.edu/ or http://www.open.edu/itunes/ or http://web.mit.edu/itunesu or http://itunes.ox.ac.uk/ or www.cam.ac.uk/video/itunesu.html
Physics content online MIT http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/physics / Khan University: http://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics?k The best Physics videos found on the web: http://bestphysicsvideos.blogspot.com/ Open University: http://opencontent.uct.ac.za/Science/UCT-Physics- Course-1-Laboratory-2nd-Semester-2011 Physics textbooks: http://www.oerafrica.org/ResourceResults/tabid/1562/mctl/Details/id/ 36933/Default.aspx OR http://www.oerafrica.org/ResourceResults/tabid/1562/mctl/Details/id/ 36948/Default.aspx
What does this mean for us as students? Access widened Copyright Respect Attribution
MythsWe can use images from the internet:• as long as we’re not making a profit• we acknowledge the url• there is no logo on the image• it’s just in the institution
TruthWe can use images from the internet:• if permitted by author• if allowed for by the licensing terms e.g. Creative Commons• when open – public domain
Caution / Protection Copyright needs to be respected Images public domain
Summary onCopyright Internet is changing http://www.flickr.com/photos/loop_oh/4313629167/ By Rupert Ganzer (CC BY-ND) the way we learn Open space with the worldwide web Wider options through connectivity Legal considerations are essential Self regulation is vital
Are we respecting & valuing Copyright ? Thank you OER4Us by Veronica Mitchell and Nicole Southgate is licensed Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 South Africa LicenseExcept for images from third-parties, where the appropriate license has been stated.
Other useful links Copyright free or CC images http://www.123rf.com http://www.compfight.com/ http://www.sxc.hu/ Copyright free or CC sound www.opsound.org (for royalty free sound tracks) http://www.jamendo.com/en/ Referencing Keep a list of the name of the image, the author and link where you found the picture, e.g. Little girl in Cambodia (b&w) by James Khoo found on http://www.flickr.com/photos/jameskhoo/2474356739/ Downloading videos from YouTube http://www.real.com