“Emerging ICTs in Higher Education” NRF project, 2011-2013 8 SA HEIs (SU, UWC, UCT, CPUT, UP, Rhodes, Wits, Fort Hare) 1 NGO (Open Courseware Consortium) More information at http://emergingicts.blogspot.com/
Future of Higher Education Through 2015, 50% of higher education CIOs will lose their jobs for failing to balance customer efficiency with organizational efficiency. Rust, B., Lowendahl, J-M., Bonig, R., Harris, M., (2010) Gartner Report, 17 Nov.
Johnson & Adams (2011:3)
SA challenges Under-preparedness of students Diversity of student population Multilingualism Etc.... Scott, Yield & Hendry (2007), Jaffer, Ngambi & Czerniewicz(2007)
Focus of the research What role can emerging technologies play in addressing these challenges? Is it important for institutions to engage with these technologies? What are the consequences for institutions if they don’t engage with emerging technologies? What are the consequences for the institution if they do choose to adopt emerging technologies.Are they ready for the disruption?
Characteristics of ET May or may not be new technologies Evolving organism, that exist in the state of coming into being Go through hype cycles They are not yet fully understood They are not yet fully researched They are potentially disruptive, but that potential is mostly unfulfilled Veletsianos, 2010:13-17
Hype Cycle for Education 2010
Johnson & Adams (2011:1)
What institutions are using…
What are students using?
Shift of locus of control “Although lecturers and students are seemingly embracing emerging technologies enthusiastically, it is taking longer for institutions and policy makers to adopt and implement them. Institutions and policy makers are not yet fully engaging with these technologies to understand the usefulness of these technologies and therefore administrative policies may slow down or halt adoption.” COL 2008, 16
Consequences of non-engagement with ET Increased gap between educators with resources and the will to experiment and those who cannot or are not willing to… Students are increasingly disengaged Mismatch between student expectations of HEI Opportunities for preparing 21st century graduates are lost Student skills are not visibly assessable Missions of HEI tend to be failing students
What are you?
2011 Emerging Technologies Survey Part of NRF project Target group: lecturers that are known to be open to/engaged with technology Sent by email to contacts in all public HEIs institution, snowball sampling Content: 3 parts, demographic, tools and open ended questions around practice with ET Respondents: 242 (by 31 August 2011) 187 (77%) completed second part survey (tools) 149 (62%) completed all three parts of survey
Respondents by institution 57%
Respondents by gender 56% 43%
Level of appointment
Respondents by appointment level
Diffusion of ET in SA RLO
Motivation to use ET
Impact of ET (82 open comments) Direct/tangible: better grades (2%) and better attendance (7%) Direct / intangible impact: Improved interaction/ communication/feedback (30%), improved student engagement (27%) , improved skills (9%), better course organisation (7%), integration theory/practice (6%), independent learning (5%), providing a diverse learning experience (2%) Indirect: cutting cost (2%), research opportunity (1%)
“…positive impact… students like ducks to water….” “Feedback needs to be regular and fresh and in a style that the student appreciate. No slacking on posting after hours, no matter what’s happening in my personal or professional life. If students see your commitment to staying in touch, they will match that commitment – equal or better!”
Challenges (97 open comments)
Challenges (97 comments) Institution (54%): Lack of equipment, inadequate Internet access Lecturers attitudes and time (25%) Students skills and motivation (22%)
“If there is no incentive for marks, students do not bother – there is no doing something entirely for their learning that they will motivate on their own. The university won’t allow me to claim the $2.95 that it requires per month to keep the site going. So I pay this out of my pocket, and it is costing me since I have several sites at the time for different classes.“
Support (64 comments)
“Very supportive E-learning team” “none, more like passive resistance”
Any questions? See more information on our project on our blog: http://emergingicts.blogspot.com/
References Bates, T. and . Sangra. 2011. Managing Technology in Higher Education: Strategies for Transformation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Brown, J.S. (2008) Minds on Fire: Open Education, the Long Tail, and Learning 2.0http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Review/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume43/MindsonFireOpenEducationtheLon/162420 Delich, P., K. Melly, and D. McIntosh. 2008. Emerging Technologies in E-learning. In Education for a Digital World, ed. Sandy Hirtz and David Harper, 5-22. Commonwealth of Learning. http://www.col.org/resources/crsMaterials/Pages/edDigitalWorld.aspx. Dron, J., & Anderson, T. (2009). How the Crowd Can Teach. Handbook of Research on Social Software and Developing Ontologies London IGIGlobal (Vol. Handbook o, pp. 1-17). IGI Global. http://www.igi-global.com/viewtitlesample.aspx?id=48657 Jaffer, S., D. Ng’ambi and L. Czerniewicz. 2007. “The role of ICTs in higher education in South Africa: one strategy for addressing teaching and learning challenges.” International Journal of Education and Development using ICT 3 (4). Johnson, L. and S. Adams. 2011. Technology Outlook for UK Tertiary Education 2011-2016: An NMC Horizon Report Regional Analysis. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium Littlejohn, A. (2011). Collecctive Learning. Presentation to Change 11 Massive Open Online Course, 5 October 2011 Rogers, E. 1995. Diffusion of Innvation. 4th ed. New York: Free. Rust, B., J-M. Lowendahl, R. Bonig and M. Harris. 2010. Gartner Report, 17 Nov Scott, I., N. Yeld and J. Hendry. 2007. Higher Education Monitor A case for Improving Teaching and Learning in South African Higher Education. Higher Education. http://www.che.ac.za/documents/d000155/HE_Monitor_6_ITLS_Oct2007.pdf. Sharpe, R., Beetham, H., & de Freitas, S. (Eds.). (2010). Rethinking learning for a digital age: How learners are shaping their own experiences. London: Routledge. Veletsianos, G. 2010. Emerging Technologies in Distance Education. Theory and Practice. Edmonton: AU Press. Williams, Karousou & Mackness, (2011).Emergent Learning and Learning Ecologies in IRRODL, 12(3)http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/883/1824