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From Training to Technology Transfer:
experiences from an EU perspective
in the Asia and Pacific region
and opportunities/...
The problem
We can build technologies and infrastructures.
However without USERS this means nothing.
Only when these tools...
NeSC Training, Outreach and
Education
Founded in 2004 based on national and EU grants
(EGEE).
Grown from 2 staff to 13 in ...
TOE projects
EGEE, EGEE II EGEE III
European Grid Institute Design Study
EGI-Inspire
UK National Grid Service
OMII-Europe
...
TOE services
Based around digital library to curate material
Different project views: EGEE, ICEAGE, OMII-EU, NGS
RSS feeds...
Training & Education Spectrum
Training
Targeted
Immediate goals
Specific skills
Building a workforce
Education
Pervasive
L...
EGEE to EGI
Building a sustainable international distributed
infrastructure
8
Activity overview
8
NA1
2%
NA2
4%
NA3
8%
NA4
19%
NA5
1%
SA1
49%
SA2
2%
SA3
9%
JRA1
6%
9
Geographical spread of events
http://bit.ly/EGEEtrainingmap
185 events
in EGEE-III
80 separate
locations
worldwide
2312
...
10
UPDATE Training event locations
2008 - 2010
11
UPDATE Training event data in EGEE-III
<- Event duration
Average course
length 2.5 days
0.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
Eva...
12
Breakdown by event type
Advanced
3%
Application
developer
14%
Applications
6%
Induction
64%
System
Administrator
8%
Tra...
13
EGEE collaboration events
Services for sustainable training
GILDA VO became part of the production
infrastructure
No difference in infrastructure mo...
Digital Library
Audio and video in Library
17
Digital library - updates
Improved Search &
Filter
New eLearning
modules
Rebran
ding
Digital Library
• Open to everyone for search, retrieval, linking
http://egee.lib.ed.ac.uk
• Also accessible via web servi...
19
GILDA t-Infrastructure
Training Infrastructure for EGEE and other European projects,
providing resources for training e...
20
Development of EGEE trainers
• Training the trainers
– Provide partner autonomy
– Experts ensure quality of message
• T...
Location of accredited trainers (Current; increase in Y2)
22
6
2
717
1
3
8
7
16
5
3
1
2
15
2
5
2
1
4
7
1
Taiwan – 8
Austra...
ICEAGE
Stimulating academic take up of grid subjects in
education
Supporting summer schools - educational cutting
edge
Int...
ICEAGE Web site
(www.iceage-eu.org)
Collection of Masters courses
Collection of Summer
Schools
Policy activity - OGF
OGF E&T Workgroup
Wiki
International Summer School for Grid
Computing
Biomed Grid Summer School
ICEAGE FORUM
E-Infrastructures Reflection Group
e-uptake Project
Rob Procter, David Fergusson Lorna
Hughes, Alex Voss
Overview
WP1
WP2
Sustainability and integration with
other projects
Dissemination
Resourcing status
Extension request
WP1: Fieldwork Phase
I
Aim to develop understanding of academic use
of
e-Infrastructure.
Methodology: desk-based research;...
WP1: Fieldwork Phase
I
Respondents asked about their use of e-Infrastructure
services:
Services used and role in research ...
WP1: Top Level
Typology
WP1: Data Analysis
Identify barriers, understand their causes and
implications.
Identify enablers, what they achieve and s...
Barrier: Lack of
Awareness
Description: There seems to be a lack of systematic introduction to the services
and the traini...
Enabler: Boundary
Spanning
Description: Boundary spanning refers to the moving of people
from one discipline to another. I...
User Requirements
On-going collection of
information
Maintaining form of data set to
allow aggregations
Results
110 attendees completed surveys at the All
Hands Meeting, Oxford e-Research
Conference and EGEE 2008 in
September....
UK vs International
Focus
Remain generally very similar.
Differences:
International - Application porting, Monitoring*,
De...
2008 Training Survey Results:
New Categories
Seven new categories for training have been identified from 2008
Results:
1. ...
One Stop Shop
Atom/RSS/web services/podcast feeds available
Improving filtering based on:
Community projects’ requirements...
Interventions I
Earlier Social Science/Arts & Humanities event
allowed investigation of new modes of delivery
but poor com...
Interventions II
More focussed events
joint event with NGS for specific communities
Policy and stakeholder level events (o...
eRoadshows
Introductory events
Delivered to communities in their
own locations
54
Model for learning - IWSGC eLearning
school
Resources
eLearning event with collaboration between gLite,
Globus, UNICORE...
technology week
Training
Infrastructure
Digital
Library
Content
COURSE
Winter School IWSGC
site
Virtual Learning
Environme...
Objective
To set up an e-Learning version of the
International Summer School in Grid
Computing
Repository Registry t-Infrastructure
Digital
Library
Content
People
Student
Tutor
Assessment
Owner
Marker
Student
COURSE
V...
Application
Application form
Admission process
Acceptance
Presentations
Registration
Assessment
Pre-requisite
exercises
Wi...
Application
Application form
Admission process
Acceptance
Registration
Assessment
Pre-requisite
exercises
Winter
School
IW...
Application
Application form
Admission process
Acceptance
Registration
Assessment
Pre-requisite
exercises
Winter
School
IW...
Course Structure 1
Course had 4 “technology weeks”
gLite
Globus
Condor
OGSA-DAI
Each week:
Reading material/online present...
Course Structure 1
Course had 4 “technology weeks”
gLite
Globus
Condor
OGSA-DAI
Each week:
Reading material/online present...
Keynotes
To provide high points for the school (idea taken
from ISSGC)
3 Keynote talks
Ian Foster
Miron Livny
Malcolm Atki...
Applicants
The IWSGC’08 Admissions Committee received:
55 complete applications
38 prospective participants started workin...
demographics
•38 applicants from
16 countries
Users
76%
App Developers
24%
Sustained
engagement in
IWSGC’08
Wednesday, 6th
February 15:00
GM
Iain Foster Invited 39
Peak Users
34
Tuesday, 26th
Febru...
Participant Feedback
Would like MORE
30%
Would like LESS
25%
level CORRECT
45%
Question: How did you
find the level of
com...
Participant Feedback
93% completed questionnaire
75% structure “good”
90% course “correct length
80% interested in individ...
Statistics
600 messages on forum
200 emails sent via VLE
Average student working time 20 hours per week
Average user sessi...
Summary
A month long “Winter School” in February 2008 & 2009.
Use of support components
Adobe Connect, WebCT, GILDA t-Infr...
Head in the clouds?
Dynamic (service) provisioning
How is it applicable to the NGS/Edinburgh?
Training
Rapidly deploy serv...
NGS 3 EWP2
“NGS Agile Deployment Environments”
EPSRC funded, 2 years
People
Matteo Turilli (OeRC, Oxford) [0.75 FTE]
Steve...
Overview (cont.)Realistic usage
Training event on virtualized infrastructure
Hosting infrastructure?
Amazon EC2 compatible...
Eucalyptus
“Elastic Utility Computing Architecture Linking Your
Programs To Useful Systems”
Open source and Commercial
Ama...
Eucalyptus architecture
Cloud controller
Entry point
Gathers information
Cluster controller
Schedules VM execution
Manages...
Prototype service
Eucalyptus 1.6.2 (current 2.0)
Migration in next few months
Call for users for prototype
> 20 groups exp...
Research domains
Social science
Population simulations (York, St Andrews)
Cloud interface development
Advanced teaching
Ed...
Tien3
Tien3
Tien3
Tien3
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  • 29 Active partners (vs. 32 in EGEE) ~ 29 FTEs (average 1 per partner)
  • 29 partners spread throughout Europe Widespread geographical coverage
  • Number of
  • To give a flavour of the type of events NA3 provide this chjart provides a breakdown of the event types. Predominantly User induction sessions, But also app developer, training events designed specifically for applications, and also training the trainer events which we have been providing more recently.
  • Mention NA2 images and ISSEG material
  • Historically used throughout EGEE project for storing training content created
  • Better picture from Roerto
  • ICEAGE project final review 8/5/08
  • Training team looking at new eLearning methods of providing training aimed at scalability Organised the winter school series, in collaboration with other technology groups
  • 8/5/08 ICEAGE project final review
  • 38 successful applicants from 16 countries
  • Add feedback, and more info about elearning for future
  • Transcript of "Tien3"

    1. 1. From Training to Technology Transfer: experiences from an EU perspective in the Asia and Pacific region and opportunities/challenges presented by Cloud Computing David Fergusson
    2. 2. The problem We can build technologies and infrastructures. However without USERS this means nothing. Only when these tools are used (in this case to create new science) do they have any meaning. To do this we have to go out to the communities, they will not come to us.
    3. 3. NeSC Training, Outreach and Education Founded in 2004 based on national and EU grants (EGEE). Grown from 2 staff to 13 in 3 years. Courses in UK, in Europe, elsewhere China, Korea, Japan, Australia, Africa, South America
    4. 4. TOE projects EGEE, EGEE II EGEE III European Grid Institute Design Study EGI-Inspire UK National Grid Service OMII-Europe NextGrid ICEAGE University of Edinburgh, eLearning & MSc JISC eLearning JISC eUptake
    5. 5. TOE services Based around digital library to curate material Different project views: EGEE, ICEAGE, OMII-EU, NGS RSS feeds Multimedia (video/audio/presentations) Community editable metadata eLearning services Online assessment ePortfolios T-Infrastructure integration http://egee.lib.ed.ac.uk/ http://baillie.lib.ed.ac.uk:8080/
    6. 6. Training & Education Spectrum Training Targeted Immediate goals Specific skills Building a workforce Education Pervasive Long term and sustained Generic conceptual models Developing a culture Both are needed Society Graduates EducationInnovation Invests PreparesCreate Enriches Organisation Skilled Workers TrainingServices & Applications Invests PreparesDevelop Strengthens Changing Culture
    7. 7. EGEE to EGI Building a sustainable international distributed infrastructure
    8. 8. 8 Activity overview 8 NA1 2% NA2 4% NA3 8% NA4 19% NA5 1% SA1 49% SA2 2% SA3 9% JRA1 6%
    9. 9. 9 Geographical spread of events http://bit.ly/EGEEtrainingmap 185 events in EGEE-III 80 separate locations worldwide 2312 participants Training designated as a NGI task
    10. 10. 10 UPDATE Training event locations 2008 - 2010
    11. 11. 11 UPDATE Training event data in EGEE-III <- Event duration Average course length 2.5 days 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 EvaluationScore(outof6.0) Date of Event EGEE-III Year 1 - average evaluation score 5.1 (out of 6, n=65) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1 2 3 4 5 6 or more No.ofEvents Event Duration (Days) Duration of training events (n=101)
    12. 12. 12 Breakdown by event type Advanced 3% Application developer 14% Applications 6% Induction 64% System Administrator 8% Train the Trainer 3% Workshop (retreat) 2%
    13. 13. 13 EGEE collaboration events
    14. 14. Services for sustainable training GILDA VO became part of the production infrastructure No difference in infrastructure monitoring & maintenance between production and t- infrastructure NGIs can contribute to training with production resources Accreditation of trainers Training support services in EGI Digital library Training event database Trainer registry GILDA VO 14
    15. 15. Digital Library
    16. 16. Audio and video in Library
    17. 17. 17 Digital library - updates Improved Search & Filter New eLearning modules Rebran ding
    18. 18. Digital Library • Open to everyone for search, retrieval, linking http://egee.lib.ed.ac.uk • Also accessible via web services - by negotiation • Based on Fedora open source repository and international standards • Contains now over 6900 learning resources! (>100 videos) 18
    19. 19. 19 GILDA t-Infrastructure Training Infrastructure for EGEE and other European projects, providing resources for training events GILDA is now one VO of the production infrastructure 13 site ~1100 cpu
    20. 20. 20 Development of EGEE trainers • Training the trainers – Provide partner autonomy – Experts ensure quality of message • Trainer Accreditation – Accreditation process:  Peer approval  Details of training experience – Currently 104 trainers
    21. 21. Location of accredited trainers (Current; increase in Y2) 22 6 2 717 1 3 8 7 16 5 3 1 2 15 2 5 2 1 4 7 1 Taiwan – 8 Australia – 1 Japan - 1 5 3 +2 +3 +2 +5 +16
    22. 22. ICEAGE Stimulating academic take up of grid subjects in education Supporting summer schools - educational cutting edge International Summer School for Grid Computing Biomed SS, GridKa, CERN summer school & others International shared t-Infrastructure Working with OMII-Europe & EGEE to extend Stimulating policy and standards to enable sharing of educational resources and materials
    23. 23. ICEAGE Web site (www.iceage-eu.org)
    24. 24. Collection of Masters courses
    25. 25. Collection of Summer Schools
    26. 26. Policy activity - OGF
    27. 27. OGF E&T Workgroup Wiki
    28. 28. International Summer School for Grid Computing
    29. 29. Biomed Grid Summer School
    30. 30. ICEAGE FORUM
    31. 31. E-Infrastructures Reflection Group
    32. 32. e-uptake Project Rob Procter, David Fergusson Lorna Hughes, Alex Voss
    33. 33. Overview WP1 WP2 Sustainability and integration with other projects Dissemination Resourcing status Extension request
    34. 34. WP1: Fieldwork Phase I Aim to develop understanding of academic use of e-Infrastructure. Methodology: desk-based research; questionnaire, and semi-structured interviews: 50 interviews: 8 respondents per RC (AHRC, BBSRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC) plus STFC. Respondents academic users of e-Infrastructure services selected on basis of desk research and questionnaire. Conducted within Community Engagement Framework of Understanding.
    35. 35. WP1: Fieldwork Phase I Respondents asked about their use of e-Infrastructure services: Services used and role in research lifecycle How services facilitated research How respondents found out about them Whether training and other kinds of support were available and made use of Barriers encountered, if and how they were overcome Enablers that would improve use of services Transcripts systematically coded up using scheme developed from typology.
    36. 36. WP1: Top Level Typology
    37. 37. WP1: Data Analysis Identify barriers, understand their causes and implications. Identify enablers, what they achieve and scope. Evolve the typology. Identify issues to feed into phase II fieldwork. Identify candidate interventions for: WP2 Service ‘intermediaries’, service providers, JISC programme managers Feeds into other deliverables: Current state of adoption Training recommendations Other recommendations
    38. 38. Barrier: Lack of Awareness Description: There seems to be a lack of systematic introduction to the services and the training available, which results in a lack of awareness as well as a a lack of understanding of how services and methods can facilitate research and what different options exist. Examples: [MR02], [EP02], [AH04] “one barrier is not having heard of these things” [AH03] Candidate responses: Boundary spanning Opportunities for learning about e-Research / e-Infrastructure Systematic training of young researchers Typology: Social Issues / Training, Education and Outreach / Early Engagement & Outreach
    39. 39. Enabler: Boundary Spanning Description: Boundary spanning refers to the moving of people from one discipline to another. It can help transfer ideas, knowledge and skills across disciplinary boundaries. Example: As one Arts and Humanities researcher put it: “before I was at [my current institution], I was at an engineering department at [other institution] and so I was kind of aware of a lot of these things that we are talking about – Access Grid, e-Science.” [AH01] Barriers addressed: Lack of awareness of services Typology Social Issues / Individual / Career Choices Training, Education and Outreach
    40. 40. User Requirements On-going collection of information Maintaining form of data set to allow aggregations
    41. 41. Results 110 attendees completed surveys at the All Hands Meeting, Oxford e-Research Conference and EGEE 2008 in September. The top five training requirements from existing categories are: 1. Introduction to e-Science (25) 2. Application development (15) 3. Monitoring (11) 4. Security (9) 5. Semantic grid (7)
    42. 42. UK vs International Focus Remain generally very similar. Differences: International - Application porting, Monitoring*, Deployment*, Job Submission UK - OGSA-DAI, UNICORE, Campus Grid, IPR, Management issues, Cloud
    43. 43. 2008 Training Survey Results: New Categories Seven new categories for training have been identified from 2008 Results: 1. Data management (10) 2. Access Grid (6) 3. Interoperation (3) 4. Project management in a distributed environment (3) 5. Campus grid (1) 6. IPR and grid/e-Science (1) 7. Cloud computing (1) Of these new categories, DATA MANAGEMENT ranks in the top five across old and new categories (4).
    44. 44. One Stop Shop Atom/RSS/web services/podcast feeds available Improving filtering based on: Community projects’ requirements meeting (filtering requirements) Practical experiences with ENGAGE (eg. chunking) Improved merging of materials and events data Moving to Digital Library@NeSC as single data source Improving support for the creation for community specific clients NGS will implement new versions of clients Discussions agreed for OMII - data & presentation
    45. 45. Interventions I Earlier Social Science/Arts & Humanities event allowed investigation of new modes of delivery but poor community engagement at that point Lead to adjustment of plans using outputs of UK & International workshops (eUptake and ICEAGE)
    46. 46. Interventions II More focussed events joint event with NGS for specific communities Policy and stakeholder level events (outreach)- eRoadshows Greater profile/impact - NGS sponsored UK summer school ADSSS Introductory “text book” Research in a connected world pamphlet
    47. 47. eRoadshows Introductory events Delivered to communities in their own locations
    48. 48. 54 Model for learning - IWSGC eLearning school Resources eLearning event with collaboration between gLite, Globus, UNICORE, Condor • 4 technology weeks • ~17 hours per week (student average) • 35 Participants
    49. 49. technology week Training Infrastructure Digital Library Content COURSE Winter School IWSGC site Virtual Learning Environment Live Talks Keynotes Tutor chat Exercises Tuto r 55 Recorded presentations Training documents Research papers Student mailing List Discussion Forum
    50. 50. Objective To set up an e-Learning version of the International Summer School in Grid Computing
    51. 51. Repository Registry t-Infrastructure Digital Library Content People Student Tutor Assessment Owner Marker Student COURSE VLE NA3 support services were necessary to complete the winter school
    52. 52. Application Application form Admission process Acceptance Presentations Registration Assessment Pre-requisite exercises Winter School IWSGC site People registry Create new user Update Tutorials Digital Library ISSGC Student process for Winter school UNIX Java XML Certificate
    53. 53. Application Application form Admission process Acceptance Registration Assessment Pre-requisite exercises Winter School IWSGC site People registry Create new user Update Digital Library ISSGC t-Infrastructure (GILDA) Presentations exercises
    54. 54. Application Application form Admission process Acceptance Registration Assessment Pre-requisite exercises Winter School IWSGC site Create new user Update Digital Library ISSGC Tutors Presentations exercises Coordinator People registry
    55. 55. Course Structure 1 Course had 4 “technology weeks” gLite Globus Condor OGSA-DAI Each week: Reading material/online presentations Tutorials to be completed Mon-Thu – Tutor available (email/ forum) Fri – Chat session with Tutor
    56. 56. Course Structure 1 Course had 4 “technology weeks” gLite Globus Condor OGSA-DAI Each week: Reading material/online presentations Tutorials to be completed Mon-Thu – Tutor available (email/ forum) Fri – Chat session with Tutor VLE GILDA
    57. 57. Keynotes To provide high points for the school (idea taken from ISSGC) 3 Keynote talks Ian Foster Miron Livny Malcolm Atkinson Live broadcasts Provided opportunity for students to chat with some of the prominent grid experts Adobe Connect
    58. 58. Applicants The IWSGC’08 Admissions Committee received: 55 complete applications 38 prospective participants started working on Preparatory Exercises 29 from 16 countries participants successfully completed all exercises and were invited to register 28 participants successfully completed the School 1 dropout participant had to give up because of unexpected commitments.
    59. 59. demographics •38 applicants from 16 countries Users 76% App Developers 24%
    60. 60. Sustained engagement in IWSGC’08 Wednesday, 6th February 15:00 GM Iain Foster Invited 39 Peak Users 34 Tuesday, 26th February 15:00 GMT Miron Livny Invited 40 Peak Users 34 Wednesday, 12th March 15:00 GMT Malcolm Atkinson Invited 39 Peak Users 40
    61. 61. Participant Feedback Would like MORE 30% Would like LESS 25% level CORRECT 45% Question: How did you find the level of commitment required?
    62. 62. Participant Feedback 93% completed questionnaire 75% structure “good” 90% course “correct length 80% interested in individual technology week
    63. 63. Statistics 600 messages on forum 200 emails sent via VLE Average student working time 20 hours per week Average user sessions per day:43 Average user sessions per day on weekdays:54 Average user sessions per day on weekends:16
    64. 64. Summary A month long “Winter School” in February 2008 & 2009. Use of support components Adobe Connect, WebCT, GILDA t-Infrastructure, Digital Library, NeSC People Registry. Integration of Training Support services in workflow with existing tools 4 technologies presentations and practicals gLite, Globus, Condor, OGSA-DAI 28 students from 16 countries, 9 tutors from 4 countries 3 live presentations by leaders in the field with chat sessions High levels of satisfaction from students and presenters
    65. 65. Head in the clouds? Dynamic (service) provisioning How is it applicable to the NGS/Edinburgh? Training Rapidly deploy services for teaching Isolate training from production Other Specialised research environments Rapid deployment Identify use cases and gather requirements
    66. 66. NGS 3 EWP2 “NGS Agile Deployment Environments” EPSRC funded, 2 years People Matteo Turilli (OeRC, Oxford) [0.75 FTE] Steve Thorn (NeSC, Edinburgh) [0.5 FTE] David Fergussion (NeSC, Edinburgh) [WP Leader]
    67. 67. Overview (cont.)Realistic usage Training event on virtualized infrastructure Hosting infrastructure? Amazon EC2 compatible De facto standard currently, with open source implementation Ease of deployment Eucalyptus, Nimbus and others Hardware Edinburgh: 8 cores 16+ dual cores Oxford: 64 cores (older)
    68. 68. Eucalyptus “Elastic Utility Computing Architecture Linking Your Programs To Useful Systems” Open source and Commercial Amazon Web Services API compatible EC2, storage - S3, Elastic Block Store (EBS) Easy to install Xen and KVM hypervisors Commercial version supports others (inc. VMWare)
    69. 69. Eucalyptus architecture Cloud controller Entry point Gathers information Cluster controller Schedules VM execution Manages virtual network Node controller Controls VM execution (Xen running on node)  Storage controller (Walrus) implements Amazon’s S3 interface
    70. 70. Prototype service Eucalyptus 1.6.2 (current 2.0) Migration in next few months Call for users for prototype > 20 groups expressed interest > 25 registered users on system Increasing constantly May be reaching the limits of current support
    71. 71. Research domains Social science Population simulations (York, St Andrews) Cloud interface development Advanced teaching Edinburgh (MSc) Canfield (MSc) Bioscience Next gen sequencing, micro array Taxonomic analysis Geospatial analysis Civil Engineering (flood risk management) MyGrid on the cloud
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