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National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) Executive Introduction May 27, 2009 Your Name Title
Information sharing is a national imperative In detecting, preventing, responding to and investigating crimes, disasters and terrorist acts, the exchange of information among multiple engaged agencies must be timely and accurate and therefore highly automated . Most existing computer systems are not designed to facilitate information sharing across disciplines and jurisdictions. Automated information sharing between agencies requires the definition of common standards for linking disparate systems among federal, state, local and tribal agencies.
Participating Communities and Governance Defining Data Components Defining data components unique to a domain will be done by subject matter experts who are representatives of the domain following basic rules for definitions and terms A group representing all participating domains will define those data components that are universal or commonly used by more than one domain again using the same basic rules
NIEM at 50,000 Feet International Trade Immigration Screening Infrastructure Protection Criminal Justice Emergency Management Intelligence People Person Organization Places Location Things Property Contact Info MetaData Events Activity
Will trigger a broad range of information exchanges across many domains:
Emergency Medical Services
Identify Information Exchanges The scenario describes in narrative form an operational situation, business context, legislative, judicial or executive mandate, or other circumstance which must be addressed. From this scenario individual, discrete information exchanges are identified for subsequent analysis. Exchange 3: Initial injured are assessed, and information is forwarded to area hospitals via devices that are tracking hospital capacities, services available, and patient transports. Exchange 1: The EOC dispatches police, fire units, and emergency medical personnel. Exchange 2: First responders arriving on scene begin reporting back to the EOC on the nature and scope of the damage.
Fusion Centers are the hub for local, regional and federal level critical information sharing partnerships
Supporting the NRP/National Preparedness Goal to “Strengthen Information Sharing and Collaboration Capabilities”
Implement Presidential Guideline 2 and the Common Terrorism Information Sharing Standards
“ Information Fusing” across Communities of Interest (COI’s)
Achieving baseline capabilities to detect, prevent, apprehend, and respond to criminal and terrorist activity
Why NIEM? The Fusion Center Challenge Fire DOD Fusion Center Local PD Local PD Local PD Private Partners Tribal Agency Tribal Agency Tribal Agency Local FBI Field Office Local FBI Field Office Fire Fire EMS EMS EMS State PD State DHS National Guard Border Patrol US Customs DHS NOC FIG Local PD Tribal Agency Local FBI Field Office Private Partners Private Partners Private Partners Fire JTTF Fusion Centers Port Authority
SAR IEPD Exchanges Intel System Information Sharing Environment Record Mgt System (RMS) Fusion Center Systems Dispatch (CAD) System Local Law Enforcement 911/PSAP Local Fusion Center State Designated Fusion Center Private Industry Law Enforcement Dispatch Law Enforcement Investigation or Intelligence OR as State Law/Policy Dictate 02/15/07 - Version 3.0 Other State Fusion Centers Information Exchange Key Detailed SAR IEPD Summary SAR IEPD Existing Exchange Future SAR IEPDs ??
OASIS Electronic Court Filing Technical Committee plans a 2008 release of IEPDs conformant with NIEM.
DOJ programs, such as LCMS and Sentinel, through their system design efforts are ensuring their exchanges will be NIEM-conformant.
DHS built a Hospital Availability IEPD and is planning or building 10 other NIEM-conformant IEPDs, including Federated Person Query and Terrorist Watchlist.
The Program Manager-Information Sharing Environment has declared that NIEM will be the standard for sharing counterterrorism information.
FBI has released the preliminary IEPD and schema for N-DEx consistent with release 2.0 of NIEM.
FBI will create an IEPD based on the planned interface between N-DEx and Sentinel.
FEMA has developed some specific NIEM-compliant schema – vetted through the NIEM Help Desk – for partner agencies at the federal, state, tribal and local levels to use for external data submission exchanges with the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) Toolkit.