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Transcript

  • 1. Public Policy AP Government
  • 2. What is it? Government action to address a specific challenge.
  • 3. What are today’s challenges?
  • 4. Politics and Policy
  • 5. Types of Public Policy  Distributive policy (new benefits are given to all citizens)  Redistributive policy (resources taken from one group and given to another—zero sum game)  Counterdistributive policy (resources taken from everyone to solve a specific problem—Social Security)
  • 6. The Eight Steps in Making Public Policy 1. Making assumptions about the world 2. Setting the agenda • Nondecision • Policy agenda • Think tanks 3. Deciding to act 4. Deciding how much to do • Incremental policy • Punctuating policy • Iron triangles • Issue networks
  • 7. The Eight Steps in Making Public Policy 5. Choosing a tool  Federal spending  Use of taxes  Providing goods and services  Guarantee protection against risk  Regulations and rules  Provision of both material and symbolic benefits 6. Deciding who will deliver the goods or services  Federal government  “Third-party government”  Private businesses  Colleges and universities  State and local governments  Charities 7. Making rules for implementation  Federal Register 8. Running the program
  • 8. Pages in the Federal Register
  • 9. Policy-Making Alliances IronTrianglesFederal department or agency Interest groups House and/or Senate authorizing committee Issue Networks Federal department or agency House and/or Senate authorizing committee = Small, highly specialized interest groups