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Executive Branch

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  • 1. The Executive Branch AP Government
  • 2. Discussion point: List the five most important qualities of an effective president.
  • 3. The Executive Branch •Powers listed in Article II (what are they?) •Main duty: Enforce Laws •Includes: The President Vice-President President’s Cabinet
  • 4. Qualifications To be the President or Vice President: • At least 35 years of age • Born in the U.S. • Resident for 14 years
  • 5. Terms • 22nd Amendment: -Limits the President to two terms or 10 years (What??? I thought 4 + 4 = 8?)
  • 6. Salary & Benefits  $400,000 per year  $50,000 a year allowance  Lives in the White House (132 rooms, 18.3 acres)  Air Force One  Plus other benefits (staff, power, expense accounts)
  • 7. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: CHIEF OF STATE 1. Ceremonial head of the U.S. government & people 2. KIND OF like a king or queen
  • 8. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: CHIEF EXECUTIVE 1. enforces federal law, treaties, court decisions 2. Executive orders 3. Appoints cabinet members, commissions, federal judges  Senate approval needed for appointments, except for recess appointments
  • 9. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR 1. Employs more than 2.7 million civilians. 2. Spends more than 2.5 trillion dollars a year.
  • 10. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: CHIEF DIPLOMAT 1. general charge of foreign policy 2. appoints ambassadors 3. executive agreements 4. negotiates treaties 5. recognition of foreign governments A. Senate must approve appointments B. Senate must approve treaties (2/3 vote)
  • 11. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: COMMANDER IN CHIEF 1. civilian authority over the military (1.4 million) A. Congress declares war B. War Powers Resolution (passed 1974 in response to Vietnam)  President can deploy troops for 60 days; needs to inform Congress within 48 hours  Longer than 60? Congressional approval needed  Otherwise, troops must come home
  • 12. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: CHIEF LEGISLATOR 1. Veto; pocket veto 2. outlines legislative proposals (ex. The Federal Budget) 3. calls special sessions of Congress; State of the Union address A. 2/3- both houses of Congress can override a veto B. Congress is not obligated to pass the president’s proposals
  • 13. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: HEAD OF POLITICAL PARTY 1. Political patronage A. Face of the party B. Party tied to success or failure of the President
  • 14. Powers & Limitations of the President ROLE: CHIEF CITIZEN 1. “the Representative of all the people” 2. Certain moral obligations
  • 15. Other Items to Know  Executive agreements (article reading)  Is the President making laws without Congressional approval?  Pardoning power (pardon, commuting sentences)  Executive privilege (withhold information—is this good?)  Impoundment  Line-item veto  Signing statements