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Congress

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Transcript

  • 1. Congress AP Government
  • 2. Our Goals: • Understand how members of Congress are elected • Evaluate the structure, leadership, and powers of congress • Construct the lawmaking process • Compare the House and the Senate • Investigate the current Congressional docket
  • 3. To start our discussion, you must define: • Members • Calendar • Constituents • Reapportionment • Gerrymandering • Incumbent • And…differentiate between Senate and House elections.
  • 4. It’s a bicameral legislature, but… There’s DIFFERENCES between the House and Senate
  • 5. Congressional Powers • Enumerated (stated) powers: Taxing & spending (appropriations); also BORROWING • Regulate interstate commerce (Heart of Atlanta Motel case) • Laws concerning copyrights, patents, weights measures, and bankruptcy • Admitting new states • Declare war • Print money; run post office • Impeachment process • Create the Federal judiciary • Implied powers (necessary & proper)
  • 6. Leadership of the House Speaker of the House: John Boehner(R- OH)—elected by a party caucus Majority Leader: Eric Cantor (R- VA)
  • 7. Their Duties: • Always from the majority party • Presiding officer • Third in line to Presidency • Decides who speaks & sets rules for debate • Makes committee appointments • Schedules bills for action • Assists the Speaker • Floor leader of the party • Plans party strategies • Steers bills through House • Makes sure important bills make it out of committee Speaker Majority Leader
  • 8. Minority Leader & Whips Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Whips: Majority (Kevin McCarthy (R- CA); Minority (Steny Hoyer D-MD)
  • 9. Their Duties: • Assistant Floor Leaders • Informs members of the calendar • Watch how party members vote on bills • “Persuades” them to vote the party line • Leader of the minority party • Can’t schedule work • Floor leader of the party • Steers bills through House • Makes sure important bills make it out of committee Whips Minority Leader
  • 10. Leadership of the Senate • Only can cast a tiebreaking vote • Longest serving majority-party member; Presiding officer when VP isn’t in Senate Senate President: Vice President Joseph Biden President Pro Tempore: Patrick Leahy (VT)
  • 11. Their Duties: • Tie-Breaking Vote • Can recognize members to speak • Can’t debate • Can try to influence Senators • Spends more time w/President • Usually most senior member & from majority party • VP usually not in Senate so… • PPT fills in • Can participate in debates Vice President President Pro Tempore
  • 12. Majority & Minority Leaders Majority Leader: Harry Reid (D- NV) Minority Leader: Mitch McConnell (R-KY)
  • 13. Their Duties: • Steers party bills • Plans the Senate’s work agenda (like Speaker of House) • Works w/minority leader • Keep the party in line • Schedules w/majority leader • Steers party bills • Keeps party in line • Criticisms Majority Leader Minority Leader
  • 14. Assistant Leaders (Whips) Majority: Richard Durbin (D-Il) Minority: Jon Kyl (R-AZ)
  • 15. Further Work • Congressional Committee Web quest • How a Bill Becomes a Law puzzle—use: http://votesmart.org/education/how-a-bill-becomes-law#.Ue8sgo21GII • Redistricting • Researching a current bill in Congress