• Do we really TEACH our students how to
comprehend nonfiction, or do we expect them to
come up with the SKILLS by trial and error?
• Are teachers and students frustrated because are
not ABLE to do the assignments, or do students
simply need more instruction in HOW to do the
• Are we MODELING and GUIDING or just expecting
them to transfer the skills learned earlier to more
difficult and sophisticated nonfiction?
From NONFICTION READING STRATEGIES FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, Karen Ehlert, Memorial High School
What and why
am I reading?
re f enr
#2: Text Forms
Information directly relating to
a photo or illustration
Tells the reader what to focus on
in the picture that is important
What do I need to
know in the end?
What does this heading tell me I will be reading about?
Do I know anything about this topic already?
Every first sentence in a paragraph
What do I think this chapter is going to be about based on the first sentence in each
Visuals and vocabulary
What can I learn from the visuals in a chapter?
Can I tell the meaning of the boldfaced words from the sentences in which they are
Let me keep in mind the end-of-chapter questions so that I may annotate my text
where pertinent information is located.
What do I understand and recall about the topics covered in the summary?
How will I record
How will I apply
• Does the author try to persuade you in any way? How?
• Can you identify the facts? The opinions?
• How do statistics and data support the author's perspective?
• Do you find the author's evidence convincing? Explain.
• What new information did you learn? How can you apply this information
to an issue or problem in today's world?
• How did this new information change your way of thinking about this
• Were there any photographs, illustrations, charts, graphs, or diagrams
that were important? Select two or three and show what you learned from
them and explain why you believe each one was important.
• Did the reading leave you with unanswered questions? What are these?
• How did you connect to the piece? Was it personal? Was it an issue that
affects your community and the world? Explain.
• Did you ever have a similar
experience? How did you feel? What
did you do?
• How was your situation the same?
• Did you connect to any of the
decisions the people you read about
• What feelings did the reading raise?
• How is your family the same or
different from the one you read
• Did you learn anything about yourself
by reading about what happened or
what people did?