British taxes ppt.

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  • 1. TAXES
  • 2. After the French and Indian War Colonists are not allowed to live West of Appalachian Mountains- by order of King (Proclamation of 1763). 10,000 troops sent to make sure that the colonists obey this order
  • 3. Paying for the war The French and Indian War was very expensive. Britain was in debt and had to pay for the 10,000 troops now in Colonies to keep the peace King and Parliament (British version of Congress) felt that the Colonies should help pay. Britain began to issue new taxes as well as enforce older tax laws.
  • 4. New Taxes Colonists begin smuggling to avoid taxes Colonial courts often found smugglers innocent, so Parliament passed a law that made sure Smugglers were tried by Royal Judges. Parliament also allowed for “writs of assistance” allowing British customs officers to search almost anywhere for smuggled goods.
  • 5. 3 Sides Form 3 distinct points of view look at the new taxes  1. Patriots- believe that the colonies are being unfairly taxed for the war- Britain is supposed to protect the colonies, why should they have to pay more? Aren’t they British citizens?  2. Loyalists: Believe that the British government is correct. Britain has defended the colonies for a war started by Virginia. Shouldn’t the colonies have to pay for it?  3. Neutral- can see both sides and choose not to take one.
  • 6. The Assignment As each event or concept is presented, you need to write a newspaper article representing your side. This can done in a few different ways 1. A news article showing bias (favoring one side or the other) (key words show bias. ex. Massacre vs. battle, etc. 2. An opinion piece (trying to convince others to take your side 3. A political cartoon
  • 7. Sugar Act Passed in 1764 Lowered tax on Molasses (sugar) The tax was an old law that was being enforced again Britain hoped that by lowering the tax, people would pay it.
  • 8. Walk through together Loyalist View Patriot View We should pay taxes -These taxes violate to help our home our rights- we have a country- it is only fair right to trial by jury How do they look at and to have our what the Patriots think? voices heard in Parliament -How would they see the Loyalists?
  • 9. Stamp ActTaxed all printed materials-Wills, newspapers, playing cards, letters needed a stamp to show the tax had been paid- Colonists argue that only the colonial assemblies can create taxes, not the British gov.
  • 10. So… What do the loyalists think?  Remember, you believe you are a British citizen, no different from those in England  What do you think about what the Patriots decide to do What do the Patriots think  Remember, you believe you are a colonist first.  You have no representative in Parliament to voice your concerns Use page 115 to help you…
  • 11. Townshend Acts-1767 A tax on imported goods instead of goods sold within the colonies. Taxed goods like glass, tea, paper Tax was paid when goods arrived, before they were sold (the store that bought them would pay tax, not individuals) This does NOT lead to the Boston Tea Party…
  • 12. Boston Massacre Britain has sent troops to occupy Boston- the center of Patriot protest. 1768 Colonists are angry Two years after occupation troops arrive, a mob gathers to protest the British troops As colonists throw snowballs, ice and rocks while insulting the British, a soldier fires, others fire and in the end 5 Colonial depiction of the colonists are dead event- we will talk more about This event is called the the event later Boston Massacre by the colonists
  • 13. Tea Act East India Tea company was a big part of British economy Colonists were boycotting the company and had almost driven it out of business To save the company, Parliament allows East India Tea Company to be only company that can sell tea in colonies Lowers tax on tea
  • 14. Boston Tea Party Three East India Tea Company ships arrive in Boston Harbor Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans board the ships and throw the tea into Boston Harbor
  • 15. Intolerable Acts/ Coercive Acts Britain is worried that they are losing control of colonies Boston tea party shows that they need to show they are in control Intolerable/Coercive Acts are passed to punish the colonists for resisting British Bans town meetings, closes Boston harbor until tea is paid for, allows troops to live in colonists’ houses Canada was also created as a separate territory that owned all the land colonists wanted in French and Indian War