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After the French and Indian War Colonists are not allowed to live West of Appalachian Mountains- by order of King (Proclamation of 1763). 10,000 troops sent to make sure that the colonists obey this order
Paying for the war The French and Indian War was very expensive. Britain was in debt and had to pay for the 10,000 troops now in Colonies to keep the peace King and Parliament (British version of Congress) felt that the Colonies should help pay. Britain began to issue new taxes as well as enforce older tax laws.
New Taxes Colonists begin smuggling to avoid taxes Colonial courts often found smugglers innocent, so Parliament passed a law that made sure Smugglers were tried by Royal Judges. Parliament also allowed for “writs of assistance” allowing British customs officers to search almost anywhere for smuggled goods.
3 Sides Form 3 distinct points of view look at the new taxes 1. Patriots- believe that the colonies are being unfairly taxed for the war- Britain is supposed to protect the colonies, why should they have to pay more? Aren’t they British citizens? 2. Loyalists: Believe that the British government is correct. Britain has defended the colonies for a war started by Virginia. Shouldn’t the colonies have to pay for it? 3. Neutral- can see both sides and choose not to take one.
The Assignment As each event or concept is presented, you need to write a newspaper article representing your side. This can done in a few different ways 1. A news article showing bias (favoring one side or the other) (key words show bias. ex. Massacre vs. battle, etc. 2. An opinion piece (trying to convince others to take your side 3. A political cartoon
Sugar Act Passed in 1764 Lowered tax on Molasses (sugar) The tax was an old law that was being enforced again Britain hoped that by lowering the tax, people would pay it.
Walk through together Loyalist View Patriot View We should pay taxes -These taxes violate to help our home our rights- we have a country- it is only fair right to trial by jury How do they look at and to have our what the Patriots think? voices heard in Parliament -How would they see the Loyalists?
Stamp ActTaxed all printed materials-Wills, newspapers, playing cards, letters needed a stamp to show the tax had been paid- Colonists argue that only the colonial assemblies can create taxes, not the British gov.
So… What do the loyalists think? Remember, you believe you are a British citizen, no different from those in England What do you think about what the Patriots decide to do What do the Patriots think Remember, you believe you are a colonist first. You have no representative in Parliament to voice your concerns Use page 115 to help you…
Townshend Acts-1767 A tax on imported goods instead of goods sold within the colonies. Taxed goods like glass, tea, paper Tax was paid when goods arrived, before they were sold (the store that bought them would pay tax, not individuals) This does NOT lead to the Boston Tea Party…
Boston Massacre Britain has sent troops to occupy Boston- the center of Patriot protest. 1768 Colonists are angry Two years after occupation troops arrive, a mob gathers to protest the British troops As colonists throw snowballs, ice and rocks while insulting the British, a soldier fires, others fire and in the end 5 Colonial depiction of the colonists are dead event- we will talk more about This event is called the the event later Boston Massacre by the colonists
Tea Act East India Tea company was a big part of British economy Colonists were boycotting the company and had almost driven it out of business To save the company, Parliament allows East India Tea Company to be only company that can sell tea in colonies Lowers tax on tea
Boston Tea Party Three East India Tea Company ships arrive in Boston Harbor Sons of Liberty dressed as Native Americans board the ships and throw the tea into Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts/ Coercive Acts Britain is worried that they are losing control of colonies Boston tea party shows that they need to show they are in control Intolerable/Coercive Acts are passed to punish the colonists for resisting British Bans town meetings, closes Boston harbor until tea is paid for, allows troops to live in colonists’ houses Canada was also created as a separate territory that owned all the land colonists wanted in French and Indian War