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Urbanization in Jamaica: A Presentation to the Government






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Urbanization in Jamaica: A Presentation to the Government Urbanization in Jamaica: A Presentation to the Government Presentation Transcript

  • URBANIZATION IN JAMAICA:A Presentation to the Government
    Compiled and Presented by:
    Dexter R. Williams
  • Urbanization is defined by the United Nations as movement of people from rural to urban areas with population growth equating to urban migration. (www.wikipedia.org )
  • Availability of White Collar Jobs
    Proper Infrastructure – roads, water, electricity, etc.
    Availability of social facilities – health, education, recreation, postal services and police stations
    A wide Variety of Entertainment and Nightlife facilities. (Modules in Social Studies 4th Ed., RampersadRamsawak & Ralf Umraw, 2005, Printed in Trinidad)
    Pull Factors Towards Urban Areas
  • Scarcity of jobs except in agriculture which most people consider to be low paying, laborious, risky and menial.
    Lack of (or poor) infrastructure
    Poor social facilities – education, health and security.
    Lack of Entertainment and Recreational Facilities.
    Push Factors from Rural Areas
  • Urbanization?What's the Big Deal?
  • An examination of the Caribbean region will reveal that there are high densities of population in the cities and their suburbs such as Port of Spain in Trinidad, Bridgetown in Barbados, Kingstown in St. Vincent, Castries in St. Lucia and New Kingston in Jamaica. (Modules in Social Studies 4th Ed., RampersadRamsawak & Ralf Umraw, 2005, Printed in Trinidad)
    In The Caribbean
  • Urban Growth Due to Urbanization
    By UN Human Settlement Programme
  • Population Growth in Kingston and Surroundings Due to Urbanization
    Data obtained from the Caribbean Environment, Mark Wilson Page 116
  • Shortage of housing facilities and development of slums.
    Rising unemployment levels leading to poverty.
    Rising pollution levels – Land, Air, Water.
    Natural environment cleared for housing development.
    Pressure on social facilities due to overcrowding.
    Rise in crime rate, and deviant and criminal behaviours
    Traffic congestion
    Increase in pests and diseases due to unsanitary conditions
    Problems of Urbanization–Urban Areas
  • Squatter settlements in Kingston, Jamaica
    Civil conflict in Kingston
  • Skilled labourers leaving the area – teachers, doctors, engineers.
    Government and private sector pays less attention to the development of rural areas – infrastructure, health, education, businesses and industries.
    Rural areas remain undeveloped.
    Problems of Urbanization – Rural Areas
  • Solving Urban Problems
    Restructure the slums & ghettoes into organized, low income housing schemes. Linear settlement; frequent garbage collection and frequent street and drain cleaning
    Build high rise buildings, which accommodates more residents using less land space.
    Attract new industries to these suburbs by marketing them as ‘brown field sites’.
    On going social work: sensitizing about environmentally friendly practices, family life, education, work ethics, etc.
    Increase community policing.
    Skills and Entrepreneurship training.
    Solving Urban Problems, Cont.
  • Solving Urban Problems, Cont.
    Enlarge schools, hospitals, post offices, police stations.
    Build high rise car park buildings to accommodate plenty vehicles, while using less land space.
    The improvement of public transportation – decreasing the high volumes of traffic on the roads.
  • Solving Rural to Urban Migration by:
    [An integrated approach must be taken in encouraging persons to reside in rural Jamaica.]
    Solving Rural Problems
    Educating the citizens about the issue of urbanization and the benefits of living in the rural area.
  • Improvement of rural infrastructure – roads, water supply, telecommunications, electricity, internet.
    Providing new and improving the social facilities in rural areas – health, entertainment .
    Assisting farmers to improve production by providing loans, fertilizers, seeds etc.
    Promote rural areas as ‘green field sites’ thus attracting industries, recreation and town development.
    Solving Rural Problems
  • Educate rural residents that there are many similar problems in the urban areas just the same.
    For example:
    Sensitization Campaign
    Data obtained from the Caribbean Environment, Mark Wilson Page 114
  • Advantages of rural life:
    More peaceful
    Less risk of crime and disorder
    More spacious living conditions
    Rental and living costs lower
    Familiar surroundings, with family and old friends
    Less pollution
    Even without a job, food and shelter are available
    (the Caribbean Environment, Mark Wilson Page 115)
    Sensitization Campaign, cont.
  • Any Questions?