9.1 - Landforms and Resources of Latin America
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9.1 - Landforms and Resources of Latin America



Landforms of Latin America.

Landforms of Latin America.



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9.1 - Landforms and Resources of Latin America 9.1 - Landforms and Resources of Latin America Presentation Transcript

  • Latin America: Landforms and Resources
  • Latin America – it looks like this:
  • Another view:
    • Mountains and Highlands
    • The Andes Mountains
    • This is a continuation of the mountain chain that runs through the Americas.
    • Includes the Rockies in North America, the Sierra Madres in Mexico, and the Andes here in South America.
    • Because these mountains run along the western side, it make it difficult to travel. So most people in South America have settled in the east or north.
    • Despite the rough terrain, some of the greatest South American civilizations were located in the Andes, such as the Incas.
    • Other highlands include the Guiana Highlands
    • Plains
    • Llanos
      • Grassy and treeless plains in Columbia and Venezuela.
      • Used for grazing livestock.
    • Cerrado
      • Expansive Brazilian plains.
    • Pampas
      • In northern Argentina and Uruguay.
    • This area is home to the gauchos – South American cowboys.
    • Rivers
    • Amazon
      • Second longest river in the world (next to the Nile), but has the greatest volume of water.
        • More water travels along it than the next seven rivers combined.
        • The average discharge of the Amazon is 219,000 cubic meters per second. That’s nearly 58 million gallons per second!!! That’s 8 trillion gallons per day. It’s a fifth of the total fresh water entering the oceans.
          • During the rainy season, it can nearly 80 millions gallons per second.
      • Flows from the Andes in the west to the east and empties into the Atlantic.
    • It’s over 4,000 miles long.
    • It’s average depth is 150 feet and is up to 300 feet deep near the mouth.
    • Its width ranges from 1 to 35 miles.
    • Fed by many tributaries, four of which are over 1,000 miles long themselves.
    • That’s some river.
    • Orinoco River
      • 1,500 mile river, mainly in Venezuela.
      • The basin drains both Venezuela and some of Columbia.
    • Parana River
      • 3,000 mile river that exits around Buenos Aries.
    • Islands
    • Mainly in the Caribbean. They’re sometimes known as the West Indies.
    • Bahamas
      • Hundreds of islands around Florida and Cuba. Capital is Nassau.
  • Bahamian beaches. What dumps. Who needs this when you have…
  • Galveston.
    • Greater Antilles
      • The larger islands. Made up of…
    Cuba Jamaica Hispaniola Puerto Rico
    • Lesser Antilles
      • The smaller islands.
      • Divided into the Windward Islands – those that face winds that blow across them – and the Leeward Islands – those that are more sheltered from the winds.
    • Resources
    • Minerals
      • South America produces a great many minerals, such as gold, silver, iron, copper, and aluminum.
    • Energy
      • Mexico and Venezuela have large oil reserves that bring in a lot of money.
  • We’ll end by looking at Angel Falls in Venezuela, the tallest waterfall in the world at 3,200 feet (the Empire State Building is only 1,250 feet).